Dalmarnock

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Dalmarnock
Dalmarnock is located in Glasgow council area
Dalmarnock
Dalmarnock
Dalmarnock shown within Glasgow
OS grid reference NS611630
Council area
Lieutenancy area
  • Glasgow
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GLASGOW
Postcode district G40
Dialling code 0141
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
Glasgow
55°50′32″N 4°12′41″W / 55.84229°N 4.211369°W / 55.84229; -4.211369Coordinates: 55°50′32″N 4°12′41″W / 55.84229°N 4.211369°W / 55.84229; -4.211369

Dalmarnock (/dælˈmɑːrnək/, Scottish Gaelic: Dail Mheàrnaig) is a district in the Scottish city of Glasgow. It is situated north of the River Clyde opposite the town of Rutherglen. It is bounded by the Clyde to the south and east, Parkhead to the north, and Bridgeton at Dunn Street to the north west. The area covers part of a loop in the River Clyde called the Cuningar Loop (known locally as 'The Vallies').

History

Victorian sandstone tenements in Ardenlea Street that were originally renovated as part of the GEAR (Glasgow East Area Renewal) scheme in the late 1970s, but had their residents systematically rehoused, which led them to fall into a dilapidated state once more. They were totally demolished as part of the 2014 Commonwealth Games Athletes' Village masterplan by RMJM.
Victorian sandstone tenements in Ardenlea Street that were originally renovated as part of the GEAR (Glasgow East Area Renewal) scheme in the late 1970s, but had their residents systematically rehoused, which led them to fall into a dilapidated state once more. They were totally demolished as part of the 2014 Commonwealth Games Athletes' Village masterplan by RMJM.
The same general area in 2016, now Auckland Wynd (road layout changes mean there is now no direct counterpart to Ardenlea Street)
The same general area in 2016, now Auckland Wynd (road layout changes mean there is now no direct counterpart to Ardenlea Street)

The area was once heavily industrialised. Sir William Arrol & Co. had its extensive engineering works at Dunn Street and Baltic Street from 1873. From its beginnings in boiler making, the firm later became renowned for its achievements in the field of Structural engineering. Amongst the many bridges constructed throughout Britain were the Forth Railway Bridge and Forth Road Bridge, the Humber Bridge and London's Tower Bridge. The company was eventually taken over by Clarke Chapman in 1969 and the Dalmarnock Works closed in 1986. There was also a large coal-fired power station located near Dalmarnock Bridge. It was built by Glasgow Corporation in two stages, with phase one opening in 1920 and phase two in 1926. It was closed in 1977 by the South of Scotland Electricity Board.

The east side of Allan Street was bombed during the Second World War. Most of the Victorian red sandstone tenements on Dalmarnock Road and Springfield Road were demolished in the 1960s and early-1970s, although some were renovated. In the 1960s, a new housing scheme was built, consisting of four twenty-two storey tower blocks and "H-block" maisionettes. Two of the towers, 40 & 50 Millerfield Road, were demolished on 3 February 2002. One other tower was demolished on 1 July 2007, and the final one on 9 September 2007.

By August 2011, Dalmarnock had no housing on Ardenlea St/Sunnybank St side of the area, due to the construction in the area pertaining to the Commonwealth Games and City Legacy. After the departure of all local retailers from the area all that remained was a small shop which was set up by the workers in the Community Centre. This was a welcome boon for the area residents as the nearest shops were not within walking distance.

There is a petrol station on Dalmarnock Road and a car wash. There are also a lot of small business units in the Nuneaton Street area and the Calder Millerfield factory which supplies meat-based products to the fast-food market.

Rail

Dalmarnock railway station, on the Argyle Line, serves the local area.

Dalmarnock Railway Station was upgraded for the 2014 Commonwealth Games.[1]

Education

The area used to have four schools: Springfield Road Primary, Springfield Primary, Riverside Secondary and Our Lady of Fatima RC Primary School on Springfield Road have now closed. There is a Dalmarnock Primary School, but it is situated in the nearby Bridgeton area and should not be counted in the schools list for the area.

Commonwealth Games

Dalmarnock was the location for the athletes' village when Glasgow hosted the 2014 Commonwealth Games[2][3] and proposed skyscraper East One.

The Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome is also in the area, at the section of Springfield Road where it intersects London Road.

From 19 May 2014 to 2 June 2014 BBC One Scotland aired a documentary entitled "Commonwealth City" which showed how the people and community in Dalmarnock have been affected since the games were announced in November 2007. It was narrated by actor Martin Compston.

Bridges

Dalmarnock Bridge, 2016
Dalmarnock Railway Bridge and remnants of earlier bridge, 2016
Dalmarnock bridges, 2016. Road bridge upper, railway bridge (including piers of earlier bridge) lower.

Dalmarnock Bridge

There is a bridge over the River Clyde on Dalmarnock Road (A749) called Dalmarnock Bridge. The first bridge in the area was a wooden one erected in 1821 to connect Dalmarnock and the Farme Cross area of Rutherglen. It was replaced by a new timber bridge in 1848, [4] and in 1891 by the current Dalmarnock Bridge, designed by Glasgow consulting engineers, Crouch & Hogg.[5]

The Glasgow side of the bridge is a convenient point for walkers and cyclists to join the Clyde Walkway or National Cycle Route 75 which share a tarmac path along the river at this point.

It should not be confused with the nearby Rutherglen Bridge which also connects Rutherglen (Shawfield) to Dalmarnock as well as Glasgow Green and Bridgeton, nor with a modern pedestrian 'Smartbridge' between Shawfield and Dalmarnock.

Dalmarnock Railway Bridges

There have also been two railway bridges in Dalmarnock crossing the River Clyde. The first bridge was built in 1861,[6] but was soon replaced in 1897[7] by a wider bridge to accommodate the Dalmarnock branch line. The stone pillars of the old bridge are still in situ adjacent to the newer bridge. Both bridges were designed by George Graham.[8]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Dalmarnock Station Overhaul Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ The Athletes' Village - Glasgow's Bid for the 2014 Commonwealth Games Archived 16 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Glasgow Athletes' Village in bid to build 125 new homes in tented site". Evening Times. 18 April 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  4. ^ Record and image (engraving) for Dalmarnock Bridge (1848) at Canmore.org.uk
  5. ^ Record and images for Dalmarnock Bridge at Canmore.org.uk
  6. ^ Record and images for Dalmarnock Railway Bridge (1861) at Canmore.org.uk
  7. ^ Record and images for Dalmarnock Railway Bridge (1897) at Canmore.org.uk
  8. ^ "Dalmarnock Railway Bridges". Clyde Waterfront Heritage. Archived from the original on 19 September 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2013.

External links

  • 'The Legacy', study of Dalmarnock at Disappearing Glasgow
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