Coyote Creek (Marin County)

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Coyote Creek
stream
Country United States
State California
Region Marin County
Source
 - location Coyote Ridge
 - elevation 700 ft (213 m)
 - coordinates 37°52′06″N 122°32′52″W / 37.86833°N 122.54778°W / 37.86833; -122.54778 [1]
Mouth Richardson's Bay
 - location Tam Valley, California
 - elevation 0 ft (0 m) [1]
 - coordinates 37°52′59″N 122°31′08″W / 37.88306°N 122.51889°W / 37.88306; -122.51889Coordinates: 37°52′59″N 122°31′08″W / 37.88306°N 122.51889°W / 37.88306; -122.51889 [1]

Coyote Creek is a stream in the Richardson Bay watershed, draining Tamalpais-Homestead Valley, California (Tam Valley) eastward into Richardson Bay, Marin County, California, United States. The stream originates on Coyote Ridge and flows 2.5 miles to the Bay at the south end of Bothin Marsh.[1][2]

History

Coyote Creek running through Tam Valley

The Richardson Bay watershed is located on the aboriginal lands of the Coast Miwok. Spanish colonization began in neighboring Sausalito, California in 1775, when Juan de Ayala sailed the first ship (the San Carlos) into San Francisco Bay. These explorers named the area Saucelito (“little willows”) after the vegetation spotted from shipboard. When the Mission San Rafael Arcángel, established in 1817, was secularized by the Mexican government in 1834, the mission lands were granted to prominent Californios as ranchos. The Rancho Corte Madera del Presidio (literally, “place where wood is cut for the Presidio”) included a sawmill for processing redwood trees, cattle and horse ranches, a brickyard, and a stone quarry. Sausalito became an important ferry port, connecting Marin to San Francisco. The railroad brought supplies from the north to be shipped across San Francisco Bay.[3]

Habitat and Ecology

Historically, Coyote Creek hosted California golden beaver (Castor canadensis subauratus) whose beaver dams likely played a role in removing sediment and improving over-summering habitat for steelhead and salmon smolt.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Coyote Creek
  2. ^ Durham, David L. (1998). Durham's Place Names of California's San Francisco Bay Area: Includes Marin, San Francisco, San Mateo, Contra Costa, Alameda, Solano & Santa Clara counties. Word Dancer Press, Sanger, California. p. 620. ISBN 1-884995-14-4. Retrieved Jan 13, 2010. 
  3. ^ Marin County Department of Public Works. "Richardson Bay Watershed". Retrieved Jan 13, 2010. 
  4. ^ Skinner, John E. (1962). An Historical Review of the Fish and Wildlife Resources of the San Francisco Bay Area (The Mammalian Resources). California Department of Fish and Game, Water Projects Branch Report no. 1. Sacramento, California: California Department of Fish and Game. Retrieved 2010-11-13. 

External links

  • U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Coyote Creek - Geographic Names Information System
  • Richardson Bay Watershed Map
  • Guide to San Francisco Bay Area Creeks
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