Colville people

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The Colville people are a Native American people of the Pacific Northwest. The name Colville comes from association with Fort Colville, named after Andrew Colvile of the Hudson's Bay Company. Earlier, outsiders often called them Scheulpi or Chualpay; the French traders called them Les Chaudières ("the Kettles") in reference to Kettle Falls.

History

The tribe was originally located in eastern Washington on the Colville River and the area of the Columbia River between Kettle Falls and the town of Hunters.[1]

The tribe's history is tied with Kettle Falls, an important salmon fishing resource,[2] and an important post of the Hudson's Bay Company, which brought the advantages and disadvantages of contact with people of European heritage. In 1846, the Jesuit St. Paul's Mission was established. Through its influence nearly all the upper Columbia tribes were Christianized.[2]

In 1872, the Colville tribe was relocated to an Indian reservation in eastern Washington the named after them.[2] It is inhabited and managed by the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, which is a federally recognized tribe comprising twelve bands. The twelve bands are the Methow, Okanogan, Arrow Lakes, Sanpoil, Colville, Nespelem, Chelan, Entiat, Moses-Columbia, Wenatchi, Nez Perce, and Palus.

Mooney (1928) estimated the number of the Colville at 1,000 as of 1780, but Lewis and Clark placed it at 2,500, a figure also fixed upon by Teit (1930). In 1870, there were 616; in 1900, 298;[2] in 1904, 321; in 1907, 334; and in 1937, 322.[citation needed]

Language

The Colville belong to the Interior Salishan linguistic stock and to that branch of the latter which included the Okanagan, Sanpoil, and Senijextee (Sinixt).

Notable people

Notes

  1. ^ "Colville Indians". accessgenealogy.com. Retrieved 14 June 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d Wikisource-logo.svg Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Colville". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. 

External links

  • "Washington Indian Tribes". accessgenealogy.com. Retrieved 2014-11-11. 
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