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Dawood Ibrahim

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Dawood Ibrahim
Dawood ibrahim.jpg
Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar
Born Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar
(1955-12-27) 27 December 1955 (age 61)
Khed Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India.
Occupation gangster
Organization D-Company
Home town Dongri, Mumbai
Net worth est. US$ 6.7 billion (May 2015)[1]
Opponent(s)
Criminal charge organised crime, terrorism
Criminal status wanted
Spouse(s) Mehjabeen Shaikh (aka Zubeena Zareen)[2]
Children 3
Relatives Shabir Ibrahim Kaskar (brother); (deceased)
Iqbal Ibrahim Kaskar (brother)
Haseena Parkar (sister); (deceased)
Reward amount
US$ 25 million[3]
Wanted by
India India
Wanted since 1980s

Dawood Ibrahim (born Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar 27 December 1955) also known as Dawood Bhai or simply Bhai (English: Brother, Big brother or Boss) is a crime lord and a designated terrorist originally from Dongri in Mumbai, India.[4][5]

He heads the Indian organised crime syndicate D-Company which he founded in Mumbai in 70s.[6][7] Dawood is wanted on the charges of murder, extortion, targeted killing, drug trafficking, terrorism and various other cases. He was designated as a global terrorist in 2003 with the head money of US$25 million.[8] In 2011, he was named number three on World's 10 most wanted criminals.[9]

Early life

Ibrahim was born on 26 December 1955 in a Konkani Muslim family in Ratnagiri district in Maharashtra, India.[10] His father, Ibrahim Kaskar, worked as a head constable with the Mumbai Police and his mother, Amina, was a housewife.[11] He lived in the Temkar Mohalla area of Dongri, attended Ahmed Sailor High School from which he dropped out. He grew up in the Dongri locality of Mumbai, which was when he came in contact with the gang of mobster Haji Mastan, after the latter attacked two of Ibrahim's men.[12] Ibrahim, with his brother Shabir Ibrahim Kaskar formed the D-Company.

History

Ibrahim is believed to control much of the hawala system, which is the very commonly used unofficial system for transferring money and remittances outside the view of official agents. Much of the organisation's operations are in India.[13][14]

The United States Department of the Treasury designated Ibrahim as a terrorist as part of its international sanctions program, effectively forbidding US financial entities from working with him and seizing assets believed to be under his control. The Department of Treasury keeps a fact sheet on Ibrahim which contains reports of his syndicate having smuggling routes from South Asia, the Middle-East and Africa shared with and used by terrorist organization al-Qaeda. The fact sheet also said that Ibrahim's syndicate is involved in large-scale shipment of narcotics in the United Kingdom and Western Europe. He is also believed to have had contacts with al-Qaeda leader Osama bin-Laden. In the late 1990s, Ibrahim traveled to Afghanistan under the Taliban's protection. The syndicate has consistently aimed to destabilise the Indian government through riots, terrorism and civil disobedience.[15]

The US stated that it will request the United Nations to list Ibrahim "in pursuance of relevant Security Council resolutions". Such a UN listing will require that all UN member states freeze Ibrahim's assets and impose a travel ban. Juan Zarate, the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes, said that they are committed to identifying and attacking financial ties between terrorism and the underworld.[16] Ibrahim is also suspected to have connections with terrorist organisations, and in 2002 was linked to the financing of increasing attacks in Gujarat by Lashkar-e-Toiba.[16] In 2006, the government of India handed over to Pakistan, a list of 38 most wanted criminals including Ibrahim.[17]

On 21 November 2006, it was reported that ten members of Ibrahim's gang were arrested by the Crime Branch of Mumbai Police. They were extradited from the United Arab Emirates, from where they had been deported.[18]

India Today reported that Ibrahim provided the logistics for the 2008 Mumbai attacks.[19]

News media outlets reported the murder of Shiraz Asghar Ali as a sign of a dramatic shift of power between the crime lords.[20]

The Nepal government has directed freezing of assets of 224 individuals and 64 groups with Ibrahim if they are present in Nepal under Nepal's Anti-Money Laundering (AML) Act.[21]

In 2013, former Indian cricketer Dilip Vengsarkar alleged that in 1986, Dawood had entered the Indian team dressing room in Sharjah and offered each Indian player a car if they beat Pakistan in the Sharjah Cup final.[22]

1993 Bombay bombings

Ibrahim is widely believed to have masterminded the March 1993 bombings in Bombay. In 2003, the Indian and United States governments declared Ibrahim a "Global Terrorist." The Indian Deputy Prime Minister, Lal Krishna Advani described it as a major development. Ibrahim is currently on India's "Most Wanted List".[16]

Location

According to Indian claims, Ibrahim was believed to be living in Pakistan and then in the United Arab Emirates.[23][24][25][26] According to Indian claims he has shifted to Pakistan-Afghanistan border. Indian sources add that "Inter-Services Intelligence appeared extremely wary of the new Indo-US cooperation to fight terrorism. The Inter-Services Intelligence and Dawood appear under a lot of pressure"[27] On 5 May 2015 MP Haribhai Chaudhary informed the Lok Sabha (the lower house of India's Parliament) that the whereabouts of Ibrahim were unknown.[28][29] However, on 11 May, Rajnath Singh, the Home Minister of India, told the parliament that Ibrahim was in Pakistan and he will bring him back to India.[28][30][31][32]

According to claims of Indian news media Times Now on 22 August 2015, Dawood was in Karachi, Pakistan. According to said media corporation, they had conversation with a woman in Karachi on August 22, 2015. Transcripts of conversations which were published on the news agency's website, in one conversation she said that she is Dawood's wife and "he is sleeping", while in the second conversation she said that there was no one by that name known to her.[33][34]

According to a dossier prepared by India in August 2015, to be handed over to Pakistan, Ibrahim has nine residences in Pakistan and has three Pakistani passports which he frequently uses to travel.[35]

Family

In 2006, Ibrahim's daughter, Mahrukh Ibrahim, married Junaid Miandad, the son of Pakistani cricketer Javed Miandad.[36] In 2011, his daughter Mehreen, 24, married Ayub, a Pakistani-American.[37] His son Moin married Saniya, daughter of a London-based businessman on 25 September 2011.[38] Several of his family members, including his brother, Iqbal Kaskar, live in Mumbai.[39]

Popular culture

Dawood Ibrahmim and his syndicate D-Company have been linked to the financing of the Bollywood film industry. A number of Bollywood studios and films were financed by D-Company in the 1980s and 1990s. Ibrahim was linked to a number of celebrities during that time, including the beauty pageant contestant Anita Ayub and the Bollywood actress Mandakini. D-Company is also known for extortion and threats targeted towards Bollywood producers and celebrities, and was involved in the murders of Bollywood producers Javed Siddique and Gulshan Kumar.[40]

The 2002 film Company is based loosely on D-Company's activities, and its sequel (prequel to events in the movie), the 2005 film D, as well as Shootout at Lokhandwala (2007) and the 2010 film Once Upon a Time in Mumbai.[41] The 2013 movie Shootout at Wadala is based on the rise of the D-Company. The film Haseena Parkar (2017) is a biographical crime film based on his sister, Haseena Parkar.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim is the 2nd richest gangster of all time". India Today. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  2. ^ "It is official: Ahead of NSA meet, fresh photo and passport copy of Dawood Ibrahim confirm he's in Pakistan". Firstpost. 
  3. ^ "3 students forced to end their 'Dawood hunt' after money runs out". First Post. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  4. ^ "Treasury Sanctions Two Indian Nationals and a Company Based in Pakistan for Ties to the South Asian Criminal Network ‘D Company’". www.treasury.gov. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  5. ^ "DAWOOD IBRAHIM KASKAR | United Nations Security Council Subsidiary Organs". www.un.org. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  6. ^ The name on the Mumbai street over terror attacks is Dawood Ibrahim. The Times. 13 July 2011
  7. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar". Forbes. 
  8. ^ "Shaikh, Dawood Hasan". Interpol. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  9. ^ "Dawood 4th 'most wanted' criminal on Forbes list". The Times of India. (29 April 2008). Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  10. ^ "10 things to know about Dawood Ibrahim". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  11. ^ Swami, Praveen (9 April 1999). "Mumbai's mafia wars". Frontline. 16 (7). Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  12. ^ "'Dongri to Dubai,' the rise of Dawood Ibrahim". CNN-IBN. 25 June 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  13. ^ Chandigarh, India – Main News. The Tribune. (31 December 2000). Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  14. ^ 'ISI pressured Dawood to carry out Mumbai blasts'. Rediff.com (22 December 2002). Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  15. ^ Robert Windrem (11 July 2006). "Possible al-Qaida link to India train attacks". MSNBC. Retrieved 10 April 2007. 
  16. ^ a b c "Dawood Ibrahim is a global terrorist: US". Rediff.com. 17 October 2003. Retrieved 10 April 2007. 
  17. ^ "Bush administration imposes sanctions on India's most wanted criminals Dawood Ibrahim and sai bansod". IndiaDaily. 2 June 2006. Archived from the original on 12 February 2007. 
  18. ^ "Dubai extradites 10 Dawood aides". Rediff.com. 21 November 2006. Retrieved 10 April 2007. 
  19. ^ India Today Archived 1 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine.. Indiatoday.digitaltoday.in (28 November 2008). Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  20. ^ Dnyanesh Jathar; Quaied Najmi (2 February 2003). "Vivo ipl schedule live". The Week. Archived from the original on 16 March 2007. Retrieved 10 April 2007. 
  21. ^ "Nepal freezes assets of entities with Dawood, Al Qaeda links". Indistan News. 26 December 1955. Archived from the original on 29 December 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  22. ^ "Dawood entered Indian dressing room in 1986, offered cars to players: Vengsarkar". The Times of India. 28 October 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  23. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim was in Pak till April 2013: IPL spot-fixing chargesheet". In.com. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  24. ^ Desk, Web. "Dawood Ibrahim chased out of Pakistan: PM’s special envoy". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  25. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim was in Pak till April 2013: IPL spot-fixing chargesheet-CNN-IBN". IBNLive. 10 August 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  26. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim was here but we chased him out, may be in UAE now: Shahryar Khan". The Indian Express. 10 August 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  27. ^ ET Bureau (2014-10-27). "ISI shifts underworld don Dawood Ibrahim to Pakistan-Afghanistan border - timesofindia-economictimes". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2015-08-10. 
  28. ^ a b "Dawood Ibrahim is in Pakistan, Rajnath assures Lok Sabha". Indian Express. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  29. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim Whereabouts". IBN Live. 
  30. ^ "Dawood in Pakistan, Will Get Him No Matter What: Rajnath Singh in Parliament". NDTV. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  31. ^ "Dawood in pakistan". Hindustan Times. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  32. ^ "Rajnath says Dawood is in Pakistan". India Today. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  33. ^ "Dawood's wife confirms her husband is in Karachi - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Times News Network. August 22, 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-22. 
  34. ^ "TIMES NOW tracks Dawood Ibrahim-News-Exclusives-TIMESNOW.tv - Latest Breaking News, Big News Stories, News Videos". Timesnow.tv. Retrieved 2015-08-22. 
  35. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim has nine residences in Pakistan, Delhi says". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 2015-08-24. 
  36. ^ "Profile: India's fugitive gangster". BBC News. 12 September 2006. 
  37. ^ "Tale behind weddings of Dawood Ibrahim's children : Neighbours, News - India Today". Indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 2015-08-10. 
  38. ^ Dawood's son Moin marries London girl in Karachi
  39. ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/mumbai/unfair-to-deny-passport-for-being-dawoods-brother-kaskar/
  40. ^ 10 Times Bollywood Actors Crossed Paths With The Underworld, ScoopWhoop, 11 August 2015
  41. ^ "Akshay to play dreaded don Dawood?". Emirates247. 7 March 2011. 

External links

  • A History of D-Company, It's Businesses and Their $10 Billion Dollar Empire
  • At Home In Exile
  • BBC Profile on Ibrahim
  • Mumbai's Mafia War
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