Clypeaster rosaceus

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Clypeaster rosaceus
Clypeaster rosaceus (San Salvador Island, Bahamas) 3.jpg
Test from Bahamas
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Echinoidea
Order: Clypeasteroida
Family: Clypeasteridae
Genus: Clypeaster
Species: C. rosaceus
Binomial name
Clypeaster rosaceus
(Linnaeus, 1758)[1]
Synonyms[1]
  • Diplothecanthus rosaceus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Echinanthus rosaceus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Echinus rosaceus Linnaeus, 1758

Clypeaster rosaceus, the fat sea biscuit,[2] is a species of sea urchin in the family Clypeasteridae. It occurs in shallow water in the western Atlantic Ocean and was first scientifically described in 1758 by Carl Linnaeus.

Description

This is a very large sea biscuit with a strong inflated test, growing to a maximum length of around 200 mm (8 in). In shape it is ovate to slightly pentagonal, with the margin thicker at the anterior end. The petaloid area is broad, the anterior (front) petal being longer than the two posterior, paired petals, which are all of equal length; the area between the pores is wide and raised above the rest of the aboral (upper) surface. The oral (under) surface is fairly flat, with a deep depression around the mouth, and with deeply indented food grooves. The anus is on the oral surface near the posterior margin. The spines are short and coarse. When alive, this species is a dark brown colour, while the bare test is whitish.[3]


Distribution and habitat

The species is found in the western Atlantic Ocean. Its range extends from South Carolina to the West Indies, Barbados, Texas and Venezuela. It is found on soft sandy bottoms, particularly in seagrass meadows, from the littoral zone down to about 50 m (160 ft).[3]

Ecology

C. rosaceus lives on the surface of sandy seabeds and is nocturnal. It feeds on fragments of dead plant material and algae particularly among seagrass plants. In the process of feeding it grinds up sand particles with its Aristotle's lantern mouthparts, and it has been estimated that it reduces 5.5 kg (12.1 lb) of coarse particles of sediment into fine particles in the course of a year. During the daytime it is inactive and buries itself or covers its test with fragments of shell and pieces of seagrass, holding these in place with its tube feet.[2][3]

In Panama, breeding takes place annually in the rainy season, with spawn being liberated into the sea. The eggs contain much yolk to sustain the developing larvae, which settle on the seabed and undergo metamorphosis after about six days.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b Kroh, Andreas (2018). "Clypeaster rosaceus (Linnaeus, 1758)". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 3 June 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c "Clypeaster rosaceus (Linnaeus, 1758)". Bocas del Toro: Species database. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Retrieved 4 June 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c Schultz, Heinke A.G. (2017). Echinoidea: with bilateral symmetry. Irregularia. De Gruyter. pp. 58–61. ISBN 978-3-11-036853-6. 

External links

Media related to Clypeaster rosaceus at Wikimedia Commons

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