City of Fairfield

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City of Fairfield
New South Wales
Fairfield lga sydney.png
Location in Metropolitan Sydney
Coordinates 33°52′S 150°55′E / 33.867°S 150.917°E / -33.867; 150.917Coordinates: 33°52′S 150°55′E / 33.867°S 150.917°E / -33.867; 150.917
Population 198,817 (2016 census)[1] (20th)
 • Density 1,949/km2 (5,048/sq mi)
Established 8 December 1888 (Smithfield and Fairfield)
26 October 1920 (Fairfield)
Area 102 km2 (39.4 sq mi)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST) AEDT (UTC+11)
Mayor Frank Carbone (Independent)
Council seat Wakeley
Region Metropolitan Sydney
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)
Fairfieldlogo.svg
Website City of Fairfield
LGAs around City of Fairfield:
Penrith Blacktown Cumberland
Penrith City of Fairfield Cumberland
Liverpool Liverpool Canterbury-Bankstown

The City of Fairfield is a local government area in the south-west of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The council was first incorporated as the "Municipal District of Smithfield and Fairfield" on 8 December 1888, and the council's name was changed to the "Municipality of Fairfield" in 1920, before being proclaimed a city in 1979. The City of Fairfield comprises an area of 102 square kilometres (39 sq mi) and as of the 2016 census had a population of 198,817.[1]

A few small areas of the original bushland remain, including examples of Cumberland Plain Woodland, which is listed under the Threatened Species Conservation Act. There are 580 parks (60 of which are major parks), including, one of the largest urban parks in the world, Western Sydney Parklands. Fairfield City is mainly residential in nature with large-scale industrial estates at Wetherill Park and Smithfield. Fairfield Showground is an important cultural venue.

Fairfield is considered one of the most ethnically diverse suburbs in Australia. At the 2016 census, the proportion of residents in the Fairfield local government area who stated their ancestry as Vietnamese and Assyrian, was in excess of sixteen times the national average. The area was linguistically diverse, with Vietnamese, Arabic, Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, or Cantonese languages spoken in households, and ranged from two times to seventeen times the national averages.[1]

The Mayor of the City of Fairfield is Cr. Frank Carbone, the first popularly-elected independent mayor of Fairfield.

Suburbs in the local government area

Suburbs in the City of Fairfield are:

History

Cabramatta Civic Hall, completed in 1944 to a design by J. A. Dobson, was the Cabramatta and Canley Vale seat from 1944–1948 and the Fairfield Council seat from 1949.[2][3][4]

For more than 30,000 years, Aboriginal people from the Cabrogal-Gandangara tribe have lived in the area.[5]

European settlement began early in the 19th century and was supported by railway construction in 1856. At the turn of the century the area had a population of 2,500 people and with fertile soils, produced crops for distribution in Sydney. The council was first incorporated as the "Municipal District of Smithfield and Fairfield" on 8 December 1888, becoming the "Municipality of Smithfield and Fairfield" from 1906.[6] On 26 October 1920, the council's name was changed to the "Municipality of Fairfield", in recognition of the changing centre of business in the council area.[7]

Rapid population increase after World War II saw the settlement of many ex-service men and European migrants. Large scale Housing Commission development in the 1950s swelled the population to 38,000. From 1 January 1949, under the Local Government (Areas) Act 1948, the Municipality of Cabramatta and Canley Vale was amalgamated into the Municipality of Fairfield. In the 1976 census, the population had reached 114,000 and was becoming one of the larger local government areas in New South Wales.[8] On 18 May 1979, the Municipality of Fairfield was granted city status, becoming the "City of Fairfield".[9]

On 26 November 2001, the former Deputy Mayor of Fairfield and councillor from 1987 to 1999, Phuong Ngo, was convicted to life imprisonment for the 1994 murder of the local state MP for Cabramatta (and former Deputy Mayor), John Newman, a crime which has been described as Australia's first political assassination. Controversy has arisen in the years since then of the presence Ngo's name on various council plaques from his time on council.[10][11][12]

In September 2006, Fairfield Council announced the introduction of a trail ban on spitting in public[13] on public health grounds. However, it was reported that advice provided to council from NSW Health was that spitting does not impact on the transmission of infectious diseases.[14] The law proved difficult to prosecute.[15]

Demographics

At the 2016 census there were 198,817 people in the Fairfield local government area, of these 49.3 per cent were male and 50.7 per cent were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.7 per cent of the population; significantly below the NSW and Australian averages of 2.9 and 2.8 per cent respectively. The median age of people in the City of Fairfield was 36 years; slightly lower than the national median of 38 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 19.1 per cent of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 13.8 per cent of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 48.1 per cent were married and 12.4 per cent were either divorced or separated.[1]

Population in the City of Fairfield between the 2001 census and the 2006 census declined by 0.78 per cent; and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 census, population growth was 4.38 per cent. At the 2016 census, the population in the City increased by 5.89 per cent. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same period, being 8.8 per cent, population growth in the Fairfield local government area was a little over half the national average.[1][16][17][18]

The median weekly income for residents within the City of Fairfield was lower than the national average,[18][17] being one of the factors that place the City in an area of social disadvantage.

As at the 2016 census, the influence of Vietnamese culture and language was statistically strong, evidenced by the proportion of residents with Vietnamese ancestry (nearly twenty times higher than the national average), the proportion of residents who spoke Vietnamese as either a first or second language (also nearly twenty times higher than the national average), and the proportion of residents who stated a religious affiliation with Buddhism (in excess of nine times the national average).[1]

Selected historical census data for Fairfield local government area
Census year 2001[16] 2006[17] 2011[18] 2016[1]
Population Estimated residents on census night 181,300 179,893 187,766 198,817
LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales 5th Decrease 11th
% of New South Wales population 2.71% Decrease 2.66%
% of Australian population 0.97% Decrease 0.91% Decrease 0.87% Decrease 0.85%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
Vietnamese 14.6% Increase 16.8%
Chinese 11.7% Increase 11.4%
Australian 8.6% Increase 7.8%
English 7.4% Increase 6/9%
Assyrian Increase 5.7%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Vietnamese 15.5% Increase 17.0% Increase 19.1% Increase 20.4%
Arabic 4.9% Increase 6.4% Increase 7.3% Increase 7.9%
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4.9% Increase 6.1% Decrease 5.6% Increase 6.7%
Cantonese 5.8% Decrease 5.6% Decrease 5.0% Decrease 4.3%
Khmer n/c n/c n/c Increase 3.6%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
Catholic 35.2% Increase 35.3% Decrease 33.9% Decrease 30.9%
Buddhism 21.2% Increase 22.1% Increase 23.0% Decrease 20.7%
No religion, so described 5.9% Increase 6.4% Increase 7.7% Increase 12.6%
Not stated n/c n/c n/c 7.3%
Islam n/c n/c n/c 5.9%
Median weekly incomes
Personal income Median weekly personal income A$319 A$369 A$439
% of Australian median income 68.5% 64.0% 66.3%
Family income Median weekly family income A$873 A$1,065 A$1,263
% of Australian median income 85.0% 71.9% 72.8%
Household income Median weekly household income A$946 A$1,022 $1,222
% of Australian median income 80.8% 82.8% 85.0%

Council

Current composition and election method

Fairfield City Council is composed of thirteen Councillors, including the Mayor, for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor has been directly elected since 2004, while the twelve other Councillors are elected proportionally to three separate wards, each electing four Councillors. The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016, and the makeup of the Council, including the Mayor, is as follows:[19][20][21][22]

Party Councillors
Australian Labor Party 6
Liberal Party of Australia 3
Independent 4
Total 13

The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election by ward, is:

Ward Councillor Party Notes
Mayor[19] Frank Carbone Independent Labor until 29 August 2016
Cabravale[20] Kien Ly Australian Labor Party Deputy Mayor 2016–2017[23]
Dai Le Independent
Peter Grippaudo Liberal Party
Adrian Wong Australian Labor Party Deputy Mayor 2017–date[24]
Fairfield[21] Anita Tadic-Kazi Australian Labor Party
Charbel Saliba Independent
Del Bennett Australian Labor Party
Paul Azzo Liberal Party
Parks[22] Ninos Khoshaba Australian Labor Party
Andrew Rohan Independent
Sera Yilmaz Australian Labor Party
Joe Molluso Liberal Party

Mayors

Mayor Party Term Notes
Francis Atkin Kenyon Independent 22 February 1889 – 13 February 1891 [25][26]
John Lackey Independent 13 February 1891 – 15 February 1893 [27][28]
Thomas Downey Independent 15 February 1893 – 17 February 1894 [29]
William Stimson Independent 17 February 1894 – 14 February 1896 [30][31]
Adam Vallance Independent 14 February 1896 – 12 February 1898 [32][33]
Bruce Sofala Ephraim Hall Independent 12 February 1898 – 14 February 1899 [34]
George Paine Independent 14 February 1899 – 14 February 1900 [35]
Adam Craig Bell Independent 14 February 1900 – 14 February 1901 [36]
John Edwards Anthony Independent 14 February 1901 – 8 February 1902 [37][38]
James Robert Anderson Independent 8 February 1902 – February 1903 [39]
Walter Stimson Independent February 1903 – 11 February 1904 [40]
Samuel Critchley Independent 11 February 1904 – February 1905 [41]
John Downey Independent February 1905 – 15 February 1907 [42][43]
John Edwards Anthony Independent 15 February 1907 – 6 July 1917 [44][45][46][47][48][49]
Walter Stimson Independent 6 July 1917 – 11 February 1919 [50][51]
John Edwards Anthony Independent 11 February 1919 – 4 February 1920 [52]
Thomas Miles Independent 4 February 1920 – 6 December 1921 [53][54]
Amos Robert Coleman Independent 6 December 1921 – 12 December 1922 [55]
Walter Stimson Independent 12 December 1922 – 18 December 1923 [56]
Harold William Stein Independent 18 December 1923 – 8 December 1925 [57][58]
Augustus Morris Jentsch Independent 8 December 1925 – 4 December 1928 [59][60][61]
Henry Alfred Clancy Independent 4 December 1928 – 5 January 1932 [62][63][64]
Robert Towers Gillies Independent 5 January 1932 – December 1932 [65]
Walter Stimson Independent December 1932 – 4 December 1934 [66][67]
Thomas Fishpool Independent 4 December 1934 – 14 December 1937 [68][69][70]
Samuel Foster Money Labor 14 December 1937 – December 1938 [71][72]
John Burleigh, Snr. December 1938 – 10 December 1941 [73][74]
Henry Alfred Clancy Independent 10 December 1941 – 15 December 1943 [75][76]
Clifford Green Independent 15 December 1943 – December 1945 [77][78]
Henry Alfred Clancy Independent December 1945 – December 1947 [79]
Clifford Green Independent December 1947 – December 1948 [80]
Jack Henshaw Labor December 1948 – 6 December 1949 [81]
Jack McBurney Citizens' Representative Party 6 December 1949 – December 1950 [82]
Samuel Austin Seaman Labor December 1950 – 3 December 1951
Philip Bartholomew Ryan 3 December 1951 – 8 December 1952 [83]
William Leonard Wolfenden 8 December 1952 – 10 December 1953 [84]
Leslie Charles Hale Progress Association 10 December 1953 – 12 December 1955 [85]
Leslie Powell Labor 12 December 1955 – 2 December 1957 [86][87]
Keith Makepeace 2 December 1957 – 11 December 1958 [88]
Keith Howick 11 December 1958 – 10 December 1959 [89]
Vic Wenban 10 December 1959 – December 1962 [90][91][92]
A. E. Harvey December 1962 – December 1963 [93]
L. J. Fraser December 1963 – December 1964
Vic Wenban Independent December 1964 – December 1965 [94]
Frank Calabro Independent December 1965 – 20 December 1966 [95]
Keith Makepeace Independent 20 December 1966 – December 1967 [96]
Harold Schofield Independent December 1967 – September 1968 [97]
Frank Calabro Independent September 1968 – September 1969
A. E. Harvey Labor September 1969 – September 1970
Harold Schofield Independent September 1970 – September 1971
Ian Thorley Labor September 1971 – September 1973 [98]
Don Turtle September 1972 – September 1973
Les Powell September 1973 – September 1974
Janice Crosio September 1974 – September 1975 [99]
Ernest Loveday Independent September 1975 – September 1976
Warren Colless Independent September 1976 – September 1977
Janice Crosio Labor September 1977 – September 1980 [99]
Maria Heggie Independent September 1987 – September 1988 [100]
September 1988 – September 1989
Lawrence Wright Labor September 1989 – September 1990
September 1990 – September 1991
Dennis Donovan Labor September 1991 – September 1992 [101]
September 1992 – September 1993
Nick Lalich Labor September 1993 – September 1994 [102]
September 1994 – September 1995
Maria Heggie Independent September 1995 – September 1996
Ken Chapman Labor September 1996 – September 1997
Anwar Khoshaba September 1997 – September 1998
Chris Bowen September 1998 – September 1999
Anwar Khoshaba September 1999 – September 2000
Robert Watkins September 2000 – September 2001
Anwar Khoshaba OAM September 2001 – September 2002 [103][104]
Nick Lalich September 2002 – 21 March 2012 [102]
Frank Carbone 21 March 2012 – 29 August 2016 [102][105]
Independent 29 August 2016 – date [106][107]

Town Clerks/General Manager/City Managers

Name Term Notes
George Edward Young 28 February 1889 – 1 September 1891 [108][109]
Francis Atkin Kenyon 1 September 1891 – 4 November 1892 [110][111]
Edward Farr 4 November 1892 – 17 July 1900 [112]
Richard Henry Stokes Dummett 17 July 1900 – 3 April 1916 [113][114]
George Davis 3 April 1916 – 1 August 1942 [115][116][117][118]
William James Witt 1 August 1942 – May 1953 [119][120]
Vic Winton May 1953 – 1976 [121]
F. A. Elliott 1976 – 1986 [122]
Terry Barnes 1986 – October 1999 [123][124][125][126]
Alan Young October 1999 – date [127]

Sister cities

References

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External links

  • Official website
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