Communist Party (Italy)

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Communist Party
Partito Comunista
Secretary Marco Rizzo
Founded 3 July 2009
Split from Party of Italian Communists
Newspaper La Riscossa
Youth wing Front of the Communist Youth
Membership (2016) 4,000
Ideology Communism
Political position Far-left
European affiliation Initiative of Communist and Workers' Parties
International affiliation International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties
Colours      Red
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 630
0 / 315
European Parliament
0 / 73

The Communist Party (Partito Comunista, PC), originally named Communists – Popular Left and Communists – Popular Left – Communist Party since 2012, is an Italian political party of Marxist–Leninist inspiration, founded in 2009. It defines itself as "the revolutionary political vanguard organization of the working class in Italy".[1]

Since 2013, it is part of the Initiative of Communist and Workers' Parties (INITIATIVE), of which it is one of the founder parties and still the representative for Italy.[2]


The PC presented its lists of candidates in some municipalities for the Italian local elections, 2016.[3]

At the Italian constitutional referendum, 2016, the PC took the side of "No",[4] considering the constitutional reform as an attempt functionally driven by the interests of investors since it was clearly aimed at easing the anti-popular measures operated by governments.[5]

On 21 January 2017, it was held in Rome the II National Congress in which Rizzo was confirmed as general secretary.[6]

On the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome on 25 March 2017, the PC organized in Rome a demonstration during the summit of European heads of the states, reaffirming its opposition to the European Union (EU).[7]


The PC is grounded on Marxism–Leninism. It assumes a political line openly revolutionary, supporting the need for the overthrow of the capitalist system and the transformation of Italy into a socialist country,[1] rejecting both reformist and revisionist theories. The PC stands for the unity of communists in Italy under a solid Marxist–Leninist vision and its watchwords.[8]

The PC refuses the merely electoral political practices that have characterized many communist parties and it considers the participation at the elections just as a mean to spread its ideas and strengthen its entrenchment on local contexts and not at all as the final goal of its political activity.[9]

With regards to the history of the communist movement in Italy, the PC recognizes as leading figures Antonio Gramsci[10] and Pietro Secchia[11] while it takes a highly critical stand on Palmiro Togliatti[12] and Enrico Berlinguer.[13] Unlike other Italian communist organizations, the PC welcomes the historical figure of Joseph Stalin, though rejecting the definition of Stalinist party. It considers such a definition politically meaningless since during Stalin's leadership there is no trace of elements of discontinuity or attempts of overcoming the Marxist–Leninist theory. Indeed, the PC reckons the instrumental use of the term Stalinism as a functional anti-communist definition developed following the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.[14]

In celebrating the memory of the liberation war, the PC holds that the ideas inspiring the Italian resistance movement have been widely betrayed by the bourgeois Italian Republic established just after the war although many partisans fought for social renewal and a socialist Italy. The PC underlines that the role of those communist fighters in the partisan armed struggle has been progressively diminished and concealed in contemporary historiography.[15]

The PC affirms that the EU is basically unreformable and therefore sustains the needs for an immediate and unilateral exit from the EU and NATO,[16] distancing likewise with "sovereignistic" positions.[17] The PC claims the historical opposition of the Italian Communist Party (PCI) to the EU, the only Italian party openly against the Treaty of Rome of 1957, sustaining that opposition to the EU will be perceived again as a communist watchword and it is misappropriated by the far-right (the Italian Social Movement voted in favor to the Treaty of Rome).[18]

International Relations

The Communist Party is member of the Initiative of Communist and Workers' Parties, organization of European Marxist–Leninist parties, of which it is a founding member.[2] It is the only Italian political force having solid and reciprocal relationships with the Communist Party of Greece (KKE)[19] and with the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE).[20]

The PC maintains and develops relations with socialist countries, including Cuba[21] and North Korea.[22] It also has relations of solidarity with Bolivarian Venezuela,[23] condemning the imperialists' campaign and the subversive efforts against the country, although remaining critical on socialism of the 21st century since the PC affirms the needs for the final destruction of the bourgeois state-machine and its apparatus in order to actually establish socialism.


Electoral results

Italian Parliament

Chamber of Deputies
Election year No. of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
No. of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2018 106,748 0.32
0 / 630
Marco Rizzo
Senate of the Republic
Election year No. of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
No. of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2018 101,583 0.33
0 / 315
Marco Rizzo


  1. ^ a b ""Statute of the Communist Party approved at the II Congress (2017)"" (PDF). 
  2. ^ a b "In Brussels for the Communist International. The initiative of the communist parties and workers of Europe is born". 
  3. ^ "Marco Rizzo: here is the Mayor candidate of the Communist Party". 
  4. ^ "Interview with Marco Rizzo on constitutional referendum". 
  5. ^ "A Communist "NO" to Constitutional Reform". 
  6. ^ "Communist Party at Congress. Rizzo confirmed secretary". 
  7. ^ "The Communist Party and the Workers in the streets: The EU can not be reformed". 
  8. ^ "Communist Unity. The points of discussion". 
  9. ^ "Building the Communist Party Using 'Elections'". 
  10. ^ "January 22, 1891 - January 22, 2013. In honor of comrade Antonio Gramsci: we will not cede to the illusions". 
  11. ^ "Peter Secchia, another point of view in the PCI". 
  12. ^ "Political document and regulations" (PDF). 
  13. ^ ""Berlinguer, a good person but not communist." Article by Marco Rizzo on Unità". 
  14. ^ "Overcoming Anti-Stalinism, Kurt Gossweiler, Presentation in Turin with Marco Rizzo". 
  15. ^ "The Role of Communists in Resistance". 
  16. ^ "No to the maneuver of war. Out of Italy by NATO, out of NATO from Italy!". 
  17. ^ "Bourgeois Theories Against the Proletariat: From Sovereignty to "Redbrownism"". 
  18. ^ "March 25, The Reasons for the Communist "NO" to the European Union". 
  19. ^ "Dimitris Koutsoumpas - KKE Speech in Rome November 7, 2015". 
  20. ^ "Interview of comrade Marco Rizzo at PCPE Congress, Madrid 10/12 June 2016". 
  21. ^ "PC in Cuba for funerals of Fidel Castro". 
  22. ^ "Communist Party Meeting with the Korean Work Party". 
  23. ^ "Solidarity with the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela". 

External links

  • Official website

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