Danilo II, Serbian Archbishop

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Saint

Danilo II
His Holiness, Archbishop of Serbs
Archbishop of All Serbian and Maritime Lands
DaniloII.jpg
Saint Danilo II, fresco from Patriarchal Monastery of Peć
Church Serbian Orthodox Church
See Monastery of Peć
Installed 1324
Term ended 1337
Predecessor Nikodim I
Successor Joanikije II
Personal details
Nationality Serb
Denomination Eastern Orthodox Christian
Sainthood
Feast day 2 January [O.S. 20 December]
Canonized by Serbian Orthodox Church

Danilo II (Serbian Cyrillic: Данило II) was the Archbishop of Serbs 1324 to 1337, under the rule of Kings Stephen Uroš III (1321–1331) and Dušan the Mighty (1331–1355, crowned Emperor in 1345). As a Serbian monk, he was also a chronicler, active in court and Church politics, holding the office during the zenith of the Nemanjić dynasty-era; he wrote many biographies which are considered part of the most notable medieval Serbian literature. He was proclaimed Saint Danilo II (Свети Данило II) of the Serbian Orthodox Church, and is celebrated on the same day as Saint Ignatius of Antioch on 2 January [O.S. 20 December].

Life and work

Danilo II with Prophet Daniel.

Born around 1270, his given name is not recorded, only that he belonged to a Serbian noble family. He was endowed with a fine intellect and a noble disposition; he had received an excellent education at the hands of the most learned men in Medieval Serbia and in Byzantium. Danilo wrote biographies of Serbian medieval kings and archbishops, including the biography of Jelena, the wife of King Stephen Dragutin of Serbia (1276–1282). His monumental work is referred to in the poetry of Serbian folklore as knjige starostavne (the ancient books) and knjige carostavne (the royal books). As a result of his work, many historical details concerning both the rulers of medieval Serbia and the members of the Nemanjić dynasty have been preserved.

Legacy

He is included in The 100 most prominent Serbs.

See also

References

  • Translated and adapted from Serbian: https://www.rastko.rs/kosovo/pecarsija/ljudi/vl_sava-danilo_II_l.html

Sources

  • Episkop šumadijski Sava (2001) [1996]. "Sveti Danilo II arhiepiskop srpski". Srpski jerarsi od IX do XX veka (in Serbian). Projekat Rastko. Archived from the original on 2015-04-02.
  • Лопандић, Душко (2009). "Архиепископ српски Данило II" (in Serbian). Politikin zabavnik. Archived from the original on 2014-06-04.
  • Justin Sp Popović (1976). Žitija svetih (in Serbian). Izdanje Manastire sv. Ćelije kod Valjeva.

Further reading

  • Archbishop Danilo II; Đura Daničić (1866). Životi kraljeva i arhiepiskopa srpskih (in Serbian). US. Galca.
  • "Архиепископ Данило II и његово доба". Међународни научни скуп поводом 650 година од смрти (in Serbian). Belgrade: САНУ. December 1987.
Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Nikodim I
Archbishop of Serbs
1324–1337
Succeeded by
Joanikije II
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