Death and state funeral of Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Death and state funeral
of Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Jamaran, body of Hashemi Rafsanjani in public.jpg
Rafsanjani's body showing to the public in Jamaran Huseinieh, while a picture of him with Ruhollah and Ahmad Khomeini is in center.
Date 9–11 January 2017
Location Jamaran, Tehran, Iran
(Public viewing)
Tehran University
(State funeral)
Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini
(Burial)
Imam Khomeini Huseinieh
(Memorial service)
Website www.hashemirafsanjani.ir

On 8 January 2017, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, the fourth President of Iran and the country's Chairman of Expediency Discernment Council, died at the age of 82 after suffering a heart attack. He was transferred to a hospital in Tajrish, north Tehran without consciousness. Attempts at cardiopulmonary resuscitation for more than an hour trying to revive him were unsuccessful and he died at 19:30 local time (UTC+3:30).[1][2][3]

Iranian government observed a national mourning period of 3 days. Rafsanjani's body lay in state at Jamaran Huseinieh, near where his house was located. Thousands of the people and officials from Iran and other countries visited his body at Jamaran. A state funeral was held on 10 January 2017 which was attended by millions of the people and his body was buried at Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini hours later.

Funeral events

First hours

After the death of Rafsanjani was announced, some people gathered in Tajrish to mourning the event. Mehdi Hashemi Rafsanjani, second son of Ayatollah Rafsanjani was temporary released from jail immediately and was present at hospital in above of his father's body. When Rafsanjani's family left the hospital, people chanted in favor of deceased Rafsanjani and condolonces to his family.[citation needed]

Lying in state

Rafsanjani's body placed lay in state at the Jamaran Huseinieh in north Tehran hours after his death from 9 to 10 January 2017. Approximately thousands mourners viewed his body over the two days. The crowds grew larger each day and thousands who queued on the final day could not be accommodated and were turned away. The ceremony was also attended by Rafsanjani's family, Iranian officials like President Hassan Rouhani and his cabinet, parliament members and its chairman Ali Larijani, Tehran friday prayer Imam Mohammed Emami-Kashani, Chief of Staff for the Armed Forces Major General Mohammad Bagheri and Quds Forces commander Major General Qasem Soleimani, Ruhollah Khomeini's survivors (specially Hassan Khomeini), former parliament chairman and a close friend Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri, former MP and presidential election rival Ahmad Tavakoli, former government members (Akbar Torkan, Mohsen Rafighdoost, Ahmad Madani, Abdullah Nouri, Manouchehr Mottaki and etc.), public figures like cinema director Ebrahim Hatamikia, former national team and Persepolis head coach Ali Parvin, singer Majid Akhshabi and some foreign figures which was included Ibrahim al-Jafari, Ammar al-Hakim and country's ambassadors to Iran.[citation needed]

Place of burial

Hours after his death, his office announced that a state funeral will be held on 11 January in University of Tehran, with the place of burial being Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini. It was previously announced he will be buried at Fatima Masumeh Shrine in Qom, but his family decided to change the place of burial.[4]

State funeral

Thousands of the people and government officials attended the ceremony and Ali Khamenei performed the ritual prayer for the deceased (Salat al-Mayyit) in his funeral.[5][6] Some foreign leaders like Afghanistan's Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah, Kuwait's Deputy Prime Minister Sabah Al-Khalid Al-Sabah, Turkeministan Deputy Prime Minister Raşit Meredow, Iraqi foreign minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari, Georgian foreign minister Mikheil Janelidze, Azerbaijan parliament chair Ogtay Asadov, Malian national assembly president Issaka Sidibé, British Ambassador Nicholas Hopton, Lebanon's Nabih Berri and Armenian parliament speaker Galust Sahakyan also attended the event. The truck carrying Rafsanjani's coffin topped with his trademark white turban inched down Enqelab Street, one of the capital's main thoroughfares.[7] Rafsanjani was buried next to the former supreme leader Ruhollah Khomeini.[8]

According to Iranian TV and governor of Tehran, 2.5 million attended his funeral.[9] It was the second largest funeral in Iran and the first in the last 25 years after funeral of Ruhollah Khomeini.

Iranian Army's starch guard paying tribute to the Rafsanjani.
Iranian officials at the ceremony.
Rafsanjani's body at Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini.

Memorial services

Iran

The Office of the Supreme Leader of Iran announced that a memorial service will be held in Beit Rahbari by Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on 11 January in memorial of Hashemi Rafsanjani. It was attended by the survivors of Rafsanjani and governmental and foreign officials. Another memorial service was also held in the same day by the Rafsanjani family in the mosque of Azad University central building. Another ceremonies was held in different cities like Qom and Rafsanjani on 12 and 13 January. A ceremony was also held at Imam Reza Shrine The 7th Day (Haftom) ceremony was also held at Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini on 15 January which crowds of the people attending.

Foreign states

Memorial services was held by Iran's embassy at Baghdad, Kabul, London, Beirut, Tokyo, Ankara and other cities.

A memorial service in honour of Rafsanjani was held on 14 January 2017 in Najaf's Imam Ali shrine which was attended by key Shiite clerics.

Reactions

Iran

Persons

President Rouhani prays for Rafsanjani with reading Holy Quran, Jamaran

Political parties

His death is described as a "blow" to the reformist movement of Iran.[14] He headed the Expediency Council, a body which is intended to resolve disputes between the parliament and a hardline watchdog body, the Guardian Council.

  • Combatant Clergy Association, a party that Rafsanjani was a member of it but abandoned his activities since 2009, issued a statement and praised Hashemi's role in the Islamic Revolution of Iran and describes his role as "unforgetable".[15]
  • Executives of Construction Party published a statement on their website, describes loss of Hashemi Rafsanjani - a spiritual leader of them - as a "big disaster" for people of Iran and those who are interested in the way of developing prosperity and freedom in Iran.[16]
  • Moderation and Development Party, the ruling party that Hashemi's daughter (Fatemeh) is one of its central committee members issued a statement and describes Hashemi as "Father of the Moderation". The party also stated that "We are confident that his way will be continued by the lovers of the moderation and those who welfare of the people are important for them", saying party's spokesperson.[17]
  • Pro-reformists NEDA Party describes Hashemi's death as a shock news which grieved Iranians.[18]
  • Principlist Islamic Coalition Party condolences the death of Hashemi Rafsanjani and said in their statement that Hashemi was a great opposition of Shah's capitulation and was a helper of Amani, Bokharayi, Niknejhad and Harandi (founders of the party who executed by Shah regime).[19] Asadollah Badamchian, a high ranking member of the party said in a TV show that Rafsanjani has helped a group of ICP in the assassination of then-prime minister Hassan Ali Mansur. The claim was rejected by Rafsanjani's office.
  • Newly formed Union of Islamic Iran People Party stated Hashemi's death are worried them at "a time that we needs continuity of his role in politics and strengthen the authority of moderation and hope", both domestically and internationally.[20]
  • Islamic Labour Party and its trade union Worker House issued a statement and describes Hashemi as "Great superman of history" and "Amir Kabir of the time". The party also said that Hashemi was a great supporter of workers and construction.[21]
  • Freedom Movement, an opponent of Rafsanjani during his presidency, published a condolence message. The party said in their message that Hashemi role in various fields, especially in recent years will not be erased from historical memory of the Iranian people and his absence will be felt in the political and social arena. The party also said "It's very difficult to judge the men of the actions [politics]".

Other commentators

International

Governments

Africa
  • Algeria Algeria – President Abdelaziz Bouteflika expressed condolences over the demise of Iran's Expediency Council chief Ayatollah Hashemi Rafsanjani.[23] In a message to his Iranian counterpart Hassan Rouhani, Bouteflika said the late Ayatollah played a crucial role in enhancing solidarity within the Islamic Ummah. He said history will stand witness to the bold and distinguished part he played in elevating the Islamic solidarity.[24]
  • Ethiopia Ethiopia - President Mulatu Teshome in a message to his Iranian counterpart Hassan Rouhani condoled the Iranian people and government on the demise of Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. In his message, Teshome expressed grief over the death of the late ayatollah and appreciated Hashemi for his effective role in the establishment of regional security.[25]
  • Ivory Coast Ivory Coast – President of the Ivory Coast Alassane Ouattara condoled with President Rouhani on the death of the Expediency Council chief.[26]
  • Mauritania Mauritania - President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz sent a condolence message to President Rouhani. Ruling party Union for the Republic also sent a condolence message.
  • Senegal Senegal - President Macky Sall expressed deep sorrow and condolences to Iranian president and nation over demise of the Ayatollah.
  • South Africa South Africa – President Jacob Zuma issued a statement saying his nation "acknowledges President Rafsanjani's pioneering spirit in establishing stronger trade and political ties with African countries and South Africa."
  • Zimbabwe Zimbabwe - Vice President Phelekezela Mphoko voiced condolences over the demise of the Iranian Expediency Council Chairman Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani to the Iranian government and nation. Zimbabwe VP pays homage to late Ayat. Rafsanjani. He signed up memorial book in Iran's embassy in Harare, capital of Zimbabwe, and paid homage to the late Ayatollah.[27]
Asia
  • Afghanistan Afghanistan – President Ashraf Ghani and the country's Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah sent separate message to the Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and expressed their sadness from the news. President Ghani said that Hashemi Rafsanjani, highly revered by his supporters, had played an influential role, during his presidency and in other positions, in the regional issues. On behalf of the people and the Government of Afghanistan, President Ashraf Ghani extends his deep condolences to his family, the Supreme Leader, the President, government and people of Iran.[28]
  • Bahrain Bahrain– A condolence message from King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa was sent to Iran said he was "praying to almighty God for his soul to rest in peace and inspire Iran's president, its people and his family." Bahraini Foreign Minister, Khalid bin Ahmed Al Khalifa, whose country has tense relations with Iran, voiced condolences on Twitter over Rafsanjani's death.
  • China China – Foreign Minister Wang Yi sent a condolence message to his Iranian counterpart, Mohammad Javad Zarif, over the death of former Iranian President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani.[29] Chinese Foreign Ministry also published a statement and called Rafsanjani an "influential leader". Foreign Ministry spokesperson Lu Kang said that China offered sympathy to the government and people of Iran, as well as Rafsanjani's relatives. Lu also spoke highly of Rafsanjani's contributions to bilateral ties between Iran and China during his presidency.[30]
  • Iraq Iraq - President Fuad Masum and Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi offered his condolences, while voicing their appreciation for Ayatollah Rafsanjani's efforts backing the people of Iraq. Former prime minister and current Vice President Nouri al-Maliki and Chairman of Iraqi National Coalition Ammar al-Hakim also sent condolence messages.
    • Iraqi Kurdistan Iraqi Kurdistan - President Massoud Barzani sent messages of condolences to Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and President Hassan Rouhani on the passing away of Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. In his messages, Barzani expressed condolences on behalf of his nation to the Iranian people and government on the departure of the late Ayatollah. He also prayed for the peace of the soul of the deceased Ayatollah.[31] Parliament Speaker Yusuf Mohammed Sadiq also sent a message.
  • India India - Prime Minister Narendra Modi issued a message of condolence on the occasion of Ayatollah Hashemi Rafsanjani's demise. He prayed to almighty God for his soul to rest in peace and inspire Iran's president, its people and his family.[32]
  • Indonesia Indonesia - President Joko Widodo said efforts made by Ayatollah Rafsanjani will remain in minds forever. He said that Ayatollah Rafsanjani's pasng would be a great loss for the Iranian nation. Widodo condoled with the Iranian nation and the bereaved family of Ayatollah Rafsanjani on behalf of Indonesian nation.[33]
  • Japan Japan - Prime Minister Shinzō Abe and Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida in separate messages extended condolences on the demise of Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. Abe in his message expressed sympathy on the sad occasion and hailed the achievements of the late chairman of the Expediency Council.[34]
  • Jordan Jordan - King Abdullah II sent a condolence message.
  • Kuwait Kuwait - Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, sent condolences over Rafsanjani's death, saying he "prayed to Allah the almighty to bestow blessings on the deceased."[35]
  • Lebanon Lebanon - President Michel Aoun condolences the death of Rafsanjani with Iranian officials and the country's people. Prime Minister Saad Hariri also sent a message to Iranian President Rouhani, condoled him and the Iranian nation on the demise of Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, a moderate figure. Hariri said that Iran lost a man, who was among founders of the Islamic Republic of Iran and was an outstanding figure known for his moderate style. He used to forge interaction with countries on the basis of friendly relations, said Hariri.[36] Condolence messages also came from pro-Iranian forces Hezbollah, which group's secretary general Hassan Nasrallah describes Hashemi as a "fervent supporter of resistance". Senior Lebanese politician and Leader of the Druze Progressive Socialist Party Walid Jumblatt praised Hashemi Rafsanjani for his role played in Iran's domestic and foreign policies.[37]
  • Malaysia Malaysia - Malaysian Foreign Minister Anifah Aman in a message to his Iranian counterpart Mohammad Javad Zarif said that demise of Ayatollah Hashemi Rafsanjani is really a great loss for the Iranian people and government. '"I was sad to hear the news of Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani's demise and his sudden death is really a great loss for the Iranian people and government," the message said.[38]
  • Oman Oman - Sultan Qaboos, country's ruler, sent a message of condolence to Iran over Rafsanjani's death.
  • Pakistan Pakistan - Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif expressed deep grief over the death of Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, who breathed his last yesterday in Tehran. He said Rafsanjani was an influential figure not only in Iran but also a symbol of reconciliatory peace efforts at the international level.[39]
  • State of Palestine Palestine - Islamic Jihad Movement expressed sorrow over the passing away of Iran's former president issuing a message. A Hamas representative in Tehran also sent condolences and expressed grief over the demise. Palestinian embassy in Tehran also offered condolences in a statement. "The sad incident of the decease of Ayatollah Rafsanjani affected the sentiments of the Palestinian nation since they lost a great supporter," the message reads.[40]
  • Qatar Qatar - Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani sent a message and condolonces with the government and people of Iran.[41]
Syrian officials signs a memorial book for condolence in Iran's embassy at Damascus
  • Syria Syria - President Bashar al-Assad expressed condolences over the passing of Iran's former president and chairman of the Expediency Council Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. In separate messages to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Assad said the news of Ayatollah Rafsanjani's passing caused great sadness. He also stressed that the late cleric "lived a life of struggle against injustice and oppression, and he was known for his bold positions and tireless efforts to preserve the dignity and freedom of the Iranian people."[42]
  • Tajikistan Tajikistan - Tajik President Emomali Rahmon has sent a message of condolence to his Iranian counterpart Hassan Rouhani, saying he is grieved at the news of demise of the "prominent figure" of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
  • United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates - President and Prime Minister of the country, Emir Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan of Abu Dhabi and Emir Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum of Dubai has sent a cable of condolences to Iran's President Hassan Rouhani, on the death of former President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani.[43] Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan expressed his condolences over the loss of Rafsanjani and extended his sympathy to the Ayatollah's family.[44] Writing on his official Twitter account, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Anwar Mohammed Qarqash described Rafsanjani as "one of the voices of political realism and moderation".
Europe
  • Armenia Armenia - President Serzh Sargsyan in a twitter message condoled President Hassan Rouhani on demise of the late Chairman of the Expediency Council Ayatollah Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. He said Rafsanjani will be remembered by the Armenian people as a President of the neighboring country whose tenure in office was signified by the establishment of the initial interstate relations between the newly independent Armenia and Iran, which gave a new impetus to the centuries-long friendship of our two nations. "Based on the strong foundation, which was formed in those years, today we continue to expand and deepen our cooperation", said Sargsyan. Armenian Prime Minister Karen Karapetyan also condoled Iranian ambassador to Armenia on the departure of Ayatollah Rafsanjani.[45]
  • Azerbaijan Azerbaijan - President Ilham Aliyev offered condolences over the death of former Iranian president Ayatollah Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani to Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. "I was deeply saddened by the news of death of Ayatollah Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, former president of the Islamic Republic of Iran, outstanding statesman, public and political figure," said President Aliyev in his letter of condolences. "Being the example of loyalty to his state and people through all his activities and way of life, Ayatollah Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani was also known as a wise and far-sighted politician. Ayatollah Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani made a significant contribution to the formation and the expansion of relations between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan," he noted. President IAliyev also offered condolences to President of Iran Hassan Rouhani.[46]
  • Belarus Belarus - President Alexander Lukashenko has expressed condolences to Iran President Hassan Rouhani, the people of Iran, the family and friends of former president of Iran Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani in connection with his passing.[47]
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina - Bakir Izetbegović, Bosniak Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina sent a condolence message to the government and nation of Iran and called Rafsanjani a "hero of the peace".
  • Bulgaria Bulgaria - President Rosen Plevneliev has extended condolences to President Hassan Rouhani on the passing away of the late Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. In his message, President Plevneliev expressed his deep sorrow and condolences to Iranian president and nation over demise of the Ayatollah.[48]
  • Cyprus Cyprus - House of Representatives President Demetris Syllouris has conveyed his condolences in a letter to his Iranian counterpart Ali Larijani, over the passing away of former Iranian President Ayatollah Hashemi Rafsanjani. In his letter, he noted that Rafsanjani leaves behind a heritage in Iran's modern history which is also set apart "by his massive contribution to his country`s progress and prosperity."[49]
  • Germany Germany - Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier condoled the demise of Ayatollah Hasehmi Rafsanjani. In a message to his Iranian counterpart Mohammad Javad Zarif, Steinmeier expressed condolences to the people and government of Iran over the sad occasion.[50]
  • Italy Italy - Italian President Sergio Mattarella, in a message on Wednesday to his Iranian counterpart Hassan Rouhani, condoled him on the death of the late Chairman of Iran's Expediency Council Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. Mattarella also extended condolences on his behalf and on the behalf of the Italian nation to the bereaved family of Ayatollah Rafsanjani and the whole Iranian nation. He said that serving as Iran's president, Ayatollah Rafsanjani played a significant role in expansion of the Iran-Italy ties based on firm belief in a mutual feeling of belonging to two very old civilizations.[51]
  • Kazakhstan Kazakhstan - Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev in a message to his Iranian counterpart Hassan Rouhani condoled him and Ayatollah Khamenei on demise of Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani.[52]
  • Latvia Latvia - Raimonds Vējonis, President of Latvia sent a condolence message and called Rafsanjani as a person who tried to extend Tehran's relations with the world.
  • Poland Poland - President Andrzej Duda condolences with Iranian government and people over decease of Rafsanjani.
  • Russia Russia - President Vladimir Putin condolences the decease of Rafsanjani in a message to the Iranian President.[53]
  • Slovenia Slovenia - President Borut Pahor offered his condolence to the Iranian president on a message.
  • Turkey Turkey - President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan sent a condolence message to his Iranian counterpart Hassan Rouhani and described him as the person who "developed Iran and Turkey relations". Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu in a message on his Twitter page extended his condolences on the demise of late Chairman of the State Expediency Council Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. "With much sorrow I received the news on the passing away of former Iranian President (Akbar) Hashemi Rafsanjani and I wish him God's blessing and condole with his bereaved family and the Iranian nation on his demise," Cavusoglu said in his Twitter message. Former President Abdullah Gül also extended his condolences on Ayatollah Rafsanjani's death. Minister of European Union Affairs Ömer Çelik also sent message.[54]
  • United Kingdom United Kingdom - Islamic Centre of England condoles Ayatollah Rafsanjani's demise. "We wish to express our sorrow and sadness for the demise of this great man who had a major role in the history of the Islamic movement in Iran."[55]
North America
  • United States United States - A US Department of State official also referred to Ayatollah Rafsanjani as a "prominent figure" throughout the history of Iran in a statement. "We send our condolences to his family and loved ones," said the statement.[56] White House press secretary Josh Earnest also said Rafsanjani was a "prominent figure" and a "consequential figure" in Iran's history. He said the United States was sending its condolences to the Iranian people, but Earnest declined to speculate on how Rafsanjani's death might affect future Iranian policy toward the United States.
South America
  • Cuba Cuba - Raul Castro, President of Cuba, sent a message to his counterpart Hassan Rouhani to express condolences after the death of Rafsanjani. In his message, the Cuban dignitary asked to extend his sympathies to the relatives of the late Iranian leader.[57]
  • Nicaragua Nicaragua - President Daniel Ortega and his wife Vice President Rosario Murillo offered their condolence on their inaugration day in their message to President Hassan Rouhani called the late Ayatollah Rafsanjani as an outstanding figure in brotherly country of Iran. The two senior officials wrote in their message "We express our deepest and the most sincere condolences to Your Excellency, family of the late Ayatollah Rafsanjani, Iranian government and nation."[58]
  • Venezuela Venezuela - Foreign Ministry, publishing an official statement on the occasion, announced that President Nicolás Maduro had offered his deep condolences on demise of Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and President Hassan Rouhani. The statement said Rafsanjani played important role in establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran and had noticeable influence on Iran's economic development before the imperialist aggression. Government of Venezuela underlines its solidarity with Iranian government and nation and expresses its condolences on demise of Ayatollah Rafsanjani, the Venezuelan government's statement concluded.

Supranational organisations

  • United Nations United Nations - UN resident coordinator in Iran, Gary Lewis posted a message on his Twitter account, saying, "Entire UN family in Iran extends sincere condolences on sad demise of Fmr Pres Hashemi Rafsanjani".[59]
  • Flag of IAEA.svg International Atomic Energy Agency - Director General Yukiya Amano offered his condelence over the news with signing a book of honour in Iran's embassy at Geneva.
  • UNESCO UNESCO - Irina Georgieva Bokova, head of UNESCO in a message condoled President Hassan Rouhani over the demise of the late Chairman of the Expediency Council Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. "Due to his enormous contribution to realization of reformist and moderate political trends to serve as the basis for Iran's development and its international engagement, Ayatollah Rafsanjani will never be forgotten," the message reads. In her message, she announced UNESCO's commitment to continue close cooperation with Iran to reinforce ties, IRNA reported.[60]
  • Group of 77 - A minute of silence was also declared at group's summit in Geneva in honour of Hashemi.

Controversies

Funeral veering slightly off script when groups of mourners started shouting opposition slogans. The authorities were forced to raise the volume on the loudspeakers playing lamentation songs after some in the crowds took up cries of using name of former presidential candidate, Mir-Hossein Mousavi, who has been under house arrest since 2011. Some of the chants were aimed at Russia, Iran's ally in the Syrian conflict. Video clips on social media showed mourners shouting "Death to Russia" (which was also shouted during the 2009 Iranian presidential election protests after Russian President Dmitry Medvedev became the first foreign leader to congratulate Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on his re-election)[61] and "the Russian Embassy is the den of espionage," as they passed the embassy's complex in the heart of Tehran. People also called for the release of hunger strikers in Iranian prisons.[62] The many sexual harassment was also reported during the funeral event.

State television, broadcasting the funeral live, airbrushed the protests, which were nevertheless allowed to proceed without police intervention.

References

  1. ^ "Iran's ex-President Rafsanjani dies at 82". 8 January 2017. 
  2. ^ "Former Iranian President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani dead". 8 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "Iran's ex-president Hashemi Rafsanjani dies at 82". 8 January 2017. 
  4. ^ مرعشی: آیت‌الله هاشمی در قم به خاک سپرده می‌شوند. 8 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "Ayatollah Khamenei to Lead Ritual Prayers at Ex-President's Funeral". 9 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "Iran Rafsanjani death: Huge crowds at ex-president's funeral]". 
  7. ^ "Thousands throng Tehran funeral of key moderate Rafsanjani". 10 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Iran bids farewell to Rafsanjani". 10 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "Rafsanjani's funeral live events". 10 January 2017. 
  10. ^ "Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani: Tributes for ex-Iran President". 9 January 2017. 
  11. ^ "Mourners pay respects to former Iranian leader Rafsanjani". 9 January 2017. 
  12. ^ "Iranians in shock and sorrow over Ayatollah Rafsanjani's passing". 9 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "دختر امام خمینی: عروج آیت‌الله هاشمی رفسنجانی از زهر نیز تلخ‌تر بود/شوک شدیدی به ملت وارد شد". 19 January 2017. 
  14. ^ "Former Iranian President Akbar Rafsanjani 'dies aged 82'". The Independent. 8 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "پیام تسلیت جامعه روحانیت مبارز به مناسبت ارتحال آیت‌الله هاشمی". 9 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "پیام تسلیت حزب کارگزاران درپی ارتحال آیت‌الله هاشمی رفسنجانی". 8 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "متن پیام حزب اعتدال و توسعه در سوگ آیت الله هاشمی". 8 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "پیام تسلیت حزب ندای ایرانیان درپی ارتحال آیت‌الله هاشمی رفسنجانی". 9 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "حزب موتلفه اسلامی درگذشت آیت‌الله هاشمی رفسنجانی را تسلیت گفت". 9 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "هاشمی؛ سیاستمدار انقلابی در طراز جمهوری اسلامی". 10 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "پیام تسلیت حزب اسلامی کار به مناسبت درگذشت آیت‌الله هاشمی رفسنجانی". 9 January 2017. 
  22. ^ "Iraq's Top Shiite Cleric Offers Condolences over Ayatollah Rafsanjani's Demise". 11 January 2017. 
  23. ^ "Death of Iran's Rafsanjani: Gulf mourns – but Arab social media is less forgiving". 9 January 2017. 
  24. ^ "Algerian President: Rafsanjani played great role in Islamic Ummah solidarity". 9 January 2017. 
  25. ^ "Ethiopian president condoles Ayat. Rafsanjani's demise". 11 January 2017. 
  26. ^ "More World Leaders Extend Condolence on Expediency Council Chief Hashemi Rafsanjani's Demise". 10 January 2017. 
  27. ^ "Zimbabwe VP pays homage to late Ayat. Rafsanjani". 11 January 2017. 
  28. ^ "President Ghani saddened by news that former Iranian President passed away.". 8 January 2017. 
  29. ^ "Chinese FM sends condolences to Iran over death of former president Rafsanjani". 11 January 2017. 
  30. ^ "Condolences Pour into Iran over Demise of Ayatollah Rafsanjani". 9 January 2017. 
  31. ^ "Massoud Barzani condoles demise of Ayatollah Rafsanjani". 11 January 2017. 
  32. ^ "Int. figures react to Ayat. Rafsanjani's demise". 10 January 2017. 
  33. ^ "Intl. figures condole with Rouhani on Ayat. Rafsanjani's demise". 10 January 2017. 
  34. ^ "Japanese PM, FM condole on demise of Ayat. Rafsanjani". 9 January 2017. 
  35. ^ "His Highness the Amir extends condolences on death of Iran's Rafsanjani". 9 January 2017. 
  36. ^ "Saad Hariri: Ayat. Rafsanjani a moderate figure". 11 January 2017. 
  37. ^ "Some Gulf Arabs commiserate over Iran's Rafsanjani, Saudi silent". 9 January 2017. 
  38. ^ "Malaysian FM: Ayat. Rafsanjani demise really great loss". 12 January 2017. 
  39. ^ "Condolences Pour into Iran over Demise of Ayatollah Rafsanjani". 9 January 2017. 
  40. ^ "Palestine embassy in Iran extends condolences on Ayat. Rafsanjani demise". 12 January 2017. 
  41. ^ "World reacts to death of former Iranian president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani". 9 January 2017. 
  42. ^ "Assad Offers Condolences over Ayatollah Rafsanjani's Demise". 9 January 2017. 
  43. ^ "UAE leaders send condolences to Iranian President on death of former president Rafsanjani". 11 January 2017. 
  44. ^ "Arab, Asian Officials Offer Condolences over Rafsanjani's Demise". 9 January 2017. 
  45. ^ "Armenian President expresses condolences on Ayat. Rafsanjani demise". 11 January 2017. 
  46. ^ "President Aliyev offers condolences over death of Iran's Rafsanjani". 9 January 2017. 
  47. ^ "Condolences over passing of former president of Iran Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani". 10 January 2017. 
  48. ^ "Bulgarian Pres. offers condolences on Ayat. departure". 12 January 2017. 
  49. ^ "Condolences of House President to Iranian counterpart over passing away of Rafsanjani". 10 January 2017. 
  50. ^ "German FM condoles Ayat. Rafsanjani demise". 11 January 2017. 
  51. ^ "Italian pres. condoles demise of Ayat. Rafsanjani". 12 January 2017. 
  52. ^ "Kazakh president condolence on Ayatollah Rafsanjani's departure". 11 January 2017. 
  53. ^ "Putin Offers Condolences over Demise of Ayatollah Rafsanjani". 11 January 2017. 
  54. ^ "Turkish FM condoles death of Ayatollah Rafsanjani". 9 January 2017. 
  55. ^ "Islamic Center of England condoles Ayatollah Rafsanjani's demise". 13 January 2017. 
  56. ^ "World's Reaction to Death of Iran's Ex-President". 9 January 2017. 
  57. ^ "Cuban president expressed his condolences on the death of Ayatollah Rafsanjani". 12 January 2017. 
  58. ^ "Nicaraguan, Venezuelan presidents offer condolences on demise of Rafsanjani". 10 January 2017. 
  59. ^ "World's Reaction to Death of Iran's Ex-President". 9 January 2017. 
  60. ^ "Head of UNESCO extends condolence on Ayat. Rafsanjani demise". 12 January 2017. 
  61. ^ "After Rafsanjani: How the death of an ex-president will affect Iran". The Economist. 14 January 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2017. 
  62. ^ "As Protests Flare, Iran Bids Farewell to Rafsanjani". 11 January 2017. 

External links

  • [1], C-SPAN, 10 January 2017, videos from ceremonies
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Death_and_state_funeral_of_Akbar_Hashemi_Rafsanjani&oldid=767129964"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_and_state_funeral_of_Akbar_Hashemi_Rafsanjani
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Death and state funeral of Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA