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Darbhanga

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Darbhanga
Metropolitan city
Building of Lalit Naryan Mithla University, Darbhanga Bihar.jpg
Darbhanga is located in Bihar
Darbhanga
Darbhanga
Location in Bihar
Darbhanga is located in India
Darbhanga
Darbhanga
Darbhanga (India)
Darbhanga is located in Asia
Darbhanga
Darbhanga
Darbhanga (Asia)
Coordinates: 26°10′N 85°54′E / 26.17°N 85.9°E / 26.17; 85.9Coordinates: 26°10′N 85°54′E / 26.17°N 85.9°E / 26.17; 85.9
Country India
State Bihar
Region Mithila
District Darbhanga
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Body Darbhanga Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Baijanti Devi Khedia
 • Deputy Mayor Sri. Badruzzma Khan
 • Municipal commissioner Sri. Nagendra Kumar Singh, BAS[1]
 • MP Gopal Jee Thakur, BJP
 • MLC Dr. Dilip Kumar Choudhary & Dr. Madan Mohan Jha INC[2] Sunil Kumar Singh BJP
Elevation
52 m (171 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total 267,348
Languages
 • Official Hindi
 • Additional official Urdu[3]
 • Regional Languages Maithili, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
846003–846005[4]
Telephone code 06272
ISO 3166 code IN-BR
Vehicle registration BR-07
Sex ratio 910:1000 /
Lok Sabha constituency Darbhanga
Vidhan Sabha constituency Darbhanga, Darbhanga Rural, Bahadurpur, Keoti, Jale, Kusheshwar Asthan, Gaura Bauram, Benipur, Alinagar, Hayaghat
Website darbhanga.bih.nic.in

Darbhanga is a Municipal Corporation in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the headquarters of Darbhanga district and Darbhanga division and was the seat of the Raj Darbhanga and capital of the Mithila region.

History

Excavation at Balirajgarh revealed brick fortifications dating back to 2nd century BC.[5]

Demographics

Religions in Darbhanga Town
Religion Percent
Hindus
71.76%
Muslims
27.76%
Christian
0.18%
Sikh
0.11%
Buddhist
0.01%
Jain
0.01%
Not Stated
0.16%

The 2011 Census of India recorded Darbhanga as a municipal corporation with its population of 267,348 comprising 142,377 males and 124,971 females while the district as a whole has a population of 3 million.[6] It is the 6th largest city in Bihar in terms of urban population. Males constitute 52.6% of the population and females 47.4%. Darbhanga has an average literacy rate of 79.40%, while the male literacy rate is 85.08% with women at 73.08%.[7]

Climate

Darbhanga has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa).

Climate data for Darbhanga
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.4
(86.7)
33.9
(93.0)
39.9
(103.8)
42.0
(107.6)
41.9
(107.4)
43.4
(110.1)
39.1
(102.4)
38.4
(101.1)
39.6
(103.3)
39.2
(102.6)
33.9
(93.0)
29.9
(85.8)
43.4
(110.1)
Average high °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
25.8
(78.4)
31.0
(87.8)
34.1
(93.4)
35.0
(95.0)
34.9
(94.8)
32.5
(90.5)
32.8
(91.0)
32.5
(90.5)
31.6
(88.9)
28.0
(82.4)
24.8
(76.6)
30.68
(87.22)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.0
(51.8)
15.1
(59.2)
19.1
(66.4)
21.2
(70.2)
22.9
(73.2)
23.8
(74.8)
24.2
(75.6)
23.8
(74.8)
21.2
(70.2)
15.8
(60.4)
10.6
(51.1)
18.18
(64.72)
Record low °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
3.9
(39.0)
9.2
(48.6)
10.4
(50.7)
15.9
(60.6)
18.7
(65.7)
19.4
(66.9)
18.9
(66.0)
12.7
(54.9)
7.2
(45.0)
2.4
(36.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.0
(0.51)
14.0
(0.55)
9.0
(0.35)
29.0
(1.14)
76.0
(2.99)
139.0
(5.47)
353.0
(13.90)
254.0
(10.00)
193.0
(7.60)
73.0
(2.87)
6.0
(0.24)
7.0
(0.28)
1,166
(45.9)
Average rainy days 1.6 1.7 1.6 2.6 4.6 7.6 16.4 12.2 10.5 3.4 0.5 1.0 63.7
Average relative humidity (%) 68 63 49 56 60 70 78 79 79 73 66 67 67
Source: NOAA (1971–1990)[8]

Geography

Darbhanga is located in the northern part of Bihar.

Transport

Railways

Exterior of Darbhanga Junction

Darbhanga Junction lies on the East Central Railway. It is connected directly to all the major cities of India.[citation needed]

Of the beginning of railway in Darbhanga and its neighbouring areas, The Imperial Gazetteer of India noted:

The famine of 1874 gave a great impetus to the construction of railways, and the District is on the whole well off in the matter of communications. Its south-west corner is traversed for 29 miles by the main line of the Bengal and North-Western Railway, and also by 25 miles of the new chord-line from Hajipur to Bachwara, which runs parallel to the Ganges embankment from east to west. From Samastipur a line runs to Darbhanga town and there branches off in two directions, the first north-west to Sitamarhi through Kamtaul and Jogiara, and the other due east to Khanwa Ghat on the Kosi (Old streem) near Pratapganj. The total length of the line within the District is 146 miles. Most of the earthwork for a line from Sakri to Jaynagar on the Nepal frontier was completed as a relief work during the famine of 1897 ; and the line, which has now been opened, should tap a large grain supply from Nepal.[9]

Darbhanga Junction connects a large part of North Bihar and the Terai of Nepal with the rest of India as it serves as a major railhead. It is the main station of Darbhanga and the district of Madhubani.[citation needed]

Roadways

NH 57 which is part of India's East-West highway corridor passes through Darbhanga

Darbhanga is connected to other parts of India by National Highway 27, National Highway 527B and Bihar State highways 50, 56, 88 and 75. Darbhanga is also connected to Madhubani and Sitamarhi.

The East-West Corridor expressway, which connects Porbandar in Gujarat to Silchar in Assam, passes through Darbhanga.

Public transport

For local transport, the commuters have the options of buses operated by BSRTC and auto-rickshaw.[citation needed] There is a bus stand and a new interstate bus stand is under construction. Bus services are available from Darbhanga to all the nearby major cities viz. Patna, Gaya, Kolkata, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Ranchi, Jamshedpur.[citation needed]

Darbhanga Airport

Darbhanga Airport is a military air force base. The runway length is 9,000 feet.[10] It is now upgraded for civil aviation and scheduled flights to Mumbai, Bengaluru and New Delhi will be started by SpiceJet.[11]


Nearby Airports

Rajbiraj Airport is the second nearest operational airport roughly 121 KM away. Shree Airlines operates daily flights between Rajbiraj and Kathmandu[12]

Media and communications

Exterior of Shyama Mall

All India Radio has a 20 kW medium-wave radio station in Darbhanga which transmits various programmes of mass interest and covers a part of North Bihar as well as the Terai of Nepal.[citation needed]

Doordarshan has one DD National and one DD News LPT relay transmitters.[citation needed]

Education

Among the educational institutions are:

Medical colleges

Platinum Jubilee gate of Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital

University

Engineering and technology colleges

Colleges

Schools

Tourism

There are many tourist places in Darbhanga like Maharajadhiraja Lakshmishwar Singh Museum, Chandradhari Museum, Darbhanga Fort, Shyama Mandir, Anand Bag Palace, Nargona Palace

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ https://nagarseva.bihar.gov.in/darbhanga/SectionInformation.html?ViewCommitee
  2. ^ http://www.biharvidhanparishad.gov.in/MMembers1.htm
  3. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20170525141614/http://nclm.nic.in/shared/linkimages/NCLM52ndReport.pdf
  4. ^ "STD & PIN Codes | Welcome to Darbhanga District". Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  5. ^ A., Ghosh (1965). Indian Archaeology:A Review. New Dehli: Archaeological Survey of India. pp. 3–5.
  6. ^ https://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/164-darbhanga.html
  7. ^ "Census of India: View Population Details". www.censusindia.gov.in. Government of India. 2001. Archived from the original on 27 April 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
  8. ^ "Zahedan Climate Normals 1971–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Darbhanga Airport".
  11. ^ "SpiceJet to operate flights from Darbhanga".
  12. ^ Rajbiraj Airport to resume its flight services from May 8 as Shree Airline prepares for flight operation

External links

  • Official website
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