Croatian Venezuelans

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Croatian Venezuelans
Croata-venezolanos
Total population
5,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
Capital, Central, Zulia, Andean and Eastern Regions
Languages
Mainly Spanish
Religion
Christianity (predominantly Catholic), and others
Related ethnic groups
Other Venezuelans, Croats
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Croatian Venezuelans (Croata-venezolano, Croata venezolano) are Venezuelans of full, partial, or predominantly Croat descent, or Croat-born people residing in Venezuela.

It is estimated that 5,000 Croats live in Venezuela.

History

Croatian immigration to Venezuela dates back to the late nineteenth century, and was characterized by the individual arrival of merchant seamen. Until World War I, a few number of Croats settle in Venezuela, nevertheless it is in the period of the World War II when the Croatian families that escaped from the government of Tito begin to settle in the country. Most of these immigrants came from present-day Croatian territory, particularly from the coastal and inland areas of Dalmatia. Others came from Bosnia and Herzegovina.[2] Included are Istro-Romanians, who became adjusted to Venezuelan society because of the linguistic similarities between Istro-Romanian and Spanish, as well as Latin identity of Istro-Romanians.

Status of Croats in Venezuela

In 1949 came the initiative to create the Asociación Croata Venezolana (Croatian Association of Venezuela), entity that was transformed in 1972 in the Centro Croata Venezolano (Venezuelan Croatian Center). The Comité Croata de Venezuela (Croatian Committee of Venezuela) had been operating in Caracas since 1958. Its purpose was to support the transformation of Croatia into an independent and democratic state. The installation of the Hogar Croata (Croatian Home) in 1962 at its headquarters in Chacao was of major importance. Celebration of cultural and social events and the organization of sporting events. La Sociedad de Damas Croatas (Croatian Women Society) was established in 1968 and the Venezuela-Croatia Economic Chamber (Camara Venezolano – Croata de Industria y Comercio – Cavecro) established in 1997.[3]

The majority of the members of the Croatian community settled in Caracas and Valencia and, to a lesser extent, in other cities of the interior: Maracay, Maracaibo, Mérida and in localities of the Yaracuy state, where some joined the work in the sugar industry.[4] Also, several forest technicians arrived that later contributed to the establishment of the School of Forestry Engineering at the University of the Andes. A large percentage of the Croatians were artisans, who later became small entrepreneurs, and many were professionals, especially engineers and technicians, who had outstanding performance in Venezuela.[5][6]

Notable Croatian Venezuelans

See also

References

  1. ^ "Croatian diaspora in Venezuela". REPUBLIC OF CROATIA: State Office for Croats Abroad. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  2. ^ Banko, Catalina. "A shelter in Venezuela: the immigrants from Hungary, Croatia, Slovenia, Romania and Bulgary". Tiempo y Espacio (in Spanish). SciELO. 26 (65). ISSN 1315-9496. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  3. ^ Mille, Nicolás (1966). Veinte años de musiúes. Aspectos históricos, sociológicos y jurídicos de la inmigración europea en Venezuela 1946-1965 (in Spanish). Caracas: Ed Sucre. 
  4. ^ Arandia. "Los croatas en Venezuela y la medicina natural". Hrvatska radiotelevizija (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  5. ^ Ministerio de Agricultura y Cría (1936-1958) (1960). Memoria (in Spanish). Caracas. 
  6. ^ http://www.venmundo.com/venezolanos-en-croacia-alzan-la-voz-por-venezuela/

External links

  • CAMARA VENEZOLANO CROATA DE INDUSTRIA Y COMERCIO (CAVECRO)
  • Alas para la libertad : semblanza de grupo de inmigrantes Croatas en Venezuela
  • Od Bosanskih šuma do Venezuele: dogadjaji i ljudi u mojim sjećanjima
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