Democratic Party (Mongolia)

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Democratic Party of Mongolia
Ардчилсан Нам
Ardchilsan Nam
Leader Erdene Sodnomzundui
General secretary Tuvaan Tsevegdorj
Parliamentary group leader Dondogdorjyn Erdenebat
Founded 1990
6 December 2000 (officially)
Headquarters Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Youth wing Democratic Youth Union
Membership 19050
Ideology Mongolian nationalism[1]
Economic liberalism[2]
Liberal conservatism
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation International Democrat Union
Colors Sky blue
State Great Khural
9 / 76
Party flag
Flag of the Democratic Party (Mongolia).png
Website
www.demparty.mn

The Democratic Party (Mongolian: Ардчилсан Нам, Ardchilsan Nam; abbreviated DP) is a centre-right political party in Mongolia.

History

After the 1990 democratic revolution,[3] Mongolia became a country with a multi-party system. The democratic revolution transformed Mongolia from a single party communist state into a dynamic democracy. Those who pioneered the democratic revolution founded Democratic Party, Mongolian National Progressive Party and Mongolian Social Democratic Party. On 6 December 2000, five political parties – including the Mongolian National Democratic Party, Mongolian Social Democratic Party and others merged and established the Democratic Party of Mongolia.

Personnel

Democratic Party headquarters next to the Sükhbaatar Square after the 2009 presidential election

On 1 April 2006, a party convention elected Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj as the Party Leader. Four candidates ran for the elections and in the first round, Elbegdorj won 46%, Erdeniin Bat-Uul won 40% and two other candidates won the rest. Without an absolute majority, a second ballot between the leading candidates resulted in Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj winning with 57.2% of votes.[4]

On 30 August 2008, the National Consultative Committee of Democratic Party elected Norovyn Altankhuyag as new leader of the Party.[5]

Election results

In the 2004 Mongolian parliamentary elections, the party was a constituent part of the Motherland Democratic Coalition that won 44.7% of the popular vote and 34 out of 76 seats at the Parliament. Party leader Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj became the prime minister of a grand coalition government and held that position until January 2006.

In 2005 Mongolian presidential election, its candidate Mendsaikhany Enkhsaikhan won only 19.7%.

In the 2008 Mongolian parliamentary elections, the Democratic Party won 28 seats out of 76 in the Parliament. After the elections, two major parties (Democratic Party of Mongolia and Mongolian People's Party) formed a coalition government. Within the Government, Party leader Norovyn Altankhuyag became First Deputy Prime Minister and the Party keeps the seats of Finance Minister, Health Minister, Minister of Environment and Tourism, Minister of Roads, Transportation, Construction and Urban Development, and Minister of Defense.

2009 Presidential election

At the Democratic Party's convention on 3 April 2009, Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj defeated Erdeniin Bat-Üül in a contest for the Party's nomination for the Presidency of Mongolia in 2009. Elbegdorj won with 65.3% of the total vote.[6] After Elbegdorj was announced as the candidate, the Civic Will Party and the Mongolian Green Party endorsed Elbegdorj's presidential candidacy.[7]

Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj won the 2009 Mongolian presidential election on 24 May 2009 with 51.21% of the votes. Defeating incumbent president Enkhbayar who got 47.41%.[8][9] Elbegdorj was sworn into office as President of Mongolia on 18 June 2009.[10]

2012 Parliamentary elections

In the 2012 Mongolian parliamentary elections, the Democratic Party won the elections and became the majority by winning 34 seats out of 76 seat in the Parliament. Party Leader Norovyn Altankhuyag became the Prime Minister. It formed a coalition government with the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party with majority seats at the Government Cabinet belonging to the Democratic Party.

2013 Presidential election

2013 Presidential election result: Provinces and Ulaanbaatar districts won by Elbegdorj (blue), Bat-Erdene (red). Darker shades represent a majority (more than half), lighter shades represent pluralities.

The Democratic Party's National Consultative Committee held its convention on 7 May 2013 and decided to re-nominate Elbegdorj as a presidential candidate with 100% votes.[11] And the Congress of Democratic Party, with 7,000 participants in Ulaanbaatar plus participants in all provincial centers connected via live internet video conference voted 100% for Elbegdorj's nomination from the Democratic Party for the 2013 presidential election on 8 May 2013.[12] Civil Will-Green Party and Mongolian National Democratic Party - which have seats at both the parliament and the government cabinet - endorsed Elbegdorj's presidential candidacy.[13] The Republican Party and the Motherland Party expressed their full support for Elbegdorj's candidacy also.[14]

Elbegdorj won the 2013 Mongolian presidential election on 26 June 2013 with 50.23% of total votes while opposition Mongolian People's Party's candidate Badmaanyambuugiin Bat-Erdene received 41.97%, and Natsagiin Udval, candidate of Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party got 6.5% of total votes.[15][16]

2016 Parliamentary elections

In the 2016 Mongolian parliamentary elections, the Democratic Party lost to a landslide victory of the Mongolian People's Party, retaining only 9 of 76 seats in the Great Khural.[17] While they just lost under 2% of the popular vote, a new electoral law passed by the Democratic Party itself when in Government to promote two-party politics,[18] together with a 14% rise of the MPP, ended up making them lose 25 of 34 seats.

2017 Presidential election

The Democratic Party's candidate Khaltmaagiin Battulga narrowly won the 2017 Presidential election.

List of Leaders

Organization

The party is organized on national, provincial, municipal and district levels. Currently, the party has around 30 provincial party associations and 432 grassroots organizations.

  • National Convention (NC): Each provincial association sends delegates to the National Convention, which is held every 4 years.
  • National Consultative Committee (NCC): No more than two times a year, NCC is organized and there are 228 members of NCC.

Affiliated organizations Democratic Party has the following affiliated groups and organizations.

  • Democratic Youth Union
  • Democratic Women's Union
  • Democratic Elders' Union

Election results

Presidential elections

Election Candidate Total votes Share of votes Outcome
2001 Radnaasümbereliin Gonchigdorj 365,363 37.2% Lost Red XN
2005 Mendsaikhany Enkhsaikhan 184,743 20.20% Lost Red XN
2009 Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj 562,718 51.21% Elected Green tickY
2013 Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj 622,794 50.23% Elected Green tickY
2017 Khaltmaagiin Battulga 611,226 50.61% Elected Green tickY

Legislative elections

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
2004
34 / 76
474,977 44.74% Increase32 seats; Governing coalition Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
2008
28 / 76
701,641 40.43% Decrease6 seats; Opposition Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
2012
34 / 76
399,194 35.32% Increase6 seats; Governing coalition Norovyn Altankhuyag
2016
9 / 76
467,341 33.55% Decrease25 seats; Opposition Zandaakhüügiin Enkhbold

References

  1. ^ "Mongolia: Khaltmaa Battulga wins election on nationalist platform". www.aljazeera.com. Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ Julia Bader (2015). China's Foreign Relations and the Survival of Autocracies. Routledge. p. 88.
  3. ^ Chris Kaplonski: Mongolia: Political Parties Archived 2007-02-06 at the Wayback Machine. (Retrieved 29 January 2007)
  4. ^ Luke Distelhorst: Ts. Elbegdorj Mongolia's New Democratic Party Leader Archived 2007-05-10 at the Wayback Machine., Mongolia-Web, 1 April 2006
  5. ^ www.mongolei.de: Aktuelle Nachrichten aus der Mongolei / 25. bis 31. August 2008 Archived 2011-07-19 at the Wayback Machine. (in German)
  6. ^ "Presidential election May, 2009". Business-Mongolia.com. 4 April 2009. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  7. ^ Schrapel, Thomas (2009). "Report on the Presidential elections in Mongolia on May 24, 2009" (PDF). Auslandsinformationen. 5–6. Berlin. pp. 169–173. ISSN 0177-7521. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  8. ^ "Mongolia Profile". BBC. Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  9. ^ Enkhbayar, Roland-Holst, Sugiyarto, Shagdar, David and Guntur (September 2010). "Mongolia's investment priorities from a national development perspective" (PDF). berkeley.edu. p. 9. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 April 2012. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  10. ^ "Mongolia's new president sworn in". euronews.com. 18 June 2009. Archived from the original on 25 April 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  11. ^ "Democratic Party's National consultative committee's 42nd convention supports Elbegdorj's candidacy 100%". Odriin sonin (Daily News) (in Mongolian). 7 May 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2013. [permanent dead link]
  12. ^ B., Mandakh (8 May 2013). "Congress of Democratic Party taken place". news.mn (in Mongolian). Archived from the original on 6 June 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  13. ^ E, Dari (27 May 2013). "The unique features of the 6th Presidential Election of Mongolia". UB Post. Ulaanbaatar. Archived from the original on 8 June 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
  14. ^ "Motherland Party and Republican Party are to support Ts.Elbegdorj". vip76.mn (in Mongolian). 29 May 2013. Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  15. ^ D., Tsetseg (27 June 2013). "It is announced that Ts.Elbegdorj won by preliminary result". shuud.mn (in Mongolian). Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
  16. ^ "Incumbent Mongolian president wins 2nd term on pro-Western, anti-graft platform". The Washington Post. Washington. 27 June 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  17. ^ "Mongolian opposition wins landslide, voters fed up with hard times". Reuters. 30 June 2016. Archived from the original on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  18. ^ Mongolia's new election rules handicap smaller parties, clear way for two-horse race Archived 2016-07-01 at the Wayback Machine. Reuters, 20 May 2016

External links

  • Democratic Party's official website (in Mongolian)
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