Danish frigate Jylland

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Fregatten Jylland total.jpg
Jylland in the museum dedicated to her, Ebeltoft, Denmark 2005.
History
Denmark
Name: Jylland
Builder: Naval Dock Yard, Copenhagen
Laid down: June 11, 1857
Launched: November 20, 1860
Commissioned: May 15, 1862
Decommissioned: 1908
Status: Museum ship in Ebeltoft, Denmark
Notes: Designed by Dock Master O. F. Suenson
General characteristics
Class and type: Niels Juel-class sail- and screw propelled steam frigate
Tons burthen: 2456 tons
Length: 71 m (233 ft)
Beam: 13.5 m (44 ft)
Draft: 6 m (20 ft)
Propulsion:
  • 1300 indicated hp (400 kW nomincal) Baumgarten & Burmeister steam engine
  • 1-shaft with a folding helix
Sail plan: square-rigged ship
Speed:
  • 11 kn (20 km/h) on steam
  • 12 kn (22 km/h) on sail
Complement: 405–437
Armament:
  • As built:
  • 30 × 30-pounder 50 Cnt. Guns
  • 14 × 30-pounder 40 Cnt. Guns
  • In 1864:
  • 32 × 30-pounder guns
  • 8 × 18-pounder rifled guns
  • 4 × 12-pounder rifled guns
  • Later:
  • 20 × 6"" 50 Cnt. Muzzle Loading Guns
  • 6 × 5"" 28 Cnt. Breech Loading Guns
  • 6 × Revolver Guns
  • 1 × 37 mm Breech Loading Guns
  • 1 × Mitrailleuse

Jylland is one of the world's largest wooden warships, and is both a screw-propelled steam frigate and a sailship. She took part in the Battle of Heligoland on 9 May 1864, and is preserved as a museum ship in Denmark.

Design

She was built for the Danish Navy in 1860 as a screw-driven warship with a wooden hull.[1]

History

During the Second War of Schleswig in 1864, she participated in the naval action against the Austrian-Prussian fleet in the Battle of Heligoland on 9 May 1864. Jylland along with Niels Juel and Heimdall bested two Austrian frigates and three small Prussian gunboats, but was unable to maintain the blockade of the Prussian North Sea ports. Jylland sustained considerable damage during the battle.[2]

In the 1890s she was reduced to stationary use and barely escaped scrapping in 1908. She served as a barracks and training ship between 1892 and 1908.[1] It was, however, decided to preserve her and she was towed to Ebeltoft in 1960. The hulked frigate further deteriorated until she was placed in dry dock in 1984.[1] Restoration proved to be a major task; over 60% of the timber had to be replaced in addition to the rigging, armament, engines and loose gear.

In Danish, she is known as simply Fregatten Jylland, although several ships have used this name. The restoration efforts were completed in 1994 and she is on permanent display in dry dock at the town of Ebeltoft, Denmark. A commemorative coin was issued by the National Bank of Denmark.[3]

Jylland is the last surviving screw frigate.

Gallery

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Lincoln P. Paine (2000). Warships of the World to 1900. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 87–88. ISBN 0-395-98414-9. 
  2. ^ Michael Embree (2007). Bismarck's First War: The Campaign of Schleswig and Jutland 1864. Helion & Company Limited. pp. 281–286. ISBN 978-1-906033-03-3. 
  3. ^ "The Frigate Jylland". National Bank of Denmark. 15 September 2011. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 

Bibliography

  • Brouwer, Norman J. The International Register of Historic Ships. 3rd ed. London: Chatham Publishing, 1999.
  • Robert J Gardiner (ed.). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press, 1979.

External links

  • Many photos and a brief story of the ship
  • Danish Naval History: Jylland (1862–1908)
  • Visit to Jylland in August 2011 Many high resolution photos

Coordinates: 56°11′57″N 10°40′26″E / 56.19917°N 10.67389°E / 56.19917; 10.67389

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