Darkhad

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Darkhad
Total population
21,558
Regions with significant populations
 Mongolia 21,558[1]
Languages
Darkhad dialect of Mongolian
Religion
Shamanism, Tibetan Buddhism
Related ethnic groups
Mongols, Khalkha Mongols
Darkhad
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Mongolian name
Mongolian Дархад

The Darkhad, Darqads,[2] or Dalhut[3] (Mongolian for "Untouchables",[4] "Protected Ones", or "Workmen of Darkhan),[citation needed] also known by their Chinese name Da'erkute[5] or Da'erhute,[citation needed] are a subgroup of Mongol people living mainly in northern Mongolia, in the Bayanzürkh, Ulaan-Uul, Renchinlkhümbe, and Tsagaannuur sums of Khövsgöl Province. The Darkhad valley is named after them. The regional variant of Mongol language is the Darkhad dialect. In the 2000 census, 16,268 people identified themselves as Darkhad.

The Darkhad were originally part of the Oirat or Khotgoid tribes. Between 1549 and 1686, they were subjects of Zasagt Khan aimag and the Khotgoid Altan Khan. In 1786 they became part of the Jebtsundamba Khutuktu's shabi otog. At roughly the same time they became known as Black Darkhad.

In 1947, 2071 people from 462 households were eligible to be Darkhad.[2] They were liable for maintaining the Great Khan's mausoleum at their own expense prior to the erection of a permanent government-owned structure in 1954–6.[2]

Many Darkhad practise shamanism.

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ National Census 2010 Archived September 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ a b c Bayar (2007), p. 211.
  3. ^ Xinhua (8 Aug 2006), "Genghis Khan's Mausoleum Holds Grand Memorial Ceremony", Official site, Beijing: China Internet Information Center .
  4. ^ Grollova I. and Zikmundova V., Mongolians the great grandchildren of Chinggiskhan, Triton, Prague 2001
  5. ^ "The Mausoleum of Genghis Khan", Absolute China Tours, Hangzhou: Jiedeng Tourism Group, 2013 .

Bibliography

  • Bayar, Nasan (2007), "On Chinggis Khan and Being Like a Buddha: A Perspective on Cultural Conflation in Contemporary Inner Mongolia", The Mongolia–Tibet Interface: Opening New Research Terrains in Inner Asia, Brill's Tibetan Studies Library, Vol. 10/9, Proceedings of the 10th Seminar of the IATS, Oxford, 2003, Leiden: Brill, pp. 197–222 .

External links

  • BBC: Darhad Tribe
  • "Guarding the Spirit of Our Ancestor, Genghis Khan." [1]
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