Commonwealth Games Federation

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Commonwealth Games Federation
Commonwealth Games Federation seal.svg
Seal of the Commonwealth Games
Federation
Abbreviation CGF
Motto Humanity – Equality – Destiny
Predecessor British Commonwealth Games Federation
Formation 1932
as British Empire Games Federation
Headquarters Pall Mall,
London, SW1
Membership
71 Commonwealth Games Associations
President
Louise Martin CBE Scotland[1]
Vice-President/sl
Patron
HM Queen Elizabeth II
Vice-Patron
HRH The Earl of Wessex
Website thecgf.com

The Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) is the international organisation responsible for the direction and control of the Commonwealth Games and Commonwealth Youth Games, and is the foremost authority in matters relating to the games. The headquarters of CGF are located in London, England.[2]

History

Due to the success of the first 1930 British Empire Games in Hamilton, Canada, a meeting of representatives from Great Britain, its dominions, colonies and territories decided that the games, similar to the Olympic Games should be held every four years, and that an authoritative organisation should be formed. Following the 1932 Summer Olympics, it was decided to form the "British Empire Games Federation" who would be responsible for the organising of the games. The name of the federation was changed in 1952 to the "British Empire and Commonwealth Games Federation", and again in Jamaica in 1966 to the "British Commonwealth Games Federation", until eventually being changed again in Christchurch, New Zealand in 1974 to the "Commonwealth Games Federation".[3]

Organisation

The federation is governed by the General Assembly and Executive Board:

General Assembly

The General Assembly is the ultimate governance and authority in the CGF with powers to vote on decisions, including on which cities and Commonwealth Games Association's will host the Commonwealth Games. It consists of 3 or more representatives of a 'Commonwealth Games Association' (CGA) of each member countries and territories, the Vice-Patron, Life Vice-Presidents and the members of the Executive Board.

Sessions of the General Assembly are chaired by the CGF President, with each CGA and the President having one vote. However the Vice-Patron, Life Vice-Presidents, the Executive Board, representatives of an Organising Committee (OC) of a Commonwealth Games and observers invited by the President may deliberate but do not have voting powers at the General Assembly.

Executive Board

The Executive Board are representative of the Commonwealth Games Associations (CGA) which form the General Assembly, and have authority to act on behalf of the federation concerning the games. The board consists of the ex officio Vice-Patron (currently, HRH The Earl of Wessex), the President, six officers of CGF and six Vice-Presidents representing, and being responsible for the CGA's in the 6 regions of the CGF (Africa, Americas, Asia, Caribbean, Europe and Oceania).

Members of the Executive Board are either elected or appointed, generally holding office from their date of appointment to the conclusion of the General Assembly held in the year following the next Commonwealth Games, some being re-elected or re-appointed. The Vice-Patron is elected at the General Assembly and usually remains in office for life.[1]

Designation Name Country
Vice-Patron HRH Prince Edward  United Kingdom
President Ms. Louise Martin  Scotland
Vice-President Mr. Bruce Robertson  Canada
Vice-President Mr. Gideon Sam  South Africa
Vice-President Ms. Kereyn Smith  New Zealand
Vice-President Africa Mrs. Miriam Moyo  Zambia
Vice-President Americas Mr. Kalam Juman Yassin  Guyana
Vice-President Asia Mr. Hemasiri Fernando  Sri Lanka
Vice-President Caribbean Mrs. Fortuna Belrose  Saint Lucia
Vice-President Europe Mr. Chris Jenkins  Wales
Vice-President Oceania Mr. Hugh Graham  Cook Islands
Representative of Australia, host country of the 2018 Commonwealth Games Mr. Sam Coffa  Australia
chief executive officer Mr. David Grevemberg  Scotland
Legal Advisor Ms. Sandra Osborne  Barbados
Medical Advisor Dr. Mani Jegathesan  Malaysia

Honours

Flag of the Commonwealth Games Federation and the games movement

As well as awarding medals to athletes, the federation may award membership of the Order of Merit for distinguished services rendered to the Commonwealth Games movement, including the games themselves, to the federation and to a Commonwealth Games Association. The honour is awarded on the recommendation of the Executive Board at the General Assembly.

On recommendation of the Executive Board, at General Assembly the federation may also elect Life Vice-Presidents, providing there are no more than six Life Vice-Presidents at a time as an award for services to the CGF. Former Chairmen and presidents automatically become a Life Vice-President.

Bidding Procedures and Hosting

see: Bids for the 2014 Commonwealth Games, Bids for the 2018 Commonwealth Games

The General Assembly of the CGF are responsible for deciding who will host the Commonwealth Games, 8 years prior to the games in question once all bids have been submitted. The selection process is made in accordance with the Candidate City Manual, as drafted by the Executive Board and made available to candidates 18 months before a decision is made. The federation then entrusts the organisation of the games to the organising committee, CGA, and government of the winning host nation or territory, including the security and finance, but is still monitored by the federation.

Leadership

The President of the Commonwealth Games Federation is responsible for chairing the Executive Board and the General Assembly. A candidate is elected to the position by the General Assembly the year following the Commonwealth Games. Other duties include inviting the Head of the Commonwealth for the opening and closing declaration of the games and overseeing the preparations for upcoming events.

Previously before the XVI Commonwealth Games in 1998, the President was a ceremonial role, taking on the duties of the now Vice-Patron. The chairman was elected by the General Assembly as head of the Commonwealth Games Federation.[4]

No. Name Origin Took office Left office Games
1 Sir James Leigh-Wood, KBE, CB, CMG  United Kingdom 1930 1938
2 The Rt Hon. Arthur Porritt, Baron Porritt, B.t.  New Zealand 1950 1966
3 Sir Alexander Ross  New Zealand 1968 1982
4 Sir Peter Heatly, CBE, DL  United Kingdom 1982 1990
5 Arnaldo de Oliveira Sales GBM, OBE, JP  Hong Kong 1994 1998
6 The Hon. Michael Fennell OJ, CD  Jamaica 1998 2011
7 HRH Prince Tunku Imran of Negeri Sembilan  Malaysia 2011 2015
8 Louise Martin CBE  United Kingdom 2015 present

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Commonwealth Games Federation – Our People". thecgf.com. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Commonwealth Games Federation – The Role of The CGF". thecgf.com. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Commonwealth Games Federation – The Story of The Commonwealth Games". thecgf.com. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  4. ^ "Commonwealth Games Federation – Heads". thecgf.com. Retrieved 15 April 2017.

External links

  • Commonwealth Games Federation Official Website
  • Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games Official Website
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