Creos Luxembourg

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Creos Luxembourg S.A.
Industry Energy
Fate 2010: Integration of Luxgaz Distribution S.A. 2011: Integration of the electricity and gas networks of the City of Luxembourg
Founded 2009
Headquarters Rue de Bouillon, 59-61 L-1248 Luxembourg
Area served
Key people
Mario Grotz (President), Marc Reiffers (CEO)
Products Electricity and natural gas
Owner 1. Encevo S.A. : 75.43%

2. City of Luxembourg : 20%
3. State of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg : 2.28%
4. 42 Luxembourg municipal authorities : 2.13%
5. Fédération des installateurs en équipements sanitaires et climatiques : 0.10%

6. Creos Luxembourg S.A. : 0.05%
Number of employees
712 (as at 31 December 2018)
Subsidiaries Creos Deutschland Holding GmbH

Creos Luxembourg S.A. owns and manages electricity networks and natural gas pipelines in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. In this capacity, the company plans, constructs and maintains high, medium and low-voltage electricity networks and high, medium and low-pressure natural gas pipelines, which it owns or which it is responsible for managing.[1]


Creos was formed as a result of a merger between Cegedel S.A. – the Grand-Ducal electricity company of Luxembourg, which was founded in 1928 and at the time distributed 70% of the country's required electricity supply, Soteg S.A. – Luxembourg's primary gas supplier, and Saar Ferngas AG – a distribution company created in 1929 in Saarland.[2] On 23 January 2009, all the shares from Cegedel S.A. and Saar Ferngas AG were transferred to Soteg S.A., which – after successfully launching a mandatory public bid for all shares not yet in its possession – underwent extensive restructuring with retrospective effect on 1 January 2009, giving rise to a new energy group. Named Enovos, it included the parent company Enovos International S.A. as well as two main subsidiaries: Creos (formerly Cegedel S.A.) in charge of network activities, and Enovos Luxembourg S.A. in charge of production, sales and marketing. Enovos and Creos each have a subsidiary to serve the German market: Enovos Deutschland and Creos Deutschland [3][4].

Over the next two years, Creos consolidated its position on the Luxembourg market. In 2010, it expanded its gas transmission network to include a distribution network and it purchased the natural gas networks from Luxgaz Distribution S.A., whereby the management of commercial activities was handed over to Enovos Luxembourg S.A.[5] On 1 January 2011, the City of Luxembourg transferred its electricity and natural gas networks as well as its teams to Creos in exchange for a shareholding stake. The publicly owned shareholding thus rose from 5.71% to 24.57%.[6][7] Besides its subsidiary in Germany, Creos also has a shareholding in the following companies: Luxmetering since 2012, Balansys and Ampacimon since 2015 and NEXXTLAB since 2018 [8].

In order to more clearly distinguish the parent company from its subsidiaries – energy provider Enovos and grid operator Creos – Enovos International was given a new visual identity in 2016 and is now called Encevo [9]. End July, private equity firm Ardian sold its stake up to 24.92 percent in Encevo to China Southern Power Grid International, the second grid operator in China and in the world [10].

Business sector

Creos Luxembourg S.A. plans, constructs and maintains the electricity and natural gas transmission and distribution networks in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Creos installs and manages the meters, processes the customer consumption data, invoices the network access charges and monitors the suppliers' movements and changes. Its subsidiary Creos Deutschland Holding GmbH, which owns 100% of the shares in the companies Creos Deutschland GmbH, Creos Deutschland Stromnetz GmbH and Creos Deutschland Services GmbH, organises the transmission of medium- and high-voltage electricity and high-pressure natural gas in Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate[11][12][13].

In Luxembourg, following the liberalisation of the energy markets, an independent organisation – the Luxembourg Institute of Regulation (ILR) – organises and supervises access to the networks. The tariffs are subject to its approval and it monitors the tolls invoiced to the users. The energy suppliers are thus guaranteed transparent access to Creos's networks.[14]


Electricity network

The majority of the electric current in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes from Germany via two double high-voltage 220,000 volt (220 kV) lines that are connected to the German network.[15] The interconnection with the Belgian electricity market has become operational with the commissioning of a phase shifting transformer (PST) at the Schifflange Centre in October 2017[16], and around 15% of the energy fed into the network is produced locally (biogas, cogeneration, wind turbines, hydroelectricity and photovoltaics)[17] The electricity is transmitted to the six transformer stations (Flebour, Roost, Itzig/Blooren, Heisdorf, Bertange and Schifflange) where the voltage is reduced from 220 to 65 kV before being distributed to industries and large municipal distribution networks. The voltage is then reduced from 65 kV to 20 kV in more than 60 transformer stations distributed across the whole country. The electric energy obtained is distributed to SMEs, towns and villages where the transformers reduce the current voltage to 0.4 kV before distributing it to the end consumer. A control centre, known as Electricity Dispatching, remotely controls and manages these high and medium-voltage networks.

The total length of the Luxembourg electricity network managed by Creos is about 10,000 kilometres, including 590 kilometres of high-voltage lines, 3,598 kilometres of medium-tension lines and 5,737 kilometres of low tension lines.

Electricity 2018
Electricity flow GWh 5,121.9
Electricity network peak MW 827.6
Length of network km 9,925.6

Natural gas network

Thanks to its entry points with Germany, Belgium and France, Luxembourg is linked to the interconnected gas networks throughout Europe. Monitored by Dispatching Gas, the high and medium-pressure pipelines carry the gas to sixty or so communes that are connected to the national gas network. Pressure-reducing stations that supply the local networks then reduce the gas pressure. Creos ensures the distribution of natural gas in 45 communes.[18][19]

Natural gas 2018
Total capacity of gas network Nm3/h 319,000
Gas network peak Nm3/h 220,028
Volume transported GWh 8,834
Length of network km 2,109.8

Since 1 October 2015, Creos and its Belgian counterpart Fluxys Belgium, in collaboration with their respective regulators ILR and CREG, have merged the two national markets into one single Belux market. This integration, the first of its kind between two European Union member states, reflects the willingness of the European Union to create a borderless European gas market[20],[21],[22],[23].

Operation centres

Creos has four regional centres, which are dedicated to building, operating, maintaining and repairing the electricity and natural gas networks.

The Roost [lb; fr] Centre manages the central and northern regions. It covers the high, medium and low-voltage electricity services and the medium and low-pressure natural gas services, the central store and both the mechanical and electrical workshops[24],.[25]

The Schifflange Centre covers the southern part of the country.

The Luxembourg City Centre covers the capital and the adjoining communes of Strassen and Hesperange. Headquarters and Luxembourg City Centre will merge in a new single location in 2020[26].

The Contern Centre manages and adjusts the meters, in particular smart meters.

Dispatching for electricity and natural gas together with the monitoring rooms for remote network control and management are installed at the Creos facility in Heisdorf. It will relocate to Bettembourg in 2020.

Smart grids, electric mobility and energy management

Creos is involved in three nationwide projects; smart grid, electro-mobility and energy management.

In accordance with the law of 7 August 2012 that transposes the European Energy Efficiency Directive into Luxembourg legislation, all the gas and electricity meters must be changed across the entire national territory, independently of the network operator. By the year 2020, Creos will thus install 300,000 smart meters that record detailed information on the consumption and production of energy throughout the entire territory of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, including 250,000 electricity meters and 50,000 gas meters. The installation of these new electricity and gas meters – called Smarty – in Luxembourg homes will enable the creation of networks with built-in real intelligence: smart grids. These smart grids are capable of monitoring decentralised electricity production (similarly to wind turbines and photovoltaic panels), directing the variations of the feeds into the distribution networks with greater precision and managing the isolated demand peaks linked with the charging of electric vehicles more effectively. The law from 7 August 2012 also stipulates that the metering system must be able to receive other vectors such as water and heating[27],[28][29],[30],[31],.[32]

Creos is working towards the national electric vehicle objective that consists of installing 800 public charging stations for electric cars and hybrid plug-in cars across the country by 2020. Each charging station will incorporate two charging points, and the network – known as Chargy – will include 1,600 parking bays dedicated to electric vehicles. Creos will be responsible for the deployment, operation and maintenance of the public charging infrastructure on its distribution network, representing a total of 749 stations out of the 800 that are to be installed by 2020.[33]

Creos is also preparing the Third Industrial Revolution of the country[34]. This convergence of IT, renewable energy and means of transport will have an impact on how the power grids are managed. To anticipate this evolution, the grid operator joined forces with Powerdale S.A. to create NEXXTLAB, an entity that aims to develop innovative solutions[buzzword] in the field of energy management in coordination with the widespread introduction of electro-mobility[35].

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Creos Luxembourg S.A.: Private Company Information - Bloomberg". Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  2. ^ "Cegedel S.A. - Le profil de Cegedel - Présentation". (in French). 2007-08-07. Archived from the original on 2007-08-07. Retrieved 2017-02-24. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  3. ^ "Annual Report 2009 - Creos Luxembourg S.A." (PDF).
  4. ^ " in Stroossen - CREOS Luxembourg S.A." (in French). Archived from the original on 2017-02-25. Retrieved 2017-02-24. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  5. ^ "Letzebuerger Gemengen Enovos poursuit sur la lignée de Luxgaz". (in French). Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  6. ^ "Letzebuerger Gemengen Leo intègre le groupe Enovos". (in French). Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  7. ^ Fossil Fuel Country Note - Luxembourg. OECD. September 2016.
  8. ^ "NEXXTLAB – the energy to do it". Retrieved 2018-03-30.
  9. ^ " - Enovos International Rebrands to become Encevo". Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  10. ^>
  11. ^ Wollschläger, Joachim. "Creos setzt auf Synergien". Saarbrücker Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 2018-03-29.
  12. ^ Wollschläger, Joachim. "Creos kauft Steag-Stromnetz im Saarland". Saarbrücker Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 2018-03-29.
  13. ^ "Steag steigt aus Stromnetzgeschäft aus: ZfK Zeitung für kommunale Wirtschaft". (in German). Retrieved 2018-03-29.
  14. ^ Institut Luxembourgeois de Régulation. Les acteurs du marché – Fournisseur, gestionnaire de réseau… Qui fait quoi ? ».
  15. ^ Labro, Thierry (10 November 2016). "Le courant français ne manquera pas". Luxemburger Wort.
  16. ^ Creos Luxembourg, Creos Luxembourg. "IC BeDeLux - Technical Go live of the Phase Shifter Transformer is foreseen 11 October 2017". Retrieved 2018-03-29.
  17. ^ Schmit, Laurent (2016). "Gut vernetzt". Luxemburger Wort.
  18. ^ s.a., magic moving pixel. "Gaz naturel au Luxembourg". (in French). Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  19. ^ Creos. "Réseaux d'électricité et de gaz naturel" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016.
  20. ^ "Creos and Fluxys Integrating Belgium-Luxembourg Gas Market". LNG World News. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  21. ^ "Belgium, Luxembourg announce first link of gas markets". Reuters. 2016-10-01. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  22. ^ Graham, Sarah. " - Be-Lux Common Gas Trade Area First European Integration Project for the Gas Sector". Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  23. ^ "Creos Luxembourg and Fluxys Belgium heading for an integrated Belgium-Luxembourg gas market". Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  24. ^ "Inauguration du Centre régional et ateliers Creos de Roost - ARCHIDUC - Magazine d'Architecture (Luxembourg)". Archiduc (in French). 2014-11-10. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  25. ^ S.A., Creos Luxembourg. "Centres d'exploitation - Creos Luxembourg S.A. – Gestionnaire de réseaux d'électricité et de conduites de gaz naturel". (in French). Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  26. ^ "Nouveau siège pour Creos à Luxembourg - ARCHIDUC - Magazine d'Architecture (Luxembourg)". Archiduc (in French). 2018-02-21. Retrieved 2018-03-30.
  27. ^ Broman, David (2016). "Le compteur nouveau arrive". Le Jeudi (in French).
  28. ^ Graham, Sarah. " - Smart Meter Replacement and Installation Requirements to Come into Effect on Friday". Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  29. ^ "Smart grid Creos | JRC Smart Electricity Systems and Interoperability". Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  30. ^ Cuellar, Jorge (2014). Smart Grid Security: Second International Workshop. Springer.
  31. ^ " - First Electric Vehicle Recharging Stations Inaugurated". Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  32. ^ "Electromobility: deployment of the national infrastructure of 800 public charging stations by 2020". Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  33. ^ "400 bornes dans les P+R, 400 autres sur la voirie". Paperjam News. 2015-11-09. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  34. ^ "THE THIRD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION IN LUXEMBOURG". IMS Luxembourg. Retrieved 2019-06-14.
  35. ^
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