Dallas Police Department

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Dallas Police Department
TX - Dallas Police.jpg
DPD.png
Abbreviation DPD
Agency overview
Formed 1881
Employees 200
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction Dallas, Texas, USA
Size 342.5 square miles (887 km2)
Population 1,197,816 (2010 Census)
Legal jurisdiction Dallas
Governing body Dallas City Council

Officers 2,900 (2018)
Civilians 556 (2017)
Agency executive
  • U. Renee Hall, Chief of Police
Facilities
Stations Source:[1]
Helicopters 2 (1 in service)
Website
Official website

The Dallas Police Department, established in 1881, is the principal law enforcement agency serving the city of Dallas, Texas.

Organization

The department is headed by a chief of police who is appointed by the city manager who, in turn, is hired by the Dallas City Council. The city manager is not an elected official.

Primary responsibility for calls for police service are seven operations divisions based on geographical subdivisions of the city. Each operations division is commanded by a deputy chief of police. The divisions are designated Central, Northeast, Southeast, South Central, Southwest, Northwest and North Central and operate from facilities which are referred to as substations. Each operations division's geographical area is further subdivided into sectors which are composed of beats, each of which is normally patrolled by a uniformed officer or officers in a marked squad car. Calls for service are received primarily through the city's 9-1-1 system which is answered by a city-operated emergency communications center. Each substation also has an investigative unit with detectives who are assigned cases of burglary and theft which are committed within the area covered by their division.

Other crimes are investigated by specialized investigative units including the Child Abuse Squad, Family Violence Squad, Narcotics Division, CAPERS [Crimes Against Persons] Robbery, Assault, and Homicide Units, Forgery Squad and a Computer Crimes Team.

A specialized Tactical Division includes a SWAT Operations Unit, Mounted Unit, Canine Unit, Helicopter Unit and an Explosive Ordnance Squad. The SWAT Operations Unit was featured on a reality series for the A&E Network in 2006 entitled "Dallas SWAT".

History

The first Chief of Police, J.C. Arnold, was elected in 1881. Prior to that, an elected Town Marshal and deputies had guarded Dallas since 1856. Arnold held the position for 17 years.

By 1898, 34 officers patrolled the city on horseback. In 1907, the department acquired an automobile and two motorcycles.

Officer Rick Stone was reported by the Dallas Morning News in 2003 to be the most highly decorated officer in city history.[2] Officer Stone's awards included the Police Medal of Valor, Police Commendation Award, Police Commendation Award with Star, Life Saving Award, Certificate of Merit, Distinguished Service Award and multiple lesser medals, unit awards and over a hundred citizen and supervisor commendations. Additionally, Rick Stone was a Parade Magazine/International Association Chiefs of Police "Officer of the Year" nominee and he was twice nominated as the Dallas Police Department's "Officer of the Year". In May 2003, Officer Stone's contributions to the history of the department were chosen to be included in a series of bronze plaques, created by New York artist Greg Lefevre, that were installed at the entrance to the newly constructed Dallas Police Headquarters building.

Line-of-duty deaths

According to The Officer Down Memorial Page, between 1892 and 2016, 84 members of the Dallas Police Department died in the line of duty. The best-known instance was the murder of Officer J. D. Tippit allegedly by Lee Harvey Oswald, approximately 40 minutes after Oswald allegedly shot President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963.

Other notable deaths include the murder of Officer Robert W. Wood on November 28, 1976, which was later examined in Errol Morris' documentary, The Thin Blue Line.[3] Additionally, Senior Corporal Victor Lozada, a motorcycle officer in the Traffic Division, was killed on February 22, 2008, while serving as part of an escort to Senator Hillary Clinton's motorcade near downtown Dallas for a presidential campaign event; Senior Corporal Lozada's funeral was attended by over 4,500 police officers as well as Senator Clinton.[4] Most recently, on January 6, 2009, Senior Corporal Norman Smith, an 18-year veteran, was shot and killed while attempting to serve an arrest warrant.[5]

The 2016 shooting of Dallas police officers is the deadliest single incident for law enforcement officers in the US since the September 11, 2001, attacks. On July 7, 2016, Micah Xavier Johnson ambushed and fired upon a group of Dallas Police Department (DPD) and one Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART) officers, killing five officers and injuring nine others. Two civilians were also wounded. The shooting happened at the end of a protest against the police killings of Alton Sterling in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and Philando Castile in Falcon Heights, Minnesota. The event has been subsequently known as the Dallas Police Ambush.

Misconduct

Dallas Police Department headquarters

Killing of Santos Rodriguez

In July 1973, two Dallas police officers investigated a vending machine that had been burglarized of eight dollars. Early in the morning of July 24, two children, Santos and David Rodriguez were taken from their home and brought to the scene of the crime.[6] There, in order to scare twelve-year-old Santos Rodriguez into confessing, Officer Darrell L. Cain, after thinking he had emptied his service revolver of all its bullets, fired it at the boy. The second time he pulled the trigger, the gun discharged killing Santos Rodriguez who was still handcuffed.[7] Though Cain was arrested and indicted soon afterwards and was still in jail pending bond, Darrell L. Cain was found guilty by a jury in November 1973 and sentenced five years in prison. He served half of it.[8] The City of Dallas apologized to the Rodriguez family forty years later.[9]

Adams investigation

The department was criticized for the conviction of Randall Dale Adams who was prosecuted for murdering Officer Robert Wood and was given the death penalty. Adams admitted[dubious ] being in the vehicle that was stopped by Officer Wood but stated that another person in the car was the shooter. Both suspects were arrested but the investigation identified Adams as the trigger man. A Texas appeals court set aside the murder conviction of Adams, who spent 12 years behind bars, and ordered a retrial. The appellate judges found that Dallas County prosecutors had suppressed evidence and knowingly used perjured testimony to obtain a conviction against Adams for the 1976 slaying. The Dallas County District Attorney decided not to re-try the case based on the length of time since the original crime and Adams was released.[3][10][11][12]

Robert Powell

On March 18, 2009, NFL player Ryan Moats's mother-in-law, Jonetta Collinsworth, died from breast cancer. Moats, his wife Tamisha (Collinsworth's daughter) and other family members rushed to Baylor Regional Medical Center in Plano, Texas, when they were informed that she was close to death. After driving through a red light,[13] Moats was stopped by police officer Robert Powell who delayed him for more than 10 minutes outside the hospital's emergency room, allowing the rest of the family to leave, even after Moats's ordeal was corroborated by a nurse in the hospital to Powell. Powell even drew his gun at Moats during the incident. By the time Moats reached Collinsworth, she had died. Moats questioned whether race could have played a factor in the interaction due to the nature and tone of the officer's remarks to the family; When asked if he felt if Officer Powell be fired, Moats said, "I really don't know. All I know is what he did was wrong. I mean, he stole a moment away from me that I can never get back. I'm really not the judge on what should happen to him. I think maybe his superiors and the Dallas police should handle what should happen to him."[14] Officer Powell issued an apology to Moats. Police officials investigated Powell's actions; he was placed on administrative leave but later resigned from the department.[13][15][16][17] After Moats' incident with Officer Powell, former Cowboy Zach Thomas acknowledged that Powell was the same officer who handcuffed and jailed his wife Maritza after she was pulled over for making an illegal u-turn in July 2008.[18]

Fake drug scandal

Beginning on December 31, 2001, the local ABC-affiliate, WFAA, began broadcasting a series of investigative reports alleging that hundreds of pounds of cocaine and methamphetamine seized by undercover officers of the DPD Narcotics Division during 2001 were actually not illegal substances.[19] The subsequent "fake drug" scandal led to dismissal of over 80 drug cases by the Dallas County District Attorney's office, multiple investigations, the indictment of three current or former DPD narcotics officers, the release of defendants (many whom were falsely accused Mexican immigrants) who had pleaded guilty to cases where later investigation revealed no illegal drugs were involved and the prosecution of multiple informants that had been used to make cases that were subsequently dismissed.[19] In 2003, the Dallas City Manager fired Dallas Police Chief Terrell Bolton, due in part for his Department's lack of oversight of the Narcotics Dept. officers involved in these fake drug arrests. He sued the City of Dallas over that firing but his case was dismissed with prejudice in 2005. Many of the 25 victims of the false arrests and wrongful prosecution won Federal Civil Rights Violations lawsuit settlements and actual jury case awards against the City of Dallas. One attorney who sued the city on behalf of what was a large percentage of Mexican immigrants who spoke little English, said, "the total cost could climb to as much as $8 million once all 25 cases are resolved." [20][21]

Ronald Jones beating

In December 2009, Dallas police officers received word that two white men were fighting in the downtown area. Failing to locate the described men, Officer Matthew Antkowiak discovered a black man crossing the street and made a pedestrian stop of him which turned into a scuffle. Other officers then joined in. The man, Ronald Jones, ended up spending fourteen months in jail on various charges. When Jones’ defense attorney viewed video tapes of the beating, he believed that the police reports had been falsified. The City contended that while the reports were inaccurate and incomplete, this was attributed in part to Officer Antkowiak's inability to accurately relate the events to the officer that did the actual report (Officer Antkowiak claimed to have suffered a closed-head injury during the incident that aggravated a prior confirmed injury). Mr. Jones was released and in March 2014 awarded $1.1 million by the city to settle the matter. Officer Antkowiak retired on an unrelated medical claim and is no longer employed in law enforcement. He has set up a private firm to train policemen. No other disciplinary action was taken against any official.[22]

Killing of Botham Jean

On September 7, 2018, off-duty Dallas patrol officer Amber Guyger entered the apartment of Botham Jean and shot and killed him. Guyger said that she had entered the apartment believing it was her own and shot Jean believing he was a burglar.[23][24] She then called 911. Jean was taken to a nearby hospital, where he died from his wound. The investigation was taken over by the Texas Rangers, who were responsible for Guyger's arrest three days later.[25] Guyger was charged with manslaughter, a 2nd degree felony in Texas, which carries a sentence of 2 to 20 years in a state prison and/or a fine not to exceed $10,000.[26]

Following the shooting, an attorney representing Jean's family accused the Dallas police department of smearing Jean's reputation.[27] The lawyers also disputed the account of the incident that Guyger told officials, which was recorded in the arrest warrant affidavit, and asserted that two independent witnesses had come forward to give recollections that conflict with Guyger's account.[28]

Rank structure

Rank Insignia
Chief 4 Gold Stars.svg
Executive Assistant Chief 3 Gold Stars.svg
Assistant Chief 2 Gold Stars.svg
Deputy Chief 1 Gold Star.svg
Major US-O4 insignia.svg
Captain Captain insignia gold.svg
Lieutenant US-O1 insignia.svg
Sergeant SCSO Sergeant.png
Senior Corporal LAPD Police Officer-3.jpg
Police Officer

Members of the department who are captains and below are protected by the city's civil service system with promotion based on the results of competitive examinations. Senior corporals typically are officers who serve either as field training officers in the Patrol Division or who serve as detectives in one of the department's investigative units. The rank captain has not been in use since 1992, however, those who were captains were allowed to keep it as well as those who were demoted from any chief position, as chiefs once demoted must retain their last civil service rank. There is currently only one captain remaining as of 2018. Majors, deputy chiefs and assistant chiefs are appointed by the chief of police without examination and do not hold civil service protection for these ranks. Division commander and bureau commander are non-civil service titles based on assignments. Members may hold both assignment titles and civil service or appointive ranks. On October 4, 2012, Chief David Brown created a new major rank in between captain and deputy chief.[29]

Demographics

Breakdown of the makeup of the rank and file of DPD as of April 2011[citation needed]:

  • Male: 83.24%
  • Female: 16.76%
  • White: 55.41%
  • African-American/Black: 24.54%
  • Hispanic: 17.15%
  • Asian: 1.73%
  • Native American: 0.78%
  • Other: 0.39%

In popular culture

The Dallas Police Department is portrayed in the 2010 Fox drama series, The Good Guys, and the 2010 TLC reality TV series, Police Women of Dallas.

The Dallas Police Department (Homicide Unit) is portrayed in the A&E Network's documentary series entitled The First 48.

The department's SWAT team is chronicled in the A&E Network's documentary series Dallas SWAT.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ Ragland, James (September 15, 2003). "Decorated Former Dallas Officer Wants Chief Chance". The Dallas Morning News. 
  3. ^ a b "`Blue Line' inmate freed after 12 years". Chicago Tribune. March 22, 1989. Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  4. ^ "Officer killed in Clinton motorcade". Dallas Morning News. February 22, 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  5. ^ "Details unfold in Dallas officer's shooting death". Dallas Morning News. January 8, 2009. Archived from the original on January 13, 2010. Retrieved December 25, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Case Details: Darrell L. Cain, Appellant vs. The State of Texas, Appellee". Testclear.com. Retrieved 2016-07-08. 
  7. ^ "Shooting horror still vivid memory for former policeman" (PDF). Airwolf.lmtonline.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-07-08. 
  8. ^ "Retired Officer Remembers The Night Santos Rodriguez Was Killed « CBS Dallas / Fort Worth". Dfw.cbslocal.com. 2013-07-27. Retrieved 2016-07-08. 
  9. ^ "Editorial: Dallas finally apologizes 40 years after police officer murdered boy". Dallas Morning News. Dallas, Texas. 2013-09-23. Retrieved 2014-05-11. 
  10. ^ "The Thin Blue Line Transcript". ErrolMorris.com. 2009. Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  11. ^ Suro, Roberto (March 2, 1989). "CONVICTION VOIDED IN TEXAS MURDER". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  12. ^ Suro, Roberto (November 27, 1988). "DEATH ROW LUCK: 'I'M STILL ALIVE'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  13. ^ a b "Officer delayed Moats as relative died". ESPN.com. ESPN. March 26, 2009. Retrieved March 26, 2009. 
  14. ^ "Ryan Moats Talks With The FAN". 105.3 The FAN. Archived from the original on March 29, 2009. Retrieved April 1, 2009. 
  15. ^ "NBC Sports | News, Video, Now". Nbcsports.msnbc.com. Retrieved 2016-07-08. 
  16. ^ "Dallas police chief apologizes for conduct of officer who drew gun on NFL player outside hospital". The Dallas Morning News. March 26, 2009. Retrieved March 26, 2009. 
  17. ^ J.D. Miles (2009-04-01). "DPD Cop Involved In Stop Of NFL Player Resigns". CBS11 News, Dallas. Archived from the original on April 3, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-01. 
  18. ^ "Another Allegation Surfaces Against Dallas Police Officer". ESPN. Retrieved March 29, 2009. 
  19. ^ a b "Fake Drugs, real lives: The Evolution of a Scandal". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  20. ^ Thomas Korosec (February 19, 2005). "Wrongly jailed immigrants in Dallas get $5.6 million". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved December 25, 2011. 
  21. ^ "Fake drug figure goes to jail". WFAA-TV. Archived from the original on 2008-05-06. Retrieved 2008-05-05. 
  22. ^ Dallas settles for $1.1 million in false arrest case, Rebecca Lopez, 26 March 2014, WFAA.COM retrieved 3 April 2014
  23. ^ "Dallas officer goes home to wrong apartment, kills man inside". Fox 4. September 7, 2018. 
  24. ^ Manna, Nichole (September 13, 2018). "Dallas police officer's arrest affidavit contradicts search warrant for victim's apartment". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved September 14, 2018. 
  25. ^ "Watch: Botham Jean's family, supporters label latest details released in his death as 'smear campaign'". Dallas News. 2018-09-13. Retrieved 2018-09-14. 
  26. ^ "Amber Guyger identified as Dallas officer who fatally shot man in his apartment". CBSNews. September 8, 2018. 
  27. ^ "Dallas police accused of smearing man killed by cop in his own apartment". Retrieved 2018-09-14. 
  28. ^ "Victim's family disputes official account of the moments before Amber Guyger shot Botham Jean". Dallas News. 2018-09-10. Retrieved 2018-09-14. 
  29. ^ Kalthoff, Ken (2012-10-04). "DPD Major Promotions Boost Command Staff | NBC 5 Dallas-Fort Worth". Nbcdfw.com. Retrieved 2016-07-08. 

External links

  • Dallas Police Department official website
  • Dallas Police and Firefighters employee website
  • Dallas Black Police Association
  • "Honoring All Fallen Members of the Dallas Police Department Dallas, TX". The Officer Down Memorial Page, Inc. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  • Dallas Police Department memorial 1910
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