De Quay cabinet

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De Quay cabinet
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
48th cabinet of the Netherlands
Kabinet-De Quay.jpg ZetelsDeQuay.svg
The installation of the De Quay cabinet on 19 May 1959
Date formed 16 May 1959 (1959-05-16)
Date dissolved 24 July 1963 (1963-07-24)
(Demissionary from 15 May 1963 (1963-05-15))
People and organisations
Head of state Queen Juliana
Head of government Jan de Quay
Deputy head of government Henk Korthals
No. of ministers 14
Ministers removed
(Death/resignation/dismissal)
2
Total no. of ministers 16
Member party Catholic People's Party
(KVP)
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy

(VVD)
Anti-Revolutionary Party
(ARP)
Christian Historical Union
(CHU)
Status in legislature Centre-right Majority government
Opposition party Labour Party
Opposition leader Jaap Burger (1959–1962)
Anne Vondeling (1962–1963)
History
Election(s) 1959 election
Outgoing election 1963 election
Legislature term(s) 1959–63
Incoming formation 1959 formation
Outgoing formation 1963 formation
Predecessor Second Beel cabinet
Successor Marijnen cabinet
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands

The De Quay cabinet was the cabinet of the Netherlands from 19 May 1959 until 24 July 1963. The cabinet was formed by the political parties Catholic People's Party (KVP), People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD), Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) and the Christian Historical Union (CHU) after the election of 1959. The centre-right cabinet was a majority government in the House of Representatives.[1]

Formation

Cabinet formation was again difficult due to the growing friction between Labour Party and the Catholic People's Party. Despite the fact that this was the first post-war cabinet with the right-wing VDD and without the socialist PvdA, it continued with the building up social security that was started after the war, made possible by the continually growing economy.

Term

The free Saturday was introduced (for civil servants, in 1961), as well as laws for education (mammoetwet), unemployment benefit (bijstandwet) and child benefit (kinderbijslagwet). Natural gas was discovered in Slochteren, which would later turn out to be one of the biggest gas reserves in the world and a major source of income for the Netherlands in the decades to come.

On 23 December 1960 the cabinet fell over extra public housing (woningwetwoningen), but Gaius de Gaay Fortman reconciled matters and the cabinet resumed on 2 January 1961.

In August/September 1962, New Guinea was handed over to Indonesia, under supervision of the UN.

Shortly after the installation of the new government, minister of defence Ven den Bergh resigned for personal reasons (family affairs with his United States wife and children). In 1962, the new minister of defence Visser also had to resign after protests against his dismissal of a critical civil servant. In 1961 minister Van Rooy of social affairs resigned after criticism of how he dealt with the new child benefit law. His post was taken over by former state secretary Veldkamp, whose now vacant former position in turn was taken over by Gijzels.

In 1963, a proposal to install commercial television was not accepted.

Cabinet Members

Ministers Title/Ministry Term of office Party
Jan de Quay Dr.
Jan de Quay
(1901–1985)
Prime Minister General Affairs 19 May 1959 –
24 July 1963
Catholic People's Party
Henk Korthals Henk Korthals
(1911–1976)
Deputy Prime Minister /
Minister
Transport and
Water Management
19 May 1959 –
24 July 1963
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Edzo Toxopeus Edzo Toxopeus
(1918–2009)
Minister Interior 19 May 1959 –
14 April 1965
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Joseph Luns Dr.
Joseph Luns
(1911–2002)
Minister Foreign Affairs 13 October 1956 –
6 July 1971
[Retained]
Catholic People's Party
Jelle Zijlstra Dr.
Jelle Zijlstra
(1918–2001)
Minister Finance 22 December 1958 –
24 July 1963
[Retained]
Anti-Revolutionary Party
Albert Beerman Albert Beerman
(1901–1967)
Minister Justice 19 May 1959 –
24 July 1963
Christian Historical Union
Jan de Pous Jan de Pous
(1920–1996)
Minister Economic Affairs 19 May 1959 –
24 July 1963
Christian Historical Union
Sidney J. van den Bergh Sidney J. van den Bergh
(1898–1977)
Minister Defence 19 May 1959 –
1 August 1959
[Res]
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Jan de Quay Dr.
Jan de Quay
(1901–1985)
1 August 1959 –
4 September 1959
[Ad interim]
Catholic People's Party
Sim Visser Sim Visser
(1908–1983)
4 September 1959 –
24 July 1963
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Charles van Rooy Dr.
Charles van Rooy
(1912–1996)
Minister Social Affairs
and Health
19 May 1959 –
3 July 1961
[Res]
Catholic People's Party
Victor Marijnen Victor Marijnen
(1917–1975)
3 July 1961 –
17 July 1961
[Ad interim]
Catholic People's Party
Gerard Veldkamp Dr.
Gerard Veldkamp
(1921–1990)
17 July 1961 –
5 April 1967
Catholic People's Party
Jo Cals Jo Cals
(1914–1971)
Minister Education, Arts
and Sciences
2 September 1952 –
7 November 1961
[Retained] [Note]
Catholic People's Party
Marga Klompé Dr.
Marga Klompé
(1912–1986)
7 November 1961 –
4 February 1962
[Ad interim]
Catholic People's Party
Jo Cals Jo Cals
(1914–1971)
4 February 1962 –
23 April 1963
[Note]
Catholic People's Party
Marga Klompé Dr.
Marga Klompé
(1912–1986)
23 April 1963 –
24 July 1963
[Ad interim]
Catholic People's Party
Victor Marijnen Victor Marijnen
(1917–1975)
Minister Agriculture and
Fisheries
19 May 1959 –
24 July 1963
Catholic People's Party
Jan van Aartsen Jan van Aartsen
(1909–1992)
Minister Housing and
Construction
19 May 1959 –
24 July 1963
Anti-Revolutionary Party
Marga Klompé Dr.
Marga Klompé
(1912–1986)
Minister Social Work 13 October 1956 –
24 July 1963
[Retained]
Catholic People's Party
Minister without portfolio Title/Portfolio/Ministry Term of office Party
Henk Korthals Henk Korthals
(1911–1976)
Minister Overseas Affairs

(within Interior)
19 May 1959 –
1 September 1959
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Suriname and Netherlands
Antilles Affairs

(within Interior)
1 September 1959 –
24 July 1963
State Secretaries Title/Portfolio/Ministry Term of office Party
Norbert Schmelzer Norbert Schmelzer
(1921–2008)
State Secretary • Privatization Policy
• Government Real Estate
• Public Sector Organisations

(within General Affairs)
19 May 1959 –
24 July 1963
Catholic People's Party
Theo Bot Theo Bot
(1911–1984)
State Secretary • New Guinea Political Affairs

(within Interior)
23 November 1959 –
24 July 1963
Catholic People's Party
Hans van Houten Dr.
Hans van Houten
(1907–1996)
State Secretary • European Affairs
• NATO Affairs
• Benelux Affairs
• Development Cooperation
• International Aviation Policy

(within Foreign Affairs)
24 August 1959 –
24 July 1963
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Willem Hendrik van den Berge Dr.
Willem Hendrik
van den Berge

(1905–1987)
State Secretary • Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration

(within Finance)
27 May 1959 –
14 April 1965
Independent
Socialist

(Social Democrat)
Gerard Veldkamp Dr.
Gerard Veldkamp
(1921–1990)
State Secretary • Small Business Policy
• Retail Policy
• Competition Policy
• Tourism Affairs

(within Economic Affairs)
10 October 1952 –
17 July 1961
[Retained] [Appt]
Catholic People's Party
Frans Gijzels Frans Gijzels
(1911–1977)
14 September 1961 –
24 July 1963
Catholic People's Party
Michael Calmeyer Michael Calmeyer
(1895–1990)
State Secretary • Army
• Air Force

(within Defence)
19 June 1959 –
24 July 1963
Christian Historical Union
Piet de Jong Piet de Jong
(1915–2016)
• Navy

(within Defence)
25 June 1959 –
24 July 1963
Catholic People's Party
Bauke Roolvink Bauke Roolvink
(1912–1979)
State Secretary • Social Security
• Unemployment Affairs
• Occupational Safety
• Social Services
• Poverty Policy
• Elderly Policy
• Disability Affairs
• Veteran Affairs

(within Social Affairs
and Health)
15 June 1959 –
24 July 1963
Anti-Revolutionary Party
Gerard Stubenrouch Gerard Stubenrouch
(1918–1962)
State Secretary • Primary Education
• Secondary Education
• Special Education

(within Education, Arts
and Sciences
)
16 June 1959 –
22 April 1962
[Died]
Catholic People's Party
Harry Janssen Dr.
Harry Janssen
(1910–1982)
4 June 1962 –
24 July 1963
Catholic People's Party
Ynso Scholten Ynso Scholten
(1918–1984)
• Youth Policy
• Environmental Policy
• Nature Policy
• Media Affairs
• Culture Policy
• Arts Policy
• Recreation Affairs
• Sport

(within Education, Arts
and Sciences
)
16 June 1959 –
24 July 1963
Christian Historical Union
Eddie Stijkel Eddie Stijkel
(1918–1982)
State Secretary • Transport Infrastructure
• Aviation Infrastructure
• Water Infrastructure
• Public Transport
• Postal Service
• Weather Forecasting Service

(within Transport and
Water Management
)
15 October 1959 –
24 July 1963
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Source: (in Dutch) Rijksoverheid.nl
Retained Retained this position from the previous cabinet.
Res Resigned.
Ad interim Served ad interim.
Appt Appointment: Gerard Veldkamp appointed Minister of Social Affairs and Health.
Died Died in office.
Note Medical leave of absence.

References

  1. ^ (in Dutch) "Jan de Quay: politicus met een dubbel imago". Historiek. 27 December 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2018.

External links

Official
  • (in Dutch) Kabinet-De Quay Parlement & Politiek
  • (in Dutch) Kabinet-De Quay Rijksoverheid
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