Coalition of the Gulf War

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Below is the American-led coalition against the Iraqi government in the 1990s.

Contents

Coalition by number of military personnel

Multinational group (Qatari, French, U.S. Air Force, & Canadian) of fighter jets during Operation Desert Shield
A Royal Saudi Air Force Tornado F3 during Operation Desert Storm.
Coalition troops from Egypt, France, Oman, Syria and Kuwait stand for review during Operation Desert Storm.
List of Coalition forces by number of military personnel
Country Number of Personnel Comments / Major Events
 United States 697,000[1] Operation Desert Shield
Operation Desert Storm
Battle of Khafji
Battle of 73 Easting
Battle of Al Busayyah
Battle of Phase Line Bullet
Battle of Medina Ridge
Battle of Wadi Al-Batin
Battle of Norfolk
 Saudi Arabia 60,000 – 100,000 Operation Desert Shield
Battle of Khafji
Operation Desert Storm
 United Kingdom 53,462[2] Operation Granby
 Egypt 20,000 Operation Desert Storm
 France 18,000 Opération Daguet
 Syria 14,500 Operation Desert Storm
 Morocco 13,000 Security Personnel
 Kuwait 9,900 Invasion of Kuwait
Operation Desert Storm
 Oman 6,300 Operation Desert Storm
 Pakistan 4,900 – 5,500 Backup team
 Canada 4,600 Operation Friction
 United Arab Emirates 4,300 Operation Desert Storm
 Qatar 2,600 Battle of Khafji
 Bangladesh 2,300[3] (Operation Moru-prantar) Security Personnel including 2 field Ambulance teams
 Italy 1,950 (Operazione Locusta) Deployed 8 Panavia Tornado strike attack aircraft, Naval deployment (Operazione Golfo 2)
 Australia 700 Australian contribution to the 1991 Gulf War
 Netherlands 700 Naval deployment; Air Force deployments of Surface-to-Air Missiles to Turkey and Israel
 Niger 600 Patroller group
 Sweden 525[4] Field hospital
 Argentina 500 Navy / Air Force
 Senegal 500 Base Guards
 Spain 500 on the field / 3,000 off the coast Engineers
 Bahrain 400 Base Guards
 Belgium 400 Base Engineers
 Poland 319 Operation Simoom
Naval & medical deployment
 South Korea 314 Medical & transportation support
 Norway 280 Naval vessel & Field hospital + intelligence information
 Czechoslovakia 200 Operation Desert Shield
Operation Desert Storm
Czechoslovakia in the Gulf War
 Greece 200 Hellenic Air Force Pilots and ground support staff
 Philippines 200 Medical personnel
 Denmark 100 HDMS Olfert Fischer (Niels Juel Class Korvet)
 New Zealand 100 2 C-130 Hercules transporter aircraft[5]
 Hungary 40 Medical team[6]

Coalition by Divisions

Army Central Command

Marine Central Command

Joint Forces Command East

Joint Forces Command North

Commanders of Coalition

Bangladesh

Czechoslovakia

Egypt

France

Italy

Saudi Arabia

Syria

United Kingdom

United States

Coalition by Equipment

United States

Tanks

Armored Vehicles

  • M2A2 Bradley IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle)
  • M3A2 Bradley CFV (Cavalry Fighting Vehicle)
  • AAVP7A1 Assault Amphibian Vehicle Personnel (USMC)
  • LAV-25 Light Armored Vehicle (USMC)
  • LAV-AT Light Armored Vehicle (Anti-Tank) (USMC)
  • M113A2/A3 APC (Armored Personnel Carrier)
  • M901A1 ITV (Improved TOW Vehicle)
  • M93 Fox Nuclear-Biological-Chemical (NBC) Armored Reconnaissance Vehicle

Self-Propelled Artillery/Mortars/Rockets

  • LAV-M Light Armored Vehicle (Mortar) (USMC)
  • M106A2 Self-Propelled Mortar Carrier
  • M109A2/A3/A4 155 mm SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer)
  • M110A2 8 inch SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer)
  • M270 MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System

Anti-Aircraft

Artillery & Mortars

Engineering & Recovery Vehicles

Command Vehicles

  • M577A2 ACP (Armored Command Post) Carrier
  • AACV7A1 (Assault Amphibian Vehicle Command) (USMC)
  • LAV-25C2 Light Armored Vehicle (Command & Control) (USMC)
  • M981 FISTV (Fire Support Team Vehicle)

Other Vehicles

Helicopters

Aircraft

Aircraft Carriers

Battleships

Submarines

Amphibious Assault Ships

Guided Missile Cruisers

Destroyer Tenders

Destroyers

Guided Missile Destroyers

Frigates

Amphibious Transport Docks

Ammunition Ships

Dock Landing Ships

Tank Landing Ships

Fast Sealift Ships

  • SL-7 Type (USS Algol, USNS Bellatrix, USS Denebola, USS Pollux, USNS Altair, USS Regulus, USS Capella)

Fleet Oilers

  • Neosho Class (USS Neosho, USS Hassayampa, USS Ponchatoula)
  • Cimarron Class (USS Platte)
  • Henry J. Kaiser Class (USS Joshua Humphreys, USNS Andrew J. Higgins, USS Walter S. Diehl)

Combat Stores Ships

Fast Combat Support Ships

Replenishment Oiler Ships

  • Wichita Class (USS Kansas City, USS Kalamazoo)

Minesweepers

Repair Ships

  • Vulcan Class (USS Vulcan, USS Jason)

Rescue & Salvage Ships

  • Edenton Class (USS Beaufort)

Sealift Ships

  • Wright Class (USS Wright, USS Curtiss)

Hospital Ships

Amphibious Cargo Ships

  • Charleston Class USS Durham, USS Mobile)

Mine Countermeasure Ships

Survey Ships

  • Chauvenet Class (USS Chauvenet)

Light Water Craft

United Kingdom

Tanks

Armoured Vehicles

Self-Propelled Artillery/Mortars/Rockets

  • FV432(M) Trojan SPMC (Self-Propelled Mortar Carrier)
  • M109 155 mm SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer) M109A2
  • M110 8 inch SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer) M110A2
  • MLRS (Multiple Launch Rocket System)

Anti-Aircraft

  • Rapier Field Standard B2 Stationary SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Tracked Rapier TR1 Mobile SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Javelin LML (Lightweight Multiple Launcher) SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher

Artillery & Mortars

Engineering & Recovery Vehicles

  • FV4205 Chieftain AVLB (Armoured Vehicle Launched Bridge)
  • FV180 CET (Combat Engineer Tractor)
  • FV434 ARV (Armoured Recovery Vehicle)
  • FV512 Warrior MCRV (Mechanised Combat Repair Vehicle)
  • FV513 Warrior MRV(R) (Mechanised Recovery Vehicle (Repair))
  • CRARRV (Challenger Armoured Repair and Recovery Vehicle)

Command Vehicles

Other Vehicles

Aircraft

Frigates

Destroyers

Submarines

Fleet Support Tankers

Fast Fleet Tankers

Stores Ships

Mine Countermeasure Vessels

  • Hunt Class (HMS Ledbury, HMS Cattistock, HMS Dulverton, HMS Bicester, HMS Atherstone, HMS Hurworth)

Fleet Repair Ships

Primary Casualty Reception Vessels

Saudi Arabia

Tanks

Armoured Vehicles

Self-Propelled Artillery/Mortars/Rockets

  • M109A2 155 mm SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer)
  • AMX-GCT 155 mm SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer)
  • ASTROS-II MLRS (Multiple Launch Rocket System)
  • M106A2 Self-Propelled Mortar Carrier
  • Cadillac Gage V-150 Commando (Mortar 81 mm)
  • Cadillac Gage V-150 Commando (Mortar 90 mm)

Artillery & Mortars

Anti-Aircraft

  • M163 VADS Vulcan Air Defence System
  • AMX-30SA Shahine Self-Propelled SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • AMX-30SA SPAAA (Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • MIM-23 Improved Hawk SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Shahine Stationary SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Bofors 40 mm L/70 AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • Oerlikon-Buhrle Twin 35 mm GDF AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)

Other Vehicles

Helicopters

Aircraft

Frigates

Corvettes

Patrol Ships

  • Al Sadiq-class (As-Siddiq, Al-Farouq, Abdul-Aziz, Faisal, Khalid, Amr, Tariq, Ouqbah, Abu Obadiah)

Replenishment Ships

Kuwait

Tanks

  • M-84AB MBT (Main Battle Tank)

Armoured Vehicles

  • BMP-2 IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle)
  • M113A1 APC (Armored Personnel Carrier)

Helicopters

Aircraft

France

Tanks

Armoured Vehicles

Artillery & Mortars

  • TR-F1 155 mm Towed Howitzer
  • MO-81-61C 81 mm Mortar
  • MO-120-RT-61 120 mm Mortar

Anti-Aircraft

  • GIAT 20 mm 53T2 Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • Mistral SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher

Other Vehicles

  • Peugeot P4 4WD
  • VLRA (Vehicle de Liaison et Reconnaissance de L'Armee) Truck
  • GIAT VAB (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé)
  • GIAT VAB-PC (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé) (Command)
  • GIAT VAB-VCAC/HOT (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé) ATGM (Anti-Tank Guided Missile) Launching Vehicle
  • GIAT VAB-VTM (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé) Mortar Tractor

Helicopters

Aircraft

Aircraft Carriers

Amphibious Transport Docks

Cruisers

Destroyers

Corvettes

Replenishment Ships

Qatar

Tanks

  • AMX-30S MBT (Main Battle Tank)

Italy

Fighter jets

Destroyers

Frigates

Replenishment Ships

Poland

Hospital ship

Salvage ship

Czechoslovakia

Other vehicles

  • Tatra T-815 (Heavy truck)
  • UAZ-4629 (All-terrain vehicle mounted with chemical reconnaissance probes)
  • ARS-12M (De-contamination truck based on Praga V3S)
  • POP (Mobile field medical truck based on Praga V3S)

Canada

Destroyers

Fighter Aircraft

Transport Aircraft

Helicopters

Patrol, Surveillance Aircraft

Supply/Replenishment Ship

Argentina[8]

Destroyers

Frigates

Amphibious Cargo Ships

Helicopters

Transport Aircraft

Australia

Destroyers

Frigates

Replenishment Ships

Transport Aircraft

Notes and references

  • Nationmaster.com – Gulf War Coalition – Troops by country
  • Arabic-Radio-TV.com – The Gulf Coalition Countries in 1991 – Contribution by country
  1. ^ Hyams, K. C., K. Hanson, F. S. Wignall, J. Escamilla, and E. C. Oldfield, 3rd. "The Impact of Infectious Diseases on the Health of U.S. Troops Deployed to the Persian Gulf During Operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm." Reprinted with permission of Clinical Infectious Diseases. Force Health Protection & Readiness Policy & Programs, 20 June 1995. Web. 9 June 2014.
  2. ^ "1990/1991 Gulf Conflict" retrieved 25 March 2011 "Ministry of Defence"
  3. ^ Hossain, Ishtiaq (April 1997). "Bangladesh and the Gulf War: Response of a Small State". Pakistan Horizon. Pakistan Institute of International Affairs. 50 (2): 42. JSTOR 41393571.
  4. ^ http://www.mil.se/sv/i-varlden/Utlandsstyrkan/Truppinsatser/Kuwait/ Field hospital deployed as part of Operation Granby (in Swedish)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-22. Retrieved 2010-01-26. Royal New Zealand Air Force website
  6. ^ Lieutenant Colonel Joseph P. Englehardt. "DESERT SHIELD AND DESERT STORM A CHRONOLOGY AND TROOP LIST FOR THE 1990-1991 PERSIAN GULF CRISIS" (PDF). Defense Technical Information Center.
  7. ^ OP SCALPEL War Journal
  8. ^ La Armada Argentina en el Golfo
  9. ^ El TC-91, un avión con mucha historia
  10. ^ A 12 AÑOS DEL BOEING UNAG-1 EN LA GUERRA DEL GOLFO I Archived 2011-03-05 at the Wayback Machine.
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