Cross-phase modulation

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Cross-phase modulation (XPM) is a nonlinear optical effect where one wavelength of light can affect the phase of another wavelength of light through the optical Kerr effect. When the optical power from a wavelength impacts the refractive index, the impact of the new refractive index on another wavelength is known as XPM.

Applications of XPM

Cross-phase modulation can be used as a technique for adding information to a light stream by modifying the phase of a coherent optical beam with another beam through interactions in an appropriate non-linear medium. This technique is applied to fiber optic communications.

XPM is among the most commonly used techniques for quantum nondemolition measurements.

Other advantageous applications of XPM include:

Disadvantages of XPM

XPM in DWDM applications

In dense wavelength-division multiplexing (DWDM) applications with intensity modulation and direct detection (IM-DD), the effect of XPM is a two step process: First the signal is phase modulated by the copropagating second signal. In a second step dispersion leads to a transformation of the phase modulation into a power variation. Additionally, the dispersion results in a walk-off between the channels and thereby reduces the effect of XPM.

  • XPM leads to interchannel crosstalk in WDM systems
  • It can produce amplitude and timing jitter

See also

External links

  • Cross-phase modulation (RP Photonics, Encyclopedia of Laser Physics and Technology)
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