Danny Kirwan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Danny Kirwan
Fleetwood Mac Danny Kirwan 6.jpg
Kirwan performing with Fleetwood Mac,
18 March 1970
Background information
Birth name Daniel David Kirwan
Born (1950-05-13)13 May 1950
Brixton, London, UK
Died 8 June 2018(2018-06-08) (aged 68)
London
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Musician
  • songwriter
Instruments
  • Guitar
  • vocals
Years active 1966–1979
Labels
Associated acts

Daniel David Kirwan (13 May 1950 – 8 June 2018) was a British musician whose greatest success came with his role as guitarist, singer and songwriter with the blues rock band Fleetwood Mac between 1968 and 1972. He released three albums as a solo artist from 1975 to 1979, recorded albums with Otis Spann, Chris Youlden, and Tramp, and worked with his former Fleetwood Mac colleagues Jeremy Spencer and Christine McVie on some of their solo projects.

Biography

Early career

Kirwan was born in Brixton, South London. Little is known about his upbringing,[1] but his guitar skills attracted attention at an early age. He was an accomplished self-taught guitarist who had been influenced by Hank Marvin of the Shadows, French gypsy guitarist Django Reinhart and particularly by Eric Clapton's playing in the Bluesbreakers.[2] He was only 17 when he came to the attention of established British blues band Fleetwood Mac while playing in London with his first band, Boilerhouse,[1] with Trevor Stevens on bass guitar and Dave Terrey on drums.[3] He persuaded Fleetwood Mac's producer Mike Vernon to watch Boilerhouse rehearse in a South London basement boiler-room, after which Vernon informed Fleetwood Mac founder Peter Green of his discovery. Green was impressed and Boilerhouse began playing support slots for Fleetwood Mac at London venues such as John Gee's Marquee Club in Wardour Street, which gave Kirwan and Green the opportunity to jam together and get to know each other.[citation needed]

Green took a managerial interest in Boilerhouse but Stevens and Terrey were not prepared to turn professional, so Green put an advert in Melody Maker to find another rhythm section to back Kirwan. Over 300 hopefuls applied but none was deemed good enough by the hard-to-please Green,[4] so another solution was found. Fleetwood Mac had been constituted as a quartet, but Green had been looking for another guitarist to share some of the workload in view of slide guitarist Jeremy Spencer's unwillingness to contribute much to Green's songs.[5] Drummer Mick Fleetwood, previously a member of John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers, suggested to Green that Kirwan could join Fleetwood Mac. Although Green, bassist John McVie (both also former members of the Bluesbreakers) and Spencer were not entirely convinced,[6] Fleetwood asked Kirwan to join the band in August 1968.[7] Kirwan's arrival expanded Fleetwood Mac to a five-piece with three guitarists.

Kirwan played his first gig with the band on 14 August 1968 at the Nag's Head Blue Horizon Club in Battersea, London.[6] Bob Brunning, Fleetwood Mac's first bass player, said Peter Green was expanding his own musical parameters at that time and was looking for ways to extend the band and change its direction. "Kirwan was the ideal foil for Green's new approach: he played gentle, supportive rhythm guitar to Peter and Jeremy's fiery solo work and introduced vocal harmonies to some of the songs." [8]

Kirwan was interviewed by the British weekly music paper Melody Maker soon after joining Fleetwood Mac and gave the first indication of the breadth of his musical influences. He told Melody Maker: "I'm not keen on blues purists who close their ears to all other forms of music. I like any good music, particularly the old big band-type things. Django Reinhart is my favourite guitarist, but I like any music that is good, whether it is blues, popular or classical." [9]

The band's manager, Clifford Davis, remembered Kirwan as "a very bright boy with very high musical standards". Davis said Kirwan "was the originator of all the ideas regarding harmonies and the lovely melodies that Fleetwood Mac would eventually encompass." [10] Peter Green described Kirwan as "a clever boy who got ideas for his guitar playing by listening to all that old-fashioned roaring twenties big-band stuff." [11]. Kirwan was known to be "emotionally fragile", according to the Guardian newspaper, and Green said that in the early days, Kirwan "was so into it that he cried as he played".[11][1]

Fleetwood Mac

Kirwan's first recorded work with the band was his contribution to Green's instrumental hit single "Albatross". Green later said "I would never have done 'Albatross' if it wasn't for Danny. I would never have had a number one hit record." [6] The B-side of the single was Kirwan's first published tune, the instrumental "Jigsaw Puzzle Blues". This was an old clarinet piece, written by Joe Venuti and Adrian Rollini and recorded by the Joe Venuti / Eddie Lang Blue Five in 1933. Kirwan had adapted the piece for himself and Green to play on guitar, but Green remembered "I couldn't do it properly… My style wasn't all that satisfactory to Danny, but his style wasn't all that satisfactory to me." So Kirwan played all the guitar parts himself.[6]

Kirwan's skills came further to the forefront on the mid-1969 album Then Play On, on which he split the songwriting and lead vocal duties almost equally with Green and many of the performances featured their dual lead Gibson Les Paul guitars. Since Spencer hardly played on the album, Kirwan had a significant role in the recording. His "Coming Your Way" opened Side 1 and his varied musical influences are evident throughout, from the flowing instrumental "My Dream" to the 1930s-style "When You Say", which Green had earmarked to be a single until his own composition "Oh Well" took shape and was chosen instead.[6]

Kirwan playing at the Niedersachsenhalle, Hanover, Germany, 18 March 1970

The UK release of Then Play On featured two extra earlier Kirwan recordings, the sad blues "Without You" and the heavy "One Sunny Day", which was later covered by American blues musician Tinsley Ellis on his 1997 album Fire It Up. The US-only release English Rose from the same era included these two songs, plus the tense blues "Something Inside of Me" and "Jigsaw Puzzle Blues", both also dating from earlier sessions.[citation needed]

The US track-listing of Then Play On was reordered to allow the inclusion of the full version of Green's hit single "Oh Well". Two of Kirwan's songs, "My Dream" and "When You Say", were dropped. Only "Coming Your Way", the wistful "Although the Sun Is Shining" and his duet with Green, "Like Crying", appeared on all the later non-UK vinyl releases. On the 1990 CD release Kirwan's two dropped songs were reinstated, although "One Sunny Day" and "Without You" were now absent from releases in all territories, including the UK. The 2013 CD release restored the original UK track order, with "Without You" and "One Sunny Day" included.

Archival packages from this era, such as the Vaudeville Years and Show-Biz Blues double sets, include many more Kirwan songs and show his blues influences as well as the more arcane tastes that led to songs like "Tell Me from the Start", which could have been mistaken for a song by the 1920s-style group The Temperance Seven. Such unusual musical interests prompted band leader Green to dub Kirwan "Ragtime Cowboy Joe".[6]

Fleetwood Mac's hit singles from 1969 to 1970 were all written by Green, but Kirwan's style showed through, thanks to Green's increasing desire not to act as the band's main focus. Kirwan joined Green in the dual guitar harmonies on "Albatross" and took the solo on "Oh Well Pt. 1". The final hit single from this line-up, "The Green Manalishi", was recorded in a difficult session, after Green had announced he was leaving the band. Producer Martin Birch recalled Green growing increasingly frustrated at the results of the session. Kirwan reassured him that they would stay there all night until they got it right.[6]

The B-side of "The Green Manalishi" was the instrumental "World in Harmony", the only track ever given a "Kirwan/Green" joint songwriting credit. Jeremy Spencer recalled that Kirwan and Green had begun to piece their guitar parts together "almost like orchestrally layered guitar work", something in which Spencer was not interested.[11] Kirwan and Green had already worked on melodic twin guitar demos that had sparked rumours in the music press in late 1969 of a duelling guitars project, although ultimately nothing came of it.[6]

Despite the closeness of their musical partnership, Kirwan and Green did not always get on well personally because of Kirwan's short temper.[11] Although Kirwan had high musical standards and concentrated more on rehearsing than the other members of the band, with Green recalling that Kirwan always had to arrive anywhere an hour early,[6] Green was more talented when it came to improvisational skills.[11] Roadie Dennis Keane suggested that the success of "Albatross" and the follow-up single "Man of the World" went to Kirwan's head and he became more confident, to the point of trying to pressure Green and compete with him.[6] However, others, like producer Martin Birch, remember that Kirwan was often seeking reassurance from Green and that he was always in awe of him: "I often got the impression that Danny was looking for Peter's approval." [6]

After rumours in the music press in early 1970 that Kirwan would leave Fleetwood Mac, it was Green who left in May of that year. Kirwan later said that he was not surprised at his departure. "We played well together but we didn't get on. I was a bit temperamental...." [6]

Sessions away from Fleetwood Mac

In January 1969 Kirwan made his first musical appearance outside Fleetwood Mac when he contributed to Otis Spann's blues album The Biggest Thing Since Colossus, along with Green and McVie. After Then Play On had been completed, Kirwan worked on Christine McVie's first solo album, titled Christine Perfect (she was then still using her maiden name). She included a version of Kirwan's "When You Say" on the album, which was chosen as a single, with Kirwan arranging the string section and acting as producer.[12]

Kirwan also worked on the first solo album from a then-current member of Fleetwood Mac when Jeremy Spencer released his album Jeremy Spencer in 1970. Kirwan played rhythm guitar and sang backing vocals throughout. The album was not commercially successful, but Spencer discovered that he and Kirwan worked well together without Green. He said later, "In retrospect, one of the most enjoyable things was working with Danny on it, as it brought out a side of him I hadn't seen."[13]

Kirwan also contributed as a session guitarist with the blues band Tramp on their album Tramp (1969). After he left Fleetwood Mac, Kirwan worked with Tramp again on their second album, Put a Record On (1974), and also with Chris Youlden of Savoy Brown on his solo album Nowhere Road (1973).[citation needed]

Kiln House

After Green left in 1970 the band considered splitting up,[14] but they continued briefly as a four-piece before recruiting Christine McVie as a keyboard player. Kirwan and Spencer handled the guitars and vocals together on the Kiln House album, released in the summer of that year, and continued the working relationship they had started during the recording of Spencer's solo album the previous year.[13]

Kirwan's songs on the album included "Station Man", co-written with Spencer and John McVie, which became a live staple into the post-1974 Buckingham-Nicks era. His other songs were "Jewel-Eyed Judy", dedicated to a friend of the band, Judy Wong; the energetic "Tell Me All the Things You Do", and "Earl Gray", an atmospheric instrumental which Kirwan largely composed while Peter Green was still in the band.[6] Kirwan also sang distinctive backing vocals on some of Spencer's numbers, such as the 1950s-flavoured album opener "This Is the Rock".[citation needed]

Other Kirwan compositions from the second half of 1970, such as those which eventually surfaced in the 2003 Madison Blues CD box set, included "Down at the Crown". The lyrics of this referred to a pub down the lane from the communal band house, 'Benifold', in Headley, Hampshire. The unsuccessful single "Dragonfly", recorded late in the year, was also written by Kirwan and included lyrics adapted from a poem by W. H. Davies. Peter Green said "Dragonfly" was "the best thing he ever wrote.... that should have been a hit." [7] This was not the last time Kirwan used a poem as the words for a song and he may have been using the technique to overcome an occasional lack of inspiration. [13] The B-side of the single, "The Purple Dancer", was written by Kirwan, Fleetwood and John McVie and uniquely featured Kirwan and Spencer duetting on lead vocals.[citation needed]

Kirwan and Bob Welch

Two tours of the USA followed in support of Kiln House, but the second, in early 1971, was blighted by Spencer's bizarre departure from the group. He disappeared one afternoon in Los Angeles and after several days of searching was discovered to have joined the religious cult the Children of God. After an uncomfortable time completing the tour, for which Peter Green was asked to come back and help out, the band recruited Californian Bob Welch to replace Spencer, without an audition, after a brief period getting to know the band.[14] Welch's contrasting attitudes towards Kirwan - on one hand their difficult personal relationship, and on the other Welch's respect for Kirwan's musicianship - were a point of focus during the 18 months they were together in Fleetwood Mac. In 1999 Welch said Kirwan was "a talented, gifted musician, almost equal to Pete Green in his beautiful guitar playing and faultless string bends."[15] In a later interview Welch said: "Danny wasn't a very lighthearted person, to say the least. He probably shouldn't have been drinking as much as he did, even at his young age.... He was always very intense about his work, as I was, but he didn't seem to ever be able to distance himself from it.... and laugh about it. Danny was the definition of 'deadly serious'."[16]

On the last two Fleetwood Mac albums with Kirwan, his songs occupied about half of each album. His guitar work could also be heard on songs written by Welch and McVie as they developed their own songwriting techniques. Future Games, released in 1971, was a departure from the previous album and lacked Spencer and his 50s rock 'n' roll parodies. Welch brought a couple of new songs to the album, notably the lengthy title track which featured both guitarists playing long instrumental sections. Kirwan contributed the opener, "Woman of 1000 Years", which, according to one critic at the time, "floated on a languid sea of echo-laden acoustic and electric guitars".[17]. His other songs were the melodic "Sands of Time", which was chosen as a single in the USA, and the country-flavoured "Sometimes", which suggested the route he would later take during his solo career. Kirwan's influence can also be heard on the two Christine McVie songs, "Morning Rain" and "Show Me a Smile".[citation needed]. Christine McVie later said that "Woman of 1000 Years" and "Sands of Time" were two of Kirwan's best songs.[18]

The following year the album Bare Trees was released. It contained five Kirwan songs, including another instrumental, "Sunny Side of Heaven", and the album-closer "Dust". The lyrics of "Dust" were taken from a romantic poem by the British war poet Rupert Brooke, although Brooke was not credited. "Danny's Chant" featured heavy use of the wah-wah guitar effect and was mostly an instrumental, except for Kirwan's wordless scat vocals. "Bare Trees" and "Child of Mine", which referred to the absence of Kirwan's father during his childhood, opened each side of the LP and showed funk and slight jazz leanings. An unissued Kirwan track, "Trinity", was played live for a period during 1971–1972; the studio version was eventually released on the 1992 box set 25 Years – The Chain.[citation needed]

Firing from Fleetwood Mac

Kirwan shouldered much of the songwriting responsibility during this troubled and uncertain period for the band and through the changes in line-up and musical style. The pressure affected his health and he suffered problems with alcoholism. There are stories of Kirwan not eating for several days at a time and subsisting mostly on beer. He gradually became estranged from the other members of the band, [14] and things came to a head during the autumn of 1972. Before a concert on that year's US tour, Kirwan and Welch had an arguement about tuning. Kirwan flew into a rage, banged his head and fists against the wall and then smashed his Gibson Les Paul guitar and refused to go onstage. He watched while the rest of the band struggled through the gig without him and then offered unwelcome criticism afterwards.[19] Kirwan was sacked by Fleetwood, who had been the only member of the band still speaking to him. Fleetwood later said: "It was a torment for him.... to be up there, and it reduced him to someone who you just looked at and thought 'My God'. Although he was asked to leave, the way I was looking at it was... it was almost putting him out of his agony."[14] He later commented, "I don't think he's ever forgiven me."[20]

Kirwan's reaction was initially surprise. It seemed he had little idea of how alienated from the other band members he had become.[14] Shortly afterwards he met up with his replacement, Bob Weston. Weston described the meeting. "He was aware that I was taking over, and rather sarcastically wished me the best of luck – then paused and added, 'You're gonna need it.' I read between the lines that he was pretty angry with the band." [21]

In a 1993 interview with the British newspaper the Independent, Kirwan looked back at his time with the band and his departure from it and expressed no resentment. He said: "I was lucky to have played for the band at all. I just started off following them around, but I could play the guitar a bit and Mick felt sorry for me and put me in. I did it for about four years, to about 1972, but . . . I couldn't handle the lifestyle and the women and the travelling."[22]

Solo career and beyond

In early 1974 Kirwan and another recently fired member of Fleetwood Mac, guitarist Dave Walker, joined forces with keyboardist Paul Raymond, bassist Andy Silvester and drummer Mac Poole to form a short-lived band called Hungry Fighter.[23][24] This group played only one gig, at the University of Surrey in Guildford, England, which was not recorded. According to Walker, although Kirwan's playing was "superb", the band did not function properly because "perhaps we were not focused enough musically.... in addition, Danny Kirwan's problems were just starting and this made communication extremely difficult."[24]

Guided by ex-Fleetwood Mac manager Clifford Davis, Kirwan later recorded three solo albums for DJM Records. These albums showed a gentler side of his music, as opposed to the blues guitar dynamics of his Fleetwood Mac years. The first of these, Second Chapter (1975), exhibited various musical influences, including a style close to that of Paul McCartney later in his Beatles career.[25] Many of the songs were very simple musically, with little more than catchy melody and basic lyrics to sustain them. The lyrical themes rarely ventured beyond love.[citation needed]

Midnight in San Juan (1976) featured a reggae-inspired cover of The Beatles' "Let It Be", which was released as a single in the USA. Otherwise Kirwan tended towards simpler tunes and dispensed with the heavy production which had dominated his previous album. The lyrics were still mostly about love but were less cheerful than before, with growing themes of loneliness and isolation, such as in the closing track, "Castaway". One song, "Look Around You", was written by fellow Mac refugee Dave Walker, with whom Kirwan had worked in Hungry Fighter a couple of years previously.[citation needed]

Kirwan's last album, Hello There Big Boy!, featured guitar contributions from his Fleetwood Mac replacement Bob Weston. Kirwan was not well at this time and it is not clear how much, if any, guitar work he contributed to the recording, although he did sing on all the tracks. Fewer of the songs were self-penned and there was one song, "Only You", which was retrieved from his Fleetwood Mac days. There were also backing vocalists on the album for the first time, and the musical style was much less distinct. Producer Clifford Davis is said to have added 87 musicians to the final recording [26] and to have later described the album as "so bad".[19]

None of Kirwan's solo releases was commercially successful, which could be attributed to his reluctance to perform live. Kirwan did not play any live gigs after a few shows with Tramp and the single performance with Hungry Fighter, all in 1974. This left all three of his solo albums unsupported by any form of extra exposure or active promotion, apart from an irregular string of unsuccessful singles. None of his singles was released in continental Europe, where he might have had some success given Peter Green's resurgence there, particularly in Germany.[citation needed]

Kirwan married Clare Stock in 1971 but was divorced a few years later.[26] They had one son, Dominic Daniel, born in 1971.[27]

Mental health

Kirwan's mental state appears to have been fragile before he became involved with Fleetwood Mac. The band's manager, Clifford Davis, said that Kirwan's mother had split from his father "and Danny was always trying to find him. He had a lot of problems with self-confidence and security.... Hurled into the Fleetwood Mac circus in his teens, he found the fame hard to cope with." [28] In the late 1970s Kirwan's mental health deteriorated, and since then he has played no further part in the music industry. During the 1980s and 1990s he endured a period of homelessness while living in London.[29]

In a 2009 BBC documentary about Peter Green, and also in Bob Brunning's book 'Fleetwood Mac: The First 30 Years' (1998),[30] Davis blamed Kirwan's mental deterioration on the same incident in March 1970 that is alleged to have damaged Green's mental stability: a reaction to LSD taken at the High-Fish hippie commune in Munich, where the drinks were said to have been laced with acid. [31] Davis said: "Peter Green and Danny Kirwan both went together to that house in Munich, both of them took acid as I understand it, [and] both of them, as of that day, became seriously mentally ill."[32]

Other sources, however, say that Kirwan was not present at the commune in Munich. Fleetwood Mac roadie Dinky Dawson remembers that only two of the Fleetwood Mac contingent went to the party: Green and another roadie, Dennis Keane. Dawson states that Kirwan did not go to the commune. He says that when Keane returned to the band's hotel and told them that Green would not leave the commune, neither Kirwan nor Davis went to fetch him, leaving the task to Keane, Dawson and Mick Fleetwood.[33] Keane agrees with Dawson's account, except for the details that he phoned Davis from the commune and did not physically return to the hotel to fetch help; and that Davis accompanied Dawson and Fleetwood to fetch Green.[34] Green said of the incident: "To my knowledge, only Dennis and myself out of the English lot went there." [34] Jeremy Spencer has stated that he was also present at the commune and has implied that he arrived later with Fleetwood.[35] Neither Keane, Dawson, Green nor Spencer mention Kirwan being present at the commune.

Later developments

Kirwan was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1998 for his work as part of Fleetwood Mac. He did not travel to the induction ceremony.[36]

His three solo albums were given a belated CD release in February 2006, but only in Japan. A limited edition of 2,500 copies of "Second Chapter" was issued by Repertoire Records in early 2008. The rights and royalties situation regarding these releases is currently such that it is not commonly known if Kirwan's estate will receive any income from them. Prior to this, only Second Chapter had been available on CD, for a brief period in Germany in 1993. The rights are now owned by Clifford Davis.[citation needed]

During the mid-2000s there were rumours of a reunion of the early line-up of Fleetwood Mac involving Green and Spencer. Green and Spencer apparently remained unconvinced. [13] Kirwan made no comment on the subject. In April 2006, during a question-and-answer session on the Penguin Fleetwood Mac fan website, bass player John McVie said of the reunion idea: "If we could get Peter and Jeremy to do it, I'd probably, maybe, do it. I know Mick would do it in a flash. Unfortunately, I don't think there's much chance of Danny doing it. Bless his heart."[37]

Death

Kirwan died in London on 8 June 2018.[38] In a statement posted on Facebook, Mick Fleetwood said "Danny’s true legacy will forever live on in the music he wrote and played so beautifully as a part of the foundation of Fleetwood Mac that has now endured for over fifty years. Thank you, Danny Kirwan. You will forever be missed." [39] An obituary in The New York Times noted that Kirwan's former wife, Clare Morris, said he had died in his sleep after contracting pneumonia earlier in the year and never fully recovering from it.[40]

The September 2018 edition of the British music magazine 'Mojo', in a two-page tribute to Kirwan's life and music, said Jeremy Spencer had met Kirwan in London in 2002 with his ex-wife Clare and their son Dominic. Kirwan was living in a care home in south London, "where he was well looked after and visited by family and friends until the end". [41]

Mojo quoted Christine McVie as saying: "Danny Kirwan was the white English blues guy. Nobody else could play like him. He was a one-off.... Danny and Peter (Green) gelled so well together. Danny had a very precise, piercing vibrato - a unique sound.... He was a perfectionist.... Listen to 'Woman of 1000 Years', 'Sands of Time', 'Tell Me All the Things You Do' - they're killer songs. He was a fantastic musician and a fantastic writer." Jeremy Spencer said: "Danny brought inventiveness and melody to the band.... I was timid about stepping out with new ideas, but Danny was brimming with them." [42]

Equipment

Discography

Solo albums

References

  1. ^ a b c Sweeting, Adam (2018-06-14). "Danny Kirwan obituary". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-06-14. 
  2. ^ Brunning, B (1998): Fleetwood Mac – The First 30 Years. London: Omnibus Press
  3. ^ Rawlings, Terry (2002). Then, now and rare British Beat 1960-1969. Omnibus Press. p. 77. ISBN 0-7119-9094-8. 
  4. ^ Brunning, B (1998): Fleetwood Mac – The First 30 Years. London: Omnibus Press
  5. ^ "The Penguin Q&A Sessions: Jeremy Spencer, June 1999". The Penguin. June 1999. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m The Vaudeville Years (CD booklet notes). Fleetwood Mac. Receiver Records. 1998. 
  7. ^ a b Vernon, Mike (1999). The Complete Blue Horizon Sessions (CD box set booklet). Fleetwood Mac. Sire Records. 
  8. ^ Brunning, B (1998): Fleetwood Mac – The First 30 Years. London: Omnibus Press p19
  9. ^ Brunning, B (1998): Fleetwood Mac – The First 30 Years. London: Omnibus Press
  10. ^ Brunning, B (1998): Fleetwood Mac – The First 30 Years. London: Omnibus Press
  11. ^ a b c d e Show-Biz Blues (CD booklet notes). Fleetwood Mac. Receiver Records. 2001. 
  12. ^ Christine Perfect (LP album sleeve notes). Christine Perfect. Blue Horizon. 1970. 
  13. ^ a b c d Wasserzieher, Bill (October 2006). "The Return of Jeremy Spencer". Blues Revue. Archived from the original on 20 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  14. ^ a b c d e "Interview with Mick Fleetwood, John McVie, and Christine McVie". Insight. November 1976. BBC. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  15. ^ "The Penguin Q&A Sessions: Bob Welch, November 8–21, 1999". The Penguin. 21 November 1999. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  16. ^ "The Penguin Q&A Sessions: Bob Welch, August 4–17, 2003". The Penguin. 2003-04-17. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  17. ^ Future Games (CD booklet notes). Fleetwood Mac. Reprise. 1971. 
  18. ^ Mojo magazine, September 2018: "A Loner and a One-Off: Danny Kirwan 1950-2018".
  19. ^ a b Brunning, Bob (1990). Fleetwood Mac: Behind the Masks. London: New English Library. ISBN 0-450-53116-3. OCLC 22242160. 
  20. ^ "Rock Family Trees: The Fleetwood Mac Story", dir. Francis Hanly, 1995.
  21. ^ "The Penguin Q&A Sessions: Bob Weston, December 6–19, 1999". The Penguin. 19 December 1999. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  22. ^ "He went his own way to oblivion: Fleetwood Mac's former guitarist is". The Independent. Retrieved 2018-06-14. 
  23. ^ "The Penguin Q&A Sessions: Dave Walker, October 12–25, 2000, Page 1". The Penguin. 12 October 2000. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  24. ^ a b "The Penguin Q&A Sessions: Dave Walker, October 12–25, 2000, Page 2". The Penguin. 12 October 2000. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  25. ^ Viglione, Joe. "Second Chapter review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2011-07-27. 
  26. ^ a b Hogan, Richard (1979). "Press release for Hello There Big Boy!". DJM Records. 
  27. ^ "Danny Kirwan, Guitarist in Fleetwood Mac's Early Years, Dies at 68". New York Times. 10 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018. 
  28. ^ Brunning, B (1998): Fleetwood Mac – The First 30 Years. London: Omnibus Press. pp19&40
  29. ^ Jacey Fortin. "Danny Kirwan, Guitarist During Fleetwood Mac's Early Years, Dies at 68". New York Times. He surfaced briefly in 1993 when, in an interview with The Independent, Mr. Kirwan said he had been homeless. 
  30. ^ Brunning, B (1998): Fleetwood Mac – The First 30 Years. London: Omnibus Press. pp28&40
  31. ^ Template:Fellowship for Intentional Community/High-Fish Commune
  32. ^ Clifford Davis, "Peter Green: Man of the World", BBC TV, 2009.
  33. ^ Dawson, Dinky & Alan, Carter, "Life on the Road", Billboard, 1998, pp.131–132.
  34. ^ a b Celmins, Martin. Peter Green: Founder of Fleetwood Mac. Castle. ISBN 1-898141-13-4. pp110-111
  35. ^ Jeremy Spencer interviewed by Steve Clark, NME magazine, 5 October 1974.
  36. ^ "Fleetwood Mac". Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2018-02-10. 
  37. ^ "The Penguin Q&A Sessions: John McVie Q&A Session, Part 2". The Penguin. January 2006. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  38. ^ "Fleetwood Mac guitarist Danny Kirwan dies, aged 68". Louder Sound. 9 June 2018. 
  39. ^ "Fleetwood Mac's 'Forgotten Hero,' Guitarist Danny Kirwan, Has Died". NPR.org. Retrieved 2018-06-14. 
  40. ^ "Danny Kirwan, Guitarist in Fleetwood Mac's Early Years, Dies at 68". New York Times. 10 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018. 
  41. ^ Mojo magazine, London, September 2018: "A Loner and a One-Off: Danny Kirwan 1950-2018" Mark Blake.
  42. ^ Mojo magazine, London, September 2018: "A Loner and a One-Off: Danny Kirwan 1950-2018" Mark Blake.

Further reading

  • Lewry, Peter (1998). Fleetwood Mac: The Complete Recording Sessions 1967–1997. London: Blandford. ISBN 0-7137-2724-1. OCLC 40608634. 
  • "The Penguin Biographies: Danny Kirwan". The Penguin. Retrieved 20 May 2008. 
  • Freedland, Jan; Fitzgerald, John (1 October 2006). "Danny Kirwan Biography". The Fleetwood Mac Legacy. Archived from the original on 22 April 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2008. 
  • Fleetwood, Mick; Davis, Stephen (1992). My 25 Years in Fleetwood Mac. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 1-56282-936-X. OCLC 25788644. 

External links

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Danny_Kirwan&oldid=855441987"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danny_Kirwan
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Danny Kirwan"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA