Death and state funeral of Joseph Stalin

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Stalin's Funeral
Date 1953-03-09
Location Moscow, Soviet Union
Participants Nikita Khrushchev, Georgy Malenkov, Vyacheslav Molotov, Lavrentiy Beria other Soviet and foreign dignitaries

On March 5, 1953, Joseph Stalin, the second leader of the Soviet Union, died aged 74 after suffering a stroke. After four days of national mourning, Stalin was given a state funeral and then buried in Lenin's Mausoleum on March 9. Nikita Khrushchev, Georgy Malenkov, Vyacheslav Molotov, and Lavrentiy Beria were in charge of organizing the funeral.

Funeral service

On March 6, the coffin with Stalin's body was displayed at the Hall of Columns in the House of the Unions and it stayed there for three days.[1] On March 9, the body of Stalin was delivered to Red Square[2] to be interred in Lenin's Mausoleum where he lay in state until 1961.[3][4] Speeches were delivered by Khrushchev, Malenkov, Molotov, and Beria. After the speeches, pallbearers carried the coffin to the mausoleum. As Stalin's body was being put into the mausoleum, a military band played the Soviet National Anthem. After the anthem played, a military parade of the Moscow Garrison was held in Stalin's honor. In the public's efforts to pay their respects to Stalin's casket, a number of people died as they were crushed and trampled by the amassed crowd.[5] Khrushchev provided an estimate that 109 people died in the crowd.[6]

Foreign dignitaries as reported by Ogoniok

Per Ogoniok[8]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Alexander Ganjushin (6 March 2013). "Joseph Stalin's funeral: how it happened". Rossiyskaya Gazeta. Retrieved 17 January 2018 – via Russia Beyond. On March 6, the coffin with Stalin's body was displayed at the Hall of Columns in the House of Trade Unions. 
  2. ^ "Martin Manhoff archive". www.rferl.org. 
  3. ^ Alexander Ganjushin (5 March 2013). "Russia on the day of Stalin's funeral: A photo look back". Rossiyskaya Gazeta. Retrieved 17 January 2018 – via Russia Beyond. On March 9, 1953 Stalin's embalmed body was interred in the Lenin Mausoleum, which was called the Lenin–Stalin Mausoleum in 1953 to 1961. 
  4. ^ "Why Did Russia Move Stalin's Body?". ThoughtCo. Retrieved 2017-08-06. 
  5. ^ Evtushenko, Evgenii. "Mourners Crushed at Stalin's Funeral". Seventeen Moments in Soviet History. Retrieved 5 May 2018. 
  6. ^ Khlevniuk, Oleg (2017). Stalin: New Biography of a Dictator. Yale University Press. ISBN 0300219784. 
  7. ^ "Kun Josif Stalin kuoli – näin Urho Kekkonen ryntäsi tilaisuuteen" (in Finnish). 18 October 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  8. ^ "Mourning of millions". Ogoniok issue 11 (1344). 1953-03-15. 


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