Depok

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Depok
De Eerste Protestante Organisatie van Christenen
City
Other transcription(s)
 • Sundanese ᮓᮦᮕᮧᮊ᮪
(From top, left to right): University of Indonesia, Ukhuwah Islamiyah Mosque, Crystal of Knowledge, Dian Al-Mahri Mosque and Margo City
Official seal of Depok
Seal
Nickname(s): Indonesian: Kota Belimbing
English: Starfruit City
Location within West Java
Location within West Java
Depok City is located in Depok
Depok City
Depok City
Location in Downtown Depok, Java and Indonesia
Depok City is located in Java
Depok City
Depok City
Depok City (Java)
Depok City is located in Indonesia
Depok City
Depok City
Depok City (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 6°23′38″S 106°49′21″E / 6.3940°S 106.8225°E / -6.3940; 106.8225Coordinates: 6°23′38″S 106°49′21″E / 6.3940°S 106.8225°E / -6.3940; 106.8225
Country  Indonesia
Province  West Java
Government
 • Mayor Idris Abdul Shomad
 • Vice Mayor Pradi Supriatna
Area
 • Total 200.29 km2 (77.33 sq mi)
Elevation 50–140 m (164–459 ft)
Highest elevation 140 m (459 ft)
Lowest elevation 50 m (164 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,869,681
 • Rank 8th
 • Density 9,300/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
Time zone Indonesia Western Time (UTC+7)
Postcodes 164xx, 165xx
Area code (+62) 21/251
Vehicle registration B
Website depok.go.id

Depok (Sundanese: ᮓᮦᮕᮧᮊ᮪) is a city in West Java province, Indonesia on the southern border of Jakarta SCR in the Greater Jakarta metropolitan region. The "de" in Jabodetabek refers to Depok, while Depok word is an acronym of De Eerste Protestants Onderdaan Kerk (Indonesian: Organisasi Kristen Protestan Pertama, English: First Protestant Christian Organization).[1][2] There is also a saying that the word "depok" itself comes from Sundanese meaning hermitage or abode of one living in seclusion.[3]

It has an area of 200.29 km2 and at the 2014 Census had a population of 1,869,681 people, with a density of 8,746 people/km2.[4]

History

On 18 May 1696, a former VOC officer Cornelis Chastelein bought the land with an area of 12.44 km2, 6.2% the area of today's Depok. Besides cultivating the area with industrial plants with the help of the locals, Chastelein was active as a missionary, preaching Christianity to the indigenous Indonesians. To this end, he established a local congregation named De Eerste Protestante Organisatie van Christenen (DEPOC).[1][2] Although the Sundanese name Depok, meaning hermitage or abode of one living in seclusion, was already in existence before the establishment of the congregation, some[who?] insist the acronym might have been the origin of the city's name. Today majority of Depok's population are adherent to Islam, except for the majority of the original Depok family.

Before his death on June 28, 1714, Chastelein had written a will that freed the slave families of Depok and gave them pieces of his land, converting slaves into landlords. In 1714, the 12 slave families became landlords (forever as given to them with entitlement deeds of the owner Chastelien in his will) and freed men, women, and children. The freed slaves are also referred to as the Mardijker's - the word Merdeka meaning freedom in Bahasa Indonesia. June 28 is designated as Depokse Daag (Depok Day) by the original Depok family, and on June 28, 2014, 300 years of commemoration, they formally opened a 3-meter height monument on its own land, but it was prohibited by the Government as it referred to Dutch colonialization.[5]

The 12 original Depok family names are:[6]

  • Bacas
  • Isakh
  • Jacob
  • Jonathans
  • Joseph
  • Laurens
  • Leander
  • Loen
  • Sadokh
  • Samuel
  • Soedira
  • Tholense

The original slave families of Depok are of Balinese, Ambonese, Buginese, Sundanese and Portuguese Indo, i.e., Mestizo and Mardijker descent. Isakh, Jacob, Jonathans, Joseph, and Samuel were family names baptized by Chastelein after the slave families converted to Protestant Christianity. The other families retained their original names and might have been (Roman Catholic) Christian already before joining Chastelein's Protestant church. Descendants of the original Depok families with the exception of the Sadokh family, still live either in Indonesia or the Netherlands.[7][6]

In 1871, the colonial government gave Depok a special status allowing the area to form its own government and president. The ruling no longer stood after 1952, where the Depok presidency ceded its control of Depok to the Indonesian government except for a few areas.

During the Bersiap (Indonesian civil war and war for independence from The Netherlands) period of 1945 much of Depok was destroyed and many of its inhabitants killed by 'Pemuda'.[8] Many of the original Depok families fled for their lives from Indonesia during the Indonesian revolution and now live in the Netherlands as part of the Indo community there.[9]

In March 1982, Depok was reclassified as an administrative city within Bogor Regency and, in 1999, as a city headed by a mayor. Then on 20 April 1999, the city of Depok was unified with some neighbouring districts of Bogor Regency to form an autonomous city of Depok (independent of the Regency) with an area of 200.29 km2.[10] This date is commemorated as a date of the establishment of the city.

Administrative

Districts

Depok is divided into eleven districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.

Name Population
Census 2010[11]
Sawangan 123,571
Bojongsari 99,735
Pancoran Mas 210,514
Cipayung 127,917
Sukmajaya 232,308
Cilodong 125,014
Cimanggis 241,979
Tapos 216,215
Beji 165,903
Limo 87,953
Cinere 107,461

Mayors

Commerce

Margo City mall

Depok has a growing eclectic collection of malls and traditional markets. Older malls or other notable shopping centers include Mall Depok, Depok Plaza, and SixtyOne Building, and Depok ITC.

Depok has many local restaurants and is home to international chains such as

Modern-day landmarks that were once known as Depok's primary shopping centers include Ramanda (now an autoshop plus education centre), Hero Supermarket (now Index Home Furnishings), Agung Shop (now defunct and burned during the riot), and Target (now defunct).[citation needed]

There are several new shopping centers in Depok:

Traditional markets include Pasar Depok Baru, Pasar Depok Lama (short: Pasar Lama), Pasar Kemiri (originally expanded to facilitate the move of Pasar Lama traders), Pasar PAL, Pasar Agung, Pasar Musi, Pasar Majapahit.

Depok has several major bookstores including a Gramedia and Toko Gunung Agung and a large collection of small roadside bookstores.

Education

University of Indonesia Wisma Makara

The following universities are in Depok:

Depok has several private language schools, namely EF English First, International Language Programs (ILP), Lembaga Indonesia Amerika (LIA) and The British Institute (TBI),Lembaga Pendidikan Amerika Indonesia (LPIA) and several other smaller establishments. These are all along Margonda Raya and Cinere Raya, the two main roads that pass through Depok.

Sports

Depok is the home town of the Persikad Depok and Depok United FC football team who currently plays in the Liga 2.

Transportation

Toll Road Access

Cinere - Jagorawi Under Construction
KM Toll Road Destination
13 Jagorawi Toll Road Cibubur, Cikeas, Cileungsi, Jonggol
16 Cinere-Jagorawi Toll Road, Cisalak, Depok
28 Jakarta Outer Ring Road Pasar Minggu, Lenteng Agung, Depok
13 Depok–Antasari Toll Road Sawangan, Parung, Ciputat, Serpong, Billabong, Margonda

Public Transportation

Public car transportation (angkot) is the major means of transportation in Depok. Depok is connected to Jakarta by MRT, BRT, commuter train, TransJakarta & Kopaja buses.

Railway

Depok Station

Depok is connected to Jakarta by KRL Jabodetabek commuter train. In Depok there are two major train stations. The Depok Station or Depok Lama (Old Depok) Station, which is older and has many more tracks, is located to the south. The Depok Baru Station (New Depok) Station is closer to Jakarta. There are smaller train stations: Citayam Station, Universitas Indonesia Station and Pondok Cina Station. The train is the fastest and most-used way to travel to central Jakarta and is usually extremely crowded during peak times.

Air

Depok is also served by the Pondok Cabe Airport located in borders South Tangerang.

Twin towns – sister cities

Depok is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Barley, Tasa Nugraza. "The Forgotten Bule Depok - Good News from Indonesia". Archived from the original on 2016-05-02. 
  2. ^ a b "Depok: Perdebatan Sebuah Nama". 31 December 2008. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. 
  3. ^ Sundanese English dictionary
  4. ^ Profil Daerah Jawa Barat Archived December 30, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Hidayat, Rachmat (September 6, 2014). "Tugu Chastelein Dilarang Berdiri di Depok". Archived from the original on September 8, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Jakarta Globe article. Archived 2010-08-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Depok". www.depok.nl. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. 
  8. ^ Meijer, Hans. ‘In Indie geworteld, de Geschiedenis van Indische Nederlanders, de twintigste eeuw.’ (Publisher Bert Bakker, Amsterdam, 2004) P.245 ISBN 90-351-2617-3
  9. ^ (in Dutch) Dutch Depok community Website. Retrieved 20 May 2010. Archived 20 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ http://www.depok.go.id Archived 2006-08-25 at Wikiwix
  11. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011
  12. ^ Margocity. "Margocity". www.margocity.com. Archived from the original on 2007-01-08. 
  13. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Depok: The front line in Indonesia's fight against waste". Archived from the original on 2017-10-04. 

External links

  • (in Indonesian) Official website
  • Jakarta Globe News article by Tasa Nugraza Barley dd. August 26, 2010. Retrieved 15 October 2010
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