Coron, Palawan

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Coron
Municipality
Coron Town.jpg
Map of Palawan with Coron highlighted
Map of Palawan with Coron highlighted
Coron is located in Philippines
Coron
Coron
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°00′N 120°12′E / 12°N 120.2°E / 12; 120.2Coordinates: 12°00′N 120°12′E / 12°N 120.2°E / 12; 120.2
Country Philippines
Region MIMAROPA (Region IV-B)
Province Palawan
District 1st district
Founded 1902
Barangays 23
Government
 • Mayor Clara E. Reyes (LP)
 • Vice Mayor Jim Gerald L. Pe (LP)
Area[1]
 • Total 689.10 km2 (266.06 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[2]
 • Total 51,803
 • Density 75/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 5316
IDD:area code +63 (0)48

Coron is a first class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines, comprising the eastern half of Busuanga Island, all of Coron Island and about 50 other minor islets stretching as far as Tara Island in the north-east and Canipo Island in the south.[3] All these islands are part of the Calamian Archipelago in Northern Palawan that separates the South China Sea from the Sulu Sea. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 51,803 people.[2]

The main population center of the municipality is composed of Poblacion Barangays 1 to 6, where the Municipal Building, the Municipal Legislative Building, and the Judicial Hall of the Municipal Circuit Trial Court are located. Its fiesta is held annually on August 28 in honor of Saint Augustine. It is the commercial capital of the Calamian Islands.

The municipality is home to the Coron Natural Biotic Area, which is listed in the natural category of the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List. In 2017, Secretary Wanda Teo of the Department of Tourism announced her support for the Nickelodeon Theme Park to be established in Coron, effectively endangering Coron's inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List and, overall, its environs.

Barangays

Coron is politically subdivided into 23 barangays.

  • Banuang Daan
  • Bintuan
  • Borac
  • Buenavista
  • Bulalacao
  • Cabugao
  • Decabobo
  • Decalachao
  • Guadalupe (also called Binalabag)
  • Lajala
  • Malawig
  • Marcilla
  • Barangay I (Pob.)
  • Barangay II (Pob.)
  • Barangay III (Pob.)
  • Barangay IV (Pob.)
  • Barangay V (Pob.)
  • Barangay VI (Pob.)
  • San Jose
  • San Nicolas
  • Tagumpay
  • Tara
  • Turda

History

The Calamianes Islands were originally inhabited by the Tagbanuas, Calmiananen and Cuyonon tribes.

Oral history tells that the Datu Macanas ruled the entire Busuanga Island where present day Coron town lies. Early on Spanish exploration of the islands, Fray de la Concepcion took note of the friendliness of the people of Busuanga Island and the ferocity of the Tagbanua tribe living in Coron Island.

In this area of the Calamianes, the first permanent Spanish settlement was Culion. Coron was a mere visita of Culion at that time. A fort and church were built in Libis, Culion around 1670 by the Spaniards as part of the defenses (along with Cuyo, Taytay and Linapacan) against the Muslim raids. This became a settlement for migrants to the Calamianes. Don Nicolas Manlavi a Cuyonon served several years in Spanish Galleons, and an Ilonggo from Jaro, Ilo-ilo named Claudio Sandoval later wed Nicolas' only daughter Evarista. The Sandoval clan of the Calamianes came from this union. It was Don Nicolas Manlavi who established the first settlement in Coron which was initially at Banuang Lague (old town) in present-day Banuang Daan in Coron Island. The town center was then again moved to present day Maquinit and later on, it was finally established in present-day Bancuang in Barangay 5 where a good water source was found.[citation needed]

Late in the 1890s, an American naturalist, Dean Worcester, journeyed through the Calamianes collecting specimens and stayed briefly in Culion. At the turn of the century, he was appointed part of the First Philippine Commission, becoming the Secretary of the Interior. He recommended Culion as the Philippine Leper Colony. This act forced the transfer of the Sandoval clan in 1900 to the various barrios of what is now Coron and Busuanga. The Coron town was settled by the family of Claudio Sandoval, and the other Sandovals settled in what is now Bintuan, Salvacion, Concepcion and Old Busuanga.

In 1950, the town of Busuanga was created from the barrios of Concepcion, Salvacion, Busuanga, New Busuanga, Buluang, Quezon, Calawit, and Cheey which used to belong to Coron.[4]

In 1954, the islands of Linapacan, Cabunlaoan, Niangalao, Decabayotot, Calibanbangan, Pical, and Barangonan were separated from Coron to form the town of Linapacan, Palawan.[5]

Demographics

Population census of Coron
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 5,134 —    
1918 12,438 +6.08%
1939 18,682 +1.96%
1948 16,445 −1.41%
1960 14,996 −0.77%
1970 17,852 +1.76%
1975 20,828 +3.14%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 25,129 +3.82%
1990 33,228 +2.83%
1995 27,040 −3.79%
2000 32,243 +3.84%
2007 40,007 +3.02%
2010 42,941 +2.61%
2015 51,803 +3.64%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[2][6][7][8]

In the 2015 census, the population of Coron, Palawan, was 51,803 people,[2] with a density of 75 inhabitants per square kilometre or 190 inhabitants per square mile.

Climate

Climate data for Coron, Palawan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37
(99)
37
(99)
33
(91)
35
(95)
36
(97)
35
(95)
36
(97)
33
(91)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
37
(99)
37
(99)
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30.3
(86.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27.6
(81.7)
Average low °C (°F) 25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25.3
(77.5)
Record low °C (°F) 20
(68)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
22
(72)
20
(68)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
20
(68)
20
(68)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 6
(0.24)
0
(0)
12
(0.47)
39
(1.54)
117
(4.61)
351
(13.82)
435
(17.13)
375
(14.76)
159
(6.26)
159
(6.26)
45
(1.77)
12
(0.47)
1,710
(67.33)
Average rainy days 2 1 3 4 17 25 26 24 20 19 9 4 154
Average relative humidity (%) 72 74 72 71 69 78 83 84 83 84 80 77 77.3
Mean daily sunshine hours 11.9 12.1 12.4 12.8 13.1 13.2 13.1 12.9 12.5 12.2 11.9 11.8 12.49
Source #1: World Weather Online[9]
Source #2: Weatherbase [10]

Economy

The main industries of Coron are fishing and tourism. Former industries include manganese mining at Singay Mines in Barangay San Nicolas during the Japanese Occupation period. This was followed by the fishing industry boom during the 1970s up to the 1990s which gradually dwindled due to illegal blast and sodium cyanide fishing. The rattan and basket-weaving industry which also gradually declined during the same period due to the ensuing depletion of raw materials.

Currently tourism is the top industry in Coron due to local beaches, dive sites, and other natural tourist spots. A dozen sunken Japanese warships at depths between 10 and 40 metres (33 and 131 ft) off Coron Island is a diving destination,[3] listed in Forbes Traveler Magazine’s top 10 best scuba diving sites in the world.

Gallery

Transportation

The Francisco B. Reyes Airport serves the town.

References

  1. ^ "Province: Palawan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Coron" (PDF). Provincial Government of Palawan. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "An act to create the municipality of Busuanga in the province of Palawan". LawPH.com. Archived from the original on 2012-05-25. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  5. ^ "An Act to Create the Municipality of Linapacan in the Province of Palawan". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-11. 
  6. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  7. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  8. ^ "Province of Palawan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  9. ^ "Coron, Philippines: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "Coron, Philippines Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 

External links

  • Philippine Standard Geographic Code
  • Local Governance Performance Management System
  • Philippine Department of Tourism official site
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