Dalian Zhoushuizi International Airport

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Dalian Zhoushuizi
International Airport
DLC logo 2.gif
Dalian Airport.jpg
Dalian Zhoushuizi International Airport
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Dalian Zhoushuizi International Airport Co., Ltd.
Location Dalian
Elevation AMSL 33 m / 108 ft
Coordinates 38°57′56″N 121°32′18″E / 38.96556°N 121.53833°E / 38.96556; 121.53833
Website www.dlairport.com
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
DLC is located in Liaoning
DLC
DLC
DLC is located in China
DLC
DLC
Location of the airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 3,300 10,827 Concrete
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 15,258,209
Cargo 149,008.0 Ton
Aircraft movements 127,680
Dalian Zhoushuizi International Airport
Dalian China International-Airport-01.jpg
Simplified Chinese 大连周水子国际机场
Traditional Chinese 大連周水子國際機場

Dalian Zhoushuizi International Airport (IATA: DLCICAO: ZYTL) is the airport serving the city of Dalian in Liaoning Province, China. It is located in Ganjingzi District, about 10 km (6 mi) northwest of the city center. In 2014 the airport handled 17,203,640 passengers, making it the busiest airport in Northeast China and the 16th busiest nationwide. The airport is the hub for Dalian Airlines and a focus city for China Southern Airlines and Hainan Airlines. As Zhoushuizi Airport has reached its designed capacity, the new Dalian Jinzhouwan International Airport is being built on reclaimed land to replace it.[1]

History

Zhoushuizi Airport in 1927

Zhoushuizi was originally an insect-infested marsh, called "Choushuizi" (臭水子) or "smelly waters" by nearby residents. During the late Qing dynasty, it became a racecourse for horse racing. After the marsh was drained, it was renamed Zhoushuizi (Zhou's waters) after a nearby village called Zhoujiatun ("Zhou family village").[2]

After Japan won the Russo-Japanese War in 1905, the Liaodong Peninsula, including Dalian, came under Japanese occupation. In 1924, the Japanese began to convert Zhoushuizi Racecourse into an airport, which was opened in 1927.[2] Immediately after the aviation law of 1927, the Japanese Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications began planning for scheduled air routes including Tokyo to Dalian (Zhoushuizi). As civil aviation developed later, a few flights per day by Manchukuo National Airways came to Zhoushuizi.[3] After the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, there was more military traffic by the Imperial Japanese Navy than civil traffic, mostly using Douglas DC-3. The Zhoushuizi airport at that time was about 800 meters long and 400 meters wide.[3]

After the surrender of Japan in 1945, Zhoushuizi was under the control of the Soviet Air Forces for ten years, until it was transferred to the Chinese PLA Air Force in May 1955.[2] In 1973, the military Zhoushuizi airfield was converted into a small civil airport, with a 2,040-meter-long runway and 37 employees, serving 1,961 passengers a year.[2]

As air traffic skyrocketed starting in the 1980s and especially since the 1990s, the airport had its first major expansion in April 1984.[2] It was then expanded four more times, in 1992–93, 1999, 2005, and 2011–12.[2] It served more than 13 million passengers in 2012, ranking 15th in China. Because of the expansion of the city of Dalian, the airport is now surrounded by built-up urban area and has no more room to grow even though it is expected to reach its capacity in 2016. As a result, the authorities launched the new Dalian Jinzhouwan International Airport project, which was included in the 12th national five-year plan in 2011.[4]

Facilities

In September 2011, a new 71,000 square-meter terminal building was completed as part of the 2.2 billion yuan third-phase expansion project of the airport.[5] The airport has a 3,300-meter runway (class 4E), 135,000 square metres (1,450,000 sq ft) of terminal buildings, 42 aircraft parking places, and 2,600 car parking places. The entire airport covers an area of 3,450,000 square metres (37,100,000 sq ft).[6]

Airlines and destinations

As a focus city for China Southern Airlines, Dalian has many of China Southern's Japanese destinations. China's flag carrier, Air China, also makes a stop-over at Dalian on its flights from Beijing to Japan. Due to the tight connection and high demand between Dalian and Japan, Japan Airlines still operates daily direct flight from Narita Airport in Tokyo to Dalian. Two major Korean Airlines, Korean Air and Asiana Airlines operate daily flight to Dalian from Incheon Airport in Seoul. Several Russian carriers also operate scheduled and chartered flights between far-eastern Russian cities and Dalian. The majority of international flights are operated by China Southern Airlines, Air China, Japan Airlines, All Nippon Airways, Asiana Airlines, Korean Air, Transasia Airways, Uni Air, and SAT Airlines.

Passenger

Airlines Destinations
Air China Beijing–Capital, Fukuoka, Hiroshima, Hong Kong, Osaka–Kansai, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Baotou, Beijing–Capital, Changsha, Chengdu, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Hefei, Hohhot, Nanjing, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Xi'an, Yinchuan
All Nippon Airways Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Beijing Capital Airlines Haikou, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Wuhan, Xi'an
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu, Jining, Taiyuan
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changsha, Changzhou, Chaoyang, Chengdu, Chongqing, Fuzhou,[7] Hangzhou, Hanzhong, Harbin, Hefei,[8] Huai'an, Jinan,[9] Kunming, Lanzhou,[10] Luoyang, Nanchang,[11] Nanjing, Osaka–Kansai, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Rizhao, Sanya, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Wuxi, Tonghua, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining,[12] Xuzhou,[11] Yichun, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou
Charter: Da Nang,[13] Nha Trang[13]
China Eastern Airlines
operated by Shanghai Airlines
Shanghai–Pudong
China Express Airlines Baotou, Chifeng, Chongqing, Dongying, Hailar, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Jining, Kunming, Lianyungang, Nanyang, Qinhuangdao, Sanya, Shijiazhuang, Tianjin, Tianshui, Ulanhot, Weihai, Xining, Yulin, Zhoushan
China Southern Airlines Baotou, Beijing–Capital, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Daqing, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Mudanjiang, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Sanya, Shanghai–Pudong, Shantou, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Yanji, Yinchuan, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
China Flying Dragon Aviation Changhai
China Southern Airlines Cheongju,[14] Jeju, Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Seoul–Incheon, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita, Toyama
China United Airlines Beijing–Nanyuan, Shijiazhuang[15]
Donghai Airlines Ningbo, Shenzhen
Eastar Jet Charter: Cheongju
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Taipei–Taoyuan, Hangzhou, Hefei, Jiamusi, Nanjing, Ningbo, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Weifang
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita
Jin Air Charter: Seoul–Incheon
Juneyao Airlines Sanya, Nanjing, Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou
Lucky Air Kunming, Wuhan
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
NokScoot Bangkok–Don Mueang
Okay Airlines Changsha, Hangzhou, Tianjin, Yantai
Scoot Singapore
Shandong Airlines Chongqing, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Jinan, Mudanjiang, Qingdao, Xiamen
Shenzhen Airlines Chongqing, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Jinan, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Shenzhen, Wuxi, Zhengzhou
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Jinan, Kunming, Xuzhou
Spring Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[16] Changbaishan, Changzhou,[16] Shanghai–Pudong, Shijiazhuang
Tianjin Airlines Hohhot, Kitakyushu, Linyi, Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shizuoka, Tianjin, Urumqi, Weihai, Wenzhou, Yantai, Yuncheng, Zhengzhou, Zunyi
Uni Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Vietnam Airlines Charter: Nha Trang[17]
XiamenAir Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Changsha, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Jinan, Macau, Nanjing, Qingdao, Tianjin, Xiamen

Cargo

Airlines Destinations
Air China Cargo Frankfurt, Shanghai–Pudong
ANA Cargo Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al Maktoum

Ground transportation

The airport is served by the Dalian Metro Line 2.

Accidents and incidents

On May 7, 2002, China Northern flight 6136 was en route from Beijing to Dalian when it crashed into a bay near Dalian, killing everyone aboard.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Dalian Reclaims Land for World's Largest Offshore Airport". China Radio International. 2014-09-15. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "大连周水子机场"前世今生" 跑马场到国际机场" (in Chinese). Xinhua. 2015-01-19. 
  3. ^ a b How airports were prepared in Japan? (in Japanese)
  4. ^ Huang Fengtong (2013-08-09). "大连有望建大陆首个海上机场 机场选址金州湾". Carnoc (in Chinese). 
  5. ^ 大连国际机场三期扩建工程航站楼竣工
  6. ^ "Airport information". Dalian International Airport. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  7. ^ 东航新开两条航线
  8. ^ 东航 | 大连-合肥直飞航班7月1日起正式开航!
  9. ^ 东航:大连-济南直飞航班7月11日起正式开航!
  10. ^ 走进—兰州
  11. ^ a b [9月起东航将新增南昌飞大连徐州济南航线 http://news.carnoc.com/list/416/416875.html]
  12. ^ 东航 | 大连-西宁直飞航班即将开航,敬请期待!
  13. ^ a b "大连机场开航岘港 东南亚航线布局东北领先". carnoc. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 
  14. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/08/04/cz-dlccjj-sep15/
  15. ^ 中联航夏秋航季新开五条航线
  16. ^ a b "Spring Airlines Adds New Routes to Bangkok in July 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 6 June 2016. 
  17. ^ "Vietnam Airlines adds new Cam Ranh - China charters in 1Q17". routesonline. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 

External links

  • Official site
  • Airport information for ZYTL at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.
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