1907 Cisleithanian legislative election

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Cisleithanian Imperial Council election, 1907

← 1901 14 & 23 May 1907 1911 →

All 516 seats in the Imperial Council
259 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 4,676,350 (84.60%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Ludwig Grillich7.jpg Victor Adler.jpg Otto Steinwender (1847-1921).jpg
Leader Karl Lueger Victor Adler Otto Steinwender
Party CS SPÖ DVP
Alliance Christian Social Union Club of German Social Democrats German National Association
Leader since 1893 1 January 1889 1896
Last election 25 seats, 27.45% 12 seats, 23.39% 51 seats, 6.56%
Seats won 65 50 32
Seat change Increase 40 Increase 38 Decrease 19
Popular vote 542,505 513,219 131,474
Percentage 11.73% 11.12% 2.85%
Swing Decrease 15.72% Decrease 12.27% Decrease 3.71%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  No image.svg No image.svg Němec Antonín.png
Leader Josef Žďárský Antonín Němec
Party DKP RSZML ČSSD
Alliance Christian Social Union Club of Bohemian Agrarians Club of Bohemian Social Democrats
Leader since 1905 1904
Last election 28 seats, 0.80% 2 seats, 0.09% Stood With SPÖ
Seats won 31 27 22
Seat change Increase 3 Increase 25 New
Popular vote 193,753 206,784 389,960
Percentage 4.20% 4.48% 8.45%
Swing Increase 3.40% Increase 4.39% Increase 8.45%

Minister-President of Cisleithania before election

Max Wladimir von Beck
Independent

Elected Minister-President of Cisleithania

Max Wladimir von Beck
Independent

Austria-Hungaria transparency.png
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Austria-Hungary
Compromise of 1867

A legislative election to elect the members of the 11th Imperial Council were held in Cisleithania, the northern and western ("Austrian") crown lands of Austria-Hungary, on 14 and 23 May 1907.[1] They were the first elections held under universal male suffrage, after an electoral reform abolishing tax paying requirements for voters had been adopted by the Council and was endorsed by Emperor Franz Joseph earlier in the year.[2] However, seat allocations were based on tax revenues from the States.[2]

Opening session of the House of Deputies, 17 June 1907

Electoral system

Under the shadow of the Russian Revolution of 1905 and large-scale demonstrations organized by the Social Democrats, the emperor to placate the public had a reform of the former five-class suffrage system, drafted by Minister-President Paul Gautsch von Frankenthurn. His successor, Baron Max Wladimir von Beck, pushed it through against fierce resistance from the Austrian House of Lords and the heir to the throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand.

Elections in the constituencies of "the Kingdoms and Lands represented in the Imperial Council" were held according to a two-round system. If no candidate received the required absolute majority on May 14, only the two candidates receiving the most votes survived to the second round. on May 23. The 516 representatives of the constituent crown lands were thus elected, 130 from Bohemia, 106 from Galicia, 64 from Lower Austria and 49 from Moravia. The numerous political associations were again split according to ethnicity ("nations"), with a result that no government could ever rely on a stable majority.

Results

The right-wing Christian Social Party emerged as the largest bloc in Parliament, holding 95 of the 516 seats, followed by the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria with 50 seats. The former won most rural constituencies in Upper and Lower Austria, Styria, Salzburg, Tyrol, and Vorarlberg). It also achieved the majority in the capital, Vienna, benefitting from the popularity of the Christian Social mayor, Karl Lueger. In the German constituencies of Bohemia and Moravia and in Carinthia, the German national parties (German People's Party etc.) did well. The Social Democrats had their strongholds in the cities other than Vienna: Graz, Salzburg, Innsbruck, Brno and Linz.

Voter turnout was 84.6%.[3]

Party Votes % Seats +/-
Croatian Nation
Croatian National Party 23,482 0.51 2 Decrease 4
Party of Rights 16,013 0.35 2 Decrease 1
People's Party (Anti-Resolutionist) 15,683 0.34 2 New
People's Party (Resolutionist) 15,283 0.33 4 New
Croatian Independents 6,373 0.14 1 New
People's Party (Democratic) 4,441 0.10 0 New
Croatian Nation
& Slovenian Nation
Slavic Social Democratic Party 10,518 0.23 0 New
Czech Nation
Social Democratic Party 389,960 8.45 22 New
Czech Agrarian Party 206,784 4.48 27 Increase 25
Catholic-National Conservative Parties in Bohemia & Moravia 182,500 3.95 10 New
Christian Social Party in Bohemia & Moravia 7 Increase 5
Young Czech Party 116,524 2.52 21 Decrease 29
Czech National Social Party 75,101 1.63 6 Increase 2
Old Czech Party 32,224 0.70 5 Increase 5
Czech Independents 15,952 0.35 2 Increase 2
Czech Realist Party 14,704 0.32 1 New
Czech Paper Candidates 14,339 0.31 0 New
Czech Radical Progressive Party 9,899 0.21 3 Increase 3
Czech National Party 9,828 0.21 1 Decrease 1
Czech Progressive Constitutionalist Party 7,879 0.17 1 Increase 1
German Nation
Christian Social Party 542,505 11.73 65 Increase 40
Social Democratic Party 513,219 11.12 50 Increase 38
German Conservative Party 193,753 4.20 31 Increase 3
Agrarian Party 132,978 2.88 19 Increase 16
German People's Party 131,474 2.85 32 Decrease 19
German Progressive Party 103,315 2.24 19 Decrease 15
German Radical Party 70,564 1.53 14 New
Pan-German Association 20,693 0.45 3 New
Upper Austrian Farmers' Club 15,283 0.33 0 New
German-National Party 10,457 0.23 0 Decrease 22
Officials’ Party 5,701 0.12 0 New
Free Socialists 5,289 0.11 1 New
German Conservative Farmers' Party 4,947 0.011 0 Steady
Independent German Radicals 4,569 0.10 0 New
Independent Pan-Germans 3,659 0.08 0 New
German Workers' Party 3,486 0.08 0 New
German-Christian Party 3,286 0.07 0 New
German Independents 2,806 0.06 0 Steady
Social Politicians 2,386 0.05 1 Steady
Tirol People’s Association 1,113 0.02 0 New
Radical Party 785 0.02 0 New
Central Industrial Committee 150 0.00 0 New
Italian Nation
Trentino Christian People’s Party 40,943 0.89 7 New
Italian National-Liberal Party 27,723 0.28 3 Decrease 9
Italian Social Democratic Party 19,918 0.43 5 New
Italian-National Party 9,673 0.21 1 Decrease 1
Italian Clerical Party 9,599 0.21 2 Increase 2
Italian Christian Social Party 8,977 0.19 1 New
Italian Independents 4,008 0.09 0 New
Italian Liberal Farmers' Association 1,065 0.02 0 New
Jewish Candidates
Jewish National Party 31,941 0.68 4 New
Polish Nation
Polish People's Party 165,980 3.60 16 Increase 12
Polish Conservative Party 131,540 2.85 15 Decrease 39
Polish Centre Party 108,247 2.34 14 New
Polish National Democratic Party 104,544 2.26 14 Increase 11
Polish Social Democratic Party 65,057 1.41 6 New
Polish Democratic Party 45,942 1.00 11 Increase 5
Polish Christian Social Party 11,210 0.24 1 Steady
Independent Socialists 8,022 0.17 1 New
Polish Agrarian Party 4,971 0.11 0 Steady
Polish National Party 3,675 0.08 0 Decrease 1
Polish Progressive Democratic Party 1,684 0.04 1 Steady
Romanian Nation
Romanian National (Defense) Party 31,674 0.68 3 Decrease 2
Romanian National (Democratic) Party 15,195 0.33 1 New
Romanian Independents 4,655 0.10 1 New
Romanian Social Democratic Party 823 0.02 0 New
Ruthenian Nation
Ukrainian National Democratic Party–Young Ruthenian Party 304,410 6.59 20 Increase 19
Russian National Party 162,663 3.52 5 Increase 2
Ukrainian Radical Party 105,118 2.28 5 Increase 3
Ukrainian Social Democratic Party 27,978 0.61 2 New
Serbian Nation
Serb People's Party 7,808 0.17 2 Steady
Serbian Independents 3,975 0.09 0 New
Slovenian Nation
Slovene Clerical Party 48,431 1.05 8 Decrease 3
Slovene People's Party 48,175 1.04 10 New
Slovene Liberal Party 23,292 0.74 4 Decrease 1
Slovenian National Party 16,830 0.36 2 Increase 2
Slovene Social Democratic Party 13,189 0.29 0 New
Slovenian National-Progressive Party 10,921 0.24 0 New
Slovenian Pro-German Party 6,001 0.13 0 Steady
Slovenian Agrarian Party 1,309 0.03 0 Steady
Slovenian Independents 873 0.02 0 New
Unknown or split
Unknown or split votes 39,416 0.85
Invalid/blank votes 58,990
Total 4,676,350 100 516 Increase 91
Registered voters/turnout 5,526,203 84.62 -
Source: ANNO

By parliamentary grouping

Grouping Seats +/-
Christian Social Union 96 Increase 71
Poland Club 55 Decrease 10
German National Association 51 New
Club of German Social Democrats 50 Increase 39
Group of the German Agrarian Parties 33 Increase 24
Club of Bohemian Agrarians 30 Increase 24
Bohemian Club 25 Decrease 19
Ruthenian Club 25 Increase 17
Club of Bohemian Social Democrats 24 New
Association of Yugoslavians 20 Decrease 5
Catholic-National Party 17 New
Slovenian Club 17 New
Polish People’s Party 16 Increase 11
German Progressive Union 15 Decrease 12
German Radical Group 13 New
Bohemian National Social Club 11 New
Italian People’s Party 10 New
Club of Polish Social Democrats 6 New
Group of Italian Social Democrats 5 New
Romanian Club 5 Steady
Club of Liberal Italians 4 New
Jewish Club 4 New
Pan-German Group 3 Decrease 5
Representation of Ruthenian-Ukrainian Social Democrats 2 New
Independents 12 Decrease 20
Total 516 Increase 91
Source: ANNO

See also

List of political parties in Austria

References

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p196 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p184
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p209
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