Chief of Naval Staff (Pakistan)

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Chief of Naval Staff, Pakistan
CNS
Pakistan Navy Admiral.svg
Flag of the Chief of Naval Staff
Zafar Mahmood Abbasi.jpg
Incumbent
Admiral Zafar Mahmood Abbasi

since 7 October 2017
Ministry of Defence
Navy Secretariat-III at MoD[1]
Abbreviation CNS
Member of Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee
Reports to Prime Minister of Pakistan
Minister of Defence
Seat Naval Headquarters (NHQ)
Islamabad, Pakistan
Nominator Prime Minister of Pakistan
Appointer President of Pakistan
Term length 3 years
Renewable only once
Precursor Navy Commander-in-Chief
Formation March 3, 1972; 46 years ago (1972-03-03)
First holder Vice-Admiral H. H. Ahmad
Succession On basis of seniority, subjected to the decision of the Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Unofficial names Naval chief
Deputy Vice Chief of Naval Staff (VCNS)
Salary According to Pakistan Military officer's Pay Grade(apex Scale)
Website Official website

The Chief of the Naval Staff ((Urdu: سربراہ پاک بحریہ‎ (reporting name as CNS), is a military appointment and a Statutory office held by the four-star rank admiral in the Pakistan Navy, who is nominated and appointed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan and confirmed by the President of Pakistan.[2]

The Chief of Naval Staff is one of the senior-most appointments in the Pakistan military who is one of the senior members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee in a separate capacity, providing senior consultation to the Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee to act as a principle military advisor to the Prime Minister of Pakistan and its civilian government in the line of defending and safeguarding the expedition, maritime and sealine borders of the nation.:86[3][4]

The Chief of Naval Staff exercise its responsibility of command and control of the operational, combatant, logistics, administration, and training commands within the Pakistan Navy, in a clear contrast to the U.S. Navy's Chief of Naval Operations (CNO). Due to its responsibility and importance, the Chief of Naval Staff plays a critical role in assessing the coastal defence and conducting reconnaissance to insure its strike capability against aggressive forces.:88[3][5][6]

In Principle, the appointment is constitutionally subjected for three years but extensions may be granted by the President upon recommendations and approvals from the Prime Minister. The Chief of Naval Staff is based on the Navy NHQ, and the current Chief of Naval Staff is Admiral Admiral Z.M. Abbasi serving as chief of naval staff, who took over the command as chief of naval staff on 6 October 2017.

History

The Pakistan Navy was created from the partition of the Royal Indian Navy after the India's partition on 14/15 August of 1947.:90[3] Direct appointments in the navy was in the responsibility of the British Admiralty who appointed Rear Admiral James Wilfred Jefford as Pakistan Navy's first Flag Officer Commanding (FOC).:47[7]

The post was changed to Commander-in-Chief when Vice-Admiral Mohammad Siddiq Choudri became the first native naval commander in 1953, and the title changed from Commander in Chief to Chief of Staff in 1969 with Vice-Admiral Muzaffar Hassan acting as Commander-in-Chief and Rear-Admiral Rashid Ahmad as Chief of Staff.:52[8] On 20 March 1972, the renamed as "Chief of Naval Staff" (CNS) with Vice-Admiral H.H. Ahmed becoming the first chief of naval staff, though his rank was not elevated to four-star rank.:60–62[9][10]

The term of the superannuation was then constrained to three years in the office as opposed to four years and was made a permanent member of Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee.:62[9] Since 1972, there has been 14 four-star rank admirals to be appointed as chief of naval staff by statute.The Prime Minister approved the nomination and appointment of the Chief of Naval Staff, with President confirming the Prime Minister's appointed choosing and nomination.[11]

The leadership of the navy is based in the Navy NHQ located at the vicinity of Air AHQ, and Army GHQ staff offices that forms that JS HQ in the Rawalpindi District, Punjab, Pakistan.[4] The CNS controls the navy, assisted by the civilians from the Navy Secretariat-III of the Ministry of Defence (MoD).[1]

The Chief of Naval Staff exercise its responsibility of complete operational, training and logistics commands.:92–93[3] The CNS has several principle staff officer and controls the navy through six commands directed by its appointed deputy chiefs of naval staff, reporting to vice-chief of naval staff.[2]

List of Chiefs of the Naval Staff

The following is a list of Admirals who have served as the either Commander-in-Chief or the Chief of the Naval Staff of the Pakistan Navy.

Order Name Rank Portrait Appointment Date Left Office Decorations

Naval Commanders-in-Chief, Pakistan Navy (RN Rear-Admiral)

1 James Wilfred Jefford UK-Navy-OF7-shoulder.svgRear-Admiral 15 August 1947 30 January 1953 CB, CBE
2 Haji Mohammad Siddiq Choudri Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifVice-Admiral 31 January 1953 28 February 1959 HPk, HI(M), MBE
3 Afzal Rahman Khan Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifVice-Admiral 1 March 1959 20 October 1966 HPk, HJ, HQA
4 Syed Mohammad Ahsan Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifVice-Admiral 20 October 1966 31 August 1969 HQA, SPk, DSC
5 Muzaffar Hassan Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifVice-Admiral 1 September 1969 22 December 1971 HQA, SPk, SKh

Chiefs of Naval Staff (CNS) of Pakistan Navy

1 Hasan Hafeez Ahmed Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O9 insignia.svgVice-Admiral 3 March 1972 9 March 1975 TQA
2 Mohammad Shariff Admiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPGUS-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral 23 March 1975 21 March 1979 NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), LM, HJ, SJ, SK
3 Karamat Rahman Niazi Admiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPGUS-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral 22 March 1979 23 March 1983 NI(M), HI(M), SJ
4 Tariq Kamal Khan Admiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPGUS-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral 23 March 1983 9 April 1986 NI(M), SI(M), SBt
5 Iftikhar Ahmed Sirohey Admiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPGUS-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral 9 April 1986 9 November 1988 NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt
6 Yastur-ul-Haq Malik Admiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPGUS-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral 10 November 1988 8 November 1991 NI(M), SBt
7 Saeed Mohammad Khan Admiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPGUS-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral 9 November 1991 9 November 1994 NI(M), SBt
8 Mansurul Haq Admiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPGUS-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral 10 November 1994 1 May 1997 NI(M)
9 Fasih Bokhari Admiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPGUS-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral 2 May 1997 2 October 1999 NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt, SJ
10 Abdul Aziz Mirza Admiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPGUS-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral 2 October 1999 2 October 2002 LH, NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt
11 Shahid Karimullah Admiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPGUS-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral US Navy 040727-N-8148A-006 Chief of Naval Staff, Pakistan Navy, Adm. Shahid Karimullah, signs his name on the guest book of Capt. James Symonds.jpg 3 October 2002 6 October 2005 LH, LM, NI(M), HI(M), HI(M), TI(M), SJ
12 Afzal Tahir Admiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPGUS-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral AfzalTahir.jpg 7 October 2005 7 October 2008 LM, NI(M), HI(M), SI(M)
13 Noman Bashir Admiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPGUS-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral Noman Bashir 2010.jpg 7 October 2008 7 October 2011 NI(M), TI(MI, SI(M), HI(M), LM
14 Asif Sandila Admiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPGUS-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral 4 October 2011 3 October 2014 NI(M), HI(M), LOH
15 Muhammad Zakaullah Admiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPGUS-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral Muhammad Zakaullah.jpg 4 October 2014 6 October 2017 NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), TI(M)
16 Zafar Mahmood Abbasi Admiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPGUS-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral Zafar Mahmood Abbasi.jpg 7 October 2017 Present HI(M), SI(M)

Vice Chief of Naval Staff

The Vice Chief of Naval Staff (VCNS) is the post that is, in principle, the deputy and the second-in-command (S-in-C) of the Pakistan Navy, reporting and functioning under the Chief of Naval Staff.[2] The post is a three-star rank assignment, usually held by the Vice-Admiral.[3][4]

The post of the vice naval chief is a senior position and its officer is a three-star admiral in the Navy, with distinction of Rear-Admiral Rashid Ahmed who acted of Chief of Staff of the Pakistan Navy under Vice Admiral Muzaffar Hassan who was the Navy's last Commander in Chief.[5]

Order Name Rank Photo Appointment Date Left Office Unit of Commission Decorations
± Rashid Ahmed Insignia RealAdmiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O8 insignia.svg Rear-Admiral 25 March 1969 20 December 1971 Executive Branch SK, TQA
1 Mohammad Sharif Insignia RealAdmiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O8 insignia.svg Rear-Admiral 1974 1975 Executive Branch HI(M), SI(M), HJ, SJ, SK
2 Leslie Norman Mungavin Insignia RealAdmiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O8 insignia.svg Rear-Admiral 1975 1977 Operations Branch SPk, SK
3 Karamat Rahman Niazi Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O9 insignia.svg Vice-Admiral 1977 1979 Submarine Command SJ, HI(M)
4 Iqbal F. Qadir Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O9 insignia.svg Vice-Admiral 1980 1983 Operations Branch HI(M), TI(M), SBt, TQA
5 Iftikhar Ahmed Sirohey Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O9 insignia.svg Vice-Admiral 1985 1988 Engineering Branch NI(M)
6 Yastur-ul-Haq Malik Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O9 insignia.svg Vice-Admiral 1988 1991 Surface Branch NI(M)
7 Mansurul Haq Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O9 insignia.svg Vice-Admiral 1993 1994 Operations Branch NI(M)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b MoD, Ministry of Defence. "Organogram of MoD" (PDF). mod.gov.pk/. Ministry of Defence Press. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c Pakistan Navy Official Website. "Organizations in Navy". www.paknavy.gov.pk. Navy ISPR. Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Cheema, Pervaiz Iqbal (2002). "Evolution of the Navy". The Armed Forces of Pakistan (google books). New york: NYU Press. p. 225. ISBN 9780814716335. 
  4. ^ a b c Shabbir, Usman (2003). "Command & Structure". pakdef.org. PakDef Military Consortium. Retrieved 28 July 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Khan, Zafar (2015). Pakistan's Nuclear Policy: A Minimum Credible Deterrence. [u.s]: Routledge. ISBN 9781317676003. Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  6. ^ Staff writers, News agencies (9 January 2017). "Pakistan attains 'second strike capability' with test-fire of submarine-launched cruise missile". DAWN.COM. Dawn Newspaper, 2017. Dawn Newspaper. Retrieved 28 July 2017. 
  7. ^ Goldrick, James (1997). "The Pakistan Navy (1947-71)". No Easy Answers (pdf) (1st ed.). New Delhi, India: Sona Printers, India. p. 269. ISBN 9781897829028. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  8. ^ Rai, Ranjit (1987). A Nation and Its Navy at War (1st ed.). Delhi, India: Lancer International. p. 190. ISBN 9788170620136. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  9. ^ a b Singh, Ravi Shekhar Narain Singh (2008). "Military and Politics". The Military Factor in Pakistan (googlebooks) (1st ed.). Delhi: Lancer Publishers. p. 460. ISBN 9780981537894. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  10. ^ Navy ISPR. "Pakistan Navy Official Website". www.paknavy.gov.pk. Navy ISPR. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  11. ^ Reporter, The Newspaper's Staff (30 September 2014). "Navy chief to retire next week". DAWN.COM. Dawn Newspapers, 2014. Dawn Newspapers. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 

External links

  • Official website of Pakistan Navy
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