Crowes railway line

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Crowes railway
Overview
Type Vic
Status Abandoned
Stations 23
Operation
Opened 1902/1911
Closed 1954/1962
Technical
Line length 71 km (44 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Route map
File:Crowes railway line.jpg
Cutting and 103 mile (166 km) post on the line
Remnants of an embankment near Barongarook

The Crowes railway line was a 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) narrow gauge railway located in the Otway Ranges in south-western Victoria, Australia, running from the main line to Port Fairy at Colac to Beech Forest and later Crowes.

It was the third of four narrow gauge lines of the Victorian Railways, opening to Beech Forest in March 1902, and extended to Crowes in June 1911. Nearly 71 kilometres (44 mi) long, this was the longest of the narrow gauge lines. It was also the last to close, finally succumbing in June 1962, although the line had been truncated in 1954.

The route of the abandoned railway has been developed as the Old Beechy Rail Trail.

Operation

Both the Colac and Crowes lines entered Beech Forest yard from the same end, creating a junction. Trains had to be turned to run down the Crowes branch and a balloon loop was provided at the other end of the yard. A tennis court occupied the land within the loop. Crowes, the terminus of the line, was the most southerly railway station on the Australian mainland.

The primary traffic was sawn timber and firewood, with many sawmills located adjacent to the railway, or accessed by short tramways. Seasonally heavy potato traffic and a lime kiln added to revenue. Traffic grew to require up to 7 trains a day each way by the mid-1920s. The introduction of the G class Garratt locomotive allowed a new timetable with two trains each way between Colac and Beech Forest, and a third train each way to Gellibrand. The Crowes branch saw a single mixed train daily. The arrival of the Great Depression and competition from motor vehicles saw traffic decline to a point where only one train each way operated over the line three days a week. Increased wartime loadings saw traffic increase to two trains each way daily, however this improvement was only temporary. By the time the railway closed, the timetable listed only one train each way a week, and most of the traffic was pulpwood.

The line opened using the Staff and Ticket method of safeworking. However Train Section Orders were adopted between 1927 and 1939, after which Staff and Ticket working was resumed.

Line Guide

Crowes railway line
155.39 km
Colac
Elliminyt
Tulloh
Coram
Barongarook
Watson & Facy's Siding
Birnam
Kawarren
Hitt's Siding
Lovat
Gellibrand
Banool
Wimba
McDevitt
Dinmont
McDevitt Bros. Siding
Ditchley
Beech Forest
Buchanan
Ferguson
Weeaproinah
Pile Siding
Kincaid
Wyelangta
Petitt's Siding
Stalker
Macknott
Lavers Hill
Crowes

References

  • Norman Houghton. "Colac-Beech Forest-Crowes Railway Conservation Management Plan" (PDF). Colac–Otway Shire. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-02. 
  • "Old Beechy Rail Trail - Trail Description". www.railtrails.org.au. Retrieved 2015-05-18. 
  • Bill Russell. "Colac to Crowes Narrow Gauge Railway". Retrieved 2008-11-02. 

Further reading

  • Houghton, Norman 1992 The Beechy Light Railway Research Society of Australia, Melbourne ISBN 0-909340-29-3

Coordinates: 38°41′23″S 143°22′3″E / 38.68972°S 143.36750°E / -38.68972; 143.36750

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