Dalida

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Dalida
ONLH OC CC ON OMRI
Dalida 1960s3.jpg
Dalida in the 1960s
Born Iolanda Cristina Gigliotti
(1933-01-17)17 January 1933
Cairo, Egypt
Died 3 May 1987(1987-05-03) (aged 54)
Paris, France
Cause of death Suicide by Barbiturate Overdose
Resting place Montmartre Cemetery, Paris, France
48°53′16″N 2°19′49″E / 48.88778°N 2.33028°E / 48.88778; 2.33028
Monuments Place Dalida, Paris, France
Statue of Dalida at Montmartre Cemetery, Paris, France
Residence Rue d'Orchampt 11 bis
Montmartre, Paris, France
Other names

Yolanda Gigliotti

Mademoiselle Bambino

Mademoiselle succès

Mademoiselle jukebox

La vedette

Reine du disco (queen of disco)
Occupation Singer, actress
Years active 1956–1987 (singer)
1954–1986 (actress)
Style Chanson, classical, eurodisco, europop, exotica, popular, disco, Franco Arabic, world, yé-yé
Title Miss Egypt 1954
Spouse(s) Lucien Morisse
Awards

Médaille de la Présidence de la République by Général de Gaulle

Prix de l'Académie du Disque Français.
Website www.dalida.com
Signature
Dalida autogram 1971.png

Iolanda Cristina Gigliotti[1] (Italian: [joˈlanda krisˈtina dʒiʎˈʎɔtti]; 17 January 1933 – 3 May 1987), better known as Dalida (Egyptian Arabic: داليدا‎), was a French Egyptian-Italian singer and actress. She spent most of her career in France and acquired French citizenship in 1961 upon marriage, while maintaining her original dual Egyptian-Italian.

She won Miss Egypt beauty contest in 1954[2]. She performed and recorded in several languages (French, Italian, Greek, Spanish, German, English, Japanese, Hebrew, Dutch, Turkish and Arabic). Twice honoured with the “Oscar mondial du succès du disque” (World Oscar of Recording Success), she is the only singer to have won this award more than once.

Her 30-year career began in 1956 and ended with her last album in 1986, half year before her death, while continuing to hold concerts until her last days. Her suicide led to an iconic image as a tragic diva and renowned singer. She received more than 90 gold records and was the first singer to receive platinum and diamond discs[3]. She has sold 140 million albums and singles worldwide[4][5][6][7][8].

Biography

Dalida in 1936

Yolanda Cristina Gigliotti was born and raised in Cairo, Egypt. Her family immigrated from Serrastretta, Calabria, Italy during the 1920s and settled in Shoubra quartier of Cairo where Dalida was born. Dalida's father, Pietro Gigliotti (1904-1945), was primo violino (first violinist) at the Cairo Opera House, Dalida′s mother Giuseppina (née Rose 1906-1971) was a seamstress. She was the middle child between two brothers, Orlando and Bruno (who would later in Dalida's career change his name to Orlando like his brother and become her manager in the 1966). Dalida's early life was spent in the district of Shoubra, where she attended the Scuola Tecnica Commerciale Maria Ausiliatrice, an Italian Catholic school.

In 1951, Dalida participated in the Miss Ondine, minor Cairo beauty pageant, and won the title. Sortly after she began working as a model for Donna, a Cairo-based fashion house.

In 1954, at the age of 20, Dalida competed in and won the Miss Egypt pageant, and was crowned Miss Egypt.[2] One of the pageant prizes was role in movie "Sigara wa kass" (Cigarette and glass). The movie was filmed in 1954. It was then that she was spotted by French director Marc de Gastyne and, much to the reluctance of her family, she moved to Paris on Christmas Eve of the same year with the intention of pursuing a career in motion pictures. It was about this time she adopted a Middle-Eastern name of Dalila, which was soon changed to the more familiar Dalida. After coming to Paris in late 1954, it took Dalida 1 more year to settle and pursue herself. In her singing career (1956-1987) Dalida appeared around 80 times as #1 on charts in four languages (French, Italian, German, and Arabic) and has a long list of top 10, and top 20 hits in French, Italian, German, Spanish, and Arabic, and accumulated myriad top selling singles and albums largely in France, Europe, Russia, Arab World with Egypt mainly, Eastern and Southeastern Asia, Canada and the rest of Francophone world spanning for thirty years. During her life she has sold 100 millions of records and collected 71 golden disc, 5 platinum and 1 diamond. She is the first female singer to receive golden disc (1957) and first person ever to receive platinum (1964) and diamond (1981) disc. Platinum and diamond record certificates were invented for her. After her death she has sold 25 million of records and CDs together, and collected 23 golden discs, 3 platinum and 1 diamond.

Today she is icon in France and very popular singer in other French speaking countries. Dalida's mother tongue was Italian. She learned Egyptian Arabic and French growing up in Cairo, and improved her French after establishing herself in Paris in 1954. She later added English, plus conversational-level German and Spanish. When she became a pop and music icon in Japan, she also acquired enough basic Japanese to greet her fans in their own language. Her concerts there were met with almost unprecedented enthusiasm and once during a concert in Japan, Dalida felt ill and could not continue performing: the organisers expected an enraged reaction due to the cancellation of the concert, but when she came onstage and explained to her fans that she could not perform, she was met with great applause and her name echoed everywhere. She promised to hold the concert again, which she soon did.

Career

1956–1959 Debut

Dalida's singing career started in Egypt, when she was discovered by Cherif Kamel, host of the "Hit Parade" at the Gezira Sporting Club during the early 1950s. Encourage with recently earned money from "Sigara wa kass", she moved to Paris on Christmas Eve of 1954. Then Dalila, she tried to find role in movie but her quest for a career in French cinema proved to be of limited success. Instead, she began taking singing lessons, and in 1955 was booked as a cabaret act on the Champs-Élysées, which proved successful. It was then when changed her name to Dalida. Performing the song "Étrangère au Paradis" in a variety show auditions at recently opened Olympia theatre, owned by Bruno Coquatrix, she was introduced to Lucien Morisse and Eddie Barclay. That trio played a considerable part in launching the starlet's career.

Morisse was artistic producer of the new Radio Europe 1 and Barclay was an established record producer and label owner. Both three men liked her immediately and Barclay decided to indroduce her a contract. Coquatrix will tell that "... her voice is full of colour and volume, and has all that men love: gentleness, sensuality and eroticism." She signed 1 year recording contract with Barclay that consisted release of 10 EPs with addition of 2 LPs. Dalida's debut EP in 1956 contained her first ever recorded song "Madona", that was promoted heavily by Morisse, and was a moderate success. However, the release of "Bambino" on her third EP in late 1956 would prove to be triumph – it spent 45 weeks as #1 in French charts, and later in top 10 and 20. Bambino still holds charts record and remains one of the biggest selling songs in French history. It gained Dalida her first gold disc, presented on 19 September 1957. Also, it was first gold dics in history presented to a woman. Bambino echoed everywhere in France and was a success beyond the French frontiers (Egypt, Italy, Benelux, Switzerland). It made Dalida overnight star. Immediately her contract was extended for 2 more years. In the same year at Olympia she would support Charles Aznavour. Release of "Bambino" was followed up with release of her first album in early 1957 titled Son nom est Dalida (Her name is Dalida). On Christmas 1957 Exotic-sounding "Gondolier" was released. She didn't wait to achieve more success; Gongolier replaced Bambino as #1. From that point, topping charts of various countries became Dalida's successful rhythm that continued until her death.

She soon started singing in German and Italian, and releasing songs there. In 1958 she received a golden disc in Germany for "Am tag als der Regen kam" which reached #1 at German charts and stayed for several months. Dalida became singer of the year 1958 in Germany. She toured extensively to the early 1959 playing sold out dates in France, Egypt, Italy, Germany and the United States. Her tours of Egypt and Italy spread her fame outside France and Dalida soon became well known throughout Europe. However, she waited too long before entering America's music scene, and though great names of the American music industry wanted to introduce her to the United States, she refused the contract for the first time in 1959. Histoire d'un amour (1956), Come prima(1958), Ciao ciao bambina(1959), Guitare et Tambourin(1959); these classical songs mark the first phase of Dalida's career and maintain their charm even today. By the end of 1959, 3 and years after debut, she already had collection of 9 gold disc from France and Gemany, 6 #1 singles and sold 5 million records.

1960-1966 International star

Dalida entered 60s with exotical-high vocal style songs with low speed. Debut of 1960 was marked by release of big hit "Les enfants du Pirée "(Never on Sunday) that spent 9 weeks as #1 and was certificated gold. But then the new wave music appeared, and in France it was accepted as yé-yé by new and unknown young singers. For Dalida they were her rivals. She was angered to see that charts are occupied by songs that became hit and disappear from charts quickly. She knew that her genre of music is likely to lose interest so she decided to adapt, but in her way. Combining styles (twist, exotica, rock n roll), she had a whole new style in less than 2 month, and kept it with only minor changes until 1967. Recording song "Itsi bitsi petit bikini" in November 1960 secured her popularity. The song was smashing hit peaking #1 and made whole France dance for over 3 months. It was then when she became French favorite singer. Same year "Romantica" and "T'aimer follement" peaked #1 and were also certificated golden. In future years she would deliver dozen of new songs that topped charts not just in France, but in Germany, Italy, Spain, Arabia and extend her career even more successful.

Dalida in Rome, Italy, 1961

During the 1960s Dalida would perform month of shows at Olympia for 3 times (1961, 1964, 1967), all of them sell-outs. 3 weeks of concerts in 1961 Olympia were triumph and were live transmissioned by radio. Shortly afterwards Dalida embarked upon a tour of Hong Kong and Vietnam. Also other international dates became more frequent (Arab world, Germany, Italy, rest of Europe). During this year she became well known and popular singer in Italy. The 1962 was marked with release of "Le jour le plus long", another #1.

In 1963 she released song "Eux". It was also big hit and it was most played jukebox song of 1963. Same year she was also the most played artist on Italian jukeboxes. Combined with its sales, "Eux" gained Dalida her first platinum disc. It was first platinum disc awarded to person in history. Same year she will triumph in Olympia again. Most of popular people from show business and politics attended her Olympia64. Again she toured, in 1964 she was in east Europe (Bulgaria, Romania). In 1965 she released "La danse de Zorba", that peaked #1 for 6 weeks and received golden certificate, it also won Brazilian award "Cico Viola" and was certificated gold record for Brasil. Mikis Theodorakis personally adapted the song for her in French[9] and Italian[10].

Some of her other 60s hits were; "Garde moi la dernière danse"(1961), "Papa achète moi un Juke box"(1962), "Le petit Gonzales"(1962), "Bonsoir mon amour"(1964), "Et...et"(1966) and "Bang bang"(1966). Her songs from this period are today widely known as "typicall 60s". In course of these 7 years, she collected 15 golden disc, 1 platinum and sold 16 million of records.

In late 1966 Barclay introduced her to Luigi Tenco, young and new Italian cantautor. It was in purpose of singing together on upcoming Sanremo music festival '67. It was tradition that already known and popular singers sing together in duet with minor singers. Dalida was the big singer and Tenco was at his debut. They were supposed to sing his song "Ciao amore, ciao".

1967-1973 Icon

In first few weeks of 1967, Dalida released French version of “Ciao amore, ciao” as a single. She sang the song on Sanremo Music festival in January 1967, but she didn't passed. Again, in November, she organized 4 weeks of shows at Olympia, all sold outs. Following first night of concert she released, for the first time, album named after Olympia called Olympia67. She will continue that until her last show at Olympia in 1981. The album contained new songs alongside with "Ciao amore, ciao" that received golden certificate. It was then when she caught up routine to held weeks of concerts at Olympia every 3–4 years.

She also became the first person in Italy to achieve #1 on official Hit parade charts. Back in France in late 1967, she recorded well remembered nostalgic song "Le temps des fleurs" influenced by Russian tradition music. Following it's release in ealry 1968, the song peaked #1 for 9 weeks and received golden certificate. Same year she won "Oscar de Canzonissima", awarded by the biggest TV show in Italy. In December, she was awarded the "Médaille de la Présidence de la République" by General Charles de Gaulle, then French president. She is the only person from show business to ever have received this medal. In this period her repertoire changed completely. In 1968, after gaining a keen interest in academia (Freud, David Cooper, Jean Hamburger…), she chose to sing songs with more profound lyrics. She tried to probe into her inner-self and declared that she would sing only those songs which have a meaning for her. Every year's new releases were melachonic or fully attached with her personal life. That was completely influenced by Tenco's death. Also from 1969 to 1972 she would frequently go to Asia on spiritual recoveries with gurus. The first few years of 1970s became a transitional period for the singer, highlighted by successful touring through Europe, Asia and Japan. She recorded very popular hit "Darla dirla dada" in 1970. Then she started to add more joyfull songs to her repertoire. Bruno Coquatrix was dubious about Dalida's career evolution, and was hesitant to book her for a series of performances in 1971. Dalida hired the hall herself, and all 30 days of the show were met with an impressive public response. Again the concerts were sold out triumph, and Dalida entered 70s more popular than ever. She again released album named by Olympia, but this time Olympia71 was released as live album (first live LP in her career). All of her three Olympia albums from 70s will be live. During 1972 she covered theme from Godfather in French as "Parle plus bas". It was huge and instant hit selling over 500 000 copies in one month and peaking #1 on charts for several weeks and earning golden certificate. Same year she met Richard Chanfray, a socialite known as Count of StGermain. Next year, 1973 will be even more triumph. Recording of "Paroles Paroles" in duet with Alain Delon will result with the most popular French song in the history. The song became a major hit for months and was the number one single in France and Japan and some European countries. It was played consistently on radio, at the request of listeners, even in countries where Dalida never released any song (exYugoslavia, Hungary). The song today is very popular in whole world and is frequently synonym for French song. Some of her other hits from this period were "Petruska"(1969)" in Germany and "Mamy Blue"(1971) in Italy. During these 7 years she received 12 golden records and sold 19 million of records.

1974-1975 Zenith

By the end of 1973 Dalida released promotional single A side "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" with B side "Non ce n’est pas pour moi". In same time she released album "Julien" that gatheres most of her 1973 songs. The song "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" quickly started gaining success and it was again released in beginning of 1974 but as B-side to single A-side "Gigi l'amoroso". That single smashed all records in outstanding time and beat all previous sales of her releases, from "Bambino", over "Itsi bitsi petit bikini" to "Paroles paroles". The single, by itself, sold 4.5 million copies throughout Europe and peaked #1 in 9 countries. Single beat record held by Frank Sinatra's "Strangers in the night" from 1966 for the most sold single in Benelux, for what she received platinum disc. She still holds that record. "Gigi l'amoroso" alone charted #1 in 4 more countries and sold 4 million copies more on other releases. "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" sold additional 3 million copies on other releases. That makes Gigi the biggest hit by Dalida. First performance of both songs was during her concerts in Olympia 1974. Whole 4 weeks were sold out triumph for singer, and they were followed with released of again live album Olympia75. "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" received golden certificates from 6 different countries and "Gigi l'amoroso" from 5. They were presented to Dalida during special awarding spectacle in Olympia 1975. These 2 songs are today known to every person in France and in French speaking countries. Today, "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" alongside with Edith Piaf's "La vie en rose" is classical French evergreen song that all French people know. In total, up to this day, approx sales of "Gigi l'amoroso" on all releases combined are passing 10 million of copies, and "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" is passing 8 million of copies. In February 1975, French music critics awarded the singer with the prestigious "Prix de l'Académie du Disque Français". Touring from 1974 to 1975 would follow this period of unprecedented sales. During 1975 she released duet "Et de l'amour de l'amour" with her partner Richard. It also was certificated gold.

1976–1980 Disco queen

By the end of 1975 Dalida released new album that gathered some songs from singles released in 1974 and '75 plus some new ones. Most of songs were from same genre except title song "J'attendrai" that was disco song. "J'attendrai" immediately gained success and was released on single in January 1976. It reached #1 in French and European and charts for months and was big hit disco hit especially in France and Benelux. It was first French disco hit in French speaking countries. Achieving that, Dalida holds title of inventor of French disco. In future years she will deliver new songs mostly in disco and will become known as Disco Queen. Around the same time, the popularity of the variety show in France was soaring, and Dalida started making television appearances on weekly base in France and across Europe. Following newly disco success, in mid 1976 she released new album with completely new songs, most of them disco. The most notable one was "Besame mucho". Again hit, recahed #1 for several months and was released in all discothèques throughout Europe and Turkey. The 1977 was year of big success for Dalida in private and professional life. She released 3 albums. One of them was live Olympia77, released following her again 4 week triumph at Olympia in 1977. Other 2 were albums with completely new songs. "Salma Ya Salama" was biggest hit of year. Due to its success in original Arabic, song was translated into French, Italian, and German. The song is the first Ethnic fusion hit in the world. Part of the lyrics are based on an old Egyptian folk song about homesickness and celebrating the Egyptian nation. The song was also first international hit for Rai TV in Italy. Continued touring world, she included USA, for second time since 50s, by playing 2 nights in Carnegie Hall in New York City, where she appeared in November 1978. The New York Times review of the Carnegie Hall concert, Dalida's performance was noted for its intimacy and intensity after she began to converse midway through it, revealing her personality. Almost whole English speaking world was not introduced to Dalida so most of public were French citizens. The concerts were almost sold out, but nevertheless it was another triumph for her. Due to the concert, she was offered again contract with America but she refused it for second time. Undaunted, she continued to deliver hits. Same year she made big step in music industry by releasing first remix in history. "Generation78" and "Ça me fait rêver"(That makes me dream). Also, the forst audiovideo for song in history was for "Generation78". Both songs were bog disco hits and reached #1 In French and European charts for several months and were certificated golden. In February, during her 1977 Canada tour, an obsessed fan tried to kidnap her by using a hammer but did not succeed. The case was well tracked by most newspapers and was a big story that was weel talked about. Other hit performances of Dalida include "The Lambeth Walk" sung English and in French. The song "Je suis malade", written and originally performed by Serge Lama was made into a success by Dalida during 1977 altrought she released it in 1973. In 1979 Dalida recorded her biggest disco hit "Monday, Tuesday... Laissez-moi danser"(Monday Tuesday...let me dance). The song was smashing hit peaking #1 instantly on French charts and seferal other countries. It spent 4 months as #1 and then later additional in top 10 and top 20 list. By the end of 1979 she released semi-biographycal song "Comme disait la mistinguett" where she, trought music, speaks about herself in a fun way. The song was late 1979 hit and charted #1. Debut of 1980 was marked by release of big disco hit "Rio do Brasil", also chart topper. Then she released album "Gigi in Paradisco", named by title song that was a sequel to her previous hit "Gigi l'amoroso". In 1979 Dalida met Lester Wilson, they agreed to work together and he became her coreographer for upcoming spectacle in Palais des Sports. The spectacle was booked for in January 1980. In total, Dalida performed 3h for 15 days, more than 10 costume changes, 12 dancers, and total public of around 90 000 people. Palais des Sports (Paris) was largest playing venue in Paris and also one of biggest in France so triumph there was same as triumph in already mythical Olympia. All nights were sold out, Dalida again proved to be biggest and favorite French singer. Following the spectacle Dalida released double live album Le spectacle du Palais des Sports 1980 certificated double golden and organized new European tour and minor World tour. She toured in whole Western and Eastern Europe except Yugoslavia and SSSR. Also she held concerts in Brasil, USA and Canada. When she came back she organized tour across whole France delivering more 20 sold out concerts monthly across French countryside and cityes. In 1980, problems in her private life appeared again. Her inside tournaments were reflected in profound song "A ma maniere" that was also big hit of the year. During this period the sales of discs and public performances became extravagant so, accumulated in what was maybe the most successful period in her career, Dalida established herself as inventor and queen of Disco in France and has sold up to 20 million of discs, received 15 golden disc and 3 platinum.

1981-1984 Diva

Very fastly Dalida left disco and started singing slower moody deep minded songs with tipicall 80s instruments. It was all caused by again escalating problems in private life (brokeup with StGermain in 1981). Same year she started to more often sing her 1973 sing "Je suis malade" ("I am sick"). Performances of that song during this year and later are today one of the most remembered of her performances. The song has also become her signature track. Dalida had popularized it globally, singing it because it reflects her personal torments and unhappiness, and has shown emotions that are, thus to numerous covers, unmatched even today. From March to April 1981 she held month of sold out concerts at the Olympia in Paris, emulating her successful 1980 tour. It became her last Olympia concert because the following year Olympia went bankrupt until 1989. On the night of her inaugural performance, she became the first singer to be awarded with a diamond disc, in recognition of her record sales which, at that point in her career, have reached 95 million. After being first person to receive platinum disc, she was the first person to receive diamond. Again Dalida pioneered in show business paving the way for women to deliver powerful performances in upcoming 80s. Olympia was followed up by release of her last named Olympia album "Olympia81", but this time not live. New album, containing completely new repertoire of songs, was a big success and was certificated golden. Big hit of the year was "Fini la comédie" (Comedy is over). It stayed 2 months as #1 in French charts. Same year she refused to be model for "Marianne" of France. Instead of disco, Dalida started to record dance songs that quickly replaced disco in France and have occupied the clubs. In the end of 1981, Dalida starred in New Year TV spectacle called "Special Dalida". She was half host and sang her songs.

At the beginning of 1982 she had many TV appearances singing new songs still unreleased. All that resulted with release of new dance album "Special Dalida". The album was massive success, most of songs were hits. She was now ruling dance scene. Most remembered songs of album are dance songs "Jouez bouzouki", "Danza" and moody "Nostalgie". All of them charted #1. Same year she was classified as third most infulental woman in France, only person from show business to appear on that list. Dalida launched new world tour in 1982 and spent much from 1982 to 1984 delivering sold out concerts from Rio de Janeiro, across Europe, to Asia. TV appearances were highly often in 80s, almost every second week. In summer of 1982 during FIFA world cup 82, just as many other singers, Dalida released song for French representation "La chanson du Mundial" but for the difference than other songs, her song was big hit. It peaked #1 for several weeks and was very loved in France by people and football fans and players. French football players used to sing it in dressing room. It was first time that already popular singer sings for FIFA world cup. Again, Dalida pioneers. Today, thanks to Dalida it is widely popular to record songs for the World Cup. Year 1983 was big success for Dalida. In first part of year she released several songs and most notable of them was "Mourir sur scene". The song hit #1 in several days and quickly was certificated golden. Dance-pop song has very profound lyrics and has stayed big hit still today, one of signature tracks by Dalida. After "Mourir sur scene" Dalida recorded several popular hits, but "Mourir sur scene" is the last big one before her death. Most of her songs of 1983 were gathered on her album released in mid '83 "Les p'tits mots", which featured other hit singles as "Lucas" and Bravo". By the beginning of 1984 private problems escalated again, so she couldn't dedicate as much as time to her career as she wanted. Alltrought she recorded completely new repertoire of dance songs. Some of them were hits like "Soleil" and "Kalimba de Luna". Both achieved moderate chart success because of less promotion. "Pour te dire je t'aime"(To tell you I love you) was recorded in summer and was big summer hit thanks to her new 1984 France tour. In mid '84 she recorded album "Dali" gathering all songs released same year. To promote the album, a television special later released on VHS named “Dalida Idéale” was filmed in 1984, and directed by then highly rated director Jean-Christophe Averty. This highly campy television special includes Dalida singing in 7 languages and dancing her way through a huge number of her earlier hits, all with the best video effects available at the time. Dalida also had a prestigious wardrobe during this show, changing more than 40 outfits from the best French and international fashion designers, showing off her amazing mannequin body for a woman of her age and keeping her "Glamour" and "DIVA" trademark gained during the disco era in the late seventies. She became singer of the year 1984 in Germany. Same year, for the first time ever, Dalida refused an honour; "La légion d'honneur". In this dance-pop period Dalida sold 7 million of record and was awarded 4 golden records and one diamant.

1985-1987 Last years

Dalida's eyes problems returned again. She underwent two major eye operations in 1985, and she put her career on hiatus as the stage lights started to trouble her. She has released "Reviens-moi", a cover of Last Christmas. During the first part of '85 she would have some live performances, and many TV appearances. When her eyes got better in mid '85 she accepted the role of a young grandmother in the Youssef Chahine film "Le Sixième Jour". As she always wanted to become actress, she a bit neglected her singing and fully devoted herself to the movie. She returned to France to promote movie in late '85. In 1986 she released "Le visage de l'amour" with completely new recordings, and some singles from the album. It would become her last album. "Le temps d'aimer" and "Le Vénitien de Levallois" were minor hit songs that failed to achieve bigger success upon release. She did promote the album, but not well as she used to do previously. That was caused by unhappyness in private life that has never been in worse position since 1967, so Dalida spent many time in her house alone or go out with friends, trying to amuse herself, and again neglecting her career. Instead of promoting new songs, she would again organize a lot of concerts on monthly base singing her previous already known hits. Dalida was then known for amazing "show" performances wearing her wardrobe from 1980-1982 singing glamourous disco-dance songs from same period like "Je suis toutes les femmes", "Gigi in paradisco", "Il faut danser reggae", "Monday, Tuesday...", "Comme disait la Mistinguett". A lot of her previous hits kept topping charts again, in France and outside, while paying less attention to her new songs. By the beginning of 1987 Dalida was in big depression, trying to keep up. No new songs have been recorded but she was touring globe from Los Angeles to Arabia. Being inventor of music spot in 1978, many of them were appearing on TV every day. There are many notable her TV appearances in 1986-1987 in talk shows. Her last live TV appearance was hosting the "Nuit des César" on 7 March 1987. Her last live performance took place in Antalya, Turkey, 27–29 April 1987, several days before her death.

Personal life

While Dalida was professionally very successful, her private life was marred by a series of failed relationships and personal problems.

In January 1967, she took part in the Sanremo Festival with her new lover, Italian singer, songwriter, and actor Luigi Tenco. The song he presented was "Ciao amore ciao" ("Bye Love, Bye"), which he sang together with Dalida. But stressed, Tenco failed despite Dalida's performance. Tenco committed suicide on 27 January 1967, after learning that his song had been eliminated from the final competition. Tenco was found by Dalida in his hotel room with a bullet wound in his left temple and a note announcing that his gesture was against the jury and public's choices during the competition.[11] Prior to Tenco's suicide, Dalida and he had become engaged.[12] One month later, Dalida attempted to commit suicide by drug overdose at the Prince of Wales Hotel in Paris. She spent five days in a coma and several months convalescing.[13] Dalida returned to the stage the following October.[14]

Dalida's house at rue d'Orchampt, Montmartre, Paris

In December 1967, she became pregnant by a 22-year-old Italian student, Lucio. She had an abortion and it left her infertile.[15]

In September 1970, her former husband (1956-1961) Lucien Morisse, with whom she was on good terms, committed suicide, shooting himself in the head.[16]

In April 1975, her close friend singer Mike Brant leapt to his death from an apartment in Paris. He was 28.[17] Dalida had contributed to his success in France when he opened for her in 1971 at l'Olympia.[18]

In July 1983, her lover from 1972 to 1981, Richard Chanfray, committed suicide by inhaling the exhaust gas of his Renault 25 car.[19]

Death

Dalida's grave and monument.

On the night of 2 May to 3, 1987, Dalida committed suicide by overdosing on barbiturates.[20][21] She left behind a note which read, "La vie m'est insupportable... Pardonnez-moi." ("Life is unbearable for me... Forgive me.")

Dalida is buried at the Montmartre Cemetery, 18th Division, Chemin des Gardes.

Legacy

Since her death, Dalida has become a cult figure to a new generation of fans. In 1988, the Encyclopædia Universalis commissioned a poll, which was published in the French newspaper Le Monde, which aimed to reveal the personalities who had the greatest impact on French society. Dalida polled second, behind Général de Gaulle.[22]

She is also a gay icon in France.[23]

Dalida's bust at Dalida's Square

In 1997, the corner of the rue Girardon and rue de l'Abreuvoir in Montmartre, Paris, was inaugurated as Place Dalida and a large bust in her memory was erected. In 1999, a 3-CD box-set compiling her greatest hits was released. In 2000, Dalida's longtime friend Charles Aznavour recorded the hit "De la scène à la Seine", a joyful song of her life in France, and in 2002, the French government honoured her memory with a postage stamp done in commemoration of the 15th anniversary of her death. In the same year, Universal Music Group released her early album releases in special-edition packaging, with all of the tracks digitally remastered. Her output has also been the subject of various remix albums. Since her death, many of Dalida's hits have been remixed to modern techno and dance beats, topping the charts in various countries to this day.[24]

From 11 May to September 2007, the Paris City Hall commemorated the 20th anniversary of Dalida's death with an exhibition of her outfits and previously unreleased photographs.

Stage and film adaptations of Dalida's life

In 1999 the play Solitudini – Luigi Tenco e Dalida, written and directed by Maurizio Valtieri, was performed in Rome.

In 2005, her life was documented in the two-part TV film Dalida; in the role of Dalida was Sabrina Ferilli.[25]

In 2017, Lisa Azuelos, daughter of French singer Marie Laforêt, directed the film Dalida, starring Riccardo Scamarcio, Vincent Perez, Niels Schneider, Jean-Paul Rouve, Patrick Timsit and Sveva Alviti, who portrayed Dalida.[26]

Discography

Filmography

This is a chronologically ordered list of films in which Dalida appeared.

Year Title Character Director Notes Ref
1949 Ghazal Al Banat (Arabic: غزل البنات, English: The Flirtation of Girls Extra Anwar Wagdi Film, starring Leila Mourad (Arabic: ليلى مراد)
1954 Joseph et ses frères (France: French title)
a.k.a. "Joseph and His Brothers"
Film, starring Omar Sharif (Arabic: عمر الشريف)
1954 Le Masque de Toutankhamon
a.k.a. "Le trésor des pharaons" (France)
Dalida Marco de Gastyne Film, starring Gil Vidal and Samia Gamal (Arabic: سامية جمال) [27]
1954 Sigara wa Kass
a.k.a. "Un verre et une cigarette"
a.k.a. "A Cigarette and a Glass" (International: English title)
a.k.a. "A Glass and a Cigarette" (International (DVD box title) (English title))
Iolanda (as Dalila) Niazi Mostafa Film, starring Samia Gamal (Arabic: سامية جمال) [28]
1958 Vice Squad Herself Maurice Boutel Film, co-starring with Eddie Barclay [29]
1958 Rapt au deuxième bureau
a.k.a. "Operation Abduction"
Bella Morena Jean Stelli Film, co-starring with Frank Villard [30]
1960 "Che femmina... e che dollari!" (Italy: Italian title)
a.k.a. Parlez-moi d'amour (France: French title)
Laura Pisani Giorgio Simonelli Film, co-starring with Jacques Sernas [31]
1963 L'inconnue de Hong Kong
a.k.a. "Stranger from Hong-Kong" (US)
a.k.a. "The Unknown of Hong Kong" (International: English title: informal title)
Georgia la chanteuse Jacques Poitrenaud Film, co-starring with Serge Gainsbourg and Tania Béryl [32]
1966 La morale de l'histoire Herself Claude Dagues Television movie [33]
1968 13 jours en France Herself Claude Lelouch and François Reichenbach Documentary about the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France. Features Charles de Gaulle, Dalida, Johnny Hallyday and Jean-Claude Killy. (Uncredited.) [34]
1968 Menage all'italiana
a.k.a. "Marriage Italian Style" (International: English title)
Anna Franco Indovina Film, co-starring with Ugo Tognazzi [35]
1968 Io ti amo
a.k.a. "I Love You"
a.k.a. "Dalida, agapi mou" (Greece: Greek title)
Judy Antonio Margheriti Film, co-starring with Alberto Lupo [36]
1977 Comme sur des roulettes
a.k.a. "As Easy as Pie" (International: English title)
Herself Nina Companéez Film [37]
1977 Dalida: Pour toujours Herself Michel Dumoulin Documentary
1986 Le sixième jour
a.k.a. "The Sixth Day" (International: English title)
a.k.a. "Al-yawm al-Sadis" (Arabic title) (Arabic: اليوم السادس)
a.k.a. "Der sechste Tag" (Germany: German title)
Saddika Youssef Chahine
(Arabic: يوسف شاهين)
Film, co-starring with Mohsen Mohieddin [38]
1997 Le grand voyage Herself Philippe Kohly Documentary
2005 Dalida: Le Film Dalida
(singing voice)
Joyce Buñuel Television mini-series (film)
singing voice for actress Sabrina Ferilli
[39]

Awards

Year Award Country Category Result
1954 Miss Egypt Egypt Beauty competition/pageant Won
1958 Radio Monte Carlo Oscars France Radio Monte Carlo Oscar Won
1958 Paris Olympia music hall Bravos France Paris Olympia music hall Bravos (Shared recognition with Yves Montand) Won
1959 Platinum Oscar Awards Italy Platinum Oscar Award Won
1959 Golden She-Wolf Award Italy Golden She-Wolf Award Won
1959 L'Oscar de la chanson Awards France L'Oscar de la chanson Award for Best Song Won
1959 Radio Monte Carlo Oscar Awards France Radio Monte Carlo Oscar Won
1960 Grand Prix Awards Italy Grand Prix Award for Best Italian Song (Shared award with Charles Aznavour) Won
1961 Radio Monte Carlo Oscar Awards Italy Radio Monte Carlo Oscar Won
1962 Radio Monte Carlo Oscar Awards Italy Radio Monte Carlo Oscar (Shared award with Johnny Hallyday) Won
1963 Radio Monte Carlo Oscar Awards France Radio Monte Carlo Oscar for Most Successful International Artist Won
1964 Juke Box Global Oscar Awards Italy Juke Box Global Oscar for The Year's Most-Played Artist on Jukeboxes in Italy Won
1965 Cico Viola Prize Brazil Cico Viola Prize for "Zorba o Greco" Won
1966 Paris Olympia music hall Bravos France Les Bravos du Musique Hall Won
1967 Golden Caravel Awards Italy Golden Caravel Award Won
1968 Canzonissima Oscar Italy Canzonissima Oscar Won
1969 MIDEM Prize Italy MIDEM Prize for Highest Selling Musical Artist Won
1969 Radio Luxembourg Hit Parade Oscar Awards France Radio Luxembourg Hit Parade Oscar Won
1969 Radio Luxembourg Hit Parade Oscar Awards France Radio Luxembourg Hit Parade Oscar Won
1972 Popularity Oscar France Popularity Oscar for Most Popular Artist Won
1973 APPCB (Association Professionnelle de la Presse Cinématographique Belge) Awards Belgium Gold Medal Award Won
1974 Golden Gigi award Spain Golden Gigi Award (Special award) for Extraordinary Record Sales Won
1974 Golden Heart Awards Spain Golden Heart Award for Most Popular Artist in Spain Won
1975 L'Académie du Disque Français Awards France Global Oscar Oscar Mondial du Disque Award for "Gigi l'Amoroso" and "Il venait d'avoir dix-huit ans" Won
1975 Oscar Awards France Eight Oscar Awards awarded at the Olympia in recognition of extraordinary, rare, and, distinguished achievements. Won
1975 Golden Lion Awards Germany Golden Lion Won
1976 French Summer Carnaval Awards France French Summer Carnaval Award Won
1976 French Academy Awards France French Academy Award for a number one single in nine countries Won
1979 Radio Monte Carlo Awards France Belgium - Musique Award Won
1981 Goldene Europa Awards Germany Goldene Europa for Artist of the Year in Germany Won
1985 Golden Butterfly Awards Turkey Golden Butterfly Award Won
1987 Dalida Award Turkey Dalida Award (Special Award) for Best Performance in Brussels Belgium

Honours and tributes

Honour ribbon bars

  • Legion Honneur Commandeur ribbon.svg

Commander of the National Order of the Legion of Honour of the French Republic.

  • BEL Kroonorde Commandeur BAR.svg

Commander of the Order of the Crown of Belgium.

  • Order of Canada (CC) ribbon bar.png

Companion of the Order of Canada.

  • EGY Order of the Nile - Commander BAR.png

Commander of the Order of the Nile of Egypt.

  • ITA OMRI 2001 Com BAR.svg

Commander of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.

  • Medaille de la Defense Nationale Bronze ribbon.svg

Bronze medal of the National defense of the French Republic.

  • Ordre des Arts et des Lettres Commandeur ribbon.svg

Commandeur of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres of the French Republic.

Honours

Medals[42]
  • France 1968: Medal of the City of Paris.
  • France 1968: the French President's Medal (Médaille de la Présidence de la République) awarded by President of the French Republic Général de Gaulle on 5 December 1968, representing the only time in history an artist has ever been presented with this honour by the President of France to date.
  • Italy 1968: Ruby Cross (Croix de Vermeil) (Commander of Arts, Sciences and Letters).[43]
  • France 1981: Dalida was awarded a medal of the National defense by then French Minister of Defence Charles Hernu.
Non French Egyptian honours[42]

Posthumous tributes

  • France 1987: Dalida was posthumously honoured with a commemorative coin minted by The French Mint, Monnaie de Paris, issued in gold, bronze and silver, bearing her effigy.[44][45]
  • United States 1988: Dalida was posthumously honoured by the "International Star Registry" (US), with the issuance of a diploma, awarded three years after her death.
  • France 1997: Dalida was posthumously honoured by the City of Paris with a square named in her memory, named "Place Dalida", located at the angle of rues Girardon and Abreuvoirs, in the 18th arrondissement (borough) of Paris, France.
  • France 1997: Dalida became one of only three women in France to have a statue erected to her, along with Joan of Arc and Sarah Bernhardt.
  • Egypt 1998: Dalida was posthumously honoured in Egypt in a tribute ceremony on 27 October in Cairo and the "Dalida Prize" was awarded in her honour.
  • France 2001: Dalida was posthumously honoured by the French government with a second stamp bearing her likeness which was released by La Poste, the French postal service, as part of the Song Artists series. 10,157,601 copies were sold.
  • France 2003: Awarded prize for "Greatest Singer of the Century" in France, based on three criteria: numbers of album and single sales, number of radio airplays and chart positions. Dalida was placed third after Madonna and Céline Dion. In 2003 Dalida remained the number one favourite artist in France.

Polls

  • 1965 – F.O.P. Poll: 'Favourite French singer'
  • 1976 – Dalida was voted 'Woman of the Year' in Canada, ahead of Jackie Kennedy)
  • 1982 – Paris Match magazine survey revealed that Dalida was the only representative from show business to appear in a list of most influential French women.
  • 1985 – Dalida was voted 'Favourite French singer' (Télé 7 Jours magazine).
  • 1986 – VSD magazine published a survey in which Dalida was voted 'Favourite French singer'.
  • 1988 – SOFRES/Encyclopædia Universalis: In a survey asking the French public which events had the greatest impact on the French public between 1968 and 1988, 16% of the French public voted the 'Death of Général de Gaulle' and 10% voted the 'Death of Dalida'.
  • 1989 – Encyclopædia Universalis: By examining the proof by the criteria to find out which person had biggest impact on French society, it was concluded that Dalida is the second, just after president de Gaulle.
  • 2001 – IFOP Survey: Dalida was voted the 'Most important female singer who had the greatest impact on French society in the 20th century', along with Édith Piaf.
  • 2005 – Dalida was voted the 'Favourite singer in 2004' amongst Italians, and held seventh place amongst the most collected musical artists in Italy.
  • 2005 – Dalida was voted 'Top 58th French person of all time' in a survey sponsored by the France 2 television channel. The only women from show business which appeared in this list were Catherine Deneuve, Brigitte Bardot, Simone Signoret, Édith Piaf and Dalida.

Honorific eponyms

Geographic locations
  •  France: Place Dalida, Montmartre, Paris
  •  Canada: rue Dalida, Laval, Que., Canada

Art (selection)

  • Jean Sobieski: Dalida (Oil on canvas, 19??)
  • Magguy Crouzet: Dalida (Portrait in dot-sculpture, 1976)
  • Michel Souvais: Dalida, femme est la nuit (Oil on canvas, 1977)
  • Alain Aslan: Dalida (Yolanda Gigliotti), funerary statue (Bronze sculpture, 1987)
  • Alain Aslan: Dalida (Yolanda Gigliotti) (Bronze bust, 1997)
  • Francesco Gallo: Dalida (Yolanda Gigliotti) (Bronze sculpture, 2007)
  • FS62: Dalida (Black and white portrait in acrylic, 2008)

Dalida in contemporary music

  • The Dalida song "Born to Sing" (original French title "Mourir sur scène" and later translated to English, Italian, Turkish and Spanish) was covered in English by Dalida's long time friend Shirley Bassey, released in 1986 as a B-side of a Towerbell Records single (A-side: "There's No Place Like London"). Although the recording has never been re-released, Shirley Bassey performed the song in 1995 during some concerts as part of her 40th anniversary world tour.[46] Shirley Bassey's interpretation of "Born to Sing" is also sometimes titled or referred to as "I Was Born to Sing Forever."[47] In 1985, Turkish superstar Ajda Pekkan recorded the song with the title Bir Gece Sahnesi, with very similar lyrics.[48]
  • In 1996, Céline Dion and Alain Delon performed the song "Paroles, paroles" on the 1996 New Year's Eve France 2 television programme.
  • In 1998, Sarah Brightman's released the song "There for Me", an English-language version of "Fini, la comédie". The song first appeared on her Time to Say Goodbye album, featuring José Cura. It was also released as a single, with "O mio babbino caro" as the B-side track. Often on her 2000/2001 La Luna tour, Brightman would perform this duet with Josh Groban, and this was included in the La Luna: Live in Concert DVD.[49]
  • The song "De la scène à la Seine", by Charles Aznavour, from his year 2000 album Aznavour, 2000 is a tribute to Dalida.
  • In 2000, Sarah Hohn (featuring Wehrlen), released a cover of the song "Paroles, paroles" in tribute to Dalida and Alain Delon.[50]
  • In 2002, an interpretation of the song "Pour ne pas vivre seul", by Firmine Richard, was included in the movie 8 femmes, by François Ozon.[51]
  • In 2003, British singer and musician Patrick Wolf paid tribute to Dalida in the song "Paris" from his debut album Lycanthropy. The song reflects on the theme of the tragedy of suicide, and refers to Dalida's monument in Montmartre Cemetery, describing her as "the lady with the sun behind her head".[52]
  • In 2004, the song "Laissez-moi danser (Monday Tuesday)" was covered by Star Academy 4 in France, under the shorter name "Laissez-moi danser", in honour of Dalida.[53][54]
  • In 2005, Lebanese singer Grace Deeb released a cover of the song "Helwa ya baladi", which reached number one spots over the chart.[which?]
  • In 2007, Spanish singer Luz Casal released the song "18 años", a new Spanish-language interpretation of "Tenía 18 años", the Spanish version of "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" (English version: "He Must Have Been Eighteen"), in honour of French music, with entirely new Spanish lyrics, on her album "Vida tóxica".[55][56]
  • In 2007, Italian singer Patty Pravo released the tribute album Spero che ti piaccia... Pour toi, in tribute to Dalida.[57]
  • In 2007, Lebanese singer Elissa (Arabic: إليسا) paid hommage to the chanteuse, covering her famous song, "Helwa ya baladi".
  • In 2007, Italian singer-songwriter Franco Battiato released the album Fleurs 2, containing the track "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans", a cover in hommage to the singer, performed with the participation of Persian vocalist Sepideh Raissadat (Persian: سپیده رئیس سادات).
  • In 2008, French singer Michèle Torr covered the song "Pour ne pas vivre seul", released on her album Ces années-là, in hommage to Dalida. A live version of her rendition was also released on her live DVD Olympia 2008, and digital album of the same name, both released in 2009.[58]
  • In 2009, Lara Fabian released the tribute album Toutes les femmes en moi, containing an interpretation of the song "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans", of which the former is in part tribute, and the latter in tribute to Dalida.[59]
  • In 2009, Arthanor Music released the tribute album Un clip de toi (Hommage à Dalida, 1988), containing four tracks originally recorded in 1988 by David Heissen and dedicated to Dalida.
  • In 2012, French singer Amel Bent rendered hommage to Dalida by performing two of Dalida's signature songs "À Ma Manière" and "Mourir Sur Scène" on France 3's television programme Chabada.
  • In 2012, the double album Depuis qu’elle est partie containing a hommage CD titled Ils chantent Dalida featuring covers of several of Dalida's songs, performed by French singers Amel Bent, Christophe Willem, Hélène Segara, Patrick Fiori, Lara Fabian, Christophe (singer), Dany Brillant, and others, was released in the month of April.
  • 2013 "Gigi L'amoroso" placed 98th in the Belgium top 1000 listeners choice

Music from motion pictures and TV

The following Dalida songs have appeared in the formentioned motion pictures or TV series.

Year Motion picture Songs Director Ref
1959 Girls for the Mambo-Bar "Am Tag, als der Regen kam" Wolfgang Glück [60]
1979 Série noire "Le Lambeth Walk" Alain Corneau [61]
1984 La Triche "Fini, la comédie" and "Je suis toutes les femmes" Yannick Bellon [62]
1991 Hors la vie (a.k.a. "Out of Life") "Salma ya salama" Maroun Bagdadi [63]
1994 Mina Tannenbaum "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" Martine Dugowson [64]
1995 Gazon Maudit (a.k.a. "French Twist") "Histoire d'un amour" Josiane Balasko [65]
1995 Pigalle Unknown Karim Dridi [66]
1996 Pédale douce "Bambino", "Salma ya salama" and "Je suis toutes les femmes" Gabriel Aghion [67]
1996 Un Air de Famille (a.k.a. "Family Resemblances" (US)) "Come prima" Cédric Klapisch [68]
1997 On connaît la chanson
a.k.a. "Same Old Song" (US)
"Paroles, paroles" Alain Resnais [69]
1997 Mémoires d'immigrés, l'héritage maghrébin "Helwa ya baladi" Yamina Benguigui [70]
1998 A Soldier's Daughter Never Cries
a.k.a. "La fille d'un soldat ne pleure jamais" (France)
a.k.a. "Soldier's Daughter Never Cries" (Australia: TV title)
"Ciao amore ciao" James Ivory [71]
1999 Novios "Gigi l'Amoroso" Joaquín Oristrell [72]
1999 Recto/Verso "Paroles, paroles" Jean-Marc Longval [73]
1999 Tontaine et Tonton "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" and "Gigi l'amoroso" Tonie Marshall [74]
1999 Un pont entre deux rives a.k.a. "The Bridge" Unknown Gérard Depardieu [75]
2001 Souffle "Buenas noches mi amor" Muriel Coulin and Delphine Coulin [76]
2001 Mauvais genres
a.k.a. "Transfixed" (Canada: English title: festival title) (US)
a.k.a. "Bad Genres" (International: English title: festival title)
a.k.a. "Gender Bias" (US)
"Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" Francis Girod [77]
2001 Absolument fabuleux "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" Gabriel Aghion [78]
2001 C'est la vie "Darla dirladada" Jean-Pierre Améris [79]
2001 Paroles de Bibs "Paroles, paroles" Jocelyne Lemaire-Darnaud [80]
20XX La Bonne Addresse "Pezzettini di bikini" Gary Goldman [81]
2002 L'Adversaire a.k.a. "The Adversary" "Histoire d'un amour" Nicole Garcia [82]
2003 Perduto Amor "Itsi bitsi petit bikini" Franco Battiato [83]
2005 Dalida: Le Film Principal singer on entire soundtrack Joyce Buñuel [84]
2005 L'un reste, l'autre part "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" Claude Berri [85]
2005 The Secret Life of Words (International: English title) (UK) (US)
a.k.a. "La vida secreta de las palabras" (Spain)
a.k.a. "La vida secreta de les paraules" (Spain: Catalan title)
"Histoire d'un amour" Isabel Coixet [86]
2006 OSS 117, Le Caire nid d'espions
a.k.a. "OSS 117, Nest of Spies"
"Bambino" Michel Hazanavicius [87]
2007 Michou D'Auber "Bambino" Thomas Gilou [88]
2007 L'Ennemi intime
a.k.a. "Intimate Enemies" (Canada: English title)
"Come prima" Florent Emilio Siri [89]
2008 Mesrine : L'Instinct de mort "Romantica" and "La Danse de Zorba" Jean-François Richet [90]
2010 Les Amours Imaginaires (Canada: Original title)
a.k.a. "Heartbeats" (US) (Europe: English title: festival title)

a.k.a. Fantastikes agapes (Greece: Greek title)
a.k.a. Love, Imagined (International: English title)

"Bang Bang" Xavier Dolan [91]
2011 Les femmes du 6è étage (France: Original title)
a.k.a. "Las chicas de la 6ª planta" (Spanish title)
a.k.a. "The Women on the 6th Floor" (English title)
a.k.a. "Service Entrance"
"Itsi bitsi petit bikini" Philippe Le Guay [92]
2011 Le Skylab (France: Original title) "Bambino" Julie Delpy [93]
2014 Apprenti Gigolo "La Violetera" and "Le Torrent" John Turturro

Theatrical productions

Several theatrical productions have been made about Dalida's life. In 1999, "Solitudini – Luigi Tenco e Dalida", written and directed by Maurizio Valtieri, was performed in Rome.[94] "Dalida: Une Vie", directed by René Simard and under the authorisation of Orlando Productions, was performed from October 2003 to June 2006, in Quebec, Canada, and was shown in Beirut, Lebanon in May 2004.[95] In 2005, the play "Dalida, à quoi bon vivre au mois de mai ?", written by Joseph Agostini and Caroline Sourrisseau, was performed at the Ateliers Théâtre in Montmartre.[96]

Biographies

  • Dalida, by Michel Delain, Éditions de l'Heure, 1962. (in French)
  • Dalida, La gloire et les larmes, by Pascal Sevran, 1976. (in French)
  • 25 ans de triomphe, by Christian Page, Delmas Éditeur, 1981. (in French)
  • Dalida, by Christian Page, Têtes D'affiche, 1982. (in French)
  • Dalida, mon amour, by Anne Gallimard and Orlando, Édition NRJ, 1984. ISBN 978-2-908070-01-9. (in French)
  • Lorsque l’amour s’en va, by Catherine Benoît Sévin, Michel Lafon, 1987; Carrere, 1989. ISBN 978-2-908070-01-9. (in French)
  • Dalida, mon amour, by Anne Gallimard and Orlando, Édition NRJ, 1989. ISBN 978-2-908070-01-9. (in French)
  • Dalida mon amour, by Orlando, Hachette Littérature, 1991. ISBN 978-2-7382-0362-5. (in French)
  • Dalida, Histoire d’une femme, by Jean-François Josselin and Jeff Barnel, Jean-Claude Lattès, 1994. ISBN 978-2-7096-1450-4. (in French)
  • Les larmes de la gloire, by Bernard Pascuito, Éditions Michel Lafon, 1997. ISBN 978-2-84098-301-9. (in French)
  • Dalida, by C. Daccache, Éditions Vade Retro, 1998. ISBN 2-909828-51-4 and ISBN 978-2-909828-51-0. (in French)
  • Dalida: Mon frère, tu écriras mes mémoires, by Catherine Rihoit, Plon, 1998. (in French)
  • Dalida, by Catherine Rihoit, Omnibus, 1998. ISBN 978-2-259-00083-3. (in French)
  • Star pour toujours, by Julie Thamin, Gep, 2000. (in French)
  • Dalida: Entre violon et amour, by Isaline, Éditions Publibook, 2002. ISBN 978-2-7483-2629-1. (in French)
  • Du Nil à la scène, Jacques Brachet, Éditions Va bene and Éditions de la courtine, 2001, 2002. ISBN 2-913483-36-4. (in French)
  • Dalida: Une oeuvre en soi, by Michel Rheault, Nota Bene, 2002. ISBN 2-89518-111-X. (in French)
  • Luigi Tenco. Vita breve e morte di un genio musicale, by Aldo Fegatelli Colonna, A. Mondadori, 2002. ISBN 88-04-50087-5 and ISBN 978-88-04-50087-2. (in Italian)
  • Ciao, ciao bambina, by Henri-Jean Servat and Orlando, Éditions Albin Michel, 2003. ISBN 978-2-226-14298-6. (in French)
  • Dalida, by Catherine Rihoit, Plon, re-published 2004. ISBN 978-2-259-20180-3. (in French)
  • D’une rive à l’autre, by David Lelait, Payot, 2004. ISBN 978-2-228-89904-8. (in French)
  • L’argus Dalida: Discographie mondiale et cotations, by Daniel Lesueur, Éditions Alternatives, 2004. ISBN 978-2-86227-428-7. (in French)
  • La véritable Dalida, by Emmanuel Bonini, Éditions Pygmalion, 2004. ISBN 2-85704-902-1 and ISBN 978-2-85704-902-9. (in French)
  • Mademoiselle succès, Barclay France, 2004. UPC 602498110843. (in French)
  • Dalida: La femme de cœur, by Jeff Barnel, Éditions du Rocher, 2005. ISBN 978-2-268-05500-8. (in French)
  • Dalida: La voce e l'anima, by Giandomenico Curi, 2005. ISBN 978-88-7641-687-3. (in Italian)
  • Top Dalida, Éditions Paul Beuscher, 2005. ASIN B000ZG64FO. (in French)
  • Dalida: La voce, Il suono, L'anima, by Mino Rossi, Edizioni Franciacorta, 2005. ISBN 978-88-89364-01-7. (in Italian)
  • Quasi sera: una storia di Tenco, by A. Montellanico, StampaAlternativa/NuoviEquilibri, 2005. ISBN 88-7226-910-5. (in Italian)
  • D’une rive à l’autre, by David Lelait-Helo, Éditions J'ai Lu, 2006. ISBN 978-2-290-34567-2. (in French)
  • Ntaainta Dalida, Éditions Odos Panos and 20 ans sans elle, 2006. (in French)
  • Dalida passionnément, by Arianne Ravier, Éditions Favre, 2006. ISBN 978-2-8289-0927-7. (in French)
  • Dalida, by Henry-Jean Servat and Orlando, Éditions Albin Michel, 2007. ISBN 978-2-226-15218-3. (in French)
  • Dalida, tu m'appelais petite sœur…, by Jacqueline Pitchal, Éditions Carpentier Didier, 2007. ISBN 978-2-84167-504-3. (in French)
  • Dalida: Une vie brûlée, by Bernard Pascuito, L'Archipel, 2007. ISBN 978-2-84167-504-3. (in French)
  • Dalida: Une vie..., by Jacques Pessis, Célina Jauregui, Emmanuel Polle and N-T Binh, Édition Chronique, 2007. 978-2-205-06006-5. (in French)
  • Dalida: Le temps d'aimer, Fabien Lecœuvre, Éditions City Editions, 2007. ISBN 978-2-35288-046-2. (in French)
  • Luigi Tenco: Ed ora avrei mille cose da fare, by R. Tortarolo and G. Carozzi, Arcana, 2007. ISBN 978-88-7966-431-8. (in Italian)
  • Dalida: Ses fans, ses amis ont la parole, by Claire Nérac and Cédric Naïmi, Éditions du Rocher, 2008. ISBN 978-2-268-06580-9. (in French)
  • Mia zia, ma tante Dalida, by Stéphane Julienne and Luigi Gigliotti, Éditions Ramsay, 2009. ISBN 978-2-8122-0011-3. (in French)
  • Dalida, le profil perdu, by Jean-Manuel Gabert, Éditions de la Belle Gabrielle, La légende de Montmartre collection, 2009. ISBN 978-2-917269-02-2. (in French)
  • Pour Dalida, by Colette Fellous, Flammarion ed., 2010. ISBN 978-2-08-069056-2. (in French)
  • Les grands interprètes, by Jacques Perciot, Frédéric Brun, Olympia Alberti, et Claude Frigara, Éditions Christian Pirot, 2010. ISBN 978-2-86808-274-9. (in French)
  • Rencontres avec une Étoile, by Jean-Claude Genel, Éditions Entre deux mondes, 2010. ISBN 978-2-919537-00-6. (in French)
  • La nuit de San Remo, by Philippe Brunel, Éditions Grasset, 2012. ISBN 978-2-246-75321-6. (in French)
  • Ciao amore. Tenco e Dalida, la notte di Sanremo, by Philippe Brunel, transl. by G. Vulpius, Rizzoli ed., 2012. ISBN 978-88-17-05518-5. (in Italian)
  • C'était en mai, un samedi, by David Lelait-Helo, Éditions Anne Carrière, 2012. ISBN 978-2-84337-663-4. (in French)
  • Internet websites: Hit-Parade France, Hit Parade Italia, Infodisc, Official Montmartre Tourist Information Authority, Dalida Official Website.

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ original name Iolanda, then Frenchified by Yolanda, see http://dalida.com/courrier/courrier-des-lecteurs/lire-les-reponses.html under the response for MARIO
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 May 2006. Retrieved 2006-06-05. 
  3. ^ "Ca me fait rever". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 17 March 2004. Retrieved 2016-08-28. 
  4. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04tmx5c
  5. ^ http://www.rtl.fr/culture/medias-people/dalida-la-realisatrice-lisa-azuelos-a-demarre-le-tournage-du-film-7781726953
  6. ^ http://www.hitparade-lespectacle.com/artiste/dalida/
  7. ^ http://www.impactfm.fr/artistes/dalida/
  8. ^ http://www.musicafe.it/artista/dalida/
  9. ^ http://dalida.com/paroles-de-chansons-france/l/568-la-danse-de-zorba-version-1986.html
  10. ^ http://dalida.com/italien/788-la-danza-di-zorba.html
  11. ^ Chris Campion. "Unsung Heroes No.4 - Luigi Tenco | Music". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-08-28. 
  12. ^ de Lamarzelle, Désirée (25 January 2016). "Dalida, Artiste Comblée Ou Amoureuse Maudite ?". Marie Claire. Retrieved 14 March 2016.  (in French)
  13. ^ Venot, Catherine (1 February 2016). "Dalida : Elle a failli mourir dès la naissance !". France Dimanche. Retrieved 14 March 2016.  (in French)
  14. ^ Le Tellier, Philippe (4 October 1967). La Chanteuse Dalida Qui Prépare l'Olympia, 1967. Paris March. Retrieved 14 March 2016.  (in French)
  15. ^ "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans de Dalida". Lefigaro.fr. 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2016-08-28. 
  16. ^ Schwaab, Catherine (3 May 2012). "Dalida, l'amour à mort". Paris March. Retrieved 14 March 2016.  (in French)
  17. ^ Kaye, Helen (27 November 2007). "Mike Brant's life story hits the stage". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 28 August 2009. 
  18. ^ Leroy, Arthur (6 November 2009). "Mike Brant : Révélations sur sa mort !". France Dimanche. Retrieved 14 March 2016.  (in French)
  19. ^ "Faits et Jugements". Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  20. ^ "Dalida". New York Times. 5 May 1987. Retrieved 28 February 2008. 
  21. ^ Simmonds, Jeremy (2008). v. Chicago Review Press. p. 225. ISBN 1-55652-754-3. 
  22. ^ "Dalida site Officiel - Les récompenses". Dalida.com. 2001-10-13. Retrieved 2016-08-28. 
  23. ^ France, David (February 2007). "Dying to come out:The war on gay people in Iraq". GQ magazine. Archived from the original on 13 May 2007. Retrieved 7 February 2007. 
  24. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20131105082230/http://www.infodisc.fr/Artiste_Ventes.php
  25. ^ Dalida (2005). IMDb
  26. ^ Guyard, Bertrand (3 February 2016). "Biopic de Dalida: la diva incarnée par une inconnue". Le Figaro. Retrieved 14 March 2016.  (in French)
  27. ^ Le Masque de Toutankhamon. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  28. ^ Sigara wa Kass. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  29. ^ Brigade des mœurs. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  30. ^ Rapt au deuxième bureau. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  31. ^ Che femmina... e che dollari!. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  32. ^ L'inconnue de Hong Kong. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  33. ^ La morale de l'histoire. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  34. ^ 13 jours en France. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  35. ^ Menage all'italiana. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  36. ^ Io ti amo. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  37. ^ Comme sur des roulettes. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  38. ^ Le sixième jour. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  39. ^ Dalida (2005). IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  40. ^ a b (in French) Dalida: Entre violon et amour, by Isaline, Éditions Publibook, 2002, p. 127. ISBN 978-2-7483-2629-1. Retrieved 27 January 2010
  41. ^ Dalida Biography at RFI Musique Archived 19 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 27 January 2010
  42. ^ a b Dalida: Entre violon et amour, by Isaline, Éditions Publibook, 2002, p. 127. ISBN 978-2-7483-2629-1. Retrieved 27 August 2010
  43. ^ Dalida: Entre violon et amour, by Isaline, Éditions Publibook, 2002, p. 127. ISBN 978-2-7483-2629-1. Retrieved 27 January 2010
  44. ^ "Monnaie de Paris". Web.archive.org. 5 May 2011. Archived from the original on 5 May 2011. Retrieved 2016-08-28. 
  45. ^ "Dalida". Evene.fr. Retrieved 2016-08-28. 
  46. ^ "The Royal Variety Performance 1994 Part 1". The Bassey Blog. 6 October 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  47. ^ "Shirley Bassey: Born to Sing Forever & As If We Never Said Goodbye". GetaCD.org. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  48. ^ [1]. LetsSingIt Lyrics. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  49. ^ "Sarah Brightman: La Luna - Live in Concert (2001)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2016-08-28. 
  50. ^ "Sarah Hohn Featuring Wehrlen – 'Paroles, Paroles'". Discogs. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  51. ^ Soundtracks for 8 femmes. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  52. ^ [2]
  53. ^ Revival Dalida. Laurent Zabulon. L'Internaute. Benchmark Group. 18 March 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (in French)
  54. ^ "Star Academy 4". Ados.fr. Doctissimo Network. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (in French)
  55. ^ "Vida tóxica". LaHiguera.net. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (in Spanish)
  56. ^ "Luz Casal recibirá la medalla de las Artes y las Letras de Francia coincidiendo con el lanzamiento de su nuevo disco". La Voz de Galicia. Grupo Voz. 15 June 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (in Spanish)
  57. ^ "Patty Pravo e Dalida per la prima volta insieme: "E' uscito il nuovo album di Patty Pravo intitolato" Spero che ti piaccia,' omaggio a Dalida". Emanuel Belardinelli. Agorà Magazine. Associazione Spazio Agorà. 19 November 2007. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (in Italian)
  58. ^ "Michèle Torr prépare un Olympia pour 2008 et sort un nouvel album à la rentrée". SeniorActu. 6 July 2007. Retrieved 21 December 2010. (in French)
  59. ^ "Lara Fabian Toutes les femmes en moi". Zikeo.com Le e-Magazine de Musique ! 9 May 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (in French)
  60. ^ Mädchen für die Mambo-Bar. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  61. ^ Série noire. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  62. ^ La Triche. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  63. ^ Hors la vie. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  64. ^ Mina Tannenbaum. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  65. ^ Gazon maudit. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  66. ^ Pigalle. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  67. ^ Pédale douce. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  68. ^ Un Air de Famille. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  69. ^ On connaît la chanson. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  70. ^ Mémoires d'immigrés, l'héritage maghrébin. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  71. ^ A Soldier's Daughter Never Cries. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  72. ^ Novios. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  73. ^ Recto/Verso. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  74. ^ Tontaine et Tonton. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  75. ^ Un pont entre deux rives. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  76. ^ Souffle. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  77. ^ Mauvais genres. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  78. ^ Absolument fabuleux. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  79. ^ C'est la vie. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  80. ^ Paroles de Bibs. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  81. ^ Dalida Official Website, Filmography. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  82. ^ L'Adversaire. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  83. ^ Perduto Amor. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  84. ^ Dalida: TV mini-series. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  85. ^ Dalida: L'un reste, l'autre part. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  86. ^ The Secret Life of Words. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  87. ^ OSS 117, Le Caire nid d'espions. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  88. ^ Michou D'Auber. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  89. ^ L'Ennemi intime. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  90. ^ Mesrine : L'Instinct de mort. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  91. ^ Heartbeats. IMDb. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  92. ^ Las chicas de la 6ª planta. IMDb. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  93. ^ Le Skylab. IMDb. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  94. ^ "Musica e solitudini". La Repubblica. Gruppo Editoriale L’Espresso Spa. 7 May 1999. Retrieved 27 October 2010. (in Italian)
  95. ^ "Dalida, Une Vie". Fugues. Éditions Nitram Inc./ Groupe Hom. 21 March 2003. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (in French)
  96. ^ "Dalida, à quoi bon vivre au mois de mai ?" La Théâtrothèque. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (in French)

References

Further reading

External links

Official
  • Official Website(in English) (in French)
  • Dalida Forever, Official Fanclub Website(in English) (in French) (in Italian)
Biographies
  • Biography at RFI Musique (Radio France Internationale) (in English)
  • Biography at Télé Melody (in French)
  • Dalida at AllMusic
  • Dalida at Billboard.com
  • "Dalida". Find a Grave. Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
Discography
Filmography
  • Dalida: Le Film (Ego Productions Site)(in French)
  • Dalida at AllMovie
  • Dalida on IMDb
Preceded by
Antigone Costanda
Miss Egypt
Miss Egypt 1954
Succeeded by
Gladys Leopardi
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