De Baca County, New Mexico

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De Baca County, New Mexico
De Baca County Court House.jpg
De Baca County Courthouse in Fort Sumner
Map of New Mexico highlighting De Baca County
Location in the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Founded February 28, 1917
Named for Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca
Seat Fort Sumner
Largest village Fort Sumner
Area
 • Total 2,334 sq mi (6,045 km2)
 • Land 2,323 sq mi (6,017 km2)
 • Water 11 sq mi (28 km2), 0.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 1,793
 • Density 0.9/sq mi (0/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website debaca.nmgenweb.us

De Baca County is a county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,022,[1] making it New Mexico's second-least populous county. Its county seat is Fort Sumner.[2] The county is named for Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca, the second elected Governor of New Mexico.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,334 square miles (6,050 km2), of which 2,323 square miles (6,020 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (0.5%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 3,196
1930 2,893 −9.5%
1940 3,725 28.8%
1950 3,464 −7.0%
1960 2,991 −13.7%
1970 2,547 −14.8%
1980 2,454 −3.7%
1990 2,252 −8.2%
2000 2,240 −0.5%
2010 2,022 −9.7%
Est. 2016 1,793 [5] −11.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census[10], there were 2,240 people, 922 households, and 614 families residing in the county. The population density was 1 people per square mile (0/km²). There were 1,307 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.02% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 12.54% from other races, and 2.23% from two or more races. 35.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 922 households out of which 27.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 7.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 30.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 21.70% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 25.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,441, and the median income for a family was $32,870. Males had a median income of $25,833 versus $18,487 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,065. 17.70% of the population and 13.60% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 23.30% are under the age of 18 and 15.00% are 65 or older.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 2,022 people, 912 households, and 581 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 0.9 inhabitants per square mile (0.35/km2). There were 1,344 housing units at an average density of 0.6 per square mile (0.23/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 87.3% white, 0.6% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 7.9% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 38.5% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 17.5% were German, 13.7% were American, 9.6% were English, and 7.4% were Irish.[13]

Of the 912 households, 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.3% were non-families, and 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.78. The median age was 47.8 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $30,643 and the median income for a family was $36,618. Males had a median income of $27,460 versus $20,980 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,769. About 15.9% of families and 21.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.0% of those under age 18 and 18.3% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Communities

Village

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

Notable people

  • Legendary outlaw Billy the Kid was killed and buried in Fort Sumner.

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 68.1% 620 21.2% 193 10.7% 97
2012 65.0% 586 31.8% 287 3.2% 29
2008 64.8% 676 34.4% 359 0.9% 9
2004 71.1% 706 28.3% 281 0.6% 6
2000 62.3% 612 35.5% 349 2.1% 21
1996 44.7% 489 46.6% 509 8.7% 95
1992 44.4% 526 38.1% 451 17.6% 208
1988 56.6% 643 42.3% 480 1.1% 13
1984 65.2% 756 33.3% 386 1.5% 17
1980 56.2% 655 41.5% 484 2.3% 27
1976 47.9% 556 51.5% 597 0.6% 7
1972 71.8% 752 25.8% 270 2.4% 25
1968 57.7% 658 30.2% 345 12.1% 138
1964 45.1% 559 54.4% 674 0.6% 7
1960 54.2% 734 45.7% 619 0.2% 2
1956 59.3% 779 40.2% 528 0.5% 6
1952 56.8% 782 43.0% 591 0.2% 3
1948 40.5% 458 59.2% 670 0.3% 3
1944 45.6% 554 54.3% 660 0.2% 2
1940 33.1% 479 66.9% 970
1936 30.4% 444 69.2% 1,010 0.4% 6
1932 20.2% 264 78.4% 1,023 1.4% 18
1928 47.8% 474 51.9% 514 0.3% 3
1924 29.0% 270 61.7% 574 9.3% 86
1920 36.8% 412 61.8% 693 1.4% 16

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved September 29, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ "De Baca County Extension Office". New Mexico State University. Archived from the original on July 14, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2012. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Coordinates: 34°28′18″N 104°14′44″W / 34.47167°N 104.24556°W / 34.47167; -104.24556

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