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The Daoist Zhongyue Temple
The Daoist Zhongyue Temple
Location in Zhengzhou
Location in Zhengzhou
Dengfeng is located in Henan
Location in Henan
Coordinates: 34°27′19″N 113°1′31″E / 34.45528°N 113.02528°E / 34.45528; 113.02528Coordinates: 34°27′19″N 113°1′31″E / 34.45528°N 113.02528°E / 34.45528; 113.02528
Country People's Republic of China
Province Henan
Prefecture-level city Zhengzhou
 • Total 1,220 km2 (470 sq mi)
 • Total 630,000
 • Density 520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in "The Centre of Heaven and Earth"
Criteria Cultural: (iii)(vi)
Reference 1305rev
Inscription 2010 (34th Session)
Area 825 ha (2,040 acres)
Buffer zone 3,438.1 ha (8,496 acres)

Dengfeng (Chinese: 登封; pinyin: Dēngfēng; postal: Tengfeng) is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan Province, China. In ancient times, it was known as Yangcheng (simplified Chinese: 阳城; traditional Chinese: 陽城; pinyin: Yángchéng).[citation needed]

Dengfeng has an area of 1,220 km2 (470 sq mi) and a population of 630,000.[1] It occupies the southwestern corner of Zhengzhou and is its westernmost county-level division.

Dengfeng is located at the foot of the Mount Song, one of the most sacred mountains in China. The city is one of the most renowned spiritual centres of China, home to various religious institutions and temples, such as the Taoist Zhongyue Temple, the Buddhist Shaolin Temple, as well as the Confucian Songyang Academy, hence its poetic expression derived from Chinese literature as the spiritual "centre of heaven and earth".


The first Xia Dynasty capital Yangcheng was built west of Gaocheng Township on the Yin River under the sacred Mount Song.

The famous Shaolin Monastery, traditional origin of Zen, is located in Dengfeng.


In 2010, UNESCO inscribed several of the most renowned sites across Dengfeng onto its World Heritage List under the title "Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in 'The Centre of Heaven and Earth'."[2] The World Heritage Site includes several historic gates, temples (including the renowned Shaolin Temple), a Confucian academy and the Gaocheng Observatory:[3]

Shaolin Temple




  1. ^ (in Chinese) Introduction to Dengfeng, official website of Dengfeng Government, visited on April 12, 2008.
  2. ^ Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in "The Centre of Heaven and Earth." UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  3. ^ Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in "The Centre of Heaven and Earth." UNESCO World Heritage Centre

External links

  • Official website
  • Official website Unesco

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