Delaware County, Ohio

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Delaware County, Ohio
Delaware County Courthouse Ohio.jpg
Seal of Delaware County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Delaware County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded February 10, 1808[1]
Named for the Delaware Indians
Seat Delaware
Largest city Delaware*
Area
 • Total 457 sq mi (1,184 km2)
 • Land 443 sq mi (1,147 km2)
 • Water 14 sq mi (36 km2), 3.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2013) 184,979
 • Density 393/sq mi (152/km²)
Congressional district 12th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.delaware.oh.us
Footnotes: *Based on population just within the county.[2]

Delaware County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 174,214.[3] Its county seat is Delaware, Ohio.[4] The county was formed in 1808 from Franklin County, Ohio. Both the county and its seat are named after the Delaware Indian tribe.[5]

Delaware County is included in the Columbus, Ohio Metropolitan Area.

U. S. President Rutherford B. Hayes was born and raised in Delaware County. It is also home to the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium.

History

In 2008, Forbes magazine ranks Delaware County as the fifth best place in the United States to raise a family and the second best in Ohio, behind Geauga County.[6]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 457 square miles (1,180 km2), of which 443 square miles (1,150 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (3.1%) is water.[7] The county has an even terrain and a fertile soil.[8]

Adjacent counties

Lakes and rivers

The major rivers of the county are the Scioto River, Olentangy River, Alum Creek, and the Big Walnut Creek. These waterways run from north to south across the county. The Alum Creek Lake[9] and the Delaware Lake[10] are reservoirs created on Alum Creek and the Olentangy River, respectively.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,000
1820 7,639 282.0%
1830 11,504 50.6%
1840 22,060 91.8%
1850 21,817 −1.1%
1860 23,902 9.6%
1870 25,175 5.3%
1880 27,381 8.8%
1890 27,189 −0.7%
1900 26,401 −2.9%
1910 27,182 3.0%
1920 26,013 −4.3%
1930 26,016 0.0%
1940 26,780 2.9%
1950 30,278 13.1%
1960 36,107 19.3%
1970 42,908 18.8%
1980 53,840 25.5%
1990 66,929 24.3%
2000 109,989 64.3%
2010 174,214 58.4%
Est. 2016 196,463 [11] 12.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2013[3]

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 109,989 people, 39,674 households, and 30,668 families residing in the county. The population density is 249 people per square mile (96/km²). There were 42,374 housing units at an average density of 96 per square mile (37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.25% White, 2.52% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.54% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.01% of the population. 26.8% were of German, 11.7% Irish, 11.3% English, 10.7% American and 6.9% Italian ancestry according to 2000 census.

There were 39,674 households out of which 40.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.70% were married couples living together, 6.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.70% were non-families. 18.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 32.60% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 8.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $67,258, and the median income for a family was $76,453. Males had a median income of $51,428 versus $33,041 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,600. About 2.90% of families and 3.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.40% of those under the age of 18 and 4.80% of those 65 and older.

By 2007, the median income for a household and for a family had risen to $80,526 and $94,099 respectively.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Delaware County is the 21st fastest growing county in the United States.[citation needed]

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 174,214 people, 62,760 households, and 47,977 families residing in the county.[16] The population density was 393.2 inhabitants per square mile (151.8/km2). There were 66,378 housing units at an average density of 149.8 per square mile (57.8/km2).[17] The racial makeup of the county was 89.7% white, 4.3% Asian, 3.4% black or African American, 0.1% American Indian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.1% of the population.[16] In terms of ancestry, 34.2% were German, 16.3% were Irish, 14.0% were English, 8.1% were Italian, and 5.7% were American.[18]

Of the 62,760 households, 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.8% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.6% were non-families, and 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.16. The median age was 37.4 years.[16]

The median income for a household in the county was $87,908 and the median income for a family was $101,698. Males had a median income of $70,949 versus $48,913 for females. The per capita income for the county was $40,682. About 3.4% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 54.5% 57,568 38.7% 40,872 6.8% 7,199
2012 60.9% 60,194 37.7% 37,292 1.4% 1,413
2008 59.2% 54,778 39.6% 36,653 1.2% 1,150
2004 66.1% 53,143 33.6% 27,048 0.3% 265
2000 66.1% 36,639 30.9% 17,134 2.9% 1,630
1996 58.3% 24,123 32.5% 13,463 9.2% 3,829
1992 49.4% 18,225 25.1% 9,263 25.5% 9,385
1988 72.6% 20,693 26.6% 7,590 0.8% 215
1984 76.2% 19,050 23.1% 5,773 0.7% 166
1980 64.5% 14,740 28.1% 6,417 7.5% 1,704
1976 61.9% 12,285 35.6% 7,058 2.6% 510
1972 72.4% 12,950 24.9% 4,452 2.7% 484
1968 57.7% 9,029 25.9% 4,056 16.4% 2,559
1964 51.0% 8,395 49.0% 8,080
1960 68.1% 11,391 31.9% 5,334
1956 72.9% 10,739 27.1% 3,997
1952 71.6% 10,682 28.4% 4,239
1948 64.7% 8,089 35.0% 4,371 0.4% 46
1944 66.8% 9,186 33.2% 4,569
1940 62.8% 9,570 37.2% 5,666
1936 50.1% 7,364 47.9% 7,045 2.0% 300
1932 51.4% 6,833 46.6% 6,196 2.0% 271
1928 67.8% 8,049 31.3% 3,720 0.9% 111
1924 60.4% 6,731 31.7% 3,537 7.8% 874
1920 59.2% 7,700 40.3% 5,241 0.5% 63
1916 47.0% 3,461 51.0% 3,754 2.1% 153
1912 35.3% 2,584 40.1% 2,934 24.6% 1,798
1908 52.8% 4,007 43.9% 3,330 3.4% 256
1904 58.8% 4,163 36.8% 2,607 4.4% 308
1900 51.2% 3,765 45.4% 3,337 3.5% 255
1896 50.4% 3,789 48.0% 3,612 1.6% 118
1892 49.2% 3,267 40.8% 2,710 10.1% 668
1888 49.7% 3,432 43.5% 3,004 6.9% 475
1884 50.6% 3,513 44.3% 3,078 5.2% 359
1880 52.9% 3,508 44.8% 2,968 2.4% 156
1876 52.2% 3,237 45.3% 2,809 2.5% 153
1872 54.7% 2,713 40.6% 2,013 4.7% 232

Delaware County is one of the Republican party's major strongholds in Ohio.[21] It last voted for a Democratic presidential candidate in 1916.

Education

The following school districts are located in Delaware County.

  • Big Walnut Local SD
  • Buckeye Valley Local SD
  • Centerburg Local SD1
  • Elgin Local SD ³
  • Highland Local SD4
  • Johnstown-Monroe Local SD5
  • Westerville City SD7
1 Mainly in Knox County, with portions in Delaware County
2 Mainly in Franklin County, with portions in Delaware County and Union County
3 Mainly in Marion County, with portions in Delaware County
4 Mainly in Morrow County, with portions in Delaware County
5 Mainly in Licking County, with portions in Delaware County
6 Mainly in Union County, with portions in Delaware County
7 Mainly in Franklin County, with portions in Delaware County

The Ohio Wesleyan University, located in Delaware, Ohio, is one of the top liberal arts colleges in the United States and one of the Five Colleges of Ohio.

Transportation

Highways

Interstate 71 and U.S. Highway 23 pass through the county. Interstate 71 crosses over Alum Creek immediately south of the Alum Creek Lake recreation area.

Airports

The area is served by the Delaware Municipal Airport,[22] which is strategically located to serve the rapidly developing southern Delaware County area and the north portion of the Franklin County and Columbus areas. The airport contains a 5,000 foot runway, flight terminal, lounges, and weather briefing areas. It is home to approximately 80 aircraft and an estimated 40,000 operations take place per year. Several smaller airports are located in the county.

Media

The Delaware Gazette, a morning daily founded in 1885, is the dominant local newspaper in Delaware County, while the Sunbury News, a weekly community newspaper, serves eastern Delaware County and residents of the Big Walnut Local School District. Both publications are owned by Brown Publishing Company.

Additional local print publications include ThisWeek Delaware News, which covers the city of Delaware and the villages of Galena and Sunbury; and ThisWeek Olentangy Valley News, which covers Powell and the Olentangy Local School District. The two weekly papers are among 21 published by ThisWeek Community News, headquartered in southern Delaware County. ThisWeek is owned by GateHouse Media, which also owns the Columbus Dispatch.

Other local publications include the Transcript, the student paper at Ohio Wesleyan University.

Points of interest

Delaware, Ohio is famous for The Little Brown Jug, an internationally famous harness race which is part of the Triple Crown of harness racing.

The Methodist Theological School in Ohio is the Methodist graduate school seminary located between Delaware and Columbus, Ohio. It is often referred to as METHESCO.

Additional notable places include:

  • Delaware Municipal Airport Annual Air Fair[22]
  • Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
  • Zoombezi Bay waterpark
  • Safari Golf club
  • The Germain Amphitheater, formerly the Polaris Amphitheater, closed at the end of 2007[23]
  • Alum Creek State Park[9] and the Delaware State Park[10] bring millions of local, national, and international visitors to the area each year.[citation needed]
  • The site of the first Ohio State University football game[24]
  • The Hamburger Inn at 16 N. Sandusky [25]
  • Historical Marker of Rutherford B. Hayes' home on E. William St.[26]
  • The Strand Theater.[27]
  • Polaris centers of commerce (Big commercial business area including Americas 2nd largest low rise office building - the chase McCoy center - and the high end Polaris fashion place mall)
  • Perkins Observatory

Communities

Map of Delaware County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Notable residents

Notable natives include Rutherford B. Hayes, who was the 19th President of the United States (1877–1881). His wife, Lucy Webb Hayes, was one of the most popular of first ladies. She strongly supported the Temperance movement, and no alcohol was served in the White House during the Hayes administration. This prompted the press to call her "Lemonade Lucy." She also brought the annual Easter egg roll to the White House lawn.

Among the famous who have inhabited or been associated with the county are:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Delaware County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2014-05-11. 
  2. ^ "Delaware County data (population)". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-05-10. [permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "Delaware County". Ohio History Central. Ohio Historical Society. Retrieved 2014-05-11. 
  6. ^ "America's Best Places To Raise A Family". Forbes. June 30, 2008. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  8. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Delaware, the name of five counties in the United States. III. A central county of Ohio". The American Cyclopædia. 
  9. ^ a b "Alum Creek State Park". Archived from the original on 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  10. ^ a b "Delaware State Park". Retrieved 2014-05-11. 
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  14. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  16. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  17. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  18. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  19. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  20. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  21. ^ Chinni, Dante; Davis, Bob (20 July 2016). "Donald Trump Divides Republicans in Key Ohio County". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  22. ^ a b "Delaware Airport". Archived from the original on 2007-08-26. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  23. ^ "End of the Road for Germain Amphitheater?". Retrieved 2008-05-19. 
  24. ^ http://news.owu.edu/owuOsu.html
  25. ^ http://www.delawareohrealestate.com/2010/09/05/delaware-ohio-landmark-adds-hours/
  26. ^ http://drc.owu.edu/handle/2374.OWES/759
  27. ^ http://www.thestrandtheatre.net/
  28. ^ "Library of Congress Online Catalog". Retrieved 2007-09-12. 

Further reading

  • Buckingham, Ray, E. Delaware County Then and Now, History Book, Inc., 1976
  • History of Delaware County and Ohio. Chicago: O. L. Baskin & Co., 1880
  • Lytle, A. R., History of Delaware County Ohio, Delaware, 1908
  • Memorial Record of the Counties of Delaware, union and Morrow, Ohio, Chicago, The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895

External links

  • Delaware County Government official site
  • Delaware County Memory - Digital archive of historical documents and artifacts from Delaware County

Coordinates: 40°17′N 83°01′W / 40.28°N 83.01°W / 40.28; -83.01

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