Datousaurus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Datousaurus
Temporal range: Middle Jurassic
Datousaurus.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Sauropodomorpha
Clade: Sauropoda
Family: Mamenchisauridae
Genus: Datousaurus
Dong & Tang, 1984
Species:
D. bashanensis
Binomial name
Datousaurus bashanensis
Dong & Tang, 1984

Datousaurus, meaning "Big-head Lizard" (from the Chinese da tou "Big Head" and Greek sauros/σαυρος "lizard") was a dinosaur from the Middle Jurassic. It was a sauropod collected from the Lower Shaximiao Formation in Dashanpu, Zigong Sichuan province, China. It shared the local Middle Jurassic landscape with other sauropods Shunosaurus, Omeisaurus and Protognathosaurus, the ornithopod Xiaosaurus and the early stegosaur Huayangosaurus as well as the carnivorous Gasosaurus.

Discovery and species

Jaws and teeth

Datousaurus was named by Dong Zhiming and Tang in 1984. To date, only two partial skeletons have been discovered. Neither had an articulated skull, although one skull has been discovered that has been attributed to the genus.[1]

D. bashanensis is the only established species.

Paleobiology

Datousaurus was about 15 metres long and herbivorous.[1] It had a deep large skull for a sauropod.[1] The rarity of its fossils suggest that it may not have been as social as other sauropods, which are often preserved in large numbers in a single deposit.[1]

Datousaurus and Shunosaurus

Datousaurus and Shunosaurus were both closely related animals with similar anatomies.[1] However, Datousaurus's elongated vertebrae gave it a higher reach and its teeth were more spoon shaped.[1] This may be a sign that these contemporaries fed on different plants and/or at different heights in the trees.[1] This strategy may have reduced competition between the two genera.[1] A similar pattern of height difference possibly associated with feeding behaviors is found in the diplodocids.[1]

References

  • Creisler B, 'Chinese Dinosaurs:Naming The Dragons' The Dinosaur Report, Fall 1994, pp16–17
  • Dong Zhiming (1992). Dinosaurian Faunas of China. China Ocean Press, Beijing. ISBN 3-540-52084-8.
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Datousaurus." In: Dodson, Peter & Britt, Brooks & Carpenter, Kenneth & Forster, Catherine A. & Gillette, David D. & Norell, Mark A. & Olshevsky, George & Parrish, J. Michael & Weishampel, David B. The Age of Dinosaurs. Publications International, LTD. p. 68. ISBN 0-7853-0443-6.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datousaurus&oldid=831780146"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datousaurus
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Datousaurus"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA