Democratic Union of Catalonia

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Democratic Union of Catalonia
Unió Democràtica de Catalunya
Abbreviation UDC
Secretary Ramon Espadaler
Founded 7 November 1931
Dissolved 24 March 2017
Headquarters C/Nàpols, 35-39
Barcelona
Ideology Regionalism
Christian democracy[1]
Pro-Europeanism
Political position Centre-right
European affiliation European People's Party
International affiliation Centrist Democrat International
European Parliament group European People's Party
Colours Blue, White

The Democratic Union of Catalonia (Catalan: Unió Democràtica de Catalunya; IPA: [uniˈo ðəmuˈkɾatikə ðə kətəˈluɲə], UDC) was a regionalist and Christian democratic political party in the Catalonia region of Spain. Together with the Democratic Convergence of Catalonia, until 2015 it was part of the Convergence and Union (CiU) coalition. They ruled the Generalitat de Catalunya until its breakup.

It described itself as Catalan nationalist and Christian democrat, and was a member of the European People's Party (EPP), and a full member of The Union of the Robert Schuman Institute for Developing Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe located in Budapest, Hungary.

Break up of CiU

By June 2015 tensions within the two parties forming the Convergence and Union federation had reached an all-time high in June 2015 due to differences between the positions of the UDC leadership and the Democratic Convergence (CDC) leader Artur Mas over the sovereignty process. CDC was in favour of outright independence even if it meant breaking the established Spanish legality, while UDC was against doing it without the acceptance of the Spanish government.

As a result, a referendum of UDC members was held on 14 June 2015, asking whether UDC should commit itself to continue with the process but with certain conditions, including not violating the legality in force through unilateral independence declarations or starting constituent processes at the margin of legal norms.[2][3] Such a position, supported by UDC leaders and contrary to the signed agreements between CDC, ERC and sovereignty entities, was approved by UDC members with an adjusted 50.9%.[4] After this, meetings between UDC and CDC leaders led to an ultimatum from CDC to UDC for the latter to decide within "two or three days" whether it committed itself to the independence plan.[5]

On 17 June, after a meeting of the UDC leadership, it was announced that UDC was withdrawing all three of its members from the Government of the Generalitat of Catalonia, although they agreed to maintain parliamentary stability until the end of the legislature.[6] That same day at night, the CDC National Executive Committee met and in a press conference the next day confirmed that UDC and CDC would not stand together in the 2015 regional election, and that the political project of the CiU federation was over, spelling the end of 37 years of cooperation between both parties as Convergence and Union.[7][8]

Later in July 2015, a pro-independence faction of the UDC broke away to found the Democrats of Catalonia. In the 2015 Catalan parliamentary election the UDC lost all 13 of its seats.

On 24 March 2017, UDC was dissolved by its last secretary general, Ramon Espalader, because of several electoral defeats and economic debts.[9][10] Some of its former members, including Espalader, founded a new catalanist political party called Units per Avançar[11], which eventually made an electoral pact with the Socialists' Party of Catalonia in order to seek the 2017 Catalan regional election.[12]

Electoral performance

Parliament of Catalonia

Parliament of Catalonia
Election Vote % Seats Status Leader
1980 with CiU
8 / 135
Government Miquel Coll
1984 with CiU
16 / 135
Government Miquel Coll
1988 with CiU
15 / 135
Government Josep Antoni Duran i Lleida
1992 with CiU
16 / 135
Government Josep Antoni Duran i Lleida
1995 with CiU
14 / 135
Government Josep Antoni Duran i Lleida
1999 with CiU
13 / 135
Government Josep Antoni Duran i Lleida
2003 with CiU
13 / 135
Opposition Josep Antoni Duran i Lleida
2006 with CiU
14 / 135
Opposition Josep Antoni Duran i Lleida
2010 with CiU
17 / 135
Government Josep Antoni Duran i Lleida
2012 with CiU
13 / 135
Government Josep Antoni Duran i Lleida
2015 103,293 (#7) 2.51
0 / 135
N/A Ramon Espadaler

Congress of Deputies

Congress of Deputies
Election Spain Catalonia Status
Vote % Seats Vote % Seats
1977 with UCiDCC
1 / 350
with UCiDCC
1 / 47
Opposition
1979 with CiU
1 / 350
with CiU
1 / 47
Opposition
1982 with CiU
3 / 350
with CiU
3 / 47
Opposition
1986 with CiU
5 / 350
with CiU
5 / 47
Opposition
1989 with CiU
5 / 350
with CiU
5 / 46
Opposition
1993 with CiU
5 / 350
with CiU
5 / 47
Opposition
1996 with CiU
5 / 350
with CiU
5 / 46
Opposition
2000 with CiU
4 / 350
with CiU
4 / 46
Opposition
2004 with CiU
4 / 350
with CiU
4 / 47
Opposition
2008 with CiU
4 / 350
with CiU
4 / 47
Opposition
2011 with CiU
6 / 350
with CiU
6 / 47
Opposition
2015 65,388 (#14) 0.26
0 / 350
65,388 (#7) 1.74
0 / 47
N/A

Senate

Senate
Election Spain Catalonia
Seats Vote % Seats
1977
0 / 208
with DiC
0 / 16
1979
0 / 208
with CiU
0 / 16
1982
1 / 208
with Cat.Senat
1 / 16
1986
1 / 208
with CiU
1 / 16
1989
2 / 208
with CiU
2 / 16
1993
3 / 208
with CiU
3 / 16
1996
2 / 208
with CiU
2 / 16
2000
2 / 208
with CiU
2 / 16
2004
0 / 208
with CiU
0 / 16
2008
0 / 208
with CiU
0 / 16
2011
2 / 208
with CiU
2 / 16
2015
0 / 208
63,062 (#8) 1.79
0 / 16

European Parliament

European Parliament
Election Spain Catalonia
Vote % Seats Vote %
1987 with CiU
1 / 60
with CiU
1989 with CiU
1 / 60
with CiU
1994 with CiU
1 / 64
with CiU
1999 with CiU
1 / 64
with CiU
2004 with Galeusca
0 / 54
with CiU
2009 with CEU
1 / 54
with CiU
2014 with CEU
1 / 54
with CiU

References

  1. ^ "Parties and Elections in Europe, "Spain", The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck". Parties & Elections. 19 March 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Unió will consult its members in order to define itself on the sovereignty process" (in Spanish). El País. 2015-02-21.
  3. ^ "Union will put to vote its commitment to the sovereignty plan" (in Spanish). El País. 2015-06-14.
  4. ^ "Duran obtains an adjusted support to condition Mas' plan" (in Spanish). El País. 2015-06-14.
  5. ^ "Mas gives Duran three days to decide if he supports the independence" (in Spanish). El País. 2015-06-15.
  6. ^ "Union leaves Mas' government as rejection to his independence plan" (in Spanish). El País. 2015-06-17.
  7. ^ "CiU disintegrates: "The political project of the federation is over"" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 2015-06-18.
  8. ^ "Convergence announces the end of CiU: "The common project is over"" (in Spanish). El País. 2015-06-18.
  9. ^ "Unió inicia el proceso de liquidación de partido" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 2017-03-24.
  10. ^ "Unió afronta su disolución tras 86 años de actividad política" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 2017-03-24.
  11. ^ "Nace Units per Avançar, partido catalanista y liberal que rechaza el referéndum" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 2017-06-19.
  12. ^ "El PSC cierra un acuerdo para ir al 21-D con Units per Avançar" (in Spanish). El Periódico. 2017-11-08.
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