Delouze Aerodrome

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Delouze Aerodrome
Part of American Expeditionary Forces (AEF)
Located near: Delouze-Rosières, France
Delouze Aerodrome - Photo.jpg
Delouze Aerodrome looking northwestwards. Note the numerous buildings in the forest, at the bottom of the photo, to the south of the open airfield, using cut agricultural fields, their furrow lines evident.
Delouze Aerodrome is located in France
Delouze Aerodrome
Delouze Aerodrome
Coordinates 48°34′18″N 005°32′03″E / 48.57167°N 5.53417°E / 48.57167; 5.53417Coordinates: 48°34′18″N 005°32′03″E / 48.57167°N 5.53417°E / 48.57167; 5.53417
Type Combat Airfield
Site information
Controlled by US Army Air Roundel.svg  Air Service, United States Army
Condition Agricultural area
Site history
Built 1918
In use 1918–1919
Battles/wars World War I War Service Streamer without inscription.png
World War I
Garrison information
Garrison 1st Day Bombardment Group
United States First Army Air Service

Delouze Aerodrome was a temporary World War I airfield in France. It was located 0.8 miles (1.3 km) NE of Delouze-Rosières, in the Meuse department in Lorraine in north-eastern France.

Overview

A lease was signed by the Air Service for 210 acres of land on 21 December 1917. Delouze Aerodrome was designed to be the home of four day bombardment squadron, and construction of the Aerodrome did not begin until the middle of April 1918 due to labor shortages, works been done by the 462nd Aero Squadron (Construction), which stayed at Delouze from 29 April to 20 August 1918. Engineers began to erect a total of 26 buildings for barracks and a mess hall, and two additional buildings for maintenance shops. The ground station was built in the woods to the northeast of the airfield, to camouflage the facility. A headquarters complex of ten buildings and a hospital that constituted of a Nissen Hut was erected, along with a telephone and electrical system. To shelter the aircraft, sixteen French Bessonneau aircraft hangars were erected at the field[1].

Eventually, if the airfield saw three Dayton-Wright DH-4 bomber squadrons (First Army Air Service) landing on 26 August 1918, they had already all three departed to Amanty Aerodrome on 7 September, three days before the 1st (day) Bombardment Group was effectively formed. Known units that were stationed there were:[2]

All the squadrons had already left the airfield when the Armistice was signed on 11 November 1918. It was soon abandoned and turned over to the 1st Air Depot for de-construction. All hangars and other structures were dismantled and all useful supplies and equipment were removed and sent back to the Depot for storage. Upon completion, the land turned over to the French government[5].

Eventually the land was returned to agricultural use by the local farmers. Today, what was Delouze Airdrome is a series of cultivated fields located just to the northwest of Rosiers en Blois, with no indications of its wartime use.

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ Series L, Miscellaneous Sections of the Air Service, Volume 11, History of the Design and Projects Section of the Construction Division, Gorrell's History of the American Expeditionary Forces Air Service, 1917–1919, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  2. ^ Series "D", Volume 2, Squadron histories,. Gorrell's History of the American Expeditionary Forces Air Service, 1917–1919, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  3. ^ It should have joined 1st (d) BG, but it stayed at Delouze without aircraft under HQ/AEF control, before moving to Ourches Aerodrome where it got its aircraft on 30 October and joined the 2nd (day) Bombardment Group with 2nd Army on 1 November, without doing any war mission
  4. ^ Probably training before it joined the 2nd (day) Bombardment Group with 2nd Army
  5. ^ Series 1, Paris Headquarters and Supply Section, Volume 30 History of the 1st Air Depot at Colombey-led-Belles, Gorrell's History of the American Expeditionary Forces Air Service, 1917–1919, National Archives, Washington, D.C.

External links

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