David Lockhart

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David Lockhart (died 1845) was an English gardener and botanist, survivor of an 1816 expedition to the River Zaire.


Lockhart was born in Cumberland, and became a gardener of the Royal Gardens, Kew. In 1816 he became the assistant of Christen Smith, naturalist to the Congo expedition under James Hingston Tuckey.[1][2] Lockhart returned alive, but suffering badly from fever, while the expedition's principals and many of the other members died. It was Lockhart who delivered Smith's dried botanical collection to Sir Joseph Banks.[3]

Lockhartia ludibunda

Two years later, Lockhart was put in charge of the Colonial Gardens in Trinidad, then under the supervision of Sir Ralph Woodford. He visited England in 1844 with the view of enriching the Trinidad gardens, but he died in 1845 soon after his return to the island. A genus of orchids, which was named Lockhartia after him by William Jackson Hooker, was merged into Fernandezia, by John Lindley.[1][2][4] The "braided orchids", however, as Lockhartia plants are known, are now taken as distinct from Fernandezia.[5]

The standard author abbreviation Lockh. is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.[6]


  1. ^ a b  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1893). "Lockhart, David". Dictionary of National Biography. 34. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  2. ^ a b Hudson, Giles. "Lockhart, David". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/16899. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. ^ G. E. Wickens (2 March 2008). The Baobabs: Pachycauls of Africa, Madagascar and Australia. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 28. ISBN 978-1-4020-6431-9.
  4. ^ John Lindley (1847). The vegetable kingdom: or. The structure, classification and uses of plants. Bradbury & Evans, Whitefriars. p. 181.
  5. ^ Joe E. Meisel; Ronald S. Kaufmann; Franco Pupulin (6 November 2014). Orchids of Tropical America: An Introduction and Guide. Cornell University Press. pp. 136–. ISBN 978-0-8014-5492-9.
  6. ^ IPNI.  Lockh.

External links


 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainLee, Sidney, ed. (1893). "Lockhart, David". Dictionary of National Biography. 34. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

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