Demetrius III Eucaerus

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Demetrius III Eucaerus
King of the Seleucid Empire (King of Syria)
Reign 95 BC (with Antiochus X Eusebes, Antiochus XI Epiphanes, and Philip I Philadelphus)
Predecessor Seleucus VI Epiphanes
Successor Philip I Philadelphus or Antiochus XII Dionysus
Born Unknown
Died 88 BC
Dynasty Seleucid
Father Antiochus VIII Grypus
Mother Tryphaena

Demetrius III (died 88 BC), called Eucaerus ("well-timed," possibly a misunderstanding of the derogative name Akairos, "the untimely one"), Philopator and Soter, was a ruler of the Seleucid kingdom, the son of Antiochus VIII Grypus and his wife Tryphaena.


Coin of Demetrius III.
Obv: Diademed head of Demetrius III.
Rev: Figure of Atargatis, veiled, holding flower, barley stalks at each shoulder. Greek legend ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ ΘΕΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ "King Demetrius, God, Father-loving and Saviour".

With the assistance of Ptolemy IX Lathyros, king of Egypt, he recovered part of his father's Syrian dominions ca. 95 BC, and held his court at Damascus,[1] from where he tried to enlarge his dominions. To the south he defeated the Maccabean king Alexander Jannaeus in battle, following a request for assistance by Jewish rebels, but the hostility of the local Jewish population forced him to withdraw. While attempting to dethrone his brother, Philip I Philadelphus, he was defeated by the Arabs and the Parthian Empire, and taken prisoner. He was kept in confinement in Parthia by Mithridates II until his death in 88 BC.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Demetrius s.v. Demetrius III". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 983. 

External links

  • Demetrius III Eucaerus at Livius: Articles on Ancient History
  • Demetrius III Eucaerus at the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
Demetrius III Eucaerus
Born: Unknown Died: 88 BC
Preceded by
Seleucus VI Epiphanes
Seleucid King (King of Syria)
95 BC
with Antiochus X Eusebes (95 BC)
Antiochus XI Epiphanes (95 BC)
Philip I Philadelphus (95 BC)
Succeeded by
Philip I Philadelphus or Antiochus XII Dionysus
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