1954 Czechoslovak parliamentary election

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Czechoslovak parliamentary election, 1954

← 1948 28 November 1954 (1954-11-28) 1960 →

All 368 seats to the National Assembly
Turnout 99.2%
  Majority party
  Antonín Novotný 1968.jpg
Leader Antonín Novotný
Party KSČ
Alliance National Front
Seats after 172
Seat change Increase 12

Prime Minister before election

Viliam Široký

Elected Prime Minister

Viliam Široký

Parliamentary elections were held in Czechoslovakia on 28 November 1954.[1] Voters were presented with a single list from the National Front, dominated by the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ).[1]

According to official figures, 99.2 percent of eligible voters turned out to vote, and 97.9 percent approved the National Front list.[1] Within the Front, the Communists had a large majority of 262 seats–172 for the main party and 90 for the Slovak branch.

Non-Communist members appeared on the National Front list in order to keep up the appearance of pluralism. However, seats were allocated in accordance with a set percentage, and no party could take part in the political process without KSČ approval.[2]


Party Votes % Seats
National Front Communist Party of Czechoslovakia 8,484,102 97.9 172
Communist Party of Slovakia 90
Independents 56
Czechoslovak People's Party 20
Czechoslovak Socialist Party 20
Party of Slovak Revival 6
Freedom Party 4
Against 189,928 2.1
Invalid/blank votes 34,688
Total 8,711,718 100 368
Registered voter/turnout 8,783,186 99.2
Source: Czechoslovak Unit


  1. ^ a b c National Assembly 1954-1960 Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine Czechoslovak Unit
  2. ^ Czech Republic/Czechoslovakia: Stalinization Library of Congress Country Studies
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