De Kuip

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Stadion Feijenoord
de Kuip
Overzicht vanaf de straat - Rotterdam - 20349851 - RCE.jpg
Full name Stadion Feijenoord
Location Rotterdam, Netherlands
Capacity 51,117
Construction
Built 1935–1937
Opened 27 March 1937; 81 years ago (1937-03-27)
Renovated 1994
Architect Leendert van der Vlugt
Broekbakema (renovation)
Tenants
Feyenoord (1937-present)
Netherlands national football team (selected matches)
Website
www.dekuip.nl

Stadion Feijenoord (pronounced [ˌstaːdijɔn ˈfɛiənoːrt]), more commonly known by its nickname De Kuip (pronounced [də ˈkœyp] the Tub,[1] is a stadium in Rotterdam, Netherlands, that was completed in 1937. The name is derived from the Feijenoord district in Rotterdam, and from the club with the same name (although the club's name was internationalised to Feyenoord in 1973).

The stadium's original capacity was 64,000. In 1949, it was expanded to 69,000, and in 1994 it was converted to a 51,117-seat all-seater. In 1999, a significant amount of restoration and interior work took place at the stadium prior to its use as a venue in the UEFA Euro 2000 tournament, although capacity was largely unaffected.

History

De Kuip before the KNVB Cup final in April 2014

Leen van Zandvliet, Feyenoord's president in the 1930s, came up with the idea of building an entirely new stadium, unlike any other on the continent, with two free hanging tiers and no obstacles blocking the view. Contemporary examples were Highbury, where the West and East stands had been recently built as a double deck, and Yankee Stadium in New York. Johannes Brinkman and Leendert van der Vlugt, the famous designers of the van Nelle factories in Rotterdam were asked to design a stadium out of glass, concrete and steel, cheap materials at that time. In fact, De Kuip acted as an example for many of the greatest stadia we know today, e.g. Camp Nou. The stadium was co-financed by the billionaire Daniël George van Beuningen, who made his fortune in World War I, exporting coal from Germany to Britain through neutral Netherlands.

In World War II, the stadium was nearly torn down for scrap by German occupiers. After the war, the stadium's capacity was expanded in 1949; stadium lights were added in 1958. On 29 October 1991, De Kuip was named as being one of Rotterdam's monuments.[2] In 1994 the stadium was extensively renovated to its present form:[2] It became all-seater, and the roof was extended to cover all the seats. An extra building was constructed for commercial use by Feyenoord, it also houses a restaurant and a museum, The Home of History.[3]

As of January 2007, the stadium can be found in 3D format on Google Earth[4], and partially on Google Maps, via street view.

Facilities and related buildings

Next to De Kuip and Feyenoord's training ground there is another, but smaller, sports arena, the Topsportcentrum Rotterdam. This arena hosts events in many sports and in various levels of competition. Some examples of sports that can be seen in the topsportcentrum are judo, volleyball and handball.[5]

Commercial uses

Football history

De Kuip is currently the home stadium of football club Feyenoord, one of the traditional top teams in the Netherlands. It has also long been one of the home grounds of the Netherlands national football team, having hosted over 150 international matches, with the first one being a match against Belgium on 2 May 1937. In 1963, De Kuip staged the final of the European Cup Winners' Cup, with Tottenham Hotspur becoming the first British club to win a European trophy, defeating Atlético Madrid 5–1. A record ten European finals have taken place in the stadium, the last one being the 2002 UEFA Cup Final in which Feyenoord, coincidentally playing a home match, defeated Borussia Dortmund 3–2. In 2000, the Feijenoord stadium hosted the final of Euro 2000, played in the Netherlands and Belgium, where France defeated Italy 2–1 in extra time.[2]

Concerts

The stadium has hosted concerts since 1978. Among the first performers at De Kuip were Andy Ha, Bob Dylan and Eric Clapton.[2] David Bowie held his dress rehearsals and subsequently opened his 1987 Glass Spider Tour at the stadium. Prince in 1988. [6] Michael Jackson performed at the stadium five times, three times during the Bad World Tour (1988) and twice during the Dangerous World Tour (1992), performing to a combined crowd of 270,000.[citation needed] Fewer concerts have been held at this venue since the opening of Amsterdam Arena in 1996. Pink Floyd held two concerts on 13 and 14 June 1988 as part of their A Momentary Lapse of Reason Tour and three concerts on 3, 4 and 5 September 1994 as part of their The Division Bell Tour.

New stadium

Since 2006, Feyenoord has been working on plans for a new stadium, initially planned for 2017 completion and an estimated capacity for 85,000 people. In 2014, Feyenoord decided to renovate the stadium, making it a 70,000 seater with a retractable roof. Building is planned to start in summer 2015, and to finish in 2018 with total costs of an estimated €200 million. Part of the plan is a new training facility, costing an extra €16 million.[7] In March 2016, Feyenoord announced they preferred building a completely new stadium.[8] In May 2017, the city of Rotterdam agreed with a plan to build a new stadium with a capacity of 63,000 seats. The plan is called Feyenoord City. Construction of the stadium is planned to begin in 2019 and be completed in time for the 2022/23 Eredivisie season.[9]

Euro 2000 Matches

Date Result Round
13 June 2000  Spain 0–1  Norway Group C
16 June 2000  Denmark 0–3  Netherlands Group D
20 June 2000  Portugal 3–0  Germany Group A
25 June 2000  Netherlands 6–1  Yugoslavia Quarter-finals
2 July 2000  France 2–1
(asdet)
 Italy Final

Average visitor numbers per season, 1937–2007

Feyenoord bezoekersaantallen.png

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Some of the world's scariest places to play or watch football". BBC News. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d "Feijenoord – historie". vasf.nl. Archived from the original on 2007-05-16.
  3. ^ "Home of History". stadionfeijenoord.nl. Archived from the original on 2007-02-07.
  4. ^ "Feyenoord zet De Kuip op de kaart in Google Earth" (in Dutch). feyenoord.nl.
  5. ^ "Topsportcentrum Rotterdam". topsportcentrum.nl.
  6. ^ Currie, David (1987), David Bowie: Glass Idol (1st ed.), London and Margate, England: Omnibus Press, ISBN 0-7119-1182-7
  7. ^ http://www.feyenoord.nl/nieuws/nieuwsoverzicht/feyenoord-kiest-voor-vernieuwbouwde-kuip-ffc. Feyenoord.nl (in Dutch)
  8. ^ http://www.rijnmond.nl/nieuws/139913/Feyenoord-wil-nieuwe-Kuip-langs-de-Maas. Rijnmond.nl (in Dutch)
  9. ^ http://www.telegraaf.nl/telesport/28145937/__Doorbraak_voor_Feyenoord_City__.html Telegraaf.nl (in Dutch)

External links

  • De Kuip at Footballmatch.de
  • Aerial photo (Google Maps)
  • 3D format on Google Earth
Events and tenants
Preceded by
Hampden Park
Glasgow
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Final Venue

1963
Succeeded by
Heysel Stadium
Brussels
Preceded by
Städtisches Stadion
Nuremberg
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Final Venue

1968
Succeeded by
St. Jakob Stadium
Basel
Preceded by
Wembley Stadium
London
European Cup
Final Venue

1972
Succeeded by
Stadion Crvena Zvezda
Belgrade
Preceded by
Kaftanzoglio Stadium
Salonika
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Final Venue

1974
Succeeded by
St. Jakob Stadium
Basel
Preceded by
Parc des Princes
Paris
European Cup
Final Venue

1982
Succeeded by
Olympic Stadium
Athens
Preceded by
St. Jakob Stadium
Basel
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Final Venue

1985
Succeeded by
Stade de Gerland
Lyon
Preceded by
Wankdorf Stadium
Bern
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Final Venue

1991
Succeeded by
Estádio da Luz
Lisbon
Preceded by
King Baudouin Stadium
Brussels
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Final Venue

1997
Succeeded by
Råsunda Stadium
Stockholm
Preceded by
Wembley Stadium
London
UEFA European Championship
Final Venue

2000
Succeeded by
Estádio da Luz
Lisbon
Preceded by
Westfalenstadion
Dortmund
UEFA Cup
Final Venue

2002
Succeeded by
Estadio Olímpico de Sevilla
Seville

Coordinates: 51°53′38.02″N 4°31′23.71″E / 51.8938944°N 4.5232528°E / 51.8938944; 4.5232528

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