Czech Pirate Party

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Czech Pirate Party
Česká pirátská strana
Leader Ivan Bartoš
Spokesperson Karolína Sadílková
Deputy Leaders Olga Richterová
Jakub Michálek
Radek Holomčík
Mikuláš Peksa
Chamber of Deputies Leader Jakub Michálek
Founded 17 June 2009 (2009-06-17)
Headquarters Na Moráni 360/3, Prague[1]
Newspaper Pirate Newspaper
Youth wing Young Pirates
Membership (2018) 734[2]
Ideology Pirate politics[3]
Social liberalism[4]
Left-libertarianism[4]
Participatory democracy[5]
Pro-Europeanism[6][7]
Political position Centre[8][9] to
left-wing[10][11][12]
European affiliation
International affiliation Pirate Parties International
Colours      Black
Chamber of Deputies
22 / 200
Senate
3 / 81
European Parliament
0 / 21
Regional councils
5 / 675
Local councils
358 / 62,300
Prague City Assembly
13 / 65
Party flag
Flag of the Czech Pirate Party
Website
www.pirati.cz

The Czech Pirate Party (Czech: Česká pirátská strana) or Pirates (Czech: Piráti)[1] is a political party in the Czech Republic, founded in 2009. It is the third largest party in the Chamber of Deputies following the 2017 legislative election, with 22 out of 200 seats,[13] entering the Chamber of Deputies for the first time since its formation. The parliamentary party sits in opposition to the ruling cabinet, and party leader Ivan Bartoš serves as the chairman of the Committee on Public Administration and Regional Development.[14] The party is represented by three Members of the Senate of the Czech Republic, it formed a governing coalition in the Prague City Assembly and Zdeněk Hřib is the current Mayor of Prague.

The party's program focuses on political transparency[15] and accountability, anti-corruption, e-government, public participation in democratic decision making, supporting small business, funding of local development, tax avoidance prevention and safeguarding of civil liberties. The party has also introduced proposals for policies and reforms for taxation, education, science, healthcare, environment, culture, industry and trade, agriculture, justice system and foreign relations.[16]

History

Formation and early years

The Czech Pirate Party was founded as a student-driven grassroots movement campaigning for political transparency, civil rights and participatory democracy.[17] The party was originally inspired by the Swedish Pirate Party,[18] which like most other Pirate parties was a single-issue party focusing on Internet freedom.[4] However, the Czech Pirate Party has developed a broad political platform grounded in social liberalism and left-libertarianism.[4]

On 27 May 2009 an application was submitted to the Ministry of the Interior for registration of the party. On 17 June, the party was registered under the code MV-39553-7/VS-2009.[19] Within the first two days of the launch of their website in April, 1,800 people had signed an online petition to register the party.[20] Czech law requires a paper petition with 1,000 signatures for registration. In the student elections, the Pirate Party received 7.7% of the vote.[21]

On 28 June 2009 the party held a constitutive forum in Průhonice, near Prague, where the board was elected and main elements of the program were declared. Kamil Horký was elected as chairman. At the end of October 2009 in Albrechtice nad Orlicí, the General Assembly (GA) met for the first time, to complete statutes and elect a new board, commission and committee. Ivan Bartoš became party chairman.

The party participated in the general election in May 2010,[22] and received 0.8% of the vote.[23]

In December 2010, the party launched its own national whistle-blowing site similar to WikiLeaks, called PirateLeaks.[24] The site was intended as a primary source for journalists, dedicated to evidence of corruption in the Czech government and public administration documents which should be publicly available according to law 106/1999 Sb. (Free Access to Information Act) but which the authorities refused to disclose without a formal request defined by the law.

Parliamentary party until present

Standing in a local senate election on 18–19 March 2011 in Kladno, they obtained 0.75% of the vote.[25] In the Czech Senate election, 2012, the Czech Pirate Party nominated three candidates; one of them was a co-nomination with two other parties. This candidate, the whistleblower Libor Michálek, was elected as Senator in the second round of voting, with the Czech Pirate Party becoming a parliamentary party for the first time.

In local elections in 2014 the party entered many local assemblies, including a clear majority in Mariánské Lázně,[26] which resulted in Vojtěch Franta being elected as the party's first mayor.[27][28] In the 2016 Senate election, the Pirates won two additional seats in the Senate with Ladislav Kos and Renata Chmelová, who were nominated by multi-party coalitions with the Pirates' support.[29]

Following the 2018 Prague municipal election, the party formed a governing coalition and Zdeněk Hřib (left) was elected Mayor of Prague.

Following the 2017 legislative election, the party became the third largest party in the Chamber of Deputies with 22 out of 200 seats and sits in opposition to the ruling cabinet.[13] Economist and auditor Lukáš Wagenknecht was elected Senator in the 2018 election, when Michálek's term ended.[30]

The Pirates ranked second in the 2018 Prague municipal election with 13 out of 65 seats and formed a governing coalition with the third and fourth-ranked parties that holds 39 out of 65 seats in the Prague City Assembly.[31] The leading Pirate candidate with 75,082 votes,[32] Zdeněk Hřib, was elected as Mayor of Prague.[33]

Positions and objectives

Political positions

In a 2016 analysis of voters' perception of political parties, the Czech Pirate Party was identified as centrist (having both right wing and left wing voters) and "liberal" (as opposed to "conservative").[34]

The party's program focuses on control of political power and government spending through transparency, accountability and anti-corruption measures, safeguarding of civil liberties including digital rights, introducing elements of participatory democracy by enabling law proposals by the public through petitions and simplification of state bureaucracy through e-government.[35]

The Czech Pirate Party is generally pro-European and pro-Eurozone, while advocating major reforms in both institutions to address the perceived democratic deficit in the European Union. The Pirates propose that the Czech Republic should participate in the mainstream of the European integration and should participate in EU decision making, but should adopt the Euro only if specific conditions are fulfilled.[36] The party also supports Czech membership of NATO, but it is critical of aggression by NATO members and argues that any engagement of NATO forces outside of the territories of its member states should take place only if supported by a United Nations resolution.[37]

The Pirates oppose the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP),[38] and support LGBT rights in the Czech Republic.[39]

The party supports a bank tax, the strengthening of the Czech National Bank's authority; measures to stop capital outflow, prevent financial speculation that lead to financial crises and financial crime; and it is against any taxpayer-funded bank bailouts.[40] The party also proposes the establishment of a lobby register and a lobbying law.[41]

2017 legislative electoral platform

The party's four main campaign policies in the run-up to the 2017 elections were:[16]

Furthermore, the Pirates announced policies on transport and logistics, finance, informatics, culture, international relations, local development, defence, labour and social issues, industry and trade, justice, interior policy and transparent governance, education and science, healthcare, agriculture and the environment.[16]

International affiliations

The party is a member of Pirate Parties International and European Pirates (PPEU). Mikuláš Peksa is a board member of PPEU,[42] and Vojtěch Pikal was previousy a co-chairman of PPI in 2013 and 2014. In April 2012, the party organised a conference of the Pirate Parties International (PPI) in Prague. More than 200 representatives of Pirate parties from 27 countries attended, including the founder of the Pirate movement, Rick Falkvinge; writer Cory Doctorow; and Swedish MEP Amelia Andersdotter.

The party is affiliated with, and signed up to the manifesto of, the pan-European political movement Democracy in Europe Movement 2025 (DieM25).[43][11][10]

Election results

Chamber of Deputies

The party participated in the elections to the Chamber of Deputies 2010, gaining 42.323 votes (0,80%) and finishing in 11th place.

Year Leader Vote Vote % Seats ± Place Notes Government?
2010 Ivan Bartoš 42,323 0.8
0 / 200
New 11th Extra-parliamentary
2013 Ivan Bartoš 132,417 2.66
0 / 200
Steady 0 9th Received state contribution Extra-parliamentary
2017 Ivan Bartoš 546,393 10.79
22 / 200
Increase 22 3rd Opposition

Senate

Economist and auditor Lukáš Wagenknecht was elected Senator in the 2018 election.
Election Candidates First round Second round Seats Total Seats Notes
Votes % Runners-up Place Votes % Place
2010 1 1,131 0.02
0 / 27
17th  
0 / 27
0 / 81
2011 1 205 0.75
0 / 1
8th  
0 / 1
0 / 81
By-election in Kladno district.
2012 3 7,947 0.81
1 / 27
15th 11,807 2.30 6th
1 / 27
1 / 81
2014 1 359 1.56
0 / 1
9th  
0 / 1
1 / 81
By-election in Zlín dstrict.
2014 4 5,454 0.53
0 / 27
19th  
0 / 27
1 / 81
2016 4 7,352 0.83
2 / 27
17th  
2 / 27
3 / 81
2018 1 2,406 10.59
0 / 1
4th  
0 / 1
3 / 81
By-election in Trutnov district.
2018 1 1,559 9.15
0 / 1
5th  
0 / 1
3 / 81
By-election in Zlín district.
2018 12 63,132 5.80
3 / 27
8th 18,048 4.31 9th
1 / 27
3 / 81

Local election

Year Vote Vote % Place Seats
2010 189,360 0.21
3 / 62,178
2014 1,321,908 1.23 10th
21 / 62,300
2018 8,410,203 7.5% 3rd
262 / 61,892

Regional election

Year Vote Vote % Seats +/- Place Notes
2012 57,805 2.19
0 / 675
New 29th
2016 44,070 Decrease 1.74 Decrease
5 / 675
Increase 5 24th Joint list with Greens

Prague municipal elections

Year Leader Vote Vote % Seats +/− Place Position
2010 32,901 0.9
0 / 65
New 10th Opposition
2014 Jakub Michálek 1,101,081 5.3
4 / 65
Increase4 7th Opposition
2018 Zdeněk Hřib 4,197,578 17.1
13 / 65
Increase8 2nd

European Parliament

Year European party Vote Vote % Seats +/-
2014 PPEU 72,514 4.78
0 / 21
New

The Board

Chairman Ivan Bartoš
Vice chairwoman Olga Richterová

Chairpersons

Order Name Period
1. Kamil Horký 2009
2. Ivan Bartoš 2009 – 2013
3. Jakub Michálek 2013
4. Ivan Bartoš 2013 – 2014
5. Jana Michailidu 2014
6. Lukáš Černohorský 2014 – 2016
5. Ivan Bartoš 2016–present

Current vice chairpersons

Position Name
1st Vice chairwoman Olga Richterová
2nd Vice chairman Radek Holomčík
3rd Vice chairman Jakub Michálek
4th Vice chairman Mikuláš Peksa

References

  1. ^ a b "Kontakt" (in Czech). Česká pirátská strana.
  2. ^ "Počty členů ve stranách: nové tváře hlásí ANO, Piráti i KSČM. ČSSD ztratila po volbách 1500 lidí". iROZHLAS (in Czech). Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  3. ^ Assured Newcomers on a Squally Sea? Czech Pirate Party Before and After Elections 2017. The European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR). Author - Daniel Šárovec. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d Pavel Maškarinec. The Czech Pirate Party in the 2010 and 2013 Parliamentary Elections and the 2014 European Parliament Elections: Spatial Analysis of Voter Support. Slovak Journal of Political Sciences, Volume 17, 2017, No. 1. Walter de Gruyter.
  5. ^ "Stanovy České pirátské strany" (in Czech). Česká pirátská strana. 7 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
  6. ^ strana, Česká pirátská. "Mezinárodní vztahy". www.pirati.cz.
  7. ^ "In the Czech Republic, almost everyone ran against the system". The Economist.
  8. ^ "Předsedou Pirátské strany byl zvolen Ivan Bartoš". Lidové Noviny. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
  9. ^ Politická mapa podle čtenářů: Úsvit a ANO neuchopitelní, o KSČM máte jasno. Mladá fronta DNES. 13 September, 2016.
  10. ^ a b "Jaká má být Evropa? Přečtěte si manifest Janise Varufakise, k němuž se přihlásili Piráti". Lidovky.cz. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  11. ^ a b "Piráti koketují s radikální levicí, přihlásili se k hnutí řeckého marxisty Varufakise". Lidovky.cz. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  12. ^ "Špičky Pirátů v síti evropských marxistů". lidovenoviny.cz. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  13. ^ a b Czech election: Billionaire Babis wins by large margin. BBC News. Published on October 22, 2017.
  14. ^ PhDr. Ivan Bartos, Ph.D. psp.cz.
  15. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2017). "Czechia". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  16. ^ a b c Pirate Party official program. (in Czech)
  17. ^ Philip Heijmans. Pirates Seek to Plant a Flag in Prague. U.S. News & World Report. September 24, 2018,
  18. ^ Poslanecký klub České pirátské strany vznikl v 8. období 22. října 2017. psp.cz.
  19. ^ Fišer, Miloslav (22 June 2009). "Česká pirátská strana má povolení ministerstva a chce do parlamentu". Novinky.cz (in Czech).
  20. ^ Votrubová, Andrea (21 April 2009). "Čeští internetoví piráti zakládají politickou stranu". iDnes.cz (in Czech).
  21. ^ "Tschechien: Jugend vereint gegen Linksparteien". Wiener Zeitung. 21 May 2010. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011.
  22. ^ "Czech Interior Ministry registers Czech Pirate Party". ČeskéNoviny.cz. Czech News Agency. 22 June 2009.
  23. ^ "Election to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic held on 28 – 29 May 2010". Czech Statistical Office. 2010-05-30. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
  24. ^ "Czech Pirate Party launches new whistleblowing site". Deutsche Welle. 2010-12-29. Archived from the original on 2011-06-29. Retrieved 2011-03-14.
  25. ^ http://wiki.pp-international.net/Main_Page PPI wiki
  26. ^ Pirates to Enter Several Local Czech Parliaments, PirateTimes, 2014-10-11
  27. ^ První starosta z Pirátů: Chceme Mariánské Lázně omladit [The first Pirate mayor: We want to rejuvenate Marianske Lazne], Ceskatelevize, 2014-11-12
  28. ^ Mayor of Mariánské Lázně, City of Mariánské Lázně, 2014-11-13
  29. ^ Výsledky voleb v České republice Senátní volby 2016 (konečné výsledky). Mladá fronta DNES.
  30. ^ "Ivan Štern: Wagenknecht vyhrál senátní volby" (in Czech). Czech Radio. 2018-10-13. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  31. ^ Nová pražská koalice plánuje personální změny v městských firmách. Skoncujeme se systémem politických trafik, slibují piráti (in Czech). Hospodářské noviny. 26. 10. 2018.
  32. ^ Volby do zastupitelstev obcí 05.10. - 06.10.2018
  33. ^ Primátorem Prahy bude Pirát Hřib. Další koaliční lídři jsou mimo radu (in Czech). Mladá fronta DNES. 25 October 2018.
  34. ^ Politická mapa podle čtenářů: Úsvit a ANO neuchopitelní, o KSČM máte jasno. Mladá fronta DNES. 13 September, 2016.
  35. ^ Piráti představili program. Do voleb jdou se sloganem ‚Všichni nekradou‘. Lidové noviny. Published on September 7, 2017.
  36. ^ Euro 2024 – Roadmapa
  37. ^ Stanovisko Pirátů ke kolektivní obraně v rámci EU a NATO (Czech).
  38. ^ ČTK, iDNES.cz. Desítky tisíc Němců vyšly do ulic. Odmítají smlouvy EU s Kanadou a USA. Mladá fronta DNES. Published on 17 September 2017.
  39. ^ Petra Dvořáková. Piráti milují. Pirátské vlajky tradičně na Prague Pride. piratskelisty.cz. Published on 17 August 2016.
  40. ^ Banky, které se postarají samy o sebe. pirati.cz.
  41. ^ Karolína Sadílková. Piráti: Zákon o lobbingu a registr lobbistů zpřehlední legislativní proces a zabrání plýtvání (Czech). 20.02.2018.
  42. ^ "European Pirate Party - Board". Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  43. ^ "Připojení se k manifestu DiEM25 - Pirati.CZ". Pirati.CZ (in Czech). Retrieved 12 November 2017.

External links

  • Official website
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