Deoria district

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Deoria district
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Deoria district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Deoria district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Gorakhpur
Headquarters Deoria, Uttar Pradesh
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Deoria, Salempur
 • Assembly seats Deoria City, Rampur Karkhana, Barhaj, Rudrapur, Bhatpara, Salempur, Pathardeva.
Area
 • Total 2,535 km2 (979 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,100,946
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 73.53
 • Sex ratio M:F 1000:1013
Major highways NH28
Average annual precipitation 864.38 mm
Website Official website

Deoria district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Deoria town is the district headquarters. Deoria district is a part of Gorakhpur division.Deoria District came into existence at March 16' 1946 from Gorakhpur district.

History

Ancient

The area now known as the Deoria District was once a part of the Kosala Kingdom - a prime centre of ancient Aryan culture surrounded by the Himalayas in the north, the Shyandika river in the south, the Panchala Kingdom in the west and the Magadh Kingdom in Bihar to the east. Apart from the many legends told about this area, archaeological remains, such as statues, coins, bricks, temples, and Budh Maths, have been discovered at many locations in this district, showing that there was a developed and organised society long ago.

The ancient history of the district is related with the Ramayana times when the Lord of Kosala, Ram, appointed his elder son Kusha the king of Kushwati, which is present-day Kushinagar. Before the Mahabharata era, this area had been related with Chakravorty Samrat Mahasudtsan Mall and his kingdom. Kushinagar was well developed and prosperous. Close to the border of his kingdom was the thick forested area called the Mahavan. This area was under the control of the Maurya rulers, the Gupta rulers, the Bihar rulers, and then the Garhwal ruler Govinda Chandra from 1114 AD until 1154 AD.

Modern

The Deoria district came into existence on March 16, 1946, being separated from the Gorakhpur District. It is believed that the name Deoria is derived from Devaranya or possibly Devpuria. According to official gazetteers, the district was named "Deoria" after its headquarters in Deoria, and the term Deoria generally means a place where there are temples. The name Deoria probably developed because of the existence of important temples in the area. During Freedom struggle of India the district joined struggle under the leadership of Pandit Bibhuti Mani Tripathi of village Dehrauli, Rudrapur. He provided leadership and invited Subhash Chandra Bose in district to inspire youths.

Geography

Deoria district is located between 26 ° 6' and 26° 48' north latitude to 83° 23' and 84° 16' east longitude. It is surrounded by Kushinagar district in the north, Gopalganj and Siwan districts of Bihar in the east, Mau and Ballia districts in the south and Gorakhpur district in the west.[1]

Ghaghara, Rapti and Chhoti Gandak are the main rivers in the district.[1] Salempur, Barhaj and Bhatpar Rani, Gauri Bazar, Rudrapur are the major towns apart from Deoria.[citation needed]

Deoria district consists of 16 blocks:

Demographics

Religions in Deoria District
Religion Percent
Hindus
88.07%
Muslims
11.56%

According to the 2011 census Deoria district has a population of 3,098,637,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Mongolia[3] or the US state of Iowa.[4] This gives it a ranking of 114th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 1,220 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,200/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.23%.[2] Deoria has a sex ratio of 1013 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 73.53%.[2]

Languages

Vernaculars spoken in Deoria include Bhojpuri language and also spoken Hindi with English language almost 40 000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi .[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Deoria". Deoria district administration. Retrieved 2010-08-05. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Mongolia 3,133,318 July 2011 est. 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Iowa 3,046,355 
  5. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 

External links

  • Official website

Educational Institution= Degree Colleges: 1- Baba Raghav Das Post Graduate College, Deoria 2- Sant Binoa Degree College 3- Orientation Law Collapse 4- Mahila P G Degree College

and many others

Intermediate College:


  1. Government Inter College, Deoria

Schools In Deoria:-

  1. Central Academy Jail Road Deoria
  2. Navjeevan Mission School,Deoria
  3. Sunbeam School ,Deoria
  4. Deoria Senior Secondary School,Deoria
  5. Modern City Montessari,Deoria
  6. Universal Public School,Deoria
  7. Lucent Public School,Ramgulam Tola,Deoria
  8. Deoria Public School,Deoria
  9. Vijay Shree Gyansthali,Deoria
  10. Kidzee School,Deoria
  11. Surya Academy,Deoria
  12. J.K Mittal Academy
  13. St.Xavier Academy

Coordinates: 26°30′36″N 83°46′48″E / 26.51000°N 83.78000°E / 26.51000; 83.78000

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