Crown Colony of North Borneo

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Crown Colony of North Borneo
British colony
1946–1963
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Anthem
God Save the King (1946–1952)
God Save the Queen (1952–1963)
Capital Jesselton
Languages English, Kadazan Dusun, Bajau, Murut, Sabah Malay, Chinese etc.
Government Crown colony
Monarch George IV
Elizabeth II
Governor
 •  1946–1949 Edward Twining
 •  1959–1963 William Goode
Historical era New Imperialism
 •  North Borneo ceded to the Crown Colony 15 July 1946[1]
 •  Seven Turtle Islands (including Cagayan de Sulu and Mangsee Islands) ceded to the Philippine government 16 October 1947
 •  Self-government 31 August 1963[2][3]
 •  Malaysia Agreement 16 September 1963
Currency North Borneo dollar, later Malaya and British Borneo dollar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
British Military Administration (Borneo)
North Borneo
Crown Colony of Labuan
Sabah
MIMAROPA
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
Today part of  Malaysia
 Philippines

The Crown Colony of North Borneo was a British Crown colony on the island of Borneo established in 1946 shortly after the dissolution of the British Military Administration.[4] The Crown Colony of Labuan joined the new Crown Colony during its formation. It was succeeded as the state of Sabah through the formation of the Federation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963.

Cession of remaining islands

On 16 October 1947, seven of the British-controlled islands in north-eastern Borneo named Turtle Islands together with Cagayan de Sulu and Mangsee Islands were ceded to the Philippine government under a past treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the United States.[5][6] The islands now formed a part of the MIMAROPA and Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

Governor

Children of North Borneo filmed by Australian government representative a year after the war in 1946.

The Governor of the Crown Colony of North Borneo (Malay: Tuan Yang Terutama Gabenor Koloni Mahkota British Borneo Utara) is the position created by the British Government upon the cession of North Borneo from the North Borneo Chartered Company. The appointment was made by King George VI, and later Queen Elizabeth II until the self-government of North Borneo on 31 August 1963 and the forming of the Federation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963.[7] After the formation of Malaysia, the title was changed to 'Tuan Yang Terutama Yang di-Pertua Negeri Sabah', which also means 'His Excellency The Governor of Sabah', or 'His Excellency The Head of State of Sabah' and the appointment was later made by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong or King of Malaysia.

List of Governors of the Crown Colony of North Borneo

Governor of British Crown Colony of North Borneo
Flag of the Governor of the Crown Colony of North Borneo (1946–1963).svg
Style His Excellency
Appointer King George VI
succeeded in 1952 by Queen Elizabeth II
Inaugural holder Edward Francis Twining
Formation 1946–1963
Final holder William Goode
Abolished 16 September 1963 (Formed the Federation of Malaysia)[7]
Name From To
Edward Francis Twining 1946 1949
Herbert Ralph Hone 1950 1954
Roland Evelyn Turnbull 1954 1959
William Allmond Codrington Goode 1959 1963

References

  1. ^ Anthony Kirk-Greene (12 June 1999). On Crown Service: A History of HM Colonial and Overseas Civil Services, 1837-1997. I.B.Tauris. pp. 183–. ISBN 978-1-86064-260-9. 
  2. ^ "The National Archives DO 169/254 (Constitutional issues in respect of North Borneo and Sarawak on joining the federation)". The National Archives. 1961–1963. Retrieved 23 April 2015. 
  3. ^ Philip Mathews (28 February 2014). Chronicle of Malaysia: Fifty Years of Headline News, 1963-2013. Editions Didier Millet. pp. 15–. ISBN 978-967-10617-4-9. 
  4. ^ "British North Borneo Becomes Crown Colony". Trove. 18 July 1946. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  5. ^ Charles P. Williamson (30 July 1929). "Treaty over Turtle Islands". The Telegraph. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  6. ^ Peter C. Richards (6 December 1947). "New Flag Over Pacific Paradise". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 22 October 2015. 
  7. ^ a b Frans Welman. Borneo Trilogy Volume 1: Sabah. Booksmango. pp. 159–. ISBN 978-616-245-078-5. 

Further reading

  • British North Borneo Becomes Crown Colony
  • History (archive) Sabah State Archives – Chief Minister's Department

External links

  • Colonial administration records (migrated archive): North Borneo (Sabah/Malaysia) at The National Archives (Pg. 61)
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