Civil Protection Units

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Civil Protection Units
Yekîneyên Parastina Sivîl (YPS)
Flag of the YPS - Vertical.svg
Flag of the YPS
Active 20 December 2015–present
Country Turkey
Type Light infantry militia
Size unknown
Engagements Kurdish–Turkish conflict (1978-present)

The Civil Protection Units (Kurdish: Yekîneyên Parastina Sivîl‎, pronounced [jɛkinɛjen parastɪna sɪvil]; YPS), also known as Civil Defense Units, is a primarily Kurdish rebel group and main armed force in Northern Kurdistan (Turkey).


It was claimed that the YPS was originally formed on 20 December 2015 by the Kurdish rebels as a version of the YPG in Northern Kurdistan (Turkey).[1][2] The YPS is mainly composed of members of the YDG-H, who have been operating since 2013. The YPS is currently training for conventional urban warfare against the Turkish government;[3][4] previous Kurdish rebel groups have followed predominantly guerilla tactics of warfare, however the new method of warfare seen in the Kurdish-Turkish conflict has led to speculation of civil war in Turkey.[5]

The YPS initially took a defensive posture in the Kurdish-Turkish conflict (1978-present) and has become a major opponent of the Turkish army (TSK) and Turkish government and has co-operated with Kurdish opposition fighters against TSK. Multiple branches of the YPS have been formed in Kurdish districts in Turkey, usually as a result of clashes or curfews imposed by the Turkish government.[6] One such formation is the Civil Defense Units-Women (YPS-Jin).[7]


The Civil Protection Units-Women' or Civil Defense Units-Women (Kurdish: Yekîneyên Parastina Sivîl a Jin‎, YPS-Jin)' is a Kurdish militia that was set up in 2016 as the female brigade of the YPS (Yekîneyên Parastina Sivîl, YPS) militia.[8] In 2016, YPS-Jin became established in Yüksekova, formerly known as Gever to fight against the Turkish forces in the area.[9] This is because the residents in the area declared autonomy from the Turkish government and the YPS-Jin established there to protect this newly found autonomy and defend against any state sanctioned attacks in the region.[9] The YPS-Jin protected the signing of the declaration of autonomy in Yüksekova, saying that life will be either free or not exist at all.[9]

Differences from Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK)

YPS-Jin members standing in formation

The YDG-H is the youth portion of the militant wing of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) mostly between 15 and 25 years old.[10] Members of the YDG-H are often found to be part of the YPS today and share differences between the commands in the PKK. [11] One main difference from the PKK, is the willingness to negotiate and compromise with Turkish officials even with high casualty rates.[11] This has shown how YPS and YPS-Jin members show a disregard for their lives, which can be a result of growing up in conflict and becoming traumatized at a young age. [11] Unlike PKK, YPS does not have a strong hierarchy when it comes to decisions, however, YPS method of discipline is independent cells operating on their own ambition. [11]

Flag of YPS-J

Recruitment Efforts

In the Şırnak's Cizre district, many students are joining the ranks of YPS-Jin.[12] This is in part due to the ongoing conflict with the Turkish Government's role in terrorizing the Kurdish people in the region .[12] The YPS called upon all students, youths, and women to join the YPS and YPS-Jin in the fight against the Turkish government.[12]


See also

Graffiti supporting YPS in Italy


  1. ^ a b "Turkey: Five Dead After Attack on Police in Kurdish City". Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  2. ^ "#Bakur Revolt". Twitter. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  3. ^ "ANF - Ajansa Nûçeyan a Firatê". Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Chris Kilford More Chris Kilford. "Chris Kilford: Could Turkey be headed towards civil war?". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  6. ^ "ANF - Ajansa Nûçeyan a Firatê". Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  7. ^ "YPS-Jin Gever announces its establishment". ANF News. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
  8. ^ "Yaşamak için YPS Jin". Özgür Gündem. 9 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  9. ^ a b c "YPS-Jin Gever announces its establishment". ANF News. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
  10. ^ "YDG-H", Wikipedia, 2018-09-08, retrieved 2018-11-08
  11. ^ a b c d "The Kurdish Movement: Politicians and Fighters". Retrieved 2018-11-08.
  12. ^ a b c "University students join the ranks of YPS-Jin in Cizre". ANF News. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
  13. ^ "Nusaybin ve Diyarbakır'dan sonra YPS Silopi kuruldu". BestaNûçe Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  14. ^ "Silopi YPS kuruluşunu ilan etti". Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  15. ^ "Gever'de direniş sürüyor". BestaNûçe Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  16. ^ "Civil Defense Units (YPS) established in Nusaybin". BestaNûçe Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  17. ^ "Amed'de YPS birliği ilan edildi". Özgür Gündem. 28 December 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  18. ^ "YPS Sur kuruldu". BestaNûçe Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  19. ^ "İdil'de YPS Jin kuruluşunu ilan etti". Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  20. ^ "Şırnak'ta Sivil Savunma Birlikleri (YPS) kuruldu -". ZERNEWS - Ortadoğu, Türkiye, KürdistanKürdistan Son Dakika Haberleri - Retrieved 28 January 2016.
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