Clan Little

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Clan Little is a Scottish clan of the Borders. The clan does not currently have a chief and is therefore considered an armigerous clan. The Clan Little Society had a Guardian in place of a clan chief but, since his death in 2007, no suitable successor has appeared.

Clan Little
Clan member crest badge - Clan Little.svg
Crest: A demi lion Sable powdered with saltires Argent, armed Gules, in dexter paw a cutlass Proper and in sinister a saltire Argent
Motto Concedo nulli or Fidei coticula crux
Profile
Region Borders
Little of Meikledale arms.svg
Clan Little has no chief, and is an armigerous clan
Historic seat Meikledale
Last Chief Little of Meikledale
Marker for the now-gone tower of Clan Little, Meikledale Valley

History

Origins of the clan

According to Black, Little is a descriptive name and was originally written in Latin documents as parvus meaning little or small.[1] Given that the name is descriptive it is impossible to find any clear origin of the Little name in Scotland.[2]

In the 12th century David I King of Scots appointed Walter fitz Alan, an Anglo-Norman from Shropshire, as High Steward of Scotland. In his capacity as Steward, Walter granted lands at Cairntable, Ayrshire to Alan Little, a former neighbour on the Shropshire-Cheshire border.[3] By 1300 the Littles had settled in Dumfriesshire where Nicol Little was recorded as Conservator of the Peace for Lochmabenston in the Scottish West March of the Anglo-Scottish border.[4]

Sometime before 1426, Simon Lytil was granted tenure of Meikledale, Sorbie and Kirktoun in Ewesdale, Dumfriesshire by the then regent, Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany. The grant was confirmed in 1426 shortly after James I returned from his captivity in England. Simon Little, 1st Laird of Meikledale, is therefore considered to be the first chief of the name.[5]

Wars of Scottish Independence

About the time of Alan Little's grant of land at Cairntable, Walter the Steward granted lands near Kilmarnock, Ayrshire to Richard le Waleys, also of Shropshire. This Richard was the g-g-grandfather of Sir William Wallace, one of the main leaders in the early Wars of Scottish Independence. Sir William's sister may have married a Little and had a son named Edward, who became a trusted lieutenant. We believe this because Blind Harry the Minstrel mentioned such a person in his poem The Wallace: "And Edward Littil his sisters sone so der / Full wel graithit in till thar armour cler".[6]

15th century

Members of the Little clan became established in Ewesdale, Eskdale and Wauchopedale. Following the House of Douglas' forfeiture as tenants-in-chief,following the Battle of Arkinholm in 1455, the Eskdale-Ewesdale lands passed to the Maxwell clan. The exceptions were the homes of the Littles at Meikledale and the Elliots at Arkelton, which were not feudal property.

16th century

By the start of the 16th century, Clan Armstrong had risen to power such that it was reputed in 1528 that they could muster 3,000 horsemen, Littles amongst them. Their leader, Johnnie Armstrong of Gilnockie, posed a threat to King James V, who arranged in 1530 to meet him at Caerlanrig. The Armstrong retinue was surprised by the king's men, and then 33 Armstrongs, Littles, Elliots and Irvings, including Johnnie, were hanged on the spot.[7] In 1568 over 100 Littles rode with Batysons, Armstrongs, Glendinnings and Thompsons on John Maxwell, 8th Lord Maxwell's raid on Stirling. Family tradition has it that the Littles returned with many more horses than they set out with. They were pardoned in 1585, while Maxwell was briefly serving as the Earl of Morton.

17th century

The Union of the Crowns in 1603 meant that James I of England and VI of Scots no longer had a need for strong men in his 'Middle Shires'. The Border reivers had become a nuisance to the king, and efforts were made to disband them using fire, noose and sword. Many Borderers were transported to Ireland, and others fled into north-west Cumberland.[7] At this time Simon Little of Meikledale was chief, followed by his son, Thomas, and grandson, David, chief in 1670.

18th century

David Little was the last Little to be Laird of Meikledale. Following the Pacification of the Border, the lairdship passed to Thomas Beattie, and David was given work as a groom at Windsor Castle. He had two sons: Simon Little of Nittyholm who had seven daughters, and Matthew (William?) Little who lived in Reading and 'went to sea' in 1745. Any descendants of Matthew have yet to be traced.

Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, Littles migrated throughout the United Kingdom and to North America, Australia and New Zealand.

Clan symbols

Arms

The arms of the Lairds of Meikledale were: sable a saltire argent,[8][9] also sable a saltire engrailed argent.[10]

In 1997, the Clan Little Society (Scotland & Worldwide) secured a Grant of Arms from Lord Lyon King of Arms. The blazon is: sable a saltire argent in chief point a winged stirrup or on a chief or four chain links fesswise gules.[11]

Crest badge

The Clan Crest badge is made up of the last chief, The Little of Meikledale's heraldic crest and motto:

  • Meikledale's motto: Concedo nulli,[8][9] or Fidei coticula crux.[8][9]
  • Meikledale's crest: A demi lion Sable powdered with saltires Argent, armed Gules, in dexter paw a cutlass Proper and in sinister a saltire Argent.[8][9]

Mottoes

Concedo Nulli – I yield to no-one my trust.[8]

Magnum in Parvo – Great in little.[10]

Fidei Coticula Crux – The cross is the touchstone of faith.[8]

Tartan

Members of the Clan Little Society may wear the Little of Morton Rigg tartan. This sett was designed by Dr James "Johnnie" Crawford Little of Morton Rigg, then clan guardian, in 1991. It incorporates elements of the Wallace tartan (alluding to the historical connection to Sir William Wallace) and the Shepherd tartan.[12] Photographs of Littles and other Borderers from the 19th century regularly show them in European clothing and maud (plaid) of simple, black and white checked Border tartan or, occasionally, European clothing with trousers made of Border tartan. In contrast to National Scottish Dress conventions Border clansmen occasionally wear non-matching plaids. For example, it is acceptable to wear trews in the Little of Morton Rigg tartan and a maud in Border tartan.

Livery colours

Black and white, taken from the Lairds of Meikledale's arms.[citation needed]

Clan plant

Heather.[citation needed]

Clan march

The Reivers of Meikledale, a 2/4 march written for the clan in 1993 by John Mason MBE. Music to The Reivers of Mikledale can be found in the February 2013 edition of the Sprig of Heather - Clan Little Newsletter

See also

Little (surname)

References

  1. ^ George F. Black; The Surnames of Scotland; 1946 New York Library; 1999 Birlinn Limited, Edinburgh; pp. 432
  2. ^ "clanchiefs.org - This website is for sale! - clanchiefs Resources and Information". www.clanchiefs.org. Retrieved 18 April 2018. 
  3. ^ Chalmers, G. (1800). A historical and topographical account of North Britain from the most ancient to the present times, with a dictionary of places chorographical and philological (vol. 6).
  4. ^ Rymer’s Foedera; Vol 8, pp 46–65; October–December 1398.
  5. ^ R.B. Armstrong (1883), The history of Liddesdale, Eskdale ... and the Debatable Land.
  6. ^ Blind Harry the Minstrel (15th century), Wallace.
  7. ^ a b G. McDonald Fraser (1986). The Steel Bonnets.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "MyClan.com : Armigerous Clan Little Home Page". archive.org. 19 March 2007. Retrieved 18 April 2018. 
  9. ^ a b c d Scottish arms : being a collection of armorial bearings, A.D. 1370–1678 by R. R. Stodart, 1881. pp. 243
  10. ^ a b Burke, J. & Burke, B. (1844). Encyclopædia of Heraldry: or General armory of England, Scotland, and Ireland, comprising a registry of all armorial bearings from the earliest to the present time, including the late grants by the College of Arms.
  11. ^ http://www.nwrain.net/~little/heraldry.htm retrieved 18/02/11
  12. ^ http://www.tartanregister.gov.uk/tartanDetails.aspx?ref=2127 retrieved 18/02/11

External links

  • Clan Little Society (Scotland and Worldwide): http://www.clanlittlesociety.co.uk/
  • Clan Little Society (North America): https://web.archive.org/web/20110207151406/http://clanlittlesna.com/
  • Clan Little Society New Zealand & Australia http://www.littleclan.net
  • The Scottish Register of Tartans: http://www.tartanregister.gov.uk/search.aspx
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