City of Fairfield

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
City of Fairfield
New South Wales
Fairfield lga sydney.png
Location in Metropolitan Sydney
Coordinates 33°52′S 150°55′E / 33.867°S 150.917°E / -33.867; 150.917Coordinates: 33°52′S 150°55′E / 33.867°S 150.917°E / -33.867; 150.917
Population 198,817 (2016 census)[1] (20th)
 • Density 1,949/km2 (5,048/sq mi)
Area 102 km2 (39.4 sq mi)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST) AEDT (UTC+11)
Mayor Frank Carbone (Independent)
Council seat Wakeley
Region Metropolitan Sydney
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)
Fairfieldlogo.jpg
Website City of Fairfield
LGAs around City of Fairfield:
Penrith Blacktown Cumberland
Penrith City of Fairfield Cumberland
Liverpool Liverpool Canterbury-Bankstown

The City of Fairfield is a local government area in the south-west of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The City of Fairfield comprises an area of 102 square kilometres (39 sq mi) and as of the 2016 census had a population of 198,817.[1]

A few small areas of the original bushland remain, including examples of Cumberland Plain vegetation, which is listed under the Threatened Species Conservation Act. There are 580 parks (60 of which are major parks), including, one of the largest urban parks in the world, Western Sydney Parklands. Fairfield City is mainly residential in nature with large-scale industrial estates at Wetherill Park and Smithfield.

Fairfield is considered one of the most ethnically diverse suburbs in Australia. At the 2016 census, the proportion of residents in the Fairfield local government area who stated their ancestry as Vietnamese and Assyrian, was in excess of sixteen times the national average. The area was linguistically diverse, with Vietnamese, Arabic, Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, or Cantonese languages spoken in households, and ranged from two times to seventeen times the national averages.[1]

The Mayor of the City of Fairfield is Cr. Frank Carbone, first independent mayor of Fairfield.

Suburbs in the local government area

Suburbs in the City of Fairfield are:

Demographics

At the 2016 census there were 198,817 people in the Fairfield local government area, of these 49.3 per cent were male and 50.7 per cent were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.7 per cent of the population; significantly below the NSW and Australian averages of 2.9 and 2.8 per cent respectively. The median age of people in the City of Fairfield was 36 years; slightly lower than the national median of 38 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 19.1 per cent of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 13.8 per cent of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 48.1 per cent were married and 12.4 per cent were either divorced or separated.[1]

Population in the City of Fairfield between the 2001 census and the 2006 census declined by 0.78 per cent; and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 census, population growth was 4.38 per cent. At the 2016 census, the population in the City increased by 5.89 per cent. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same period, being 8.8 per cent, population growth in the Fairfield local government area was a little over half the national average.[1][2][3][4]

The median weekly income for residents within the City of Fairfield was lower than the national average,[4][3] being one of the factors that place the City in an area of social disadvantage.

As at the 2016 census, the influence of Vietnamese culture and language was statistically strong, evidenced by the proportion of residents with Vietnamese ancestry (nearly twenty times higher than the national average), the proportion of residents who spoke Vietnamese as either a first or second language (also nearly twenty times higher than the national average), and the proportion of residents who stated a religious affiliation with Buddhism (in excess of nine times the national average).[1]

Selected historical census data for Fairfield local government area
Census year 2001[2] 2006[3] 2011[4] 2016[1]
Population Estimated residents on census night 181,300 179,893 187,766 198,817
LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales 5th Decrease 11th
% of New South Wales population 2.71% Decrease 2.66%
% of Australian population 0.97% Decrease 0.91% Decrease 0.87% Decrease 0.85%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
Vietnamese 14.6% Increase 16.8%
Chinese 11.7% Increase 11.4%
Australian 8.6% Increase 7.8%
English 7.4% Increase 6/9%
Assyrian Increase 5.7%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Vietnamese 15.5% Increase 17.0% Increase 19.1% Increase 20.4%
Arabic 4.9% Increase 6.4% Increase 7.3% Increase 7.9%
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4.9% Increase 6.1% Decrease 5.6% Increase 6.7%
Cantonese 5.8% Decrease 5.6% Decrease 5.0% Decrease 4.3%
Khmer n/c n/c n/c Increase 3.6%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
Catholic 35.2% Increase 35.3% Decrease 33.9% Decrease 30.9%
Buddhism 21.2% Increase 22.1% Increase 23.0% Decrease 20.7%
No religion, so described 5.9% Increase 6.4% Increase 7.7% Increase 12.6%
Not stated n/c n/c n/c 7.3%
Islam n/c n/c n/c 5.9%
Median weekly incomes
Personal income Median weekly personal income A$319 A$369 Data
to be
released
in
October
2017
% of Australian median income 68.5% 64.0%
Family income Median weekly family income A$873 A$1,065
% of Australian median income 85.0% 71.9%
Household income Median weekly household income A$946 A$1,022
% of Australian median income 80.8% 82.8%

Council

Current composition and election method

Fairfield City Council is composed of thirteen Councillors, including the Mayor, for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor is directly elected while the twelve other Councillors are elected proportionally as three separate wards, each electing four Councillors. The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016, and the makeup of the Council, including the Mayor, is as follows:[5][6][7][8][9]

Party Councillors
  Australian Labor Party 7
  Independent and Unaligned 5
Total 12

The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election by ward, is:[9]

Ward Councillor Party Notes
Mayor[5]   Frank Carbone Independent
Cabravale[6]   Kien Ly Australian Labor Party Elected on ALP ticket
  Dai Le Independent
  Peter Grippaudo Liberal Party Elected on Liberal ticket
  Adrian Wong Australian Labor Party
Fairfield[7]   Anita Tadic-Kazi Australian Labor Party
  Charbel Saliba Independent
  Del Bennett Australian Labor Party Elected on ALP ticket
  Paul Azzo Liberal Party
Parks[8]   Ninos Khoshaba Australian Labor Party
  Sera Yilmaz Australian Labor Party Elected on ALP ticket
  Joe Molluso Liberal Party

History

For more than 30,000 years, Aboriginal people from the Cabrogal-Gandangara tribe have lived in the area.[10]

European settlement began early in the 19th century and was supported by railway construction in 1856. At the turn of the century the area had a population of 2,500 people and with fertile soils, produced crops for distribution in Sydney.

Rapid population increase after World War II saw the settlement of many ex-service men and European migrants. Large scale Housing Commission development in the 1950s swelled the population to 38,000. By 1979, the population had reached 120,000 and the City was becoming one of the larger local government areas in New South Wales.

In September 2006, Fairfield Council announced the introduction of a trail ban on spitting in public[11] on public health grounds. However, it was reported that advice provided to council from NSW Health was that spitting does not impact on the transmission of infectious diseases.[12] The law proved difficult to prosecute.[13]

Land use

There are a number of planning instruments, metropolitan and local strategies that govern the role and function of the Fairfield City centres network and that are relevant towards the future direction and nature of future growth within the Fairfield Town Centre: Fairfield Local Environmental Plan 2013, A Plan for Growing Sydney (2014), Fairfield Residential Study 2009, and Fairfield City Centres Study and Policy (2015).

A Plan for Growing Sydney (2014) identifies the development of Parramatta as a second CBD for Sydney, with Penrith, Campbelltown – Macarthur and Liverpool identified as Regional City Centres within the western corridor. The Plan also identifies a number of Strategic Centres throughout Greater Sydney, which are priority locations for employment, retail, housing, services and mixed-uses. Strategic Centres are currently or are planned to have at least 10,000 jobs. Leppington, Bankstown and Blacktown represent the closest Strategic Centres to Fairfield.

There are four town centres at Fairfield (traditional heart of the City with two shopping malls), Cabramatta (unique suburban centre with thriving South East Asian business, retail, food and restaurants), Bonnyrigg (smaller suburban shopping mall and a centre in transition with high density housing being developed) and Prairiewood (large suburban shopping mall forming the heart of the Western part of the City). Fairfield City Centre was estimated to provide the largest amount of jobs at approximately 4,800, followed by Prairiewood (3,000), Cabramatta (2,200) and Bonnyrigg (1,800). However, these job numbers all fall short of the 8,000 minimum that has been suggested for Major Centres.

Fairfield City Centre has two shopping malls with supermarket anchors: Fairfield Forum and Neeta City. Since the early 2000s, lower rise development has given way to a dozen multi-storey residential developments, both completed and approved. Fairfield City Centre was the civic heart of the City until the Council (local government authority) relocated to the geographical centre of the City (Wakeley) in 1982. The Fairfield Police Station, Fairfield Courthouse and the Federal Government's Centrelink and Medicare office remain to serve the immediate region with a population of 200,000.

Fairfield City Centre and Cabramatta are located on a railway line in the east of the City, while Prairiewood and Bonnyrigg are located on the Liverpool to Parramatta bus transit way located within the west of the City. All centres are linked by bus services.

Due to Fairfield's culturally diverse population there are over twenty different multicultural cafés and restaurants including Bosnian, Chinese, Vietnamese, Italian, Assyrian, Spanish and Thai.

Large expanses of rural land characterise the suburbs of Horsley Park and Cecil Park. This rural area will face pressures for transition as the Western Sydney Airport was approved for development by the Federal Government on 12 December 2016. The airport site is in relative close proximity to the rural area.

Environment

Much of the original bushland cover within the City has been cleared through past land management practices. To the west of the City's border lies the Western Sydney Regional Park, a prominent woodland area Wetherill Park Nature Reserve and the largest urban park in Fairfield City, Brenan Park.

Eight creeks, 80 kilometres (50 mi) in length, have their headwaters in Fairfield City and flow into the Georges River and Hawkesbury Nepean catchments. The impact of development over the past 50 years has resulted in severe degradation of the natural habitat in the creek banks and water quality has been assessed as very poor in recent years. Strategies are being implemented so that this trend is being reversed.

Air quality in the City is heavily impacted upon by an insufficiently integrated public transport system, creating an over reliance upon private vehicles for moving people and freight.

Schools

Schools in the City of Fairfield include: Fairfield Public School, Fairfield High School, St Johns Park High School, Westfields Sports High School, Fairvale High School, Yennora Public School, Canley Vale High School and many more. There are also many Catholic Schools such as: Patrician Brothers' College, Our Lady of the Rosary Primary School, Mary Mackillop College, Freeman Catholic College, Sacred Heart School, St Hurmizd's Assyrian primary school and St. Narsai Assyrian Christian College.

Culture

Fairfield has two major local newspapers, The Fairfield Advance and the Fairfield Champion; both are published every Wednesday.

Sister cities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Fairfield (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Fairfield (C)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Fairfield (C)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Fairfield (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Fairfield City Council election – Declaration of results of Mayoral election" (PDF). Faifield City Council. 14 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Fairfield City Council – Councillors Cabravale Ward" (PDF). Fairfield City Council. 8 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Fairfield City Council – Councillors Fairfield Ward" (PDF). Fairfield City Council. 8 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Fairfield City Council – Councillors Parks Ward" (PDF). Fairfield City Council. 8 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Green, Antony (September 2012). "Fairfield City Council". 2012 NSW Local Council Elections. Australia: ABC News. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  10. ^ Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Gandangara (NSW)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University Press. ISBN 978-0-708-10741-6. 
  11. ^ "Sydney council trials ban on spitting". ABC News. Australia. 4 September 2006. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  12. ^ Watson, Rhett (21 August 2009). "Laws powerless to prosecute spitting in the street". Daily Telegraph. Australia. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  13. ^ Hagias, Matt (24 January 2013). "Spitting fines could return". Daily Telegraph. Australia. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 July 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 

External links

  • Official website
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Fairfield&oldid=809961576"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City_of_Fairfield
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "City of Fairfield"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA