Citron-crested cockatoo

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Citron-crested cockatoo
Citron-crested Cockatoo.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cacatuidae
Genus: Cacatua
C. s. citrinocristata
Trinomial name
Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata
Fraser, 1844

The citron-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata) is a medium-sized cockatoo with an orange crest, dark grey beak, pale orange ear patches, and strong feet and claws. The underside of the larger wing and tail feathers have a pale yellow color. The eyelid color is a very light blue. Both sexes are similar. Females have a coppered colored eye where as the male has a very dark black eye.

The smallest of the yellow-crested cockatoo subspecies, it is endemic to Sumba in the Lesser Sumba Islands in Indonesia. The diet consists mainly of seeds, buds, fruits, nuts and herbaceous plants.

Conservation status

Chick at Děčín Zoo, Czech Republic

The citron-crested cockatoo is a critically endangered bird whose population has declined due to habitat loss and illegal trapping for the cage-bird trade. A 1993 survey of Sumba estimated the species' numbers at less than 2,000 individuals.[1] As of 2012, there were estimated to be 562.[2] Together with the other subspecies of the yellow-crested cockatoo, it is listed in appendix I of the CITES list.[3] Consequently, international trade is strongly regulated and trade in wild caught citron-crested cockatoos is illegal.


  1. ^ Cahill, A. J.; Walker, J. S. & Marsden, S. J. "Recovery within a population of the Critically Endangered citron-crested cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata in Indonesia after 10 years of international trade control" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2013-06-10. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Geographic Range
  3. ^ CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA, Thirteenth Meeting of the Conferences of the Parties Bangkok, Thailand, 3 to 14 October 2004.

External links

  • Royal Society for the Protection of Birds website - threats to wild bird populations
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