Cypriot First Division

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Cypriot First Division
Cyta Championship Logo.png
Founded 1934; 83 years ago (1934)
Country Cyprus
Confederation UEFA
Number of teams 14
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to Cypriot Second Division
Domestic cup(s) Cypriot Cup
Cypriot Super Cup
International cup(s) UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current champions APOEL (26th title)
(2016–17)
Most championships APOEL
(26 titles)
TV partners CytaVision
PrimeTel
Website CFA
2017–18 Cypriot First Division

The Cypriot First Division (Greek: Πρωτάθλημα Α΄ Κατηγορίας) is the top tier football league competition in Cyprus, run by the Cyprus Football Association. Since February 2016, it is sponsored by Cyta and thus officially known as Cyta Championship.[1] The league is contested by 14 teams and runs from August to May, with the three lowest-placed teams relegated to the Cypriot Second Division and replaced by the top three teams in that division.

History

Football was introduced to Cyprus early in the 20th century by the British. Initially played in the island's schools, it proved hugely popular and a number of clubs were duly formed.

Since 1911, when Anorthosis Famagusta FC was founded, many clubs were established and in 1932 the Cypriot Championship began annually at first unofficially. Every season, the championship was organized by a different football club which caused some conflicts between some of the teams.

As football became more established, the clubs were united in agreeing that an official body was needed to regulate the sport. And in September 1934, the Cyprus Football Association (CFA) was formed and the Cypriot Championship and Cup began to take place annually.[2] The first Champions of Cyprus were Trust in 1935 but the club folded three years later. The 1930s were dominated by APOEL, who won five championship in a row until 1940. Like other Championships in the World, the Cypriot Championship was interrupted, due to World War II from 1941 until 1945.[citation needed]

The Cypriot Championship unification, lasted for only two seasons. In 1955, Çetinkaya Türk S.K., who had been the only Turkish Cypriot team playing in the Cypriot First Division since 1934–35, withdrew from the Championship and with other Turkish Cypriot teams, established the Cyprus Turkish Football Federation, with its own competitions. The reason behind this was political, as the Turkish Cypriot leadership were supporting the partition of the island. However, this Federation was never recognized and no team of that federation could play in international competitions.

The independence of Cyprus in 1960, was followed by full membership for the Cyprus Football Association to UEFA in 1962. From 1963, the champions of the Cyprus, could compete in the European Champions Cup and the Cup winners in the European Cup Winners Cup. Since 1971, the runners up in the Greek Cypriot First Division can compete in the UEFA Cup. From 1967 until 1974, the Greek Cypriot Champions were promoted to the Greek First National Division. Greek Cypriot teams were relegated every season from the Alpha Ethniki, apart from 1974, when APOEL managed to remain in the Greek Championship which meant that Cyprus would have two teams in Alpha Ethniki. However, due to the Turkish invasion of Cyprus that year, APOEL and Omonia (the champion of Cyprus for 1974) withdrew from the League.

The Greek Cypriot championship was abandoned in the 1963–64 season due to the bicommunal conflicts between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots.

Omonia dominated the Greek Cypriot Championship in the 1970s and 1980s, winning 12 championship in 13 seasons. In 1976, Omonia player Sotiris Kaiafas was the top scorer not only in Cyprus but also in Europe with 39 goals winning the European Golden Boot. Anorthosis Famagusta dominated Cyprus football between 1995 and 2000, losing the championship during those years only once in 1996.

The last ten years (2006–present), APOEL had been the most successful club by winning eight championship titles in total.

Format

Current format

At present, 14 clubs compete in the league. Each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, which makes a total of 26 games for each club. The last two teams (of the first round) are relegated directly to the Second Division. Since 2007–08 season the league has a second round play-off system. In the second round the first 12 (out of 14) teams are separated into two groups of six teams according to their position at the end of the first round. The points from the first round are carried to the second round and the teams play each other twice (10 more matches). At the end of the second round, the bottom team of the relegation group is relegated to the Second Division.

Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. The rule for three points for a win has been applied since 1992, before then two points were awarded for a win. Teams are ranked by total points, the matches between the teams, then goal difference and then goals scored. If teams are still equal they are deemed to occupy the same position. If the champions, teams for relegation or qualification for other competitions thus cannot be decided, a series of play-off match(es) are played between the affected teams, although this has yet to occur. Since the establishment of the league and until 2005–06, goal difference had the biggest ranking after total points. At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned as champions. The three lowest placed teams are relegated into the Cypriot Second Division and the top three teams from the 2nd Division promoted in their place.

The league champions are entitled to entrance in the UEFA Champions League in the second qualifying round. The winner of the Cypriot Cup automatically enters the UEFA Europa League third round. The runner-up and third placed team in the league enters the UEFA Europa League on the first qualifying round. If the cup winners are also league champions, then the fourth placed team of the league are granted a UEFA Europa League berth.

Previous formats

From 2007–08 until 2012–13 season, in the second round the first 12 (out of 14) teams were separated into three groups of four teams according to their position at the end of the first round. For the 2013–14 season, in the second round the first 12 (out of 14) teams were separated into two groups of six teams according to their position at the end of the first round. The last two teams of the first round were relegated directly to the B1 Division and the bottom two teams of the relegation group also. The points from the first round were carried to the second round and the teams played each other twice.

In the 2014–15 season, only 12 clubs competed in the league. Each club played the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, which made a total of 22 games for each club. In the second round the 12 teams were separated into two groups of six teams according to their position at the end of the first round. The points from the first round were carried to the second round and the teams played each other twice (10 more matches). At the end of the second round, the bottom team of the relegation group was relegated to the Second Division.

Points system

The points system of the Cypriot First Division changed three times during the years:

  1. From 1934–35 until 1959–60 season, teams were awarded two points for a win, one point for a draw and zero points for a defeat.[3]
  2. From 1960–61 until 1969–70 season, teams were awarded three points for a win, two points for a draw and one point for a defeat.[3]
  3. From 1970–71 until 1990–91 season, teams were awarded two points for a win, one point for a draw and zero points for a defeat.[4]
  4. Since 1991–92 season (until present time), teams are awarded three points for a win, one point for a draw and zero points for a defeat.[5]

2016–17 Clubs

Club Location 2015–16 season
AEK Larnaca Larnaca 2nd
AEL Limassol Limassol 7th
AEZ Zakakiou Zakaki 2D, 2nd
Anagennisi Deryneia Deryneia 2D, 3rd
Anorthosis Larnaca 5th
APOEL Nicosia 1st
Apollon Limassol Limassol 3rd
Aris Limassol Limassol 10th
Doxa Katokopias Katokopia 9th
Ermis Aradippou Larnaca 8th
Ethnikos Achna Achna 11th
Karmiotissa Pano Polemidia 2D, 1st
Nea Salamina Larnaca 6th
Omonia Nicosia 4th

Champions

Season Winners[6][7]
(number of titles)
Runners-up
1934–35 Trust (1) Çetinkaya Türk
1935–36 APOEL (1) Trust
1936–37 APOEL (2) Trust
1937–38 APOEL (3) Trust
1938–39 APOEL (4) EPA Larnaca
1939–40 APOEL (5) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1940–41 AEL Limassol (1) APOEL
1941–44
Suspended due to World War II
1944–45 EPA Larnaca (1) APOEL
1945–46 EPA Larnaca (2) APOEL
1946–47 APOEL (6) EPA Larnaca
1947–48 APOEL (7) AEL Limassol
1948–49 APOEL (8) Anorthosis Famagusta
1949–50 Anorthosis Famagusta (1) EPA Larnaca
1950–51 Çetinkaya Türk (1) APOEL
1951–52 APOEL (9) EPA Larnaca
1952–53 AEL Limassol (2) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1953–54 Pezoporikos Larnaca (1) APOEL
1954–55 AEL Limassol (3) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1955–56 AEL Limassol (4) APOEL
1956–57 Anorthosis Famagusta (2) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1957–58 Anorthosis Famagusta (3) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1958–59
Not Held
1959–60 Anorthosis Famagusta (4) Omonia
1960–61 Omonia (1) Anorthosis Famagusta
1961–62 Anorthosis Famagusta (5) Omonia
1962–63 Anorthosis Famagusta (6) APOEL
1963–64
Championship Abandoned
1964–65 APOEL (10) Olympiakos Nicosia
1965–66 Omonia (2) Olympiakos Nicosia
1966–67 Olympiakos Nicosia (1) APOEL
1967–68 AEL Limassol (5) Omonia
1968–69 Olympiakos Nicosia (2) Omonia
1969–70 EPA Larnaca (3) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1970–71 Olympiakos Nicosia (3) Digenis Morphou
1971–72 Omonia (3) EPA Larnaca
1972–73 APOEL (11) Olympiakos Nicosia
1973–74 Omonia (4) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1974–75 Omonia (5) Enosis Neon Paralimni
1975–76 Omonia (6) APOEL
1976–77 Omonia (7) APOEL
1977–78 Omonia (8) APOEL
1978–79 Omonia (9) APOEL
1979–80 APOEL (12) Omonia
1980–81 Omonia (10) APOEL
1981–82 Omonia (11) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1982–83 Omonia (12) Anorthosis Famagusta
1983–84 Omonia (13) Apollon Limassol
1984–85 Omonia (14) APOEL
1985–86 APOEL (13) Omonia
1986–87 Omonia (15) APOEL
1987–88 Pezoporikos Larnaca (2) APOEL
1988–89 Omonia (16) Apollon Limassol
1989–90 APOEL (14) Omonia
1990–91 Apollon Limassol (1) Anorthosis Famagusta
1991–92 APOEL (15) Anorthosis Famagusta
1992–93 Omonia (17) Apollon Limassol
1993–94 Apollon Limassol (2) Anorthosis Famagusta
1994–95 Anorthosis Famagusta (7) Omonia
1995–96 APOEL (16) Anorthosis Famagusta
1996–97 Anorthosis Famagusta (8) Apollon Limassol
1997–98 Anorthosis Famagusta (9) Omonia
1998–99 Anorthosis Famagusta (10) Omonia
1999-00 Anorthosis Famagusta (11) Omonia
2000–01 Omonia (18) Olympiakos Nicosia
2001–02 APOEL (17) Anorthosis Famagusta
2002–03 Omonia (19) Anorthosis Famagusta
2003–04 APOEL (18) Omonia
2004–05 Anorthosis Famagusta (12) APOEL
2005–06 Apollon Limassol (3) Omonia
2006–07 APOEL (19) Omonia
2007–08 Anorthosis Famagusta (13) APOEL
2008–09 APOEL (20) Omonia
2009–10 Omonia (20) APOEL
2010–11 APOEL (21) Omonia
2011–12 AEL Limassol (6) APOEL
2012–13 APOEL (22) Anorthosis Famagusta
2013–14 APOEL (23) AEL Limassol
2014–15 APOEL (24) AEK Larnaca
2015–16 APOEL (25) AEK Larnaca
2016–17 APOEL (26) AEK Larnaca

Performances

Performance by club

Club Winners Runners-up Winning seasons
APOEL 26 20 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1952, 1965, 1973, 1980, 1986, 1990, 1992, 1996, 2002, 2004, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
Omonia 20 16 1961, 1966, 1972, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1989, 1993, 2001, 2003, 2010
Anorthosis 13 10 1950, 1957, 1958, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2008
AEL Limassol 6 2 1941, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1968, 2012
EPA Larnaca 3 5 1945, 1946, 1970
Olympiakos Nicosia 3 4 1967, 1969, 1971
Apollon Limassol 3 4 1991, 1994, 2006
Pezoporikos Larnaca 2 8 1954, 1988
Trust 1 3 1935
Çetinkaya Türk 1 1 1951
AEK Larnaca 3
Digenis Morphou 1
Enosis Neon Paralimni 1

Participations per club

So far, 42 different teams participated in the Cypriot First Division. Neither team has participated in all leagues (79 in total, including the period 2017–18) for various reasons (participation in the Greek league, relegation at the Second Division, teams dissolution and merge or leaving Cyprus Football Association).

The participations per club table indicates the total number of seasons each club participated in the Cypriot First Division:[8]

Team Participations
AEL Limassol 77
APOEL 77
Anorthosis Famagusta 72
Olympiakos Nicosia 67
Omonia 62
Apollon Limassol 59
Nea Salamina 56
Aris Limassol 53
EPA Larnaca 50
Pezoporikos Larnaca 49
Enosis Neon Paralimni 46
Team Participations
Alki Larnaca 43
Ethnikos Achna 31
AEK Larnaca 23
APOP Paphos 19
Evagoras Paphos 18
Çetinkaya Türk 18
Digenis Akritas Morphou 15
Doxa Katokopias 14
Omonia Aradippou 13
Ermis Aradippou 12
AYMA 11
Team Participations
AEP Paphos 10
ASIL Lysi 8
Anagennisi Deryneia 7
APEP 7
APOP Kinyras 5
Keravnos 4
Orfeas Nicosia 4
Trust 4
Ayia Napa 4
Ethnikos Assia 3
Team Participations
Chalkanoras Idaliou 2
Pafos FC 2
AEK Kouklia 1
Atromitos Yeroskipou 1
THOI Lakatamia 1
Onisilos Sotira 1
Othellos Athienou 1
AEZ Zakakiou 1
Karmiotissa 1
Alki Oroklini 1

League or status at 2017–18:

2017–18 Cypriot First Division
2017–18 Cypriot Second Division
2017–18 Cypriot Third Division
Amateur Leagues
No longer affiliated with CFA
Clubs that no longer exist

All-time Cypriot First Division table (1934–35 until 2016–17)

The All-time Cypriot First Division table is a ranking of all Cypriot football clubs based on their performance in the Cypriot First Division.[9] The points are the sum of the points of all seasons, despite the point system of the season. The 1963–64 Cypriot First Division season is not included because the championship was abandoned.

Rank Club Ssn Points GP W D. L. GF. GA. GD.
1 APOEL FC 76 3141 1749 1045 377 327 3767 1752 2015
2 AC Omonia 61 2974 1592 991 326 275 3478 1492 1985
3 Anorthosis Famagusta FC 71 2841 1741 877 435 429 3165 2015 1151
4 Apollon Limassol 58 2386 1553 697 408 448 2601 1920 681
5 AEL Limassol 76 2377 1755 723 433 599 2875 2448 427
6 Nea Salamis Famagusta FC 55 1742 1431 476 375 580 1973 2169 -196
7 Olympiakos Nicosia 66 1664 1465 491 351 623 2209 2694 -485
8 Enosis Neon Paralimni FC 46 1459 1253 426 365 462 1663 1699 -36
9 Pezoporikos Larnaca FC 49 1432 1062 444 318 300 1719 1326 393
10 Aris Limassol FC 52 1271 1285 326 317 642 1649 2599 -949
11 EPA Larnaca FC 50 1222 1052 362 277 413 1570 1641 -71
12 Alki Larnaca FC 43 1202 1128 309 284 535 1400 1986 -586
13 Ethnikos Achna FC 30 1070 869 295 214 360 1182 1306 -124
14 AEK Larnaca FC 22 971 639 275 146 218 1026 837 189
15 APOP Paphos FC 19 406 502 105 126 271 501 1007 -506
16 Doxa Katokopias FC 13 373 398 94 91 213 449 785 -336
17 Evagoras Paphos 18 371 480 90 136 254 431 906 -475
18 Digenis Akritas Morphou FC 15 339 396 94 110 192 397 690 -293
19 AEP Paphos FC 10 315 278 81 72 125 376 478 -102
20 Ermis Aradippou FC 11 307 338 80 71 187 352 703 -351
21 Omonia Aradippou 13 232 357 64 92 201 315 686 -371
22 Çetinkaya Türk S.K. 18 189 209 77 35 97 393 503 -110
23 ASIL Lysi 8 180 198 37 40 121 169 430 -261
24 APOP Kinyras FC 5 161 148 44 29 75 201 275 -74
25 Orfeas Nicosia 4 134 90 24 16 50 110 180 -70
26 Anagennisi Deryneia FC 7 123 186 31 35 120 163 409 -247
27 AYMA 11 121 176 23 27 126 256 593 -337
28 APEP FC 7 101 192 25 34 133 158 460 -302
29 Keravnos Strovolou FC 4 84 108 28 28 52 111 167 -56
30 Enosis Neon Trust 4 68 44 30 8 6 129 54 75
31 Ayia Napa FC 4 64 110 12 28 70 90 218 -128
32 Ethnikos Assia FC 3 60 78 17 9 52 102 184 -82
33 Chalkanoras Idaliou 2 43 60 16 11 33 59 116 -57
34 Karmiotissa FC 1 37 36 10 7 19 47 71 -24
35 Pafos FC 1 36 36 8 12 16 41 58 -17
36 Othellos Athienou FC 1 25 32 5 10 17 26 42 -16
37 AEK Kouklia FC 1 23 36 6 5 25 34 94 -60
38 Onisilos Sotira 1 13 26 3 4 19 22 63 -41
39 AEZ Zakakiou 1 11 26 1 8 17 20 63 -43
40 Atromitos Yeroskipou 1 7 26 1 4 21 19 69 -50
41 Enosis Neon THOI Lakatamia 1 7 26 1 4 21 15 75 -60
Total 29582 23166 8744 5678 8744 35263 35263 0

See also

References

  1. ^ "Πρωτάθλημα Cyta" μέχρι το 2019 (συμφωνία ΚΟΠ – Cyta) ["Cyta Championship until 2019] (in Greek). cfa.com.cy. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  2. ^ HISTORY OF CFA. CFA. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Γαβριηλίδης & Παπαμωυσέως 2001, p. 71
  4. ^ Γαβριηλίδης & Παπαμωυσέως 2001, p. 88
  5. ^ Γαβριηλίδης & Παπαμωυσέως 2001, p. 130
  6. ^ "Cyprus - List of Champions". RSSSF. 23 June 2016. Retrieved 24 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "Πρωταθλήτριες Ομάδες". CFA. Retrieved 24 June 2016. 
  8. ^ "Cyprus - Participations per club at Cypriot First Division". RSSSF. 2017-06-22. Retrieved 2017-08-08. 
  9. ^ "Cyprus - All-Time Table". RSSSF. 2016-06-22. Retrieved 2017-08-08. 

External links

  • Champions
  • Top Scorers per season
  • Cyprus - List of Champions, RSSSF.com
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