Cleopatra of Jerusalem

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Cleopatra of Jerusalem was a woman who lived in the 1st century BC during the Roman Empire. She was the fifth wife of King of Judea Herod the Great.[1]

There is a possibility that Cleopatra could have been a daughter of a local noble from Jerusalem. She was born and raised in the city and could have been of Jewish or Edomite-Phoenician origins .[citation needed] Cleopatra was called Cleopatra of Jerusalem, to distinguish her from the Ptolemaic Greek Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt.

Josephus mentions "Cleopatra of Jerusalem" twice: once in his Antiquities of the Jews 17.1.3 and once in his Jewish War 1.28.4. Cleopatra of Jerusalem was not related to the Hasmonaean Dynasty .[citation needed] She had married King Herod the Great in 25 BC.[2] Herod most probably married her as a part of a political alliance.

Cleopatra bore Herod two sons who were:

Cleopatra’s children by Herod were raised and educated in Rome. After the death of her husband in 4 BC, her second son inherited some of his father’s dominion and ruled as a Roman client king until his death in 34.[3] Cleopatra became the mother-in-law of Philip’s wife and niece Salome. Philip and Salome had no children.


  1. ^ Christian-Georges Schwentzel, Hérode le Grand, Pygmalion, Paris, 2011, p. 213.
  2. ^ Peter Richardson, Herod: King of the Jews and friend of the Romans, Continuum International Publishing Group, 1999, p. xviii.
  3. ^ a b Christian-Georges Schwentzel, "Hérode le Grand", Pygmalion, Paris, 2011, p. 212.


  • Josephus: Antiquities of the Jews 17.1.3
  • Josephus: The Jewish War 1.28.4
  • [1]
  • [2]
Retrieved from ""
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia :
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Cleopatra of Jerusalem"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA