Deoxyribonucleoprotein

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nucleosome=DNA + histones: Crystal structure[1]). Histones H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 are proper colored, DNA is gray.
Nucleosome: DNA + histone configuration

Deoxyribonucleoprotein (DNP) is the complex of DNA and protein[2] in which DNA is usually found upon cell disruption and isolation.[3][4]

The most widespread deoxyribonucleoproteins are nucleosomes, in which the component is nuclear DNA. The proteins combined with DNA are histones and protamines; the resulting nucleoproteins are located in chromosomes. Thus, the entire chromosome, i.e. chromatin in eukaryotes consists of such nucleoproteins.[5][6]

Many viruses are little more than an organized collection of deoxyribonucleoproteins.

See also

References

  1. ^ RasTop (Molecular Visualization Software).
  2. ^ Deoxyribonucleoproteins at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
  3. ^ http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/cgi-bin/omd?Deoxyribonucleoprotein
  4. ^ "deoxyribonucleoprotein (DNP, Dnp)". 
  5. ^ Graeme K. Hunter G. K. (2000): Vital Forces. The discovery of the molecular basis of life. Academic Press, London 2000, ISBN 0-12-361811-8.
  6. ^ Nelson D. L., Michael M. Cox M. M. (2013): Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry. W. H. Freeman, ISBN 978-1-4641-0962-1.


Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Deoxyribonucleoprotein&oldid=792822591"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deoxyribonucleoprotein
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Deoxyribonucleoprotein"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA