Denis Donaldson

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Denis Donaldson
Denis Donaldson.jpg
Denis Donaldson, early 2000s
Born 1950
Belfast, Northern Ireland
Died 4 April 2006
Glenties, County Donegal, Republic of Ireland
Nationality Irish
Known for Sinn Féin informer
Notable work Friends of Sinn Féin

Denis Martin Donaldson (1950 – 4 April 2006) was a volunteer in the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) and a member of Sinn Féin who was murdered following his exposure in December 2005 as an informer in the employ of MI5 and the Special Branch of the Police Service of Northern Ireland (formerly the Royal Ulster Constabulary). It was initially believed that the Provisional IRA were responsible for his killing although the Real IRA claimed responsibility for his murder almost three years later.

His friendship with the French writer and journalist Sorj Chalandon inspired two novels: My Traitor, published in 2007, and Return to Killybegs, published in 2011.[1]

Paramilitary and political career

Donaldson had a long history of involvement in Irish republicanism. He joined the Irish Republican Army in the mid-1960s while still in his teens, well before the start of the Troubles.[2] According to a former friend, Sinn Féin activist Jim Gibney, writing in the Irish News, he was a local hero in Short Strand in 1970 because he took part in the gun battle between Ulster loyalists and Irish nationalists at St. Matthew's Chapel.[3]

Donaldson was a friend of IRA hunger striker Bobby Sands, and the two men served time together in Long Kesh for paramilitary offences in the 1970s. Donaldson has been accused, by an unnamed republican source, of being part of the IRA team that carried out the La Mon restaurant bombing in 1978, one of the most notorious bomb attacks of the Troubles.[4]

In 1981 he was arrested by French authorities at Orly airport, along with fellow IRA volunteer, William "Blue" Kelly; the duo were using false passports and Donaldson said that they were returning from a guerrilla training camp in Lebanon.[2] At the 1983 general election, Donaldson was the Sinn Féin candidate in Belfast East, but only polled 682 votes.[5]

In the late 1980s, he travelled to Lebanon again and held talks with both Lebanese Shia militias, Hezbollah and Amal, in an effort to secure the freedom of the Irish hostage Brian Keenan.[6]

As the Sinn Féin leadership under Gerry Adams and Martin McGuinness turned toward a "peace process" strategy, Donaldson was dispatched to New York City, where he helped establish Friends of Sinn Féin, an organisation that solicited mainstream political and financial support for the new strategy while attempting to isolate hard-line activists in Irish Northern Aid and other support organisations in the US. Martin Galvin, a Bronx-based Irish-American attorney and future "dissident republican", later claimed that he had warned the republican movement's leadership that he suspected Donaldson of being a British government informer.[7][8]

In the early 2000s, Donaldson was appointed Sinn Féin's Northern Ireland Assembly group administrator in Parliament Buildings.[9]

In October 2002, he was arrested in a raid on the Sinn Féin offices as part of a high-profile Police Service of Northern Ireland investigation into an alleged republican spy ring – the so-called Stormontgate affair.[10]

In December 2005, the Public Prosecution Service for Northern Ireland dropped the espionage charges against Donaldson and two other men on the grounds that it would not be in the "public interest" to proceed with the case.[11]

British agent

On 16 December 2005, Sinn Féin president Gerry Adams announced to a press conference in Dublin that Donaldson had been an agent for British intelligence. This was confirmed by Donaldson in a statement which he read out on RTÉ, the Irish state broadcaster, shortly afterwards.[12] According to the British agent known as 'Martin', leading South Armagh republicans blamed him for IRA operations which had been compromised and suspected he had planted covert listening devices which they had found.[13] He stated that he was recruited after compromising himself during a vulnerable time in his life, but did not specify why he was vulnerable or why he would risk his life as a mole for British intelligence in an area such as West Belfast.[14]

Donaldson's daughter Jane is married to Ciarán Kearney, who was arrested along with Donaldson in the Stormontgate affair.[15] The couple had two young daughters at the time of the arrest. Kearney is a son of the civil rights campaigner Oliver Kearney.[citation needed]

On 19 March 2006, Hugh Jordan, a journalist for the Sunday World tracked him down to an isolated pre-Famine cottage near Glenties, County Donegal. The dwelling had not been modernised and so there was no running water or electricity.[16]

Death

On 4 April 2006, Donaldson was found shot dead inside his cottage, where he had been living for several months, and which was owned by a relative.[17] Chief Superintendent Terry McGinn of the Garda Síochána said they had been aware of his presence since January and they had warned him of a threat to his life.[18] However, he did not ask for special protection.[19] The cottage was located in the townland of Classey, 8 km from the village of Glenties on the road to Doochary.[20]

The last person with whom he is believed to have spoken was Tim Cranley, a census taker, who spoke to him in the cottage around 8:30pm on the previous day.[21] His body was found by Gardaí about 5pm after a passer-by reported seeing a broken window and a smashed-in door.

A statement by Northern Ireland Secretary Peter Hain referred to his killing as a "barbaric act", while Taoiseach Bertie Ahern condemned "the brutal murder" of Donaldson.[22] Two shotgun cartridges were found at the threshold of the cottage and a post mortem revealed that he had died from a shotgun blast to the chest. The Republic's Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform Michael McDowell initially said that Donaldson had been shot in the head, and his right hand was also badly damaged by gunshot.[23]

The Provisional IRA issued a one-line statement saying that it had "no involvement whatsoever" with the murder. The murder was also condemned by Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams. The Democratic Unionist Party leader Ian Paisley blamed republicans for the killing, saying that "eyes will be turned towards IRA/Sinn Féin on this issue".[24]

In May 2005, Minister McDowell advised a US Special Envoy to Northern Ireland that he believed the outing of Donaldson as an informant was a clear message from the British Government that it had another, more valuable, source of information within the republican leadership.[25] On 8 April 2006 Donaldson was buried in Belfast City Cemetery, rather than at Milltown Cemetery, the more common burial place for republicans.[26]

In February 2009, Gardaí announced they had a new lead in the inquiry into his death.[27] On 12 April 2009, the Real IRA claimed responsibility for his death.[28]

In April 2016 two men, Patrick Gillespie (aged 74 at the time) another man (in his 40s) were detained under the Republic's Offences Against the State Act. They were held in Letterkenny station and questioned. The man in his 40s was released without charge but Gillespie was charged with having in his possession information regarding the involvement of another person in Donaldson's killing, he been granted bail and awaits trial.[29][30][31]

On 20 September 2016, BBC Northern Ireland's Spotlight aired a programme in which a British spy (known only as "Martin") who had infiltrated the IRA claimed that Murphy and other leading South Armagh Republicans had demanded the killing of Donaldson and that it would have been sanctioned by Gerry Adams. The agent claimed "I know from my experience in the IRA that murders have to be approved by the leadership," When he was asked specifically who he was referring to, he went on: "Gerry Adams, he gives the final say." 'Martin' also dismissed claims the Real IRA was responsible for Donaldson's killing, he said they made the claim "for the kudos, a forlorn hope that someone might take them more seriously these days".[32][33][34]

On 23 September the solicitor of the Donaldson family after speaking with senior members of the gardaí said that the allegation was "absolute nonsense" he also said that "It does not marry in any way with the lines of inquiry that have been progressed by the Garda or by the police ombudsman."[35] Adams's solicitor also denied his client had any knowledge or involvement in the killing.[36]

A Real IRA army council member also denied the claim, he said "Let me be clear about this. A claim of responsibility was made by (the Real IRA) in 2009 and it was correct. ... Gerry Adams had absolutely nothing to do with the execution of British agent Denis Donaldson. The Provisional IRA wasn't involved in any shape or form. I don't know why allegations that the Provos did it are now being made but they are totally untrue."[37]

See also

References

  1. ^ The “informer” and the political and organisational culture of the Irish republican movement: old and new interpretation, Stephen Hopkins, Irish Studies Review, Volume 25, 2017
  2. ^ a b Focus: The spy at the heart of the IRA, Sunday Times 18 December 2005
  3. ^ Obituaries: Denis Donaldson, Daily Telegraph, 6 April 2006.
  4. ^ Donaldson was La Mon Bomber; Hotel Massacre Revelation, Sunday Mirror, 19 February 2012.
  5. ^ East Belfast, ARK Northern Ireland; accessed 4 September 2017.
  6. ^ Obituary: Denis Donaldson, The Guardian, 6 April 2006.
  7. ^ "Book suggests there were republican concerns about informer Denis Donaldson in late 1980s", Irish News, 12 June, 2017
  8. ^ The Soldier, The Spy, the U.S. Connection, Irish Abroad, 21 December 2005.
  9. ^ Obituary: Denis Donaldson, The Guardian, 4 April 2006
  10. ^ Police raid Sinn Fein offices, BBC News, 4 October 2002.
  11. ^ Sinn Fein man admits he was agent, BBC News, 16 December 2005.
  12. ^ Donaldson admits role as British agent, by Laura Friel. An Phoblacht, 5 January 2006
  13. ^ Gerry Adams denies sanctioning murder of Denis Donaldson, Irish News, 21 September, 2016.
  14. ^ Veteran republican's spy statement BBC News, 16 December 2005
  15. ^ DUP chase 'Stormontgate' answers, BBC News, 10 December 2005
  16. ^ 'Spy' Donaldson living in Donegal Archived 27 April 2006 at the Wayback Machine., Derry Journal, 21 March 2006.
  17. ^ Lonely life and death in home that was no refuge, The Guardian, 6 April 2006
  18. ^ Gardaí had contacted Donaldson, Irish Times, April 6, 2006
  19. ^ Spy 'told life was in danger', The Guardian, 5 April 2006
  20. ^ Last hours of a man shrouded in mystery, Irish Times, April 5, 2006
  21. ^ Donaldson 'cheerful' in 'cosy cottage': census man, Irish Independent, 9 April 2006.
  22. ^ Reaction to death of Denis Donaldson, BBC News, 5 April 2006.
  23. ^ "Spy and former SF official Donaldson shot dead", Irish Times, 4 April 2006
  24. ^ "I.R.A. Turncoat Is Murdered in Donegal", The New York Times, 5 April 2006
  25. ^ "Britain exposed IRA mole Donaldson to taunt Provos", Irish Independent, June 4 2011
  26. ^ Funeral service for murdered spy, BBC News, 8 April 2006
  27. ^ 'New lead' in Donaldson inquiry, BBC News, 6 February 2009, retrieved on 6 February 2009
  28. ^ How Real IRA Killed Denis Donaldson Archived 14 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Irish Tribune 12 April 2009, accessed 13 April 2009
  29. ^ Man charged in connection with Denis Donaldson murder, Irish Independent, July 28 2016
  30. ^ Two men arrested over Denis Donaldson murder, Irish Times, July 26, 2016
  31. ^ Man arrested in Ireland over murder of British spy Denis Donaldson, The Guardian, 4 August 2016
  32. ^ Gerry Adams rejects claim he ordered Denis Donaldson killing, Irish Times, September 21, 2016
  33. ^ Gerry Adams denies sanctioning murder of British spy Denis Donaldson, Irish Examiner, September 21, 2016
  34. ^ Gerry Adams denies sanctioning murder of Denis Donaldson, Irish News, 21 September, 2016
  35. ^ Denis Donaldson's family say Provisional IRA did not kill him, The Guardian, 23 September 2016
  36. ^ Gerry Adams considers legal action over claims he sanctioned killing, The Guardian, 21 September 2016.
  37. ^ Real IRA: We killed spy Donaldson - it had nothing to do with Sinn Fein chief Gerry Adams, Belfast Telegraph, 29 September, 2016

External links

  • Denis Donaldson: Profile, The Irish Times, 17 December 2005 (subscription required)
  • The spy at the heart of the IRA, The Sunday Times, 18 December 2005
  • Irish Republican News 20 December 2005 (subscription required)
  • Sinn Féin British agent shot deadBBC News reports on his death
  • Statement by the Taoiseach Bertie Ahern on circumstances of death
  • Dan Keenan, "Real IRA claims responsibility for 2006 murder of Denis Donaldson", The Irish Times, Monday, 13 April 2009.
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