Hanoi Citadel

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Hanoi Citadel
Kính Thiên Palace, which was later destroyed by the colonial French
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long - Hanoi
Location Vietnam
Coordinates 21°02′15″N 105°50′26″E / 21.037407°N 105.840428°E / 21.037407; 105.840428
Criteria Cultural: ii, iii, iv
Reference 1328
Inscription 2010 (34th Session)
Hanoi Citadel is located in Vietnam
Hanoi Citadel
Location of Hanoi Citadel
[edit on Wikidata]
North Gate of the Citadel of Hanoi (1885)
Carved stone dragons flanking the stairs to the destroyed Kính Thiên Palace
D67 used to be the military headquarters of General Giap during the war

The central old citadel of Hanoi was the former residence of Vietnamese monarchs dating back to Đại Việt, when the city was known as Thăng Long.


The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long dates to the Ly Dynasty (1010) and remained the seat of the Vietnamese court until 1810, when the Nguyen Dynasty chose to move the capital to Huế. The royal palaces and edifices were largely destroyed in the late 19th century. The few remaining structures within the royal compound are the Doan Mon gate, marking the southern entrance to the royal palace, the Flag Tower, the steps of Kinh Thiên Palace and the Hậu Lâu (Princess' Palace).

In the 20th century, the North Vietnamese military command under General Giap, had its headquarters within the Citadel, coded D67. A connecting underground tunnel allowed for emergency evacuation in case of an attack.

Construction work for the National Assembly building in 2003 uncovered extensive ruins the citadel dating back to the Thăng Long era. Many of the historical relics were removed to the Vietnamese History Museum. The archeological finds has halted the construction of the National Assembly building on the site, pending additional excavations.

As of 2000, some of the old French barracks and buildings were demolished to make room for a new museum within the citadel.

In 2010 the Citadel was registered with UNESCO World Heritage List as "The Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long - Hanoi".[1]


  1. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1328


  • Vietnam Institute of Archaeology (ed.). Thang Long Imperial Citadel. (2006). Culture and Information Publishing House. Hanoi.

External links

  • Media related to Citadel of Hanoi at Wikimedia Commons
  • IHT | Ruins of royal complex of Thang Long are excavated in Hanoi Article from October 17, 2007, accessed December 31, 2008
  • Việt Nam News | Historic Thang Long Citadel explored Article from December 21, 2008, accessed December 31, 2008
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